The Bukhstav

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Bukhstav Runes


This is the native script for Khangaþyagon. It is a runic script, known as bukhstav, which means "rite sign". Notice that the first seven letters spell out the name of the script. In the illustration, each rune is preceeded by its romanisation. Each vowel has two forms. The first one shown (diagonal slanting top left to bottom right) represents the short vowel, while the second one (bottom left to top right) represents the long vowel. Diphthongs are written by writing the long form of the first element joined to the short form of the second element by the upper ends of the diagonals. The last rune shown (labelled ") is a gemination rune. It forms the phonemic geminate of the preceeding rune. It is only used intra-morphemically. If a morpheme ends with a particular phoneme and the next morpheme begins with the same one, the rune for that phoneme is written twice, and the gemination rune is not used.

The bukhstav is designed for carving on wood, and thus all runes are made up of straight vertical and diagonal strokes that cross the grain. Here is an example of bukhstav in its normal medium.

suhalekwani varni narrglæs Mallapont

suhalekwani varni narrglæs Mallapont

su- hal- ek- wan- i varn- i narr- glæs mall- ap- ont
all- time- ADJ- ADV- 3p blame- 3p betray- spirit holy- make- PrP

A demon always blames the Creator.

Final note on the romanisation

If a situation occurs where two phonemes occur together whose symbols would form a digraph for a third phoneme, the romanisation uses an apostrophe to disambiguate them. This does not correspond to any feature of the bukhstav, where every phoneme has a distinct rune.

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Phonotactics and Stress Phonology Morphology