Verb Subject Object
Verb Subject Object—commonly used in its abbreviated form VSO—is a term in linguistic typology. It represents one type of languages when classifying languages according to the sequence of these constitutents in neutral expressions: Ate Sam oranges. The word order roughly corresponds to the order of symbols in (non-reverse) Polish notation or the S-expressions of the Lisp programming language.
Examples of languages with VSO word order include the Gaelic branch of the Celtic language family (namely Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic and Manx), related Welsh (the only VSO Brythonic language), Ancient Egyptian, Aramaic, Biblical Hebrew, Phoenician, Canaanite, Ge'ez, Classic Maya, Tagalog, Hawaiian, Māori and Tongan.
Inversion into VSO
There are many languages which switch from SVO (Subject Verb Object) order to VSO order with different constructions, usually for emphasis. For example, sentences in English poetry can sometimes be found to have a VSO order; French questions may reverse the order of the subject and verb into the VSO order (although this is not required); and Arabic sentences use a SVO order or a VSO order depending on whether the subject or the verb is more important.