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Pronounced: /karune/
Timeline and Universe: none
Species: Human
Spoken: Carune
Total speakers: 23 million
Writing system: Latin
Genealogy: Indo-European


Morphological type: inflecting, fusional
Morphosyntactic alignment: Accusative-Dative
Basic word order: SVO
Creator: Sectori
Created: December 2005

Carune was my first, pitiful attempt at a romlang. It has since seen two major revisions. This page reflects the most recent version of Carune starting at the top and moving down as I revise it.


Carune has seven vowel phonemes and eighteen consonant phonemes.


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Low-mid e o
Low a


Bilabial Labiod. Dental Alveolar Post-alv. Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n gn
Plosive p b t d c(h) g(h)
Fricative f v s
Affricate z c(i) g(i)
Trill r
Lateral Approximant l gl


<e> is realized as [e] when it descends from Latin OE Ē I and as [ɛ] when it descends from Latin AE E. Stressed <e> is [ɛ]. <o> is realized as [o] when it descends from Latin AU Ō U and as [ɔ] when it descends from Latin O. Stressed <o> is [ɔ].

<c> is realized as [k] before <a o u>, and as [tʃ] before <i e>. <g> is realized as [g] before <a o u>, and as [dʒ] before <i e>. <ch> is always [k], and <gh> is always [g]. <ci gi> before <a o u> are realized as affricates without pronouncing <i>. Multiple vowels are usually realized as diphthongs.


Stress in Carune may be unmarked or marked. Marked stress is shown by a grave accent, e.g. parlarì [parlaˈri]. Unmarked stress falls as follows:

  • If the word ends in a vowel or n, stress falls on the penultimate syllable, e.g. parlare [parˈlare].
  • Otherwise, stress falls on the ultimate syllable.


There are three main allophonic variations that occur in spoken Carune:

  • word-final /a/ is realized as [ǝ] in polysyllabic words where it is unstressed, e.g. vita "life" /ˈvita/ realized as [ˈvitǝ]
  • intervocalic /s/ is often realized as [z], e.g. usare "use" /uˈsarɛ/ realized as [uˈzarɛ]
  • intervocalic /ts/ is generally realized as [dz], e.g. sezi "sixteen" /sɛtsi/ realized as [sɛdzi]

It should also be noted that word-final -e often elides when unstressed, especially before a vowel.