Griuskant

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Griuskant view.png
griuskant

/'griuskant/

Classification: Conworld language
Morphology: Agglutinative
Word order: SVO
Alignment: Direct trigger
Directionality: Head-final
Conscript: Alphabet (phonemic)
User: Reyzadren
Revision: 2016 update

Griuskant is a conlang for a fictional world. It has agglutinative morphology, SVO word order, direct trigger alignment, head-final phrases and an alphabetic conscript. Other features include affixations, prepositions, regular stress, no definiteness and no agreement conjugations.


See the griuskant conscript: Click here


Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p, b t d k, g
Fricative f, v θ s, z ʃ, ʒ h
Affricate ts tʃ, dʒ
Approximant w l r j

Vowels

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
Near-high Y
High-mid ɯ
Mid e ə
Low-mid ɔ
Low a

There are 10 diphthongs that natively appear in griuskant, though triphthongs can also be formed with gliding diphthongs.
/ai au ia iɔ iu ɔi ɔu ua ui ei/

Phonotactics

(C)(C)(C)V(V)(V)(C)(C)(C) for each syllable, as a theoretical maximum. CCVVCC is the usual configuration.
Stress is always on the first syllable of each word.


Orthography

The griuskant script has 32 alphabet symbols: with 24 consonants and 8 vowels.
Transcription p t k s b d g z
Sound p t k s b d g z
Transcription m n ng sh w y x zh
Sound m n ŋ ʃ w j ts ʒ
Transcription r c f h l j v th
Sound r f h l v θ
Transcription a i o u e ae y oe
Sound a i ɔ u ə e Y ɯ


Griuskant uses its own alphabetic conscript that has a regular phonemic orthography, which means that 1 grapheme corresponds to exactly 1 phoneme. It is written from left to right, downwards. The table above shows the romanised transcriptions.


Grammar

The parts of speech of griuskant include nouns, verbs, adjectives and particles.
The affixations encourage interconversions of word classes with suffixes, while morphological derivations are done with prefixes.

Noun

Nouns appearing as core words are able to add these suffixes.

Noun Suffix
Source e
Passive en
Process or
Abstraction on
Possessive ae

Verb

Verbs appearing as core words are able to have these suffixes.
Note: The table below describes words starting from a noun core.

Action Suffix
Verb class a
Passive voice n
Phasal tense t
Imperative mood r

Adjective

Adjectives appearing as core words have the +i suffix.
Adverbs are considered as adjectives in griuskant.

Particle

Anything that is not a noun, verb or adjective is a particle in griuskant.
This class includes prepositions and conjunctions, as well as bound and unbound particles.

Syntax

SVOI structure is regularly used. In the passive voice, OV(S)(I) structure is used.


Vocabulary

Here is a griuskant passage, with the romanised transcription and its translation.

Example

Griuskant example.png


  • lioun'ardou da vinci [1452 ; 1519] az ilz ijflagi iuz is tarc. vaezh venten un skauten un thustzhaeisten [iki roicxaethen], zhas lioun'ardo az hangonspaezhe. raes yidan vuzh iteliae vinci, zhas lioun'ardou zira ki florens ik daekfuiroek. zhaeg, raesk zaera kerneka ik elgeae roese. zher, raes zira ki milan un daega kaeirgoere un espen hin kaeir. taej daig raesae kernek zhaezi smoeza, zher lioun'ardou daega hauli er. vaezh sulouv un slung, raes ara zoiroeki oezzuik hin uv elge un skuipe vozh zhae zaeil. yoin raezete aenshaula lioun'ardou ik isti raenezons er. enunsiaeishen az lioun'ardouae ist aji skauten zhed oth zidan.


  • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was incredibly gifted in many ways. From sketches to paintings to scientific inventions (like the parachute), Leonardo was a man ahead of his time. Born in Vinci, Italy, Leonardo moved to Florence as a teenager. There, he began to blossom as an artist's apprentice. He then moved to Milan and became a city planner and architect for the town. Word of his talents soon spread, making Leonardo a famous man. Driven by passion and truth, he set the standards for all artists and scientists of his day. Most historians refer to Leonardo as the ultimate Renaissance Man. //The ANNUNCIATION is Leonardo's earliest surviving painting.


Links

Learn griuskant with this test prep style textbook. It is also available on Lulu.

Various griuskant images and their translations.

Discussion at the CBB forum.