|Pronounced:|| Seri /ˈseri/|
|Timeline and Universe:|| Nother|
|Species:|| New people|
|Total speakers:||[no data]|
|Writing system:||Latin alphabet|
[Proto-Sirius] (Kirumb B? Kirumb *C?)
|Basic word order:||SVO|
Sirius is an Indo-European language descended from Kirumb.
Pronunciation and Spelling
- The accent goes on the first syllable of the word.
There are five vowels: a e i o u These may be pronounced as in Spanish or Italian, with the exception that a is a schwa (IPA: /ə/), as in the English word cut.
E and o may also be pronounced as /æ/ and /ɑ/ respectively (the vowels of American English "cat" and "paw").
f h j k l m n ng p r s sh t th tz w y z
These are all pronounced with their English values, with two exceptions:
- j is /ʒ/ as in “Asia”, (the same as in French)
- tz is pronounced like /ts/, (the same as in German), but can also be pronounced as /z/ in “zoo”.
Sometimes consonants are written double: ff, ck, ll, rr, tt etc. This is generally just a reminder of the pronunciation; the letters are not pronounced double.
[I hope I can phase the double letters out. It may make it harder to spell if it is not regular.]
The most important thing to be able to do is ask questions.
The basic question words are —
- Het atsha? What's that?
(You can use esti "to be" here, thus Het esti atsha? — but it isn't necessary to.)
Sirius does not use words for an or the. This may be confusing at first; it may be easier to think of it as sounding like newspaper headlines (Man dies in fire).
Like Japanese, Sirius does not require pronouns in most places, especially when context is enough. Instead you can use a name, species, title, or whatever.
Like English, Sirius pronouns have different forms for subject and object, but unlike English they are not marked for number; thus there is no difference between "I" and "we"; mi is used for either.
However, a distinction is made between character (IC) and out-of-character (OOC) pronouns. There are also possessive forms.
- see Sirius Lexicon
Sirius gets technical terms from Greek and Latin, just like English does.
- "illuminate": Latin illuminare → Sirius illumin
- "universe": Latin universum → Sirius uniwers
- "dinosaur": Greek δεινοσαυρος (deinosauros) → Sirius dinsor (or tinsor)
- "metamorphose": Greek μεταμορφόω (metamorphoō) → Sirius metamorf
Basic rules for deriving technical terms:
- drop off any grammatical endings at the end of the word, like the -us, -um, -a at the end of Latin nouns, or the -o- in Greek compounds
- there are several sounds that are not in Sirius, so the spelling should be changed:
- Latin c to k, and v to w.
- Greek z, ph, th, kh to tz, f, th, h/k (h before a vowel, k elsewhere).
- Greek ai, oi and Latin ae, oe to e.
- Greek and Latin au to o.
- Greek ei to i and ou to u.
- Greek y to i.