Dalcurian has 2 numerical systems: a modern decimal system and the old vigesimal system.The decimal system is that which is now used in mainstream life, and the first system that is taught in schools, however, the old system is still used in many rural and valley towns and villages across the islands.
Dalcurian numbers are rarely written in full. Numbers after 1000 can become quite complex. You will see in the examples below, that each denomination is separated with an apostrophe; this is not normally used save here for ease of learning.
31, 45, 57, 83 etc follow the same pattern as those in the 20's denomination.
It should be noted here that in the 100s denomination, the smaller units of 10 always go first.
For numbers above 100, an additional ö is suffixed to the 10's denomination. Where the numeral ends in a vowel, this is removed:
110 sentö'qenta Lit: ten and one hundred
In the thousands denomination, up to the 100, the sequence of numerals goes from smallest to largest.
1001 onö'secenta Lit: one and one thousand
1010 sentö'secenta Lit: ten and one thousand
1056 solö'penontö'secenta Lit: fifty six and one thousand-note also that 56, solö'penonta also inflects with ö for the addition of secenta
Numerals in 1000s + 100s can be a little complex. The 1000s denomination always comes first, followed by the 100s. If the 100s denomination includes 10s, eg: 156, then 156 will be spoken as it normally would:
1100 sencentö'qenta Lit: one thousand and one hundred
2156 dionsecentö-solö'penontö'qenta Lit: two thousand + fifty six and one hundred
To form numerals from 10,000 to 99,000, we use contracted forms of 11 to 99 + secenta. The contraction sees the removal of ta from senta, eg:
10,000 sen[ta]secenta becomes sensecenta
11,000 onsen[ta]secenta becomes onsensecenta
All Dalcurian ordinal numbers are formed by adding dimä to the cardinal:
Numbers can take the plural suffix el:
- Andri peförädn, danöÞ gä'Þalár secentel nörasábel. There were thousands of people at the show.
Most Dalcurian fractions, except half are formed by adding iÞ to the ordinal:
a third ni tredimäiÞ
a quarter ni teradimäiÞ
a tenth ni sentadimäiÞ
- IádaninÞi, siÞ di tredimäiÞ raförämös,, taÞ sia gä'ábramaqur. This is the third time she has rang tonight.
Half can either a noun or an adjective, in which case it takes the appropriate ending:
- Binä iqurquas ni onsarämös. I'll have a half (of beer).
- Binä gä'quádr onsarädn di lalégraj. I only read half the book.
The old (partially) vigesimal system was in mainstream use right up to the mid 19th century. It is very similar to French in that numbers from 30 to 39 are made up of 20 + 11, 12, 13 etc. Forty is literally two twenties (twenty takes a plural ending), 41 is two twenties and one, 50 is two twenties and ten, 55 is two twenties and fifteen, etc. 60 is three twenties, 80 is four twenties until 100, which has its own name of qenta. However, unlike French and similar to German, the smaller digit goes first up to 100.
30 sentö'dionta Lit: ten & twenty
40 dion'diontel Lit: two twenties-note the plural ending
41 dion'diontelö'on: Lit: two twenties and one
60 tre'diontel Lit: three twenties
80 tera'diontel Lit: four twenties
For numbers after 100, all numerals under 100 go AFTER qenta. qenta also looses it's a and adds ö:
If writing numerals, then qenta and subsequent denominations in the hundreds (200, 300 400 etc) are separated by a dash after 20:
125 qentö-penö'dionta Lit: one hundred and five and twenty
130 qentö-sentö'dionta Lit: one hundred and ten and twenty
137 qentö-senalsentö'dionta Lit: one hundred and seventeen and twenty
140 qentö-dion'diontel Lit: one hundred and two twenties
141 qentö-dion'diontelö'on Lit: one hundred and two twenties and one
You can easily deduce the pattern up to 199. Numerals 200, 300, 400 up to 900 take a plural ending:
200 dionqentel Lit: two (of) one hundreds
400 teraqentel (be careful when using 300 and 400 as they sound very similar; Dalcurians often stress the 1st syllable in terenta to make a clear distinction from trenta).
1000 sencentel Lit: ten (of) one hundreds
1035 sencentelö-pensentö'dionta Lit: one thousand and fifteen and twenty
1060 sencentelö-tre'diontel Lit: one thousand and three twenties
Numbers from 2000 to 9000 add numerals from 20 to 90 + centel or centelö when lower denominations follow:
3200 sentö'diontacentelö'dioncentel Lit: thirty hundreds and two hundreds
9000 sentö'tera'dionta'qentel Note here that the plural ending is removed from the numeral90 which would be sentö'tera'qentel
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