Classical Laefêvëši

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NOTE: This is an obsolete form of the conlang. It has been renamed to Classical Laefêvëši to distinguish it from the new version, which is Ascended or Celestial Laefêvëši.


Classical Laefêvëši
Laefêvëši or ᛚᚨᛖᚠᛌᚬᚴᛇᛋᛁ or ꊰꅐꇴꉻꍒꉩꌂꀜꈤ
Spoken in: Olilóinien (planet)
Conworld:
Total speakers:
Genealogical classification: Vlamarian
Old Laefêvëši
Middle Laefêvëši
Classical Laefêvëši
Basic word order: SVO (neutral), free
Morphological type: agglutinating, inflecting, polysynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignment: nominative-accusative
Created by:
Andrej Šuc 2003-2012

Classical Laefêvëši (pronounced as /lae'fɛːvəʃi/) (natively also spelled as ᛚᚨᛖᚠᛌᚬᚴᛇᛋᛁ and ꊰꅐꇴꉻꍒꉩꌂꀜꈤ), Anglicized as Laefeveshi, is an a priori conlang created by Andrej Šuc. The beginnings of the conlang date back to the year 2003 and the conlang has been developing ever since. The language was inspired by Slovene and several other languages but it is essentially an a priori conlang. It has a rich phonology and it's highly agglutinative with inflecting and polysynthetic features. It uses extended Latin script but alternatively also adopted runic alphabet.

The language is part of a larger language family which consists of total 13 languages. classical Laefêvëši is natively spoken by Elves on Olilóinien ᛅᛚᛁᛚᛌᛅᛁᚾᛁᛖᚾ.

Family

Main article: Vlamarian language family

Classical Laefêvëši is part of a larger language family called Vlamarian language family which consists of 12 languages.

Vlamarian languages:

  • Central:
    • Laefêvëši
  • North-West:
    • North:
      • Sinânëši
      • Fērjalêši
      • Alámëši
    • West:
      • Lêmjëši
      • Lasmáši
  • East:
    • Old East:
      • Jalassáši
    • New East:
      • Mōjráši
      • Lošêirëši
  • South:
    • Old South:
      • Saljênši
    • New South:
      • Majêllëši
      • Lajtánši

Phonology

Main article: Phonological changes of Classical Laefêvëši
Classical Laefêvëši vowels
  Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded
Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i i: y y:       ɯ ɯ: u u:
Near-close   ɪ ɪ:   ʊ ʊ:  
Close-mid e e: ø ø:         o o:
Mid     ə ə:    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ: œ œ:       ʌ ʌ: ɔ ɔ:
Open     a a:    
Classical Laefêvëši consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Alveopalatal Palatal Velar
Nasal Plain m     n     ɲ ŋ
Gemiante m:     n:        
Plosive Plain p b     t d       k ɡ
Geminate p: b:     t: d:       k: ɡ:
Aspirated          
Fricative Plain   f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ɕ ʑ   x ɣ
Geminate   f: v: θ: ð: s: z:        
Affricate Plain       ʦ ʣ ʧ ʤ ʨ ʥ    
Aspirated       ʦʰ ʧʰ ʨʰ    
Approximant       ɹ     j w
Trill       r        
Flap or tap       ɾ        
Lateral
approximant
Plain       l     ʎ  
Geminate       l:        

Writing system

Classical Laefêvëši uses three types of writing systems, the traditional runic alphabet, alternative Latin writing (Latitheo) and the Lallentva script.

Latitheo

The romanization of the Classical Laefêvëši language is called Látiþeo or latitheo in English.

Classical Laefêvëši vowels
  Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded
Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i í y ý       ü ű u ú
Near-close   ī î   ū û  
Close-mid e é ø ǿ         o ó
Mid     ë ä    
Open-mid ē ê ö ő       ā â ō ô
Open     a á, ă    
Classical Laefêvëši consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Alveopalatal Palatal Velar
Nasal Plain m     n     nj ŋ
Gemiante mm     nn        
Plosive Plain p b     t d       k ɡ
Geminate pp bb     tt dd       kk ɡg
Aspirated          
Fricative Plain   f v þ ð s z š ž ś ź   h x
Geminate   ff vv þþ ðð ss zz        
Affricate Plain       c ʒ č ǯ ć ȝ    
Aspirated       čħ ćħ    
Approximant       ŗ     j ƿ/w
Trill       rr        
Flap or tap       r        
Lateral
approximant
Plain       l     lj  
Geminate       ll        

Alternatives:

  • the letter <ʒ> can be replaced by <dz>
  • the letter <ǯ> can be replaced by <dž>
  • the letter <ȝ> can be replaced by <dź>
  • the letter <ƿ> can be replaced by <w>


Letters:

Aa, Áá, Āā, Ââ, Ăă, Bb, Cc, Ʒʒ, Ćć, Ȝȝ, Čč, Ǯǯ, Dd, Ee, Éé, Ēē, Êê, Ëë, Ää, Ff, Gg, Xx, Hh, Ħħ, Ii, Íí, Īī, Îî, Jj, Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Ŋŋ, Oo, Óó, Ōō, Ôô, Öö, Őő, Øø, Ǿǿ, Pp, Rr, Ŗŗ, Ss Þþ, Śś, Šš, Tt, Uu, Úú, Ūū, Ûû, Üü, Űű, Vv, Ww, Ƿƿ, Yy, Ýý, Zz, Ðð, Źź, Žž

Basic Latitheo

The so-called "basic Latitheo" was devised to allow writing Classical Laefêvëši with any possible font that uses the basic Latin letters.

classical Laefevhvexhsqi vowels
  Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Unrounded Rounded Unrounded Rounded
Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i igh y zgh       uxh uqh u ugh
Near-close   ibh ivh   ubh uvh  
Close-mid e egh onh omh         o ogh
Mid     exh axh    
Open-mid ebh evh oxh oqh       abh avh obh ovh
Open     a agh, agbh    

Double vowels:

  • āā -> abbh
  • ēē -> ebbh
  • īī -> ibbh
  • ōō -> obbh
  • ūū -> ubbh
  • ëë -> exxh
  • öö -> oxxh
  • üü -> uxxh
Classical Laefevhvexhsqi consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Alveopalatal Palatal Velar
Nasal Plain m     n     nj nq
Gemiante mm     nn        
Plosive Plain p b     t d       k ɡ
Geminate pp bb     tt dd       kk ɡg
Aspirated ph     th       kh
Fricative Plain   f v tq dq s z sq zq sjq zjq   hq x
Geminate   ff vv ttq ddq ss zz        
Affricate Plain       c dz cq dzq cjq dzjq    
Aspirated       ch cqh cjqh    
Approximant       rq     j w
Trill       rr        
Flap or tap       r        
Lateral
approximant
Plain       l     lj  
Geminate       ll        

Runic alphabet

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši runic alphabet

Classical Laefêvëši uses an adaptation of the runic alphabet along with the Latin script.

ᛁ, ᚣ, ᚥ, ᚢ, ᛄ, ᚤ, ᛖ, ᛡ, ᛟ, ᛇ, ᚬ, ᚯ, ᛮ, ᛅ, ᚨ, ᚮ, ᛗ, ᚾ, ᛜ, ᛝ, ᛈ ,ᛒ, ᛏ, ᛞ, ᚸ, ᚷ, ᚠ, ᚴ, ᚦ, ᛨ, ᛊ, ᛉ, ᛋ, ᛣ, ᛠ, ᛯ, ᚻ, ᛤ, ᚳ, ᛩ, ᛥ, ᛪ, ᛕ, ᛰ, ᚿ, ᛃ ᚹ, ᛢ, ᚱ, ᛚ, ᚭ;
ᚺ, ᛌ,ᚲ

Lallêntva

Main article: Lallêntva script
ꈤ, ꈣ, ꉘ, ꉗ, ꇤ, ꇣ, ꏲ, ꏱ,ꏢ, ꏡ, ꂷ, ꂶ, ꇴ. ꇳ. ꀧ. ꀦ, ꎍ, ꎌ, ꌂ, ꌁ, ꍓ, ꍒ, ꁘ, ꁗ, ꇁ, ꇀ, ꅂ, ꅁ, ꅐ, ꅏ, ꅔ, ꏾ,ꌩ, ꂓ, ꑣ, ꏽ, ꌨ, ꋖ, ꄻ, ꃼ, ꑀ, ꎤ, ꋣ, ꋕ, ꄺ,ꃻ, ꐿ, ꎣ, ꋢ, ꈴ, ꏪ, ꑓ, ꉻ, ꉩ, ꆩ, ꋂ, ꑭ, ꒆ, ꀜ, ꅵ, ꄣ, ꇠ, ꈠ, ꆣ, ꉺ, ꉨ, ꆨ, ꋁ, ꑬ, ꒅ, ꌋ, ꍧ, ꐚ, ꐆ, ꑿ, ꑗ, ꎰ, ꏋ, ꃬ, ꀪ, ꍫ, ꀆ, ꉁ, ꉂ, ꊰ, ꅪ, ꊯ

Grammar

Nouns

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši nouns

Nouns in Classical Laefêvëši are marked for both case and number. There are 17 cases divided into three groups and 3 numbers (singular, dual and plural). Nouns are also divided into two genders: masculine and feminine. Articles are not used any more, however, under some conditions they can be used but they do not mark definiteness in usual sense.

Adjectives

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši adjectives

Pronouns

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši pronouns

Numerals

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši numerals

Verbs

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši verbs

Vocabulary

Main article: Classical Laefêvëši dictionary

YouTube

You Raise Me Up by Celtic Woman
The Magic of the Wizard's Dream by Rhapsody of Fire
Memory of Love
I Have a Dream by ABBA (old version of Laefêvëši)


Classical Laefêvëši pages (obsolete)
Classical Laefêvëši · Nouns · Cases · Adjectives · Pronouns · Numerals · Verbs · Conjugations · Mantjálaj · Adverbs · Prepositions · Vocabulary · Swadesh list