Senjecas - General Orthography Notes
General notes – kőino tűsos
- In the Senjecan alphabet there are 33 graphemes, one for each of the phonemes. There are 24 consonants, six vowels (each of which can be long or short), and three weak vowels.
- In the Senjecan alphabet order, these 33 graphemes are arranged into four groups of homorganic consonants and one group of vowels. These five groups are known as clans (űka). They are ordered according to the point of articulation with the vowels last.
- labial (feműka)
- dental (riisűka)
- alveolar (muitűka)
- palatal (vainűka)
- vowel (rííšenűka)
- In some orthographies a diacritic is used to indicate a long vowel; in others the grapheme is doubled.
- In some orthographies labialization and palatalization are indicated by a diacritic; in others a special grapheme is used.
- Few languages have the voiceless bilabial nasal, /m̥/, represented by <m̃> in Senjecas. If the source language has /w/ (which does not occur in Senjecas), then whatever grapheme represents it is used to represent /m̥/.
- In some orthographies an aspirated consonant is used to represent a fricative consonant, e.g., /tʰ/ for /θ/, /pʰ/ for /ɸ/.
- A column is left blank in the tables for the tengwar; they may some day be available on Frathwiki.
- A blank space indicates that a suitable grapheme has not yet been devised.
- The three weak vowels <ĭ>, <ĕ> and <ŭ> are not interchangeable, so the same grapheme may be used to represent all three.
- Regrettably, the hangul and the hiragana and katakana have not yet been adapted to Senjecas. I have not found a way to represent both <r> and <l> that pleases me.