Dal'qörian numbers
Contents
Dalcurian has 2 numerical systems: a modern decimal system and the old vigesimal system.The decimal system is that which is now used in mainstream life, and the first system that is taught in schools, however, the old system is still used in many rural and valley towns and villages across the islands.
Dalcurian numbers are rarely written in full. Numbers after 1000 can become quite complex. You will see in the examples below, that each denomination is separated with an apostrophe; this is not normally used save here for ease of learning.
Decimal System
Cardinal numbers
0 döqu
1 on
2 dion
3 tre
4 tera
5 pen
6 hec
7 senal
8 aÞ
9 nina
10 senta
11 onsenta
12 dionsenta
13 tresenta
14 terasenta
15 pensenta
16 hecsenta
17 senalsenta
18 aÞsenta
19 ninasenta
20 dionta
21 onö'dionta
22 dionö'dionta
23 treö'dionta
24 terö'dionta
25 penö'dionta
26 hecö'dionta
27 senalö'dionta
28 aÞö'dionta
29 ninö'dionta
30 träonta
40 teronta
50 penonta
60 solonta
70 senalonta
80 aÞonta
90 ninonta
31, 45, 57, 83 etc follow the same pattern as those in the 20's denomination.
100 qenta
It should be noted here that in the 100s denomination, the smaller units of 10 always go first.
For numbers above 100, an additional ö is suffixed to the 10's denomination. Where the numeral ends in a vowel, this is removed:
101 onö'qenta
110 sentö'qenta Lit: ten and one hundred
125 penö'dionta'qenta
200 dionö'qenta
300 trö'qenta
400 terö'qenta
500 penö'qenta
600 solö'qenta
700 senalö'qenta
800 aÞö'qenta
900 ninö'qenta
In the thousands denomination, up to the 100, the sequence of numerals goes from smallest to largest.
1000 secenta
1001 onö'secenta Lit: one and one thousand
1010 sentö'secenta Lit: ten and one thousand
1056 solö'penontö'secenta Lit: fifty six and one thousand-note also that 56, solö'penonta also inflects with ö for the addition of secenta
Numerals in 1000s + 100s can be a little complex. The 1000s denomination always comes first, followed by the 100s. If the 100s denomination includes 10s, eg: 156, then 156 will be spoken as it normally would:
1100 sencentö'qenta Lit: one thousand and one hundred
2000 dionsecenta
2100 dionsecentö'qenta
2156 dionsecentö-solö'penontö'qenta Lit: two thousand + fifty six and one hundred
3000 tresecenta
4000 teresecenta
5000 pensecenta
6000 solsecenta
7000 senalsecenta
8000 aÞsecenta
9000 ninasecenta
To form numerals from 10,000 to 99,000, we use contracted forms of 11 to 99 + secenta. The contraction sees the removal of ta from senta, eg:
10,000 sen[ta]secenta becomes sensecenta
11,000 onsen[ta]secenta becomes onsensecenta
100,000 qenta'secenta
200,000 dionö'qenta'secenta
million miläon
billion biläon
Ordinal Numbers
All Dalcurian ordinal numbers are formed by adding dimä to the cardinal:
1st ondimä
2nd diondimä
3rd tredimä
10th sentadimä
32nd dionö'träontadimä
Plurals
Numbers can take the plural suffix el:
- Andri peförädn, danöÞ gä'Þalár secentel nörasábel. There were thousands of people at the show.
Fractions
Most Dalcurian fractions, except half are formed by adding iÞ to the ordinal:
a third ni tredimäiÞ
a quarter ni teradimäiÞ
a tenth ni sentadimäiÞ
- IádaninÞi, siÞ di tredimäiÞ raförämös,, taÞ sia gä'ábramaqur. This is the third time she has rang tonight.
Half can either a noun or an adjective, in which case it takes the appropriate ending:
- Binä iqurquas ni onsarämös. I'll have a half (of beer).
- Binä gä'quádr onsarädn di lalégraj. I only read half the book.
Old System
The old (partially) vigesimal system was in mainstream use right up to the mid 19th century. It is very similar to French in that numbers from 30 to 39 are made up of 20 + 11, 12, 13 etc. Forty is literally two twenties (twenty takes a plural ending), 41 is two twenties and one, 50 is two twenties and ten, 55 is two twenties and fifteen, etc. 60 is three twenties, 80 is four twenties until 100, which has its own name of qenta. However, unlike French and similar to German, the smaller digit goes first up to 100.
Cardinal numbers
0 döqu
1 on
2 dion
3 tre
4 tera
5 pen
6 hec
7 senal
8 aÞ
9 nina
10 senta
11 onsenta
12 dionsenta
13 tresenta
14 terasenta
15 pensenta
16 hecsenta
17 senalsenta
18 aÞsenta
19 ninasenta
20 dionta
21 onö'dionta
22 dionö'dionta
23 treö'dionta
24 terö'dionta
25 penö'dionta
26 hecö'dionta
27 senalö'dionta
28 aÞö'dionta
29 ninö'dionta
30 sentö'dionta Lit: ten & twenty
31 onsentö'dionta
32 dionsentö'dionta
33 tresentö'dionta
34 terasentö'dionta
35 pensentö'dionta
36 hecsentö'dionta
37 senalsentö'dionta
38 aÞsentö'dionta
39 ninasentö'dionta
40 dion'diontel Lit: two twenties-note the plural ending
41 dion'diontelö'on: Lit: two twenties and one
50 dion'diontelö'senta
60 tre'diontel Lit: three twenties
70 sentö'tre'diontel
80 tera'diontel Lit: four twenties
90 sentö'tera'diontel
100 qenta
For numbers after 100, all numerals under 100 go AFTER qenta. qenta also looses it's a and adds ö:
101 qentö'on
105 qentö'pen
116 qentö'hecsenta
If writing numerals, then qenta and subsequent denominations in the hundreds (200, 300 400 etc) are separated by a dash after 20:
125 qentö-penö'dionta Lit: one hundred and five and twenty
130 qentö-sentö'dionta Lit: one hundred and ten and twenty
137 qentö-senalsentö'dionta Lit: one hundred and seventeen and twenty
140 qentö-dion'diontel Lit: one hundred and two twenties
141 qentö-dion'diontelö'on Lit: one hundred and two twenties and one
You can easily deduce the pattern up to 199. Numerals 200, 300, 400 up to 900 take a plural ending:
200 dionqentel Lit: two (of) one hundreds
300 treqentel
400 teraqentel (be careful when using 300 and 400 as they sound very similar; Dalcurians often stress the 1st syllable in terenta to make a clear distinction from trenta).
500 penqentel
600 solqentel
700 senalqentel
800 aÞqentel
900 ninaqentel
1000 sencentel Lit: ten (of) one hundreds
1001 sencentelö'on
1019 sencentelö'ninasenta
1035 sencentelö-pensentö'dionta Lit: one thousand and fifteen and twenty
1060 sencentelö-tre'diontel Lit: one thousand and three twenties
1100 onsencentel
1200 dionsencentel
1300 tresencentel
1400 terasencentel
1500 pensencentel
1600 solsencentel
1700 senalsencentel
1800 aÞsencentel
1900 ninasencentel
Numbers from 2000 to 9000 add numerals from 20 to 90 + centel or centelö when lower denominations follow:
2000 diontacentel
3000 sentö'diontacentel
3200 sentö'diontacentelö'dioncentel Lit: thirty hundreds and two hundreds
3215 sentö'diontacentelö'dioncentelö'pensenta
9000 sentö'tera'dionta'qentel Note here that the plural ending is removed from the numeral90 which would be sentö'tera'qentel
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