Vingdagese/Lexicon

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Table of contents
C/Q Dh J/G M Mm N Nn Ng Nng P R T V

Alphabetizing

Words are alphabetized according to their romanization. That means the consonants use the above order in the table of contents, and vowels use the following order: a, e, á, ą, ay, i, ư, é, į, ya, o, ơ, ú, ǫ, and oy. If a word is of the CCV shape, it will follow entries with a CV shape. And then, if necessary, finals are used in the same order as they appear in the above table of contents.

Words beginning with a glottal stop are not often written with the apostrophe, however they will be below for consistency with the heading which needed a symbol for proper sorting. In addition, it is generally redundant to list it, as there are no words that begin with just a vowel.

Parts of Speech

Each word is classified as to its part of speech. Nouns are marked with an n, verbs with a v, pronouns with pn, adjectives with adj, numerals with num, etc. Further, nouns are also all marked as to what noun class they belong to. Sometimes, a noun can belong to multiple noun classes depending upon its usage or intended meaning; when that is the case, the definition of each meaning is listed after the class to which that particular usage belongs.

Noun classifications are listed after the part of speech with the following abbreviations:

  • Human; hmn
  • Animate; anim
  • Tall/Long; tall
  • Round; rnd
  • Flat; flat
  • Amorphous; amor
  • Abstract; abs

Lexicon


VDT-aa.png’á /Ɂaː/

  1. prep · in, into, at, for, toward

VDT-aang.png’áng /Ɂaːŋ/

  1. v · to be likely to, to be expected to
  2. n abs · probability

VDT-ay.png; VDT-P-ay.png’ay /Ɂaɪ̯/

  1. num · two, second, twice

VDT-ayng.png’ayng /Ɂaɪ̯ŋ/

  1. n; tall · fishhook, lure
  2. n; anim · fly, small bug

VDT-eem.png’ém /Ɂeːm/

  1. v · to see, to watch, to look at
  2. n; abs · sight, vision

VDT-o'c.png’ơc /Ɂɔɡ/

  1. n; rnd · eye, eyeball


VDT-bej.png; VDT-P-bej.pngḅegh /ɓɛɣ/

  1. num 8 · ten, tenth, ten times
  2. num 10 · 8

VDT-bya.pngḅya /ɓɪə̯/

  1. v · to cut, to slice (esp. meat)

VDT-bo'.png; VDT-P-bo'.pngḅơ /ɓɔ/

  1. num · four, fourth, four times

C


VDT-cem.pngcem /kɛm/

  1. n; tall · boat, canoe

VDT-caa.png /kaː/

  1. n; anim · night, darkness
  2. n; abs · fear

VDT-caang.pngcáng /kaːŋ/

  1. n; amor · part, portion, section
  2. n; flat · chapter, verse

VDT-ci.pngci /ki/

  1. n; amor · word, (written) character

VDT-qodh.pngqodh /qoð/

  1. pro · we few; 1.pl/pcl.excl

VDT-qon.pngqon /qon/

  1. v · to know how to (do s.t.), to be able (to), can/could
  2. n; abs · ability

VDT-qo'.png; VDT-P-qo'.png /qɔ/

  1. num · seven, seventh, seven times

VDT-quu.png /quː/

  1. v · to be in front of; go forward

VDT-cren.png; VDT-P-cren.pngcren /kɾɛn/

  1. num 8 · hundred, hundredth, one hundred times
  2. num 10 · 64

VDT-crip.pngcrip /kɾib/

  1. v · to write, to sign (one's name)

VDT-cwyav.pngcwyav /kwɪə̯v/

  1. v · to make one's home; to be calm

VDT-cway.pngcway /kwaɪ̯/

  1. part · sentence final interrogative; q

VDT-cwo'.pngcwơ /kwɔ/

  1. n; abs · country, territory
  2. n; flat · land(mass)

VDT-cwo'c.pngcwơc /kwɔɡ/

  1. n · I, me, myself; 1.sg

VDT-cwo'c.pngVDT-ay.png; VDT-cwo'c.pngVDT-P-ay.pngcwơc-ay /kwɔɡ.aɪ̯/

  1. n · we two; 1.dl.excl


VDT-daac.pngḍác /ɗaːɡ/

  1. n; hmn · person, citizen

VDT-deeng.pngḍéng /ɗeːŋ/

  1. n; anim · wind, breath
  2. v · to blow, to be windy, to breathe
  3. adj · windy, breathing

VDT-dodh.pngḍodh /ɗoð/

  1. n; tall · rake, hoe

VDT-do't.pngḍơt /ɗɔd/

  1. v · to drink, to slurp

VDT-duu.pngḍú /ɗuː/

VDT-duuj.pngḍúgh /ɗuːɣ/

  1. part · no, not, neg

VDT-duuv.pngḍúv /ɗuːv/

  1. n; flat · axe, hatchet

VDT-doy.pngḍoy /ɗɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to agree (to)
  2. n; abs · agreement, consent

VDT-doy2.pngḍoy /ɗɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to offer, to allow

Dh


VDT-dhav.pngdhav /ðav/

  1. v · to be beautiful
  2. n; abs · beauty
  3. adj · beautiful

VDT-dhaang.png; VDT-P-dhaang.pngdháng /ðaːŋ/

  1. num · three, third, thrice

VDT-dhi.pngdhi /ði/

  1. pro · you all; 2.pl

VDT-dhu'n.pngdhưn /ðɪn/

  1. pro · they.sg; 3.sg; no gender is implied and can be used for people as well as objects

VDT-dhrej.pngdhregh /ðɾɛɣ/

  1. pro · they.pl; this includes paucal and dual numbers

VDT-dhraa.pngdhrá /ðɾaː/

  1. n; flat · leaf


VDT-gu'c.png; VDT-P-gu'c.pngġưc /ɠɪɡ/

  1. num 8 · ten thousand, ten thousandth, ten thousand times
  2. num 10 · 4,096

VDT-go.pngġo /ɠo/

  1. n; anim · turtle, tortoise

J


VDT-jav.pngjav /ʝav/

  1. n; tall · river, stream, waterway

VDT-jep.pngjep /ʝɛb/

  1. n; rnd · shrub, bush, small tree

VDT-jayc.pngjayc /ʝaɪ̯ɡ/

  1. v · to do well
  2. adj · good, well

VDT-ji.pngji /ʝi/

  1. adj · many, numerous

VDT-jeen.pngjén /ʝeːn/

  1. n; rnd · debris, stuff, junk

VDT-gri.pnggri /ɡri/

  1. v · to die
  2. n; flat · corpse, dead body

VDT-grigh.pnggrigh /ɡriɣ/

  1. v · to be fated to; to have bad luck befall (s.o.)
  2. n; abs · ill omen; bad luck

VDT-gwi.pnggwi /ɡwi/

  1. n; anim · dove, pigeon, small bird

VDT-gwing.pnggwing /ɡwiŋ/

  1. v · to be lucky, to have a good feeling
  2. n; abs · luck, good fortune
  3. adj · lucky, cool

VDT-gwuun.pnggwún /ɡwuːn/

  1. v · to sleep, to be asleep
  2. n; abs · rest, sleep

M


VDT-mo't.png; VDT-P-mo't.pngmơt /mɔd/

  1. num · one, first, once

VDT-moyc.pngmoyc /mɔɪ̯ɡ/

Mm


VDT-mmit.png; VDT-P-mmit.pngmmit /mːid/

  1. num 8 · one thousand, one thousandth, one thousand times
  2. num 10 · 512

VDT-mmu'ng.pngmmưng /mːɪŋ/

  1. pron · you few and me; 1.pcl.incl

N


VDT-na.pngna /na/

  1. conj · and

VDT-ni.pngni /ni/

  1. conj · or, neither/nor

Nn


VDT-nnem.png; VDT-P-nnem.pngnnem /nːɛm/

  1. num · six, sixth, six times

VDT-nnay.pngnnay /nːaɪ̯/

  1. n; tall · cage, jail
  2. n; rnd · trap

Ng


VDT-ngu'q.pngngưq /ŋɪq/

  1. adj · whole, unbroken
  2. n; abs · atom, particle

VDT-ngeev.pngngév /ŋeːv/

  1. v · to overturn, to capsize
  2. v · to fall, to trip

VDT-ngoy.pngngoy /ŋɔɪ̯/

  1. v · to give something (esp. a trinket) to someone

VDT-ngwu'm.pngngwưm /ŋwɪm/

  1. v · to cut/tear into small pieces
  2. n; rnd · small parts of something

Nng


VDT-nngom.pngnngom /ŋːom/

  1. n; tall · tree

VDT-nngoy.pngnngoy /ŋːɔɪ̯/

  1. n; anim · fire, flame, heat

P


VDT-pac.pngpac /paɡ/

  1. v · to walk along (something)

VDT-po.pngpo /po/

  1. n; rnd · glass (esp. a bead)

VDT-po^.png /põ/

  1. adj · fat, chubby, round
  2. n; anim · a fat person
  3. v · to be fat, to be full (of food)

VDT-poyng.pngpoyng /pɔɪ̯ŋ/

  1. n; tall · digit, finger, toe
  2. n; abs · number(s)

VDT-pra^.pngprą /pɾã/

  1. n; hmn · son, young boy

VDT-praq.png; VDT-P-praq.pngpraq /pɾaq/

  1. num 8 · one million, one millionth, one million times
  2. num 10 · 262,144

VDT-pwo'.pngpwơ /pwɔ/

  1. n; anim · dog, hound, wolf

R


VDT-rej.pngregh /rɛɣ/

  1. pro · 2.sg

VDT-ra^.png /rã/

  1. n; tall · fork, bi- or trident

VDT-ring.png; VDT-P-ring.pngring /riŋ/

  1. num · zero, zeroth, zero times, none

VDT-ree.png /reː/

  1. conj · if, as, whether

VDT-reet.pngrét /reːd/

  1. v · to divide up, to apportion
  2. v · to share (evenly)

VDT-rya.pngrya /rɪə̯/

  1. n; hmn · human, person
  2. n; anim · (sentient) being

VDT-ro'.png /rɔ/

  1. n; anim · twins (esp. fraternal), "blood brothers"

T


VDT-taym.pngtaym /taɪ̯m/

  1. adv · now, right this moment

VDT-tin.pngtin /tin/

  1. n; flat · book, page(s)

VDT-to^.png /tõ/

  1. v · to speak
  2. n; abs · speech, language

VDT-tre.pngtre /tɾə/

  1. part · poss; used to mark a possessed object

VDT-treng.pngtreng /tɾɛŋ/

  1. v · to own, to possess; used to indicate possession when it violates the animacy heirarchy

VDT-trit.pngtrit /tɾid/

  1. v · to continue, to go forward

VDT-truudh.pngtrúdh /tɾuːð/

  1. n; amor · honey, sweetness
  2. v · to be sweet
  3. adj · sweet

VDT-twee.png; VDT-P-twee.pngtwé /tweː/

  1. num 8 · one hundred thousand, one hundred thousandth, one hundred thousand times
  2. num 10 · 32,768

VDT-twon.pngtwon /twon/

  1. pro · you and me; 1.dl.incl

V


VDT-ving.pngving /viŋ/

  1. n; hmn · the Ving people

VDT-viv.pngviv /viv/

  1. v · to fold, to bow

VDT-vee.png /veː/

  1. v · to be certain, to be secure
  2. n; abs · certainty
  3. adj · certain, sure, positive

VDT-veec.pngvéc /veːɡ/

  1. v · to flow, to meander

VDT-veep.pngvép /veːb/

  1. n; rnd · lake, pond, pool

VDT-vo'.png /vɔ/

  1. pro · you all and me; 1.pl.incl

VDT-vuu.png /vuː/

  1. num · five, fifth, five times

VDT-vryang.pngvryang /vɾɪə̯ŋ/

  1. v · to please, to ask (politely)
  2. n; abs · pleasure
  3. adj · pleased

VDT-vwo'.pngvwơ /vwɔ/

  1. prep · along(side), by, with