Dal'qörian Nominal adjectives

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Certain adjectives are used to denote a class by describing one of the attributes of the class. For example, the poor denotes a class of people who share a similar financial status. Other nominal adjectives are:  

  • the old  
  • the sick  
  • the wealthy
  • the blind  
  • the innocent 

A major subclass of nominal adjectives refers to nationalities:  

  • the French
  • the British
  • the Japanese

However, not all nationalities have corresponding nominal adjectives. Many of them are denoted by plural, proper nouns:   

  • the Germans  
  • the Russians  
  • the Americans  
  • the Poles 

  Nominal adjectives do not refer exclusively to classes of people. Indeed some of them do not denote classes at all:   

  • the opposite  
  • the contrary  
  • the good 

Comparative and superlative forms can also be nominal adjectives: 

  • the best is yet to come  
  • the elder of the two  
  • the greatest of these  
  • the most important among them 

We refer to all of these types as nominal adjectives because they share some of the characteristics of nouns (hence nominal) and some of the characteristics of adjectives. They have the following nominal characteristics: 

ː They are preceded by a determiner (usually the definite article the

ː They can be modified by adjectives (the gallant French, the unfortunate poor) 

ː They are gradable (the very old, the extremely wealthy) 

ː Many can take comparative and superlative forms (the poorer, the poorest)  

In Dalcurian, when an adjective is used in a nominal sense, it takes the noun ending ämös. This adds to those which already end in ädn and, where a non-inflected adjective ends in a vowel, the vowel is dropped. Exceptions are those which depict nationality, and comparative and superlative forms:

  • di EƒrancaniÞ-the French
  • di BretæniÞ-the British
  • di GemæniÞ-the Germans

adjective noun-adjective
stæni-opposite stænämös-the opposite
éagöra-good éagörämös-the good
talgresta-guilty talgrestämös-the guilty
ädøni-old ädønämös-the old
täcélosträdn-injured täcélosträdnämös-the injured
neÞörädn-brave neÞörädnämös-the brave
stælilangörädn-bald stælilangörädnämös-the bald

There is a major exception to this rule: adjectives that form their nouns with the ending ámn. These are adjectives that are 'not' derived from verbs. ámn is removed altogether and replaced with ämös. For example:

  • talgresta-guilty


  • di talgrestämös-the guilty

Leaving ámn in the word as in talgrestámnämös is a major spelling mistake!

Note 1: You must also try to avoid the mistake of removing ädn from verb related adjectives when using them in a nominal position. For example, di täcélosträdnämös means the injured, but if ädn was omitted, di täcélosträmös translates as the injury. Your knowledge of verb related and non-verb related adjectives will be of great importance in understanding this part of Dalcurian grammar.

Note 2: Definate/indefinate articles are not required with noun-adjectives, only in formal texts.

Comparison of adjectives

Comparative sentences

Adjective endings

Adjective tense

Attributive and Predicative adjectives

Post positive adjectives

Inherent and non-inherent adjectives

Resultant adjectives

This article is one of many about the Dalcurian language.

Sub categories:

Dalcurian language and basic history:
Halcánian dialect
Dalcurian alphabet and pronunciation
Comparison of adjectives * Comparative sentences * Adjective endings * Adjective tense * Attributive and Predicative adjectives * Post positive adjectives * Inherent and non-inherent adjectives * Nominal adjectives * Resultant adjectives * Adjectives with prepositions * Adjective Hierarchy * Adjective Negation
The verb to do * Modal Verbs * Verb Moods
Preposition word order * Alternative uses of prepositions

Miscellaneous word and phrase lists:

Colours * Days/months/seasons * Describing people * Names of Countries * Hello/goodbye Please/thankyou * Intensifiers * English Dalcurian Dictionary


Omniglot * Various webpages in Dalcurian