Senjecas - Tengwar

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Pronunciation table

nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ š i e a ǫ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /sʷ/ /sʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/

The Mode of Senjecas

Consonants (tengwar)

  • This table illustrates the standardized order of the tengwar. The tengwar in red are those not used for Senjecan consonants. If there are two phonemes given, the first are those used in Quenya, the second those in Sindarin. (
Tincotéma Parmatéma Calmatéma Quessetéma
Grade I /t/ Tinco /p/ Parma /k/ Calma /kw/ Quesse
Grade II /nd/, /d/ Ando /mb/, /b/ umbar /ng/, /g/ Anga /ngw/, /gw/ Ungwe
Grade III /θ/, /s/ Þúlë, Súlë /f/ Formen /χ/, /h/ Harma, Aha /hw/, /χw/ Hwesta
Grade IV /nt/, /ð/ Anto /mp/, /v/ Ampa /nk/, /ɣ/ Anca w/ Unque
Grade V /n/, /nn/ Númen /m/, /mm/ Malta /ŋ/ Noldo w/ Ngwalme
Grade VI /ɹ/, /n/ Óre /v/, /m/ Vala /j/, /o/ Anna /w/ Vilya
Additional Tengwar:
/r/ Rómen /r̥/ Arda /l/ Lambe /l̥/ Alda
/s/ Silme /s/, /j/ Silme nuquerna /z/, /ss/ Essë /z/, /r/ Esse nuquerna
/hj/, /h/ Hyarmen /j/, /e/ Yanta /ẘ/ Hwesta Sindarinwa /w/, /u/ Úrë


  1. The four Quenya témar (series) are known in Senjecas as űkos (clans).
    1. The tincotéma (dental).
    2. The parmatéma (labial).
    3. The calmatéma (palatal).
    4. The quessetéma (velars).
  2. However, the Senjecan űkos are ordered according to the points of articulation.
    1. peműko (labial).
    2. riisűko (dental).
    3. muitűko (alveolar).
    4. vainűko (palatal).
  3. The six Quenya tyeller (grades) are known in Senjecas as zı̋nos (forms). There are three zı̋nos, each with a voiced and a voiceless member.
    1. stops.
    2. fricatives.
    3. sonorants.
  • This second table illustrates the Senjecan use of the tengwar.
peműko1(labial) riisűko (dental) muitűko (alveolar)2 vainűko (palatal)3
paxzı̋no /p/ Parma /t/ Tinco /ʦ/ Quesse4 /k/ Calma
/b/ Umbar /d/ Ando /ʣ/ Ungwe /g/ Anga
tiirzı̋no /f/ Formen /θ/ Þúlë /s/ /χ/ Harma, Aha
/v/ Ampa /ð/ Anto /z/ /ʝ/ Anca5
serzı̋no /m̥/6 Vala7 /l̥/ /r̥/ /h/
/m/ Malta /l/ /n/ Ngwalme8 /j/
Additional Tengwar:
/r̥/ Arda /l/ Lambe /l̥/ Alda
/s/ Silme /j/ Silme nuquerna /ss/ Essë9 /z/ Esse nuquerna
/h/ Hyarmen


  1. The tincotéma and the parmatéma are reversed so that the labials precede the dentals.
  2. The quessetéma is assigned to the alveolars.
  3. The calmatéma and the quessetéma are reversed so that the alveolars precede the palatals.
  4. Quesse and Ungwe are assigned the values /ʦ/ and /ʣ/ respectively.
  5. This tengwa is not used in the mode of Beleriand.
  6. The voiceless tyelle (6) is ordered before the voiced (5).
  7. Vala is assigned the value /m̥/.
  8. Because the Senjecan /n/ is alveolar, the tengwa Ngwalme is used instead of the dental Ore.
  9. Used only when compounding results in a geminate <s>.


e a ǫ o u
Telco Yanta Osse Vilya1 Anna Úre


  1. The tengwa for <w>, Vilya, is assigned the value /ɒ/.
  2. A vowel is marked as long by placing the <o> tehta under the tengwa.
  3. The primary accent of a vowel is indicated by a circumflex above the vowel.
  4. The secondary accent of a vowel is indicated by an andaith above the vowel.
  5. In the style of the full mode of Gondor, the final -a of postpositions is represented by a special modified tengwa.
  6. The weak vowels are indicated by two dots over the corresponding full vowels.

General notes

  1. In writing Senjecas with the tengwar, a modified full writing of the mode of Beleriand is used. The R-rule is not observed. (
  2. Geminate consonants (which only occur as a result of compounding) are indicated by a horizontal straight bar placed above a tengwa. In the case of the Lambe, it is placed within the tengwa. There is an exception with <ss>; in this case Esse is used.
  3. Labialization is indicated by placing a short wavy curl as indicated in #2.
  4. Palatalization is indicated by placing two dots as indicated in #2.
  5. The final <s> of the nominative plural and the genitive singular is indicated by the Sa-rince (s-flourish). (
  6. Enclitics and proclitics are attached to the word with a short wavy bar.
  7. Elision is indicated by the tehta that looks like an apostrophe.
  8. A special tengwa represents <-sk->.
  9. The tengwa question mark is used in place of the interrogatory particle me. When reading it is pronounced /me/.
  10. A single tengwa meaning and is used for the clitic -kwe, and is read as such.


  1. A single dot on the base line indicates a brief pause, similar to a comma.
  2. A double dot, not unlike a colon, indicates a full stop, similar to a period.
  3. A double dot followed by a single dot at mid-height indicates the end of a paragraphs or similar unit.

Senjecas - General Orthography Notes