Griuskant

From FrathWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Griuskant view.png
griuskant

/'griuskant/

Classification: Conworld language
Morphology: Agglutinative
Word order: SVO
Alignment: Trigger
Directionality: Head-final
Conscript: Alphabet (phonemic)
User: Reyzadren
Revision: 2016 update

Griuskant is a conlang for a fictional world. It has agglutinative morphology, SVO word order, trigger alignment, head-final phrases and a phonemic alphabetic conscript. Other features include affixations, prepositions, regular stress, no definiteness, no tenses and no agreement conjugations.


See the griuskant conscript: Click here


Phonology

Consonants

Labial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p, b t, d k, g
Fricative f, v θ s, zˤ ʃ, ʒ ɣ h
Affricate tʃ, dʒ
Approximant w l r j

Vowels

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
Near-high Y
High-mid ɯ
Mid e ə
Low-mid ɔ
Low a

There are 10 diphthongs that natively appear in griuskant, though triphthongs can also be formed with gliding diphthongs.
/ai au ia iɔ iu ɔi ɔu ua ui ei/

Phonotactics

(C)(C)(C)V(V)(V)(C)(C)(C) for each syllable, as a theoretical maximum. CCVVCC is the usual configuration.
Stress is always on the first syllable of each word.


Orthography

The griuskant script has 32 alphabet symbols: with 24 consonants and 8 vowels.
Transcription p t k s b d g z
Sound p t k s b d g
Transcription m n ng sh w y x zh
Sound m n ŋ ʃ w j ɣ ʒ
Transcription r c f h l j v th
Sound r f h l v θ
Transcription a i o u e ae y oe
Sound a i ɔ u ə e Y ɯ


Griuskant uses its own alphabetic conscript that has a regular phonemic orthography, which means that 1 grapheme corresponds to exactly 1 phoneme. It is written from left to right, downwards. The table above shows the romanised transcriptions.


Grammar

The parts of speech of griuskant include nouns, verbs, adjectives and particles. The affixations encourage interconversions of word classes with suffixes, while morphological derivations are done with prefixes. The affixes can usually be re-used across classes: There are passive nouns, passive verbs and passive adjectives, eventhough such voice category is often related to verbs.

Noun

Nouns appearing as core words are able to add these suffixes.
The empty box suffix does nothing, whereby it becomes a process or abstraction noun when interrupted by an imperative or passive suffix respectively.

Noun Suffix
Source e
Possessive ae
Empty box o
Collective plural s

Verb

Verbs appearing as core words are able to have these suffixes.
The 3 triggers themselves must be crafted from a stable combination of susceptible affixes.

Action Suffix
Verb class a
Passive voice n
Circumstantial voice d
Phasal TAM t
Imperative mood r

Adjective

Adjectives appearing as core words have the +i suffix.
Adverbs are considered as adjectives in griuskant.

Particle

Anything that is not a noun, verb or adjective is a particle in griuskant.
This class includes prepositions and conjunctions, as well as bound and unbound particles.

Syntax

SVOI structure is regularly used. In the passive voice, OV(S)(I) structure is used. With the circumstantial voice, the IV structure is utilised.


Vocabulary

Here is a griuskant passage, with the romanised transcription and its translation. Audio sample.

Example

Griuskant example.png


  • aesk paeda zher xeka shaigauae roetzaev thak puathai stomsdratae merg,, vazh veyeti ovush. muisk drat puatha, aesk kansh odyua spaezha zhaed raes ijjiska aesk un ciaza aeskae shaihaem. uts zhe auryk zhuica. raes zhuica vaezh vaezhon zhed erounde aeskes shur shoitshira, un raes jiska. raes jiska, kon vaezh peshdutnadtulg zhed az iuk skarg, ur kon vaezh vaezhon zhed aesk kansh oshefa. oc aesk koen oshefa vaezhon zhed zhe groug zhuica, raes kyn az xoshoshef ur jefnegriound cithia. aesk shira zhe ; zhe xosh skisan zher yuhi daega detxosh. un auryk oth jiska un gauska.


  • I sit and write today's entry under the canopy of a swaying palm tree. What a tender illusion. As the palm sways, I can't help but think it is observing me and reacting to my moods. Somehow this island lives. It lives in a way we human inhabitants are not yet aware of, and it watches. It watches, perhaps through sensory organs in the plants, perhaps in ways I can't imagine. If I could imagine how this place lives, it would be the imaginings of a dream or a fairy tale gone awry. I do know this--as this dream continues, it is quickly becoming a nightmare. And still the island watches and waits.


Links

Learn griuskant with this test prep style textbook. It is also available on Lulu.
Read translated griuskant storybooks: 1A 1B, 2A 2B, 3A 3B, 4A 4B, 5A 5B.
General fiction: 1A 1B, 2A 2B, 3A 3B, 4A, 4B, 5A 5B. Others: 01A 01B, 02A 02B. Advanced: AL.

Various griuskant images and their translations. Bilingual blog. Tinycards app.
Discussion at the CBB forum.