|"It seeming good to his father and mother, he marries the daughter of Cyaxares." (Xenophon, Cyropaedia 8.5.28)|
|next to||him||sat||the||thin-haired||pianist||the-masc.acc.sg||head||in the||neck||and||listened|
|"The thin-haired pianist, his head hanging (lit. his head in his neck), sat next to him and listened."|
The accusative absolute is sometimes found in place of the ablative absolute in the Latin of Late Antiquity as, for example, in the writings of Gregory of Tours and Jordanes. This likely arose when the pronunciation of the ablative and accusative singulars merged, since the final -m of the accusative singular was no longer pronounced, even in the Classical era. But the accusative absolute is also found with plural nouns where the ablative and accusative are not similar in pronunciation.
- Balme, Maurice and Gilbert Lawall. Athenadze: An Introduction to Ancient Greek. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. pp 172.
- Duden 4, Die Grammatik, 5th edition (1995), p. 624