Talk:Tauro-Piscean language

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Tauro-Piscean is an a posteriori constructed language, whose vocabulary is adapted primarily from Old English and German. There is also a growing influx of words from French and Old Taurusian where adapted words are not felt to be appropriate: for example, Avion (‘aeroplane’, from French avion) is used in place of German Flugzeug. Coinages, which often translate entire English phrases, are formed from various Romance languages. Because Old Taurusian orthography was based on phonetic English and, to a lesser extent, French spelling, it was changed to Taurusian before being consumed into Piscean, which uses a Piscean orthography, e.g. Old Taurusian Rougeonstul > Taurusian (Tauro-Piscean) Ruǧonstull.


The Tauro-Piscean language belongs to S.C. Anderson and L.J. Partridge, residents of the territories claimed by the New Pisces and Taurus micronation. Throughout its history, Piscean has belonged to several branches of the Indo-European language family, including Italic and West Germanic. Due to the awkward classification, a new pseudo-branch of Indo-European languages has been created by Anderson: 'Multi-Western', after the languages spoken in western Europe that have inspired Piscean. Tauro-Piscean is essentially the modern Piscean dialect, reformed and with some revived features from its history, and the newly developing - now ingested - language Taurusian. Since an agreement on 27 November 2007, Anderson (Piscean) and Partridge (Taurusian) have agreed to work on a joint language and now both moderate the Piscean Lexicon.

Writing system

to be replaced ...

Vocabulary of Tauro-Piscean

Words from Piscean

Due to Piscean's history of borrowing from different Germanic and Romance languages, modern Piscean has 'recessive' vocabulary, i.e. it has words that mean the same as one another in their source languages, but now have different meanings in Tauro-Piscean. For example, there are four words that originally translated as 'day':

  • Dominant: 'Deej' (Germanic) - 'day'
  • Recessive 1: 'Tag' (Germanic) - 'typical day'
  • Recessive 2: 'Scharne (Romance) - 'personal holiday'
  • Recessive 3: 'Pee' (Germanic) - 'bank holiday'

The last form was imported into early Old Piscean from modern English ('pé', a corruption of 'day'); the third, into middle Old Piscean from French/Italian ('jarna', compare 'jour' and 'giorno'); the second, into late Old Piscean from German ('Tag'); the first, into modern Piscean from Old English (reformed spelling: 'daeg'). Therefore, Tauro-Piscean could now be compared to English, albeit the language of Anderson and Partridge arguably has a much more consistent method of assigning vocabulary. See also: Piscean language

Reform 07/12/07

The Reform of December has meant that in Tauro-Piscean, the letter G in words of Old English origin will be replaced by the letter J. Previously, in Piscean, some were replaced, but the substitution is now made complete. Observe:

  • Godendeej (modern Piscean) > Jodendeej (Tauro-Piscean)
  • frignan (modern Piscean) > frijnan (Tauro-Piscean)
  • geond (modern Piscean) > jeond (Tauro-Piscean)

Also in words of Old English origin, the letters HW are replaced by W in Tauro Piscean and the letters WR are replaced by R.

  • hwit (modern Piscean) > wit (Tauro-Piscean)
  • hweet (modern Piscean) > weet (Tauro-Piscean)
  • writan (modern Piscean) > ritan (Tauro-Piscean)

Words from Taurusian

Tauro-Piscean, in addition to Romance and Germanic influences, is influced by Taurusian. Taurusian vocabulary is invented spontaneously by Partridge and, as a result of which, can cater for unique words among the Piscean language that often help to make communication quicker and less ambiguous. Observe (Piscean elements of infinitives are enclosed in square brackets):

  • pars [bean] - to have mixed emotions
  • Hijfíĵs - someone that opposes one's ideas or mannerisms
  • Dijnumm - AstroTurf, flat 'artificial turf' used for sports
  • Hupíjcort - cross-country running
  • Runndajvu - motocross
  • Ruscgonstull - registration at regular intervals to affirm attendance
  • Handjular - personal computer (PC)
  • Cornipáznaj - compact disc (CD)
  • Hijvidrool - digital versatile disc (DVD)
  • Bude - box set
  • lijtáccan - to be taken lightly
  • ruffär - shaky/sketchy
  • Waterdogg - subwoofer
  • fuzdulaársan - to rub it in someone's face
  • Tornade - jet lag
  • Blubruze - highlighter pen
  • Tijard - greetings card

Tenses of Tauro-Piscean

Spreec täropisceesum</th></tr>
Pronounced: [spɹek tɛəɹopiskesum]
Timeline and Universe: Present, this universe
Species: Human
Spoken: People's Democratic Republic of New Pisces and Taurus
Total speakers: 2
Writing system: Partridgo-Andersonic alphabet
Genealogy: Indo-European

  Early Old Piscean
   Middle Old Piscean
    Late Old Piscean

  Old Taurusian
Typology </th></tr>
Morphological type: Inflecting
Morphosyntactic alignment: Nominative-accusative
Basic word order: V2
Credits </th></tr>
Creator: S.C. Anderson, L.J. Partridge
Created: 27 November 2007
Tense Piscean 'faran' English 'to go'
Present simple Icc far I go
Present continuous Icc farong I am going
Present perfect Icc neef fart I have gone
Preterite Icc farede I went
Imperfect Icc farot I used to go
Past continuous Icc wojz fart I was going
Pluperfect Icc gefarut I had gone
Future Icc will faran I will go
Future perfect Icc ajzfarin I will have gone

Note that modern Piscean used few of the above tenses, but due to their useful functions, those that were not used have been revived from Old Piscean usage and adapted for Tauro-Piscean. Verb inflection instructions follow (note that 'infinitive stem' refers to the removal of '-an', '-ian' or '-s' and addition of '-'. '-e' or '-' respectively):

Present simple

Refer to indicative non-past

Present continuous

To form the present continuous in singular, add '-ong' to an infinitive stem that ends in a consonant or '-ng' to one that ends in a vowel.

To form the present continuous in plural, do as above, but use '-ongen' and '-ngen' respectively.

Present perfect

To form the present perfect in singular, use the word 'neef' before an infinitive stem that has '-t' attached to it.

To form the present perfect in plural, do as above, but use '-ten'.


Refer to indicative past


To form the imperfect in singular, add '-ot' to an infinitive stem that ends in a consonant or '-jot' to one that ends in a vowel.

To form the imperfect in plural, do as above, bue use '-oten' and '-joten' respectively.

Past continuous

To form the past continuous in singular and plural, follow the same instructions as for present perfect, but substitute the word 'wojz' for 'neef'.


To form the pluperfect in singular, prefix 'ge-' and suffix '-ut' to an infinitive stem that ends in a consonant. If it starts with a consonant, use 'gej-' instead of 'ge-'. For one that ends in a vowel, suffix '-jut' instead of '-ut'.

To form the pluperfect in plural, do as above, but use '-uten' and '-juten' in place of '-ut' and '-jut' respectively.


Refer to indicative non-past

Future perfect

To form the future perfect in singular, prefix 'ajz-' and suffix '-in' to an infinitive stem that ends in a consonant. For one that ends in a vowel, replace '-in' with '-jin'.

To form the pluperfect in plural, do as above, but use '-inen' and '-jinen' in place of '-in' and '-jin' respectively.

Grammatical moods

The document Piscean language also shows how to inflect all verb stems to reflect grammatical mood.