Vingdagese/Lexicon

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Table of contents
C/Q Dh T M Mm N Nn Ng Ńg P R J/G V

Notes

Words are alphabetized according to their Romanization. That means the consonants use the above order in the table of contents, and vowels use the following order: a, e, á, ą, ay, i, ư, é, į, o, ơ, ú, ǫ, and oy. If a word is of the CCV shape, it will follow entries with a CV shape. And then, if necessary, finals are used in the same order as they appear in the TOC.

Noun classifications are listed after the part of speech (n for noun) with the following abbreviations:

  • Human; hmn
  • Animate; anim
  • Tall/Long; tall
  • Round; rnd
  • Flat; flat
  • Amorphous; amor
  • Abstract; abs

Words beginning with a glottal stop are not often written with the apostrophe, however they will be below for consistency with the heading which needed a symbol for proper sorting.


VDT-aa.png’á /Ɂaː/

  1. prep · in, into, at, for, toward

VDT-aang.png’áng /Ɂaːŋ/

  1. v · to be likely to, to be expected to
  2. n abs · probability

VDT-ay.png; VDT-P-ay.png’ay /Ɂaɪ̯/

  1. num · two, second, twice

VDT-ayng.png’ayng /Ɂaɪ̯ŋ/

  1. n; tall · fishhook, lure
  2. n; anim · fly, small bug

VDT-eem.png’ém /Ɂeːm/

  1. v · to see, to watch, to look at
  2. n; abs · sight, vision

VDT-o'c.png’ơc /Ɂɔɡ/

  1. n; rnd · eye, eyeball

VDT-bej.png; VDT-P-bej.pngḅegh /ɓɛɣ/

  1. num 8 · ten, tenth, ten times
  2. num 10 · 8

VDT-bo'.png; VDT-P-bo'.pngḅơ /ɓɔ/

  1. num · four, fourth, four times

C

VDT-caa.png /kaː/

  1. n; anim · night, darkness
  2. n; abs · fear

VDT-caang.pngcáng /kaːŋ/

  1. n; amor · part, portion, section
  2. n; flat · chapter, verse

VDT-cem.pngcem /kɛm/

  1. n; tall · boat, canoe

VDT-ci.pngci /ki/

  1. n; amor · word, (written) character

VDT-qo'.png; VDT-P-qo'.png /qɔ/

  1. num · seven, seventh, seven times

VDT-qodh.pngqodh /qoð/

  1. pro · we few; 1.pl/pcl.excl

VDT-qon.pngqon /qon/

  1. v · to know how to (do s.t.), to be able (to), can/could
  2. n; abs · ability

VDT-quu.png /quː/

  1. v · to be in front of; go forward

VDT-cren.png; VDT-P-cren.pngcren /kɾɛn/

  1. num 8 · hundred, hundredth, one hundred times
  2. num 10 · 64

VDT-crip.pngcrip /kɾib/

  1. v · to write, to sign (one's name)

VDT-cwyav.pngcwyav /kwɪə̯v/

  1. v · to make one's home; to be calm

VDT-cway.pngcway /kwaɪ̯/

  1. part · sentence final interrogative; q

VDT-cwo'.pngcwơ /kwɔ/

  1. n; abs · country, territory
  2. n; flat · land(mass)

VDT-cwo'c.pngcwơc /kwɔɡ/

  1. n · I, me, myself; 1.sg

VDT-cwo'c.pngVDT-ay.png; VDT-cwo'c.pngVDT-P-ay.pngcwơc-ay /kwɔɡ.aɪ̯/

  1. n · we two; 1.dl.excl

VDT-daac.pngḍác /ɗaːɡ/

  1. n; hmn · person, citizen

VDT-deeng.pngḍéng /ɗeːŋ/

  1. n; anim · wind, breath
  2. v · to blow, to be windy, to breathe
  3. adj · windy, breathing

VDT-duu.pngḍú /ɗuː/

VDT-duuj.pngḍúgh /ɗuːɣ/

  1. part · no, not, neg

VDT-dodh.pngḍodh /ɗoð/

  1. n; tall · rake, hoe

VDT-do't.pngḍơt /ɗɔd/

  1. v · to drink, to slurp

VDT-doy.pngḍoy /ɗɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to agree (to)
  2. n; abs · agreement, consent

VDT-doy2.pngḍoy /ɗɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to offer, to allow

Dh

VDT-dhav.pngdhav /ðav/

  1. v · to be beautiful
  2. n; abs · beauty
  3. adj · beautiful

VDT-dhaang.png; VDT-P-dhaang.pngdháng /ðaːŋ/

  1. num · three, third, thrice

VDT-dhi.pngdhi /ði/

  1. pro · you all; 2.pl

VDT-dhu'n.pngdhưn /ðɪn/

  1. pro · they.sg; 3.sg; no gender is implied and can be used for people as well as objects

VDT-dhraa.pngdhrá /ðɾaː/

  1. n; flat · leaf

VDT-dhrej.pngdhregh /ðɾɛɣ/

  1. pro · they.pl; this includes paucal and dual numbers

VDT-go.pngġo /ɠo/

  1. n; anim · turtle, tortoise

VDT-gu'c.png; VDT-P-gu'c.pngġưc /ɠɪɡ/

  1. num 8 · ten thousand, ten thousandth, ten thousand times
  2. num 10 · 4,096

T

VDT-taym.pngtaym /taɪ̯m/

  1. adv · now, right this moment

VDT-tin.pngtin /tin/

  1. n; flat · book, page(s)

VDT-tox.png /tõ/

  1. v · to speak
  2. n; abs · speech, language

VDT-tre.pngtre /tɾə/

  1. part · poss; used to mark a possessed object

VDT-treng.pngtreng /tɾɛŋ/

  1. v · to own, to possess; used to indicate possession when it violates the animacy heirarchy

VDT-trit.pngtrit /tɾid/

  1. v · to continue, to go forward

VDT-truudh.pngtrúdh /tɾuːð/

  1. n; amor · honey, sweetness
  2. v · to be sweet
  3. adj · sweet

VDT-twee.png; VDT-P-twee.pngtwé /tweː/

  1. num 8 · one hundred thousand, one hundred thousandth, one hundred thousand times
  2. num 10 · 32,768

VDT-twon.pngtwon /twon/

  1. pro · you and me; 1.dl.incl

M

VDT-mo't.png; VDT-P-mo't.pngmơt /mɔd/

  1. num · one, first, once

VDT-moyc.pngmoyc /mɔɪ̯ɡ/

Mm

VDT-mmit.png; VDT-P-mmit.pngmmit /mːid/

  1. num 8 · one thousand, one thousandth, one thousand times
  2. num 10 · 512

VDT-mmu'ng.pngmmưng /mːɪŋ/

  1. pron · you few and me; 1.pcl.incl

N

VDT-na.pngna /na/

  1. conj · and

VDT-ni.pngni /ni/

  1. conj · or, neither/nor

Nn

VDT-nnem.png; VDT-P-nnem.pngnnem /nːɛm/

  1. num · six, sixth, six times

VDT-nnay.pngnnay /nːaɪ̯/

  1. n; tall · cage, jail
  2. n; rnd · trap

Ng

VDT-ngu'q.pngngưq /ŋɪq/

  1. adj · whole, unbroken
  2. n; abs · atom, particle

VDT-ngoy.pngngoy /ŋɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to give something (esp. a trinket) to someone

VDT-ngwu'm.pngngwưm /ŋwɪm/

  1. v · to cut/tear into small pieces
  2. n; rnd · small parts of something

Ńg

VDT-nngum.pngńgum /ŋːum/

  1. n; tall · tree

VDT-nngoy.pngńgoy /ŋːɔɪ̯/

  1. n; anim · fire, flame, heat

P

VDT-pac.pngpac /paɡ/

  1. v · to walk along (something)

VDT-po.pngpo /po/

  1. n; rnd · glass (esp. a bead)

VDT-poyng.pngpoyng /pɔɪ̯ŋ/

  1. n; tall · digit, finger, toe
  2. n; abs · number(s)

VDT-prax.pngprą /pɾã/

  1. n; hmn · son, young boy

VDT-praq.png; VDT-P-praq.pngpraq /pɾaq/

  1. num 8 · one million, one millionth, one million times
  2. num 10 · 262,144

VDT-pwo'.pngpwơ /pwɔ/

  1. n; anim · dog, hound, wolf

R

VDT-rej.pngregh /rɛɣ/

  1. pro · 2.sg

VDT-ree.png /reː/

  1. conj · if, as, whether

VDT-reet.pngrét /reːd/

  1. v · to divide up, to apportion
  2. v · to share (evenly)

VDT-ring.png; VDT-P-ring.pngring /riŋ/

  1. num · zero, zeroth, zero times, none

VDT-rya.pngrya /rɪə̯/

  1. n; hmn · human, person
  2. n; anim · (sentient) being

J

VDT-jep.pngjep /ʝɛb/

  1. n; rnd · shrub, bush, small tree

VDT-jayc.pngjayc /ʝaɪ̯ɡ/

  1. v · to do well
  2. adj · good, well

VDT-ji.pngji /ʝi/

  1. adj · many, numerous

VDT-jeen.pngjén /ʝeːn/

  1. n; rnd · debris, stuff, junk

VDT-gwi.pnggwi /ɡwi/

  1. n; anim · dove, pigeon, small bird

VDT-gwing.pnggwing /ɡwiŋ/

  1. v · to be lucky, to have a good feeling
  2. n; abs · luck, good fortune
  3. adj · lucky, cool

VDT-gwuun.pnggwún /ɡwuːn/

  1. v · to sleep, to be asleep
  2. n; abs · rest, sleep

V

VDT-ving.pngving /viŋ/

  1. n; hmn · the Ving people

VDT-vee.png /veː/

  1. v · to be certain, to be secure
  2. n; abs · certainty
  3. adj · certain, sure, positive

VDT-veec.pngvéc /veːɡ/

  1. v · to flow, to meander

VDT-veep.pngvép /veːb/

  1. n; rnd · lake, pond, pool

VDT-vo'.png /vɔ/

  1. pro · you all and me; 1.pl.incl

VDT-vuu.png /vuː/

  1. num · five, fifth, five times

VDT-vryang.pngvryang /vɾɪə̯ŋ/

  1. v · to please, to ask (politely)
  2. n; abs · pleasure
  3. adj · pleased

VDT-vwo'.pngvwơ /vwɔ/

  1. prep · along(side), by, with