LCC4 Relay/Naeso

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Warning: there are spoilers below! Do not read if you will participate in the LCC4 Relay.

This is the Naeso torch of LCC4 Relay's Ring B.

Bendiza Tthuy

  • mina'am ku ona jensi mym tampfy fao bvya.
  • minaja tsia ku bendiza.
  • jia ku bendiza pan “ona! jensisie bu tha! kaminhtogy ku tha pan si!”.
  • jia ku ona pan “nugoli ku pae pan bam kaminhto ku si pan pae? ni! baumni ku pae pan teono sibi!”.
  • jia ku bendiza pan “teono thabi? nugoni ku si pan bam jia ku tha pan teono!
  • nugo ku si pan bam kaminhto ku tha pan si. jia ku tha pan ‘ni!’!”.
  • jia ku ona pan “jiani ku si pan inna!”.
  • tsam pan bveo bendizabi kim kemga.
  • jia ku bveo so bvya pan “jiatsun ku tha pan ‘ae!’?”.


  • ae — yes
  • -am — progressive aspect
  • bam — preposition for subordinate clauses
  • baum — to know
  • bendiza — goat
  • -bi — genitive
  • bu — neutral agent preposition
  • bveo — head
  • bvya — bridge, stairs
  • fao — across, through
  • -gy — imperative mood
  • inna — that
  • ja — cessative/perfective aspect
  • jensi — beautiful
  • jia — to say
  • kaminhto — to marry
  • kemga — body
  • kim — out of, away from
  • ku — agent preposition
  • -li — interrogative mood
  • mina — to go
  • mym — instrumental preposition
  • ni — no
  • -ni — negative
  • nugo — to ask someone to (bam) do something
  • ona — woman
  • pae — you (singular, addressing someone who recently joined the conversation)
  • pan — focus preposition
  • si — I, me
  • -sie — very
  • so — locative preposition
  • tampfy — elephant
  • teono — name
  • tha — you (singular, addressing someone who has been part of the conversation for a while)
  • tsam — to cut
  • tsia — fast
  • tsun — intention mood
  • tthuy — evil


  • All Naeso sentences start with the verb phrase.
  • After the verb phrase, you may list one or more prepositional phrases. The prepositions denote the grammatical role of the noun in the sentence.
  • Adjectives follow the noun.
  • Mood and aspect are marked using suffixes on the verb.
  • Vowel sequences like "aa" are broken by liaison if they are formed at morpheme boundaries. The liaison consonant is a glottal stop, written as an apostrophe.
  • The focus preposition introduces direct speech.
  • Comparison is marked using suffixes on adjectives.
  • A noun with a genitive suffix is treated like an adjective.

The Evil Goat

  • A beautiful woman is riding an elephant over a bridge.
  • The goat stopped running.
  • The goat said, “Lady! You are very beautiful! Marry me!”
  • The woman said, “You ask me to marry you? No! You do not know my name!”
  • The goat said, “Your name? I don't ask you to say the name!
  • I ask you to marry me, and you said 'no'!”
  • The woman said, “I didn't say that!”
  • and cut the goat's head off its body.
  • The head on the bridge said “Does this really mean that you say ‘yes’?”
LCC4 Relay
official ring Ring B
David PetersonDothrakitorch
What is a relay?list of relays and participantsedit the TOC aboveedit this template
General:VotingMember listAn Introduction to Naeso
Phonology and orthography:PhonologyStressOrthographyTransliteration
Lexicon and corpus:Naeso-EnglishEnglish-NaesoProposed wordsSwadeshNamesCorpus of SentencesMath
Conlang relay torches:LCC4 Relay
This page is part of the project Naeso. We meet up to discuss changes in 'real time' in #naeso on Freenode.