Universal Language Dictionary

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Universal Language Dictionary version 2.7 link

number level English Deutsch Nederlands Italiano Nihongo Esperanto Novial Tsolyani
101 0 from (moving out of or away from) [pr] von, aus van, vandaan da [pr] de, el ek, fro mik- [pfx]
102 0 to, towards, at (moving toward) [pr] nach, zu naar, tot, tegen a [pr] al a, vers mol- [pfx]
103 0 at (in the same location as) [pr] an, bei te, bij, op a [pr] ĉe an, che tham- [pfx]
110 0 in (located inside of) [pr] in in in en in bru- [pfx]
111 1 outside of, exterior to [pr] aussen buiten fuori di [pr] ekster exter tsíre- [pfx], tsíren
120 1 above, over [pr] über over, boven su, sopra a [pr] super super som- [pfx]
121 1 under, below, beneath [pr] unter onder sotto [pr] sub sub dhu- [pfx]
130 1 in front of, ahead of, before (spatially) [pr] vor voor davanti a [pr] antaŭ devan gureng- [pfx]
131 1 behind, in back of, to the rear of [pr] hinter achter dietro a [pr] malantaŭ hinter dhi- [pfx]
140 1 before, prior to, earlier than [pr] vor voor [pr], eer {archaic} prima di [pr] antaŭ ante che- [pfx]
141 1 during [pr] während tijdens, gedurende durante [pr] dum [pr/cj] durant bru- [pfx]
142 1 after (later than; in the future of) [pr] nach na [pr] dopo [pr] post after tu- [pfx], t˙n [cj]
150 0 with (accompanied by / furnished with) [pr] mit met, bij con [pr] kun kun pag- [pfx]
151 1 without (not with) [pr] ohne zonder senza [pr] sen sin ye- [pfx]
160 1 around, encircling, surrounding [pr] rund um rond, rondom, om attorno a [pr] ĉirkaŭ sirk bim- [pfx]
161 1 between, among [pr] zwischen tussen, inter- tra, fra [pr] inter inter dai- [pfx] {repeated: between X and Y is "dai-X dai-Y"}
162 1 beyond, farther than, exceeding [pr] jenseits von verder dan, voorbij oltre [pr] preter trans jézu mik- [pfx]
163 1 near, close to [pr] nahe, bei dichtbij, nabij vicino a [pr] proksime al proxim hats- [pfx], hatsÌlin [pr]
164 1 on (resting on; touching the top or other surface of) [pr] auf op su [pr] sur sur som- [pfx]
165 1 across (at the other side of; to the other side of) [pr] quer über, jenseits over al di là, oltre [pr] trans tra (across, through), trans (on the other side of) pas- [pfx]
166 1 through [pr] durch door attraverso, per [pr] tra tra ti- [pfx]
170 1 about (pertaining to; on the topic of) [pr] über betreffende, over a proposito di [pr] pri pri jil- [pfx]
171 1 because of, due to [pr] wegen wegens a causa di [pr] pro, kaŭze de pro chiwài- [pfx]
172 0 by means of, via, per, with (using; through instrumentality of) [pr] mit, mittels, vermittels, durch met, met behulp van, door middel van con, tramite [pr] per per -lu [? sfx]
173 1 except for, apart from, excluding [pr] abgesehen von, ausgenommen behalve, afgezien van tranne [pr] krom exept yáun- [pfx]
174 0 for (to benefit; destined for; for the purpose of) [pr] für voor, ten behoeve van per [pr] por por chalu- [pfx]
175 1 for (in exchange for) [pr] für, in austausch für voor per [pr] por, kontraŭ po tla- ... bru- [pfx: to exchange X for Y = tla-X bru-Y]
176 1 instead of, rather than [pr] anstatt in plaats van invece di, più di [pr] anstataŭ insted kar- [pfx]
177 1 like, similar to [pr] wie, gleich als, gelijk an come [pr] simila al simil ad, samiman kam ssyi- [pfx]
178 0 of (belonging to; associated with; = genitive) [pr] von, [Genitiv] van di [pr] de de hi- [pfx = "associated with"], -mra [sfx = "owned by"]
179 1 of (containing the measured quantity: "two liters of water") [pr] von met di [pr] da de
180 0 than, compared to [pr/cj] als, im Vergleich zu dan di [pr] ol [cj] kam
201 0 be (predicative copula as in "I am a man") [v] sein zijn essere [v] esti es guál
202 0 exist [v] existieren bestaan esserci, esistere [v] ekzisti exist guál
203 0 become (begin to be; acquire the quality...) [v] werden worden diventare [v] iĝi deveni guál, nrí (to change from X to Y: guál X, nrí Y)
204 0 cause (induce something to be/happen) [v] verursachen veroorzaken fare [aux v], causare [v] kaŭzi fika nonrí
205 0 make, render (impart quality X to Y; e.g. "I make you happy") [v] machen maken fare, rendere [v] igi fika vu- [pfx] (?)
206 0 do, perform, engage in (specified activity) [v] machen, tun doen fare [v] fari fa moyí
207 0 have (possess / be furnished with) [v] haben hebben, bezitten avere [v] havi, posedi have mén
208 0 can (is/are able to ...) [aux v] können kunnen potere [aux v] povas pove tlayésh
209 0 should, ought to (is/are expected/advised to ...) [aux v] sollen moeten, behoren, horen dovere [aux v] devus deve zhé
220 0 this (demonstrative) [aj/pn] diese [f], dieser [m], dieses [nt] deze [masc/fem], dit [nt] questo [aj/pn] ĉi tiu disi [aj], diso, -a, -e [pn] másun, máisur, komáisur,... (class dist. for persons; also object)
221 0 that (demonstrative) [aj/pn] das dat [nt], die [f/m] quello [aj/pn] tiu ti [aj], to, ta, te [pn] másunònul, máisurònul,... (class dist. for persons; also object)
222 1 any (no particular one of) [aj] irgendeiner enig, ieder tutti [plural aj] ajna, iu ajn irgi hlòn- [quantifier pfx], hlónin [adj]
223 1 each, every [aj] jeder ieder, elk ogni [aj] ĉiu chaki hlónilin [adj], hlònil- [quantifier pfx]
224 1 what? (which thing out of several?), which? [aj] was, welch wat, welke che, quale kio, kiu zhúr
225 0 no (not any; not even one of) [aj]
230 0 and [cj] und en e [cj] kaj e lél
231 1 but, however [cj] aber, jedoch maar ma [cj] sed ma málel
232 0 if (on condition that...; supposing that...) [cj] wenn, falls als, indien se [cj] se si vá (possible condition), grúmir (impossible condition)
233 0 or [cj] oder of o [cj], oppure [cj] o ra... ra ... (either X or Y)
234 1 that (e.g. "I know that you are right") [cj] dass dat che [cj] ke ke pár
240 1 also, too [av] auch ook anche [av] ankaŭ anke tatlán
241 1 maybe, perhaps [av] vielleicht misschien, mogelijk forse [av] eble forsan, poves srán
242 0 not [av] nicht niet non [av] ne non thá (future, cond., imperative), yá (present, past)
243 1 only (exclusively or "solitarily"), solely [av] nur alleen solo, solamente [av] sole solim prushén
250 1 here (in/to this place) [av] hier hier qui [av] ĉi tie, ĉi tien hir, dislok dáhlte
251 1 there (at/to that place) [av] da, dort daar là [av] tie, tien dar, tilok onótl, onétl (Eastern)
252 1 where? (at/to what place?) [av] wo waar dove [av] kie, kien vor fénul
260 1 how? (in what manner?) [av] wie hoe come [av] kiel ssúmim
261 1 when? (at what time?) [av] wann wanneer quando [av] kiam quand marakál
262 1 why? (for what reason?) [av] warum, wieso, weshalb waarom perchè [av] kial pro quum {?} dépu
270 2 [さん in Japanese; no English equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent]
271 2 Mister, Mr. Herr meneer Sig. sinjoro Sinioro
272 2 Ms., Miss/Mrs. [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent] [no equivalent]
273 2 Miss Fraülein, Frau (many women prefer the more neutral 'Frau') juffrouw Sig.na fraŭlino Damsela, Siniorina
274 2 Mrs. Frau Mevrouw Sig.ra sinjorino Siniora
280 0 that [relative] (as in "study the language that appeals to you") der, die, das die, dat che kiu [nom.sing], kiuj [nom.plur], kiun [acc.sing], kiujn [acc.plur] kel [no equivalent]
281 0 I [nom], me [acc] ich [nom], mich [acc], mir [dat] ik, mij io, mi, me mi [nom], min [acc] me lín, lú, lúm, lukán, salúm, kosalúm
282 0 you [singular] du [nom.plain], dich [acc.plain], dir [dat.plain], Sie [polite] jij, je [plain], u [polite] tu [nom.plain], lei [polite] vi [nom], vin [acc] vu tsám, túsmi, túsmidàli, mìsritúsmidàli
301 1 human being, person (any living member of Homo sapiens) Mensch, Person mens persona, essere umano homo home tsólukoi (noble), tsólukh (ignoble), moláikoi (noble non-human), etc.
303 1 baby Kind, Baby zuigeling bambino bebo infante (-o, -a) alánikh
305 1 child Kind kind bambino infano bünúkh
307 1 boy Junge jongen ragazzo knabo puero
309 1 girl Mädchen meisje ragazza knabino puera thiálakh
312 2 adult Erwachsene [f], Erwachsener [m] volwassene adulto plenkreskulo
314 1 man (adult male person) Mann man uomo, maschio viro homo básrimkoi
316 1 woman (adult female person) Frau vrouw donna, femmina virino homa, fema ssánakh (ignoble), hmédhikh (noble), aridánikoi (warrior or indep.)
320 2 family Familie familie famiglia familio familie héssi-kh
322 1 father Vater vader padre patro patro mrishkánkoi
324 1 mother Mutter moeder madre patrino matra ánukoi
330 2 grandfather Großvater grootvader nonno avo
335 2 grandmother Großmutter grootmoeder nonna avino
340 2 uncle Onkel oom zio onklo
345 2 aunt Tante tante zia onklino
350 2 son Sohn zoon figlio filo filio ngémukh
352 2 daughter Tochter dochter figlia filino filia ngésakh
354 1 brother Bruder broer fratello frato fratro hákhikoi
357 1 sister Schwester zuster sorella fratino fratra húkhtakh
360 3 marriage (spousal relationship) Heirat huwelijk matrimonio edzeco mariteso tumeláinukh
361 2 husband Mann echtgenoot marito edzo marito tetlénkoi
362 2 wife Frau vrouw moglie edzino marita hétlakh, hétkükh (co-wife: what one wife calls another)
370 2 leader Führer chef, hoofdman capo estro chefe bakáitokoi
371 2 member (of group/organization) Mitglied lid membro ano membre vismúrikh (ignoble), vismúrkoi (noble)
372 2 master (person who commands slaves, animals, etc) Gebieter, Herr heer padrone mastro, lordo mastre tikákoi
373 2 slave Sklav slaaf schiavo sklavo sklave (-o, -a) shahád (lowest order), nrágakh (personal slaves, household servants)
374 1 friend Freund vriend amico amiko amike (-o, -a) gáprukoi (noble), gáprukh (ignoble), gáprurakh (ignoble, female)
375 2 enemy Feind vijand nemico malamiko enemike pédhukh [n], pédhun [adj]
380 3 doctor (medical expert) Doktor, Arzt dokter, arts dottore kuracisto
382 3 hermit Einsiedler, Eremit kluizenaar eremita ermito
384 3 soldier Soldat soldaat soldato soldato soldato chàngadéshakoi (noble; many other types are listed)
386 3 thief Dieb dief ladro ŝtelisto
388 3 traveler, traveller Reisende reiziger viaggiatore vojaĝanto
390 2 king König koning re reĝo rego mizhánkoi
391 2 queen Königin koningin regina reĝino rega mizhánrakoi
392 2 chief (leader of a tribe)
393 3 mayor Bürgermeister [m], Bürgermeisterin [f] burgermeester urbestro
395 3 president Präsident president presidente /daitōryō/ 大統領 prezidento presidante [no equivalent]
396 3 prime minister Ministerpräsident minister-president primo ministro ĉefministro primi ministre (-o, -a) [no equivalent]
397 3 dictator, tyrant Diktator, Tyrann dictator dittatore diktatoro, tirano tirane (-o, -a) zhahlánkoi (noble), zhahlánikh (ignoble)
398 3 ambassador Botschafter ambassadeur ambasciatore /taishi/ 大使 ambasadoro, ambasedestro ambasadere thagamúsekoi
400 2 group (multiple things or persons sharing a location or activity) Gruppe groep gruppo grupo grupe juthatsánikh
401 3 individual (one considered separately from one's species or culture) Individuum, Einzelner individu individuo unuopulo, individuo individu tsólukoi (noble), tsólukh (ignoble), moláikoi (nonhuman noble), etc.
420 3 community (individuals sharing space / culture) Gemeinschaft, Gemeinde gemeenschap, bevolkingsgroep comunità komunumo
425 3 culture (the customs and beliefs of a people) Kultur cultuur cultura /bunka/ 文化 kulturo kulture
430 3 a people, folk, the members of an ethnic group / nation Volk volk popolazione, nazione popolo, gento, etnaro popule tsóluyal
435 3 the public Öffentlichkeit, Publikum publiek popolo publiko publikum áizhmukh
440 3 race (group of people with shared heritage and similar characteristics) Rasse ras razza, etnia /jinshu/ 人種 raso rase
445 2 tribe (group of families living in proximity and having the same chief) Stamm stam /minzoku/ 民族 tribu
450 3 club (group of people who have meetings and share data about a common interest) Klub, Club, Vereinigung club, vereniging, sociëteit club, società klubo, asocio klube sóngmukh
455 3 committee (group appointed to do a task) Komitee comite comitato komitato komite
460 2 team Mannschaft, Team ploeg, team squadra teamo
500 1 body Körper, Leib lichaam corpo /karada/ 体 korpo korpore báktekh
501 1 head Kopf hoofd testa /atama/ 頭 kapo kape tómikh
502 1 neck Hals nek collo /kubi/ 首 kolo, nuko kole kayókh
503 1 back (rear portion of torso) Rücken rug schiena dorso dorse dhíkh
504 1 chest (upper front of torso) Brust borst petto, torace /mune/ 胸 brusto pektore, bruste ká|zakh
505 2 abdomen Unterleib buik addome abdomeno abdomene
510 1 face Gesicht gezicht viso, faccia vizaĝo fasie súmrekh
511 2 forehead Stirn voorhoofd fronte frunto fronte póishmakh
512 2 cheek (side of face below eye) Backe wang guancia vango vange üpükh
513 2 chin Kinn kin mento mentono mentone ótukh
514 1 ear Ohr oor orecchio orelo orele lyúkh
515 1 eye Auge oog occhio okulo okule káyi-kh (pl. káyyal)
516 3 iris (of eye) Iris iris pupilla, iride iriso iris
517 2 hair (a strand of fibrous material growing from the body) Haar haar pelo haro pile (on body), hare (on head)
518 2 hair (the hairs atop one's head thought of as a collective entity) Haare haar capelli [plural n] {used only for human beings); pelliccia {for animals} hararo tlalúrikh
519 2 beard Bart baard barba barbo barbe zántlakh
520 1 nose Nase neus naso /hana/ 鼻 nazo nase tsáhlikh
521 1 mouth Mund mond bocca /kuchi/ 口 buŝo boke súmikh
522 1 lip Lippe lip labbro /kuchibiru/ 唇 lipo labie
523 1 tongue Zunge tong lingua lango lange, tunge lussánikh
524 1 tooth Zahn tand dente dento dente hmákh
525 2 throat Kehle keel gola gorĝo guture
530 2 shoulder Schulter schouder spalla ŝultro shultre kéhlmri-kh
531 1 arm (shoulder to hand) Arm arm braccio brako brakie {1928 version}, brase {1930 version} páumikh
532 2 elbow Ellbogen elleboog gomito kubuto
533 2 wrist Handgelenk pols polso manartiko, manradiko yádhmakh
534 1 hand Hand hand mano mano manu yádhikh
535 1 finger Finger vinger dito {both of the hand and of the foot} fingro fingre chópekh
536 2 thumb Daumen duim pollice dikfingro, polekso puse chópedàli-kh
537 2 fist Faust vuist pugno pugno pugne
538 2 nail (fingernail) Nagel nagel unghia ungo ungle pidajékh (fingernail or toenail), dhagélukh (claw)
539 2 palm (of hand) Handfläche handpalm palmo manplato palme
540 1 leg Bein been gamba kruro, gambo gambe ráinikh
541 2 knee Knie knie ginocchio genuo genu
542 1 foot Fuss voet piede piedo pede pawánikh
543 1 toe Zehe teen dito {both of the hand and of the foot} piedfingro pedefingre panchópekh
544 2 heel Ferse hiel calcagno, tallone kalkano talone
550 2 breast (mound of flesh culminating in a nipple on a woman) Busen, Brust borst mammella, seno mamo mame dástekh
551 2 waist Taille middel, taille vita talio talie
552 2 hip Hüfte heup anca kokso hanche
553 2 navel Nabel navel ombelico umbiliko nable
554 3 vagina Vagina, Scheide vagina vagina vagino kü'n
555 3 penis Penis penis pene peniso qéng
556 3 testicle Hode teelbal, testikel testicolo testiko testikle goshúmikh
557 1 buttock(s) Hinterbacken [plur] bil gluteo gluteo kule qotókh (buttocks)
558 3 anus After, Anus anus ano anuso ngúwe
560 1 bone Knochen, Bein bot osso {two plurals: generic "ossi", as part of a skeleton "ossa"} osto ose chémikh
561 3 skeleton Gerippe skelet scheletro skeleto, ostaro skelete
562 2 spine, backbone Rückgrat, Wirbelsäule ruggegraat spina dorsale, colonna vertebrale spino, vertebraro spine mínbekh
565 2 blood Blut bloed sangue sango sange shamúkh
566 2 feces, excrement Kot ontlasting, faeces feci [plural n] fekaĵo feke sügh
567 2 sweat, perspiration Schweiss zweet sudore ŝvito sudore gra|ísakh
568 2 tear, teardrop Träne traan lacrima larmo(j) lakrime marashóngikh
569 2 urine Harn, Urin urine urina, orina urino urine chürü
570 3 organ (of body) Organ orgaan organo organo organe
571 2 brain Hirn brein cervello cerbo serebre núztlakh
572 1 heart (blood-pumping organ) Herz hart cuore koro kordie hrédhakh
573 2 intestines, gut(s), viscera Darm, Gedärme ingewanden intestini [plural n], viscere [plural n] intesto intestines gébukh
574 3 kidney Niere nier rene reno rene
575 3 liver Leber lever fegato hepato
576 3 lung Lunge long polmone pulmo lung puwásukh
577 2 flesh Fleisch vlees carne karno karne lamétlikh
578 2 muscle Muskel spier muscolo muskolo muskle
579 3 nerve Nerv zenuw nervo nervo nerve
580 2 skin Haut huid pelle haŭto pele ssungútlikh (animal), jalúdakh (human)
581 2 stomach Magen maag stomaco stomako stomake qúnikh
582 2 vein Vene ader vena vejno veine shàmbafáikh
590 2 egg Ei ei uovo ovo ove háikh
591 2 shell (of snail, clam, tortoise etc.) Schale, Schneckenhaus schaal, schulp conchiglia, corazza karapaco, konko shele thathísikh
592 3 feather Feder veer penna plumo plume arélikh
593 3 horn (bone-like growth from animal's head) Horn hoorn corno korno korne mnáufekh
594 2 tail Schwanz staart coda vosto kaude dháukh
595 2 wing (of bird etc.) Flügel vleugel ala flugilo ale hlassülikh
601 3 gene Gen gen gene geno
602 3 fetus (foetus), embryo Fötus foetus feto feto fete
603 2 birth Geburt geboorte nascita nasko, naskiĝo nasko ajúnikh
610 3 sex (male or female status), gender Geschecht geslacht sesso sekso sexu
612 2 female [aj] weiblich vrouwelijk femmina [n] virina, ina femal, feminini
614 2 male [aj] männlich mannelijk maschio [n] vira maskulin(i)
616 3 neuter (neither male nor female) [aj] geschechtslos onzijdig neutro [aj] neutra neutri
620 2 alive [aj] lebendig levend vivente [aj], vivo [aj] viva, vivanta vivant nikélin [aj]
621 2 live (be alive) [v] leben leven essere vivo [vi], essere in vita [vi] {"vivere" usually means "reside"} vivi [vi] viva chranyél [vi]
625 2 dead [aj] tot dood morto [aj] morta, mortinta morit chálen [aj]
626 2 die [v] sterben sterven, doodgaan morire [vi] morti [vi] mori chá [vi], missúm [vt and vn] (to die honorably in battle)
627 2 kill [v] töten doden uccidere [vt] mortigi [vt] tua missúm [vt]
630 2 healthy [aj] gesund gezond sano [aj] sana san(i) wivárin [aj]
631 2 sick, ill [aj] krank ziek malato malsana
632 2 wound Wunde wond ferita vundo vunde zhabárikh
633 3 disease, illness Krankheit ziekte malattia malsano maladeso kichéngikh
634 3 influenza Grippe griep, influenza influenza gripo
635 2 fever Fieber koorts febbre febro febre ubókh
640 2 fat, obese dick, fett vet grasso, obeso grasa korpulent(i) nráifan
641 2 skinny, thin (bodily) [aj] mager mager magro malgrasa
645 2 naked, nude [aj] nackt naakt nudo nuda, senkovra nud(i) plárin
650 2 tired, weary [aj] müde moe stanco laca fatigat(i) chawánin [aj]
651 3 refreshed, perky [aj] erfrishend fris, verfrist riposato mallaca, vigla
652 2 drunk (inebriated) [aj] betrunken dronken ubriaco ebria
660 1 sleep [v] schlafen slapen dormire [vi] dormi [vi] dormi zurné [v]
662 2 dream Traum droom sogno sonĝo sonje nyélmekh
664 2 awake [aj] wach wakker sveglio [aj] maldormanta {would be formed from "veka" = to awaken [vi] or "vekisa" = awaken [vt]}
665 2 wake up (become awake) [vi] aufwachen svegliarsi vekiĝi veka warü [vi]
701 1 walk [v] zu Fuss gehen lopen, wandelen camminare [vi] piediri, promeni [vi] marcha múle [vi], walzái [vi] (stroll)
702 1 run [v] laufen lopen correre [vi] kuri [vi] kurse tlatsír [vi]
703 2 jump, leap [v] springen springen saltare [vi and vt] salti [vi] salta zusháhla [vi]
704 2 climb [v] ersteigen klimmen salire [vt] (on small objects), scalare [vt] (on large objects) grimpi klima nimuél [vi], shagáin [vt]
705 2 crawl [v] kriechen kruipen strisciare [vi] rampi [vt] repta riyú [vi]
706 2 swim [v] schwimmen zwemmen nuotare [vi] naĝi [vi] svima tíulu [vi]
710 2 breathe [v] atmen ademen respirare spiri [vt] spira khósse [vi]
711 3 sneeze [v] niesen niezen starnutire [vi] terni [vi] sternuta pijú [vi]
720 1 eat [v] essen eten mangiare [vt] manĝi [vt] manja ssáing [vt]
721 1 drink [v] trinken drinken bere [vt] trinki [vt] drinka hlyéthu [vt]
722 2 bite [v] beissen bijten mordere [vt] mordi [vt] morda qigél [vt]
723 2 spit [v] spucken spuwen, spugen sputare [vi and vt] kraĉi [vt] sputa chák [vi]
724 2 swallow [v] schlucken inzwelgen, slikken inghiottire [vt] gluti [vt] gluta
725 2 vomit [v] sich erbrechen braken, overgeven, kotsen {slang} vomitare [vi and vt] vomi [vt] vomi mpavás [vi]
731 1 stand [v] stehen staan stare in piedi [vi] stari [vi] stea jlákpe [vi]
733 1 sit (be in a sitting position) [v] sitzen zitten essere seduto [vi], stare seduto [vi] sidi [vi] sida tsokó [vi], aimuné [vi] (honorific), práhlu [vi] (sit cross-legged)
735 2 squat [v] hocken hurken accovacciarsi [reflexive v] kaŭri [vi] hurshél [vi] (to squat to relieve oneself)
737 1 lie (recline horizontally) [v] liegen liggen giacere [vi] kuŝi [vi] lia hapál [vi]
740 1 cry, weep [v] weinen huilen piangere [vi and vt] plori [vi] plora márash [vi]
741 2 cry out, shout, yell [v] schreien roepen, schreeuwen gridare [vt] krii [vt] klama nguréso [vi]
743 2 laugh [v] lachen lachen ridere [vt] ridi [vi] rida seyú [vi]
744 2 smile [v] lächeln glimlachen ridere [vi] rideti [vi] rideta
746 2 dance [v] tanzen dansen danzare [vi and vt], ballare [vi and vt] danci [vi] dansa ssánu [vi]
747 3 gesture [v] Gesten machen gebaren gesticolare [vi], fare gesti [vi] gesti [vi] gesta
750 2 touch [v] berühren raken, aanraken toccare [vt] tuŝi [vt] tucha nezhmán [vt]
751 2 catch (seize in the hands) [v] fangen vangen prendere [vt], afferrare [vt] kapti [vt] kapta opétl [vt]
752 2 hold, grasp [v] halten houden, vasthouden tenere [vt] teni [vt] tena opétl [vt]
753 2 throw [v] werfen werpen, gooien gettare [vt] ĵeti [vt] jeta babáil [vt]
754 2 kick [v] stossen, treten schoppen, trappen dare un calcio a piedbati [vt]
761 2 kiss [v] küssen kussen baciare [vt] kisi [vt] basia láira [vt]
762 2 copulate, have sex (with) [v] sich paaren paren, neuken {slang}, wippen {slang} avere rapporti sessuali con [vi], copulare con [vi] (learned) koiti [vi], fiki [vt] pangétl [vt]
771 2 shave (scrape off beard-hairs with a blade) [v] sich rasieren zich scheren radersi [reflexive v], radere [vt] razi [vt] rasa dháiga [vt]
781 2 hunt (pursue with intent to capture and/or devour) [v] jagen jagen cacciare [vt], inseguire [vt] ĉasi [vt] chasa hegár [vt]
782 2 fight, combat [v] Kampf vechten combattere [v] batali, barakti, lukti, militi kombata, lukta púrdal [vt]
783 3 wrestle [v] ringen worstelen lottare [vi] lukti [vi] lukta charáge [vt]
791 3 drown (die/kill via immersion) [v] ertränken [vt], ertrinken [vi] verdrinken annegare [vi and vt] droni [vi] drona [vt], bli drona
792 3 starve (die from lack of food) [v]
801 3 sense (ability to perceive a given kind of stimuli) Sinn zintuigen senso senso sensu rübés [v]
802 3 perceive (become aware of using the physical senses) [v] wahrnehmen, bemerken bespeuren percepire percepti
810 1 see [v] sehen zien vedere [vt] vidi [vt] vida pagál [vt]
811 2 look at (intentionally and attentively see) [v] ansehen kijken guardare rigardi
812 3 examine, inspect [v] prüfen onderzoeken esaminare [vt] kontroli, ekzameni, inspekti examina tsa|kél [vt]
813 2 conceal, hide [vt] verbergen verbergen nascondere [vt] kaŝi [vt] kasha dishén [vi], nodishén [vt]
814 2 reveal, disclose [v] offenbaren openbaren rivelare [vt] malkaŝi revela qóbu [vt]
815 2 show, display [v] zeigen toonen mostrare [vt] montri, vidigi montra vupagál [vt]
820 1 light (visible electro-magnetic radiation) Licht licht luce lumo lume jérikh
821 2 shadow Schatten schaduw ombra ombro ombre chusúni-kh
822 2 shine (radiate light) [v] scheinen schijnen brillare [vi] brili luma
823 2 picture, image Bild beeld, plaatje immagine (generic); figura (on a book) bildo imaje rínmükh (drawing, painting), chírukh (mural)
824 2 bright (with much light present) [aj] hell helder brillante, luminoso [aj] brila, hela, luma lumosi jérin [aj]
825 2 dark, dim (with little light present) [aj] dunkel donker scuro [aj] malhela obskur(i) chúsun [aj]
830 2 color Farbe kleur colore koloro kolore rándukh
831 2 black [aj] schwartz zwart nero [aj] nigra nigri mikárun [aj]
832 2 gray, grey [aj] grau grijs grigio [aj] griza gris(i) tathén [aj]
833 2 white [aj] weiss wit bianco [aj] blanka blanki abásun [aj]
835 2 red [aj] rot rood rosso [aj] ruĝa red(i) kárin [aj]
837 3 orange (having a hue between red and yellow) [aj] orange oranje arancione [n] oranĝkolora hlatsénin [aj]
839 2 yellow [aj] gelb geel giallo [aj] flava gelbi páravün [aj]
841 2 green [aj] grün groen verde [aj] verda verdi zháurun [aj]
843 2 blue [aj] blau blauw blu [aj] (the colour of the sea); azzurro [aj] (the colour of the sky) blua blu(i) nír-n [aj], nírin [aj]
845 3 purple [aj] purpurrot paars, purper porpora [n] purpura purpri súrun [aj]
847 2 brown [aj] braun bruin marrone [aj] bruna brun(i) zhuráun [aj]
851 2 beautiful [aj] schön mooi bello [aj] bela bel(i) dháli-n [aj], -dhàli [sfx]
852 2 ugly [aj] hässlich leelijk brutto [aj] malbela led(i) grórin [aj]
853 3 ornament, decoration Schmuck sieraad ornamento ornamaĵo, dekoraĵo ornamente, ornilo
854 3 blemish Fleck, Makel vlek macchiare [vt] makulo
855 3 harmony (pleasing combination of stimuli) Harmonie harmonie armonia harmonio harmonie
860 1 sound (audible waves in the air) Laut geluid suono sono suone payúlikh
861 1 hear [v] hören hooren udire [vt] aŭdi audi lyútha [vt]
862 2 silent [aj] still zwijgend, geruisloos silenzioso [aj] silenta silentiant(i) hráthun [aj]
863 2 soft (contra-loud; of little sonic intensity) [aj] gedämpft, sacht zacht, niet luid debole [aj] mallaŭta quiet(i) hráthu [vi]
864 2 loud (of much sonic intensity) [aj] laut luid forte [aj] laŭta laut(i)
865 3 pitch (frequency of sound waves), tone (high or low pitch) Tonhöhe toonhoogte altezza, tonalità piĉo tone
866 3 noise (random/unwanted sound) Geräusch lawaai rumore bruo bruiso chírnakh
870 2 flavor, taste Geschmack smaak sapore gusto guste thusú
871 2 taste (perceive the flavor of) [v] schmecken smaken, proeven sentire (generic), gustare (intentional, usually pleasant, act) gustumi [vt] gusta thusú [vt]
872 2 delicious, tasty [aj] schmackhaft smakelijk delizioso, gustoso bongusta
873 2 sour [aj] säuerlich zuur acido [aj] acida asidi chibékhin [aj]
874 2 sweet [aj] süss zoet dolce [aj] dolĉa dolsi máungin [aj]
875 2 bitter [aj] bitter, streng bitter amaro [aj] amara bitri hadhárshen [aj]
876 2 smell, odor, aroma Duft reuk odore (generic); aroma, profumo (good); puzza (bad) odoro, aromo odoro, aromate dlü'kh
877 2 stink (emit an unpleasant odor) [v] stinken stinken puzzare fetori
878 2 smell (perceive the odor/aroma of something) [vt] hinriechen, riechen an sentire odore di flari
880 2 feel (perceive with the tactile sense) [v] fühlen voelen sentire [vt] sensi [vt] senti nezhmán [vt]
881 2 pain Pein pijn dolore doloro dolore kháshikh
882 2 pleasure Vergnügen plezier piacere plezuro plesire razhí-kh (happiness), patháikh (sensual)
890 3 temperature Temperature temperatuur temperatura temperaturo temperature
891 2 heat, warmth Wärme warmte calore varmo kalore, varmeso fadílikh
892 2 cold [aj] kalt koud freddo [aj] malvarma, frida koldi thánüdün [aj]
893 2 cool [aj] kühl koel fresco [aj] malvarmeta koldeti
894 2 warm [aj] warm warm caldo [aj] varma varm(i)
895 2 hot [aj] heiß heet caldissimo [aj]; bollente [aj] (of liquids) varmega varmisi fadílin [aj]
900 3 living thing (any plant or animal) Lebewesen levend wezen cosa viva vivaĵo
901 3 species Gattung soort specie specio spesie
902 3 microbe Mikrobe microbe mìcrobo mikrobo
903 3 virus Virus virus virus viruso virus
904 2 animal Tier dier animale besto, animalo animal raizákikh (dom.), barádnekh (generic wild)
905 2 insect Insekt insekt insetto insekto insekte yú|rakh
906 3 reptile Kriechtier kruipend dier, reptiel rettile reptilio reptere
907 3 mammal Säugetier zoogdier mammifero mamulo mamifere
910 2 ant (insect of family Formicidae) Ameise mier formica formiko formike dríkh
911 3 caterpillar Raupe rups bruco raŭpo
912 3 cricket Grille krekel grillo grilo
913 3 grasshopper Grashüpfer sprinkhaan grillo akrido, lokusto lokuste
914 3 mantis (insect of order Manteodea) Gottesanbeterin bidsprinkhaan mantide manto
915 3 cockroach (insect of order Blattaria) Schabe kakkerlak blatta blato blate
916 3 worm (broad category of insect larvae) Wurm worm verme vermo verme riyúlikh
920 2 bee (member of genus Apis) Biene bij ape abelo abele nzíkh
921 2 butterfly Schmetterling vlinder farfalla papilio papilione
922 3 firefly Glühwürmchen glimworm lucciola lampiro
923 2 fly (small winged insect) Fliege vlieg mosca muŝo mushe chríkh {eight legs, but the same basic idea}
924 2 mosquito Moskito mug, muskiet zanzara moskito moskito
930 3 lizard Eidechse hagedis lucertola lacerto syúsyukh
932 2 snake (reptile of suborder Serpentes or Ophidia) Schlange slang serpente serpento serpente sézhmekh
934 2 turtle (reptile of order Testudinata) Schildkröte schildpad tartaruga (small, living on ground), testuggine (large, living in sea) testudo tortuge
937 3 dragon (winged serpent with crested head and large claws) Drache draak drago drako dragone gacháyakh
940 2 fish Fisch visch pesce fiŝo fishe mírishikh
941 3 lobster Hummer kreeft aragosta omaro homarde
942 3 whale (large marine mammal of order Cetacea) Wal walvisch balena baleno balene
945 2 frog (web-footed tailless leaping amphibian) Frosch kikker rana rano rane
948 2 spider Spinne spin ragno araneo arane
950 2 cow/bull, cattle (bovine animal of either sex) Vieh vee (= cattle), koe (= cow), stier (= bull) bovino bovo bove {but "tauro" = bull exists as well as "bovo"}
951 2 donkey, ass (Equus asinus) Esel ezel asino azeno asne
952 3 elephant Elifant olifant elefante elefanto
953 2 goat (animal of genus Capra) Ziege geit capra kapro kapre (-o, -a)
954 2 horse (Equus caballus) Pferd paard cavallo ĉevalo kavale (-o, -a)
955 2 pig (mammal of family Suidae) Schwein varken, zwijn maiale porko porke (-o, -a)
956 2 sheep (Ovis aries) Schaf schaap pecora ŝafo mutone (-o, -a)
960 2 bear (animal of Ursidae family) Bär beer orso urso urse (-o, -a)
961 2 deer (animal of family Cervidae) Hirsch hert cervo cervo
962 2 lion (Felis leo) Löwe leeuw leone leono leone (-o, -a)
963 2 tiger (Felis tigris) Tiger tijger tigre tigro tigre (-o, -a)
964 2 fox (member of genus Vulpes) Fuchs vos volpe vulpo foxe (-o, -a)
965 2 wolf (Canis lupus) Wolf wolf lupo lupo volf
966 2 monkey, small primate Affe aap scimmia simio simie (-o, -a)
967 2 rabbit (animal of family Leporidae) Kaninchen konijn coniglio (rabbit), lepre (hare) kuniklo (hare = "leporo") lepore (-o, -a)
970 2 squirrel (rodent of family Sciuridae) Eichhörnchen eekhoorn scoiattolo sciuro squirele
971 2 mouse Maus muis topo muso muse (-o, -a)
975 2 dog (Canis familiaris) Hund hond cani hundo hunde tlékku (male), tlekkúlikh (female)
977 2 cat (Felis catus) Katze kat gatto kato kate (-o, -a) tiúni-kh
980 2 bird (egg-laying feathered animal with wings) Vogel vogel uccello birdo fogle hlássukh
981 2 chicken Huhn kip pollo koko hane
982 2 duck Ente eend anatra anaso
983 2 turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Truthahn kalkoen tacchino meleagro dinde (-o, -a)
984 3 crow Krähe corvo korvo
985 3 sparrow Sperling mus passero pasero
991 3 native (naturally belonging to a given realm) [aj] eingeboren inheems nativo [aj] indiĝena, denaska indijen(i) {?} chékkunkoi (?)
993 2 wild, feral, untamed [aj] wild wild selvaggio [aj]; selvatico [aj] sovaĝa ferosi {?} baradán [aj]
995 2 nest, den, lair (an animal's self-made house) Nest, Höhle nest, leger (v. dier) nido (of birds and insects); tana (of quadrupeds, usually undeground) nesto, kuŝejo, bestoloĝejo neste diútlikh
1000 2 plant (a vegetable life-form) Pflanze plant pianta, vegetale plantaĵo, vegetalo plante mitlárikh
1001 2 tree Baum boom albero arbo arbre autéshri-kh
1002 2 bush, shrub Busch struik cespuglio arbusto, arbedo arbuste
1003 2 grass (monocotyledonous plant of family Gramineae) Gras gras erba herbo, graminoj gasone hmékh
1004 2 grain(s), cereal crop(s) and their seed(s) Getreide, Korn koren, granen cereale greno, cerealo grane dnákh
1005 3 mushroom (a complex aerial fleshy fruiting body of a fungus) Pilz paddestoel fungo fungo funge, champinione
1006 2 weed (unwanted plant) Unkraut onkruid malerba trudherbo
1007 3 fertile (of soil; able to support plant growth) [aj] fruchtbar vruchtbaar fertile [aj] (a terrain) fekunda fertil(i)
1010 2 garden Garten tuin giardino ĝardeno gardene tonuléshikh
1011 2 plant [v] (to put seeds in soil) pflanzen planten seminare planti
1012 2 harvest, reap [v] ernten oogsten raccolto (general), vendemmia (of grapes) rikolti [vt] rekolta chénmesh [vt]
1020 3 berry (small pulpy fruit) Beere bes bacca bero bere
1021 3 bud (of flower/leaf) Keim knop, kiem bocciolo (of flower), getto (of leaf) burĝono burjone
1022 2 flower Blume bloem fiore floro flore zu|árakh
1023 2 fruit Frucht vrucht frutto frukto frukte púrdi-kh
1024 2 leaf Blatt blad foglia folio folie patúkh
1025 2 nut (hard-shelled fruit/seed with separable shell and kernel) Nuss noot noce nukso nutete
1026 3 pod (seed pod) Hülse dop baccello semujo
1027 2 root (of a plant) Wurzel wortel radice radiko radike nichóikh
1028 2 seed Samen zaad seme semo seme otsélukh
1029 3 sprout (young shoot of plant) Spross spruitje germoglio sproso, ŝoso
1030 2 apple (tree/fruit of genus Malus) Apfel appel mela (fruit), melo (tree) pomo pome
1031 2 banana (plant/fruit of genus Musa) Banane banaan banana (fruit), banano (tree) banano banane
1032 3 cherry (certain trees/fruits of genus Prunus) Kirsche kers ciliega (fruit), ciliego (tree) ĉerizo
1033 3 date (tree/fruit of sp. Phoenix dactylifera) Dattel dadel(palm) dattero daktilo datele
1034 3 fig (tree/fruit of genus Ficus) Feige vijg fico figo fige
1035 2 mandarin, tangerine (tree/fruit of sp. Citrus reticulata) Mandarine mandarijn(tje) mandarino mandarino mandarine
1036 3 olive (tree/fruit of sp. Olea europaea) Olive olijf oliva (fruit), olivo (tree) olivo olive
1037 2 orange (tree/fruit of Citrus sinensis / related spp.) Orange, Apfelsine sinaasappel arancia (frutto), arancio (tree), zagara (flower) oranĝo oranje
1038 3 plum (certain trees/fruits of genus Prunus) Pflaume, Zwetschge pruim prugna (fruit), prugno (tree) pruno prune
1040 3 bamboo (plant/stem of genera Bambusa / Arundinaria / Dendrocalamus) Bambus bamboe bambù bambuo bambu
1041 3 cork (tree/elastic tissue of sp. Quercus suber) Kork kurk sughero (the tissue), quercia da sughero (the tree) korko korke
1042 3 elm (tree of genus Ulmus) Ulme olm, iep olmo ulmo
1043 3 maple (tree of genus Acer) Ahorn esdoorn acero acero
1044 3 oak (tree of genus Quercus) Eiche eik quercia kverko querke
1045 3 pine (coniferous tree of genus Pinus) Kiefer, Pinie pijnboom pino pino pine
1046 3 willow (tree of genus Salix) Weide wilg salice saliko
1050 3 chrysanthemum Chrysantheme chrysant crisantemo krizantemo
1051 3 morning glory Winde campanella, convolvolo ipomeo
1052 3 rose Rose roos rose rozo rose
1053 3 sunflower Sonnenblume zonnebloem girasole, eliotropio sunfloro, helianto
1055 3 cotton (plant/fibers of genus Gossypium) Baumwollpflanze (the plant), Baumwolle (the material) katoen cotone kotono kotone
1056 3 flax (Linum usitatissimum) Flachs, Lein vlas lino lino line
1057 3 gourd (plant/hard-rinded fruit of genera Lagenaria, Cucurbita) Kürbis kalebas, pompoen zucca kukurbo gurde
1058 3 safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Färbersaflor, Färberdistel, Florsafran zafferano kartamo
1059 3 sesame (plant/seed of genus Sesamum) Sesam(samen) sesam sesamo sezamo
1065 3 garlic (herb of sp. Allium sativum) Knoblauch knoflook aglio ajlo alie vethónikh
1066 3 ginger (plant/rhizome of genus Zingiber) Ingwer gember zenzero, ginger zingibro jinjere
1067 2 mint (plant of family Labiatae) Minze munt menta mento
1068 3 oregano (herb of sp. Origanum vulgare) Oregano orìgano origano
1069 3 pepper (black pepper; plant/seed of sp. Piper nigrum) Pfeffer peper pepe pipro pipre hlíngikh
1070 3 ginseng (plant/root of genus Panax) Ginseng ginseng ginseng ginsengo
1071 3 marijuana (plant/material of sp. Cannabis sativa) Marihuana marihuana maijuana mariĥuano
1072 3 tobacco (plant/leaves of sp. Nicotiana tabacum) Tabak tabak tabacco tabako tabake
1075 3 oat (plant/seed of genus Avena) Hafer haver avena aveno avene
1076 2 rice (plant/seed of sp. Oryza sativa) Reis rijst riso rizo rise yáfakh
1077 3 rye (plant/seed of sp. Secale cereale) Roggen rogge segala sekalo
1078 2 wheat (plant/seed of sp. Triticum aestivum) Weizen tarwe frumento tritiko frument gáinikh
1080 2 bean (lima/snap/etc.: plant/seed of genus Phaseolus or similar) Bohne boon fagiolo fazeolo fabe
1081 3 cabbage (plant/leaves of sp. Brassica oleracea capitata) Kohl kool cavolo brasiko kaule
1082 3 carrot (plant/root of sp. Daucus carota sativus) Karotte, Möhre peen carota karoto karote
1083 3 corn, maize (plant/seeds of sp. Zea mays) Mais maïs granturco, mais maizo maise
1084 3 cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Gurke komkommer cetriolo kukumo kukumbre
1085 3 grape (plant/fruit of genus Vitis) Weintraube druif uva (fruit), vite (tree) vinbero nalúmikh
1086 3 kelp (seaweed of orders Laminariales and Fucales) Seetang zeewier fuca fuko
1087 3 lentil (plant/seeds of sp. Lens culinaris) Linse linze lenticchia lento lense
1088 3 lettuce (plant/leaves of genus Lactuca) Kopfsalat, Salat sla lattuga laktuko latuge
1089 3 mustard (plant of sp. Brassica hirta / B. nigra / B. juncea) Senf mosterd senape mustardo mustarde
1090 3 onion (plant/bulb of sp. Allium sepa) Zwiebel ui cipolla cepo onione bashélikh
1091 3 pea (plant/seed of sp. Pisum sativum) Erbse erwt pisello pizo pise
1092 3 peanut (plant/seed/pod of sp. Arachis hypogaea) Erdnuss pinda arachide, nocciolina (slang) arakido arake {?}
1093 3 pepper (hot/sweet/bell pepper -- plant/pod of genus Capsicum) Paprika (cayenne)peper peperoncino kapsiko
1094 2 potato (plant/tuber of sp. Solanum tuberosum) Kartoffel aardappel patata terpomo potate
1095 3 soya, soybean (plant/seed of sp. Glycine max) Sojabohne soja(boon) soia sojo
1096 3 spinach (plant/leaves of sp. Spinacia oleracea) Spinat spinazie spinacio {generally used only as plurals: "spinaci") spinaco spinate
1097 3 squash, melon (plant/fruit of genus Cucurbita grown for edible fruit) Kürbis melone melopepo
1098 2 tomato (plant/berry of genus Lycopersicon) Tomate tomaat pomodoro tomato tomate
1100 3 universe Weltall, Universum heelal, universum universo universo universe
1101 2 world Welt wereld mondo mondo monde tékumel (name of the planet)
1102 3 nature (that which occurs spontaneously; the non-artificial world) Natur natuur natura naturo nature
1110 2 earth (terra firma contrasted with sea and heaven) Erde aarde terra tero tere wísukh
1111 2 sea, ocean Meer, Ozean zee, oceaan mare, oceano maro, oceano mare, oseane chányukh
1112 1 sky Himmel lucht, hemel cielo ĉielo siele saminélikh
1120 2 weather Wetter weer tempo {qualified with "atmosferico" to distinguish from the meaning "time"} vetero vetre srikátlikh
1121 2 cloud Wolke wolk nuvola, nube nubo nube vortúmikh
1122 3 eclipse Verfinsterung verduistering, eclips eclisse eklipso eklipse
1123 3 fog Nebel mist nebbia nebulo neble hazhü'rikh
1124 3 hail Hagel hagel grandine hajlo grele
1125 2 lightning Blitz bliksem fulmine, lampo fulmo fulmine chizéqikh
1126 1 moon Mond maan luna luno lune lülü'ngikh (generic), gayélikh (larger one), káshi-kh (smaller one)
1127 3 planet Planet planeet pianeta planedo planete hírtlakh
1128 1 rain Regen regen pioggia pluvo pluve banúrikh
1129 3 rainbow Regenbogen regenboog arcobaleno ĉielarko pluve-arko
1130 3 snow Schnee sneeuw neve neĝo nive
1131 2 star Stern ster stella stelo stele
1132 2 storm Sturm storm tempesta tempesto, ŝtormo sturme zhufénikh
1133 1 sun Sonne zon sole suno sune tuléngkoi
1134 2 thunder Donner donder tuono tondro tondra grujúngikh
1135 3 tide Gezeiten tij, getij marea tajdo
1136 3 tornado Tornado tornado tornado, ciclone ciklono shayúsakh
1137 2 wind Wind wind vento vento vente íssakh
1138 3 Milky Way Milchstraße
1150 3 earthquake Erdbeben aardbeving terremoto tertremo tremblo de tere {?} shalshár [vi]
1151 3 flood, deluge Flut overstroming alluvione inundo diluvie uchángikh
1160 3 bay (small body of water offset from lake or sea) Bucht baai baia, golfo golfo baye
1161 2 beach, shore Strand strand spiaggia (particularly with sand), costa strando, plaĝo plaje tharfánikh
1162 2 cave Höhle hol, grot caverna (large), grotta (usually smaller and usable as house or shelter) kaverno, groto kaverne
1163 3 cliff Klippe rotswand scogliera krutaĵo, klifo klife krázhmekh
1164 2 desert Wüste woestijn deserto dezerto desertu(m) ngazatlánikh
1165 2 field (unbroken expanse of land) Feld veld campo kampo agre chnókh
1166 2 forest Wald bos, bosch foresta arbaro, forsto foreste drichánikh
1167 2 hill (smaller than a mountain) Hügel heuvel collina monteto koline, montete ssómuni-kh
1168 2 island Insel eiland isola insulo isle pedhénikh
1169 2 lake See meer lago lago lago haqálikh
1170 2 mountain Berg berg montagna, monte monto monte ssómukh
1171 2 river Fluss rivier fiume rivero fluvie hnárukh (large), ngósakh (middle sized)
1172 3 swamp, marsh Sumpf, Moor moeras palude marĉo marshe jájzakh
1173 2 valley Tal vallei valle, vallata valo vale hatsókh
1174 3 volcano Vulkan vulkaan vulcano vulkano volkane tsurgssómukh
1200 1 tool, utensil, implement Werkzeug werktuig utensile, strumento ilo instrumente, utensile délbekh
1201 3 blade Klinge halm, blad lama klingo dha|álikh
1202 2 knife Messer mes coltello tranĉilo kultele tsútlekh
1203 3 axe Axt bijl ascia hakilo hache pa|ánikh
1204 3 razor Rasiermesser scheermes rasoio razilo rasilo, rasomachine, rasokultele dháigalukh
1205 2 saw (tool) Säge zaag sega segilo sege
1206 2 scissors Schere schaar forbici {plural only} tondilo sisoe
1207 3 weapon Waffe wapen arma armilo arme púrdallukh
1208 3 club, cudgel Keule knuppel bastone bastonego bastone kalókikh
1209 2 spear, lance Speer speer, lans lancia lanco lanse náikh
1210 2 sword Schwert zwaard spada glavo sabre ssyúkoi, chaktéshkoi (broadsword), tlarkéshkoi (two-handed sword)
1211 2 shield Schild schild schermo ŝirmilo shilde gaizánikh, ssóchnekh (large pavise), jodúkh (small targe)
1212 2 arrow (sharp-tipped shaft shot from a bow) Pfeil pijl freccia sago fleche dhichútlikh
1213 2 bow (for arrows) Bogen boog arco pafarko pajélikh, su|íshikh (composite bow)
1214 3 bomb Bombe bom bomba bombo bombe
1215 2 gun (ballistic weapon) Gewehr geweer cannone pafilo fusile (= rifle)
1216 3 bullet Kugel kogel pallottola, proiettile kuglo
1217 3 cannon Kanone kanon cannone kanono, pafilego kanone
1218 2 cage Käfig kooi gabbia kaĝo kaje
1219 2 fence (outdoor barrier supported by posts) Zaun hek, schutting, omheining staccionata barilo fense dürmü'nikh
1220 2 hook Haken haak gancio hoko
1221 2 net Netz net rete reto rete karávtsakh
1222 2 screen, mesh Gitter, Masche maas, scherm schermo ekrano shirme (screen = shelter), mashe
1223 2 trap Falle val, voetangel trappola kaptilo kaptilo keréslukh
1225 3 drill Bohrer drilboor foro borilo árislukh
1226 3 file (tool for abrading) Feile vijl lime fajlo lime
1227 2 fork (instrument with >=2 prongs for picking up something) Gabel vork forchetta (for eating), forcone (to be held with two hands) forko forkete (forke = pitchfork)
1228 2 hammer Hammer hamer martello martelo hamre doqólukh
1229 3 screwdriver Schraubenzieher, Schraubendreher ŝraŭbilo
1230 2 spoon Löffel lepel cucchiaio kulero kuliere bavákikh
1231 3 tongs Zange tang pinze prenilo pinse
1232 3 wrench {British: spanner} Schraubenschlüssel moersleutel chiave ŝraubŝlosilo
1233 3 hoe Hacke sarkilo
1234 3 plow, plough Pflug ploeg aratro plugilo pluge
1235 3 rake Rechen hark rastrello rastilo rastre
1236 3 shovel Schaufel schop pala fosilo shovele thárkhulukh
1237 3 bar, rod Stange stang, staaf asta, barra, stanga, palo stango stange oivútlikh
1238 3 pole, stick (long bar) Most, Stange stok stanga stango bastone jéfukh
1239 3 post (vertical pole anchored in ground) Pfahl paal palo fosto jéfukh
1240 2 wire (long thread-like piece of metal) Draht draad cavo drato drate
1241 3 cord, cable (thicker than wire) Kabel kabel, koord cavo kablo korde
1243 3 broom Besen bezem scopa balailo balaye bazélukh
1244 2 brush Bürste, Pinsel borstel spazzola broŝilo brose
1245 2 comb Kamm kam pettine kombo peine jifímlukh
1246 2 button (on a shirt etc.) Knopf knoop bottone butono butone
1247 2 chain (connected series of rings or links) Kette ketting catena ĉeno katene dhamurékikh (fetters)
1248 3 nail (pointy fastener) Nagel spijker chiodo najlo nagle nikhélni-kh
1249 3 screw (threaded fastener) Schraube schroef vite ŝraŭbo skrue
1250 3 staple (fastener) Heftklammer nietje, kram puntina krampo
1251 3 strap Riemen, Gurt riem cinghia rimeno strape váglakh
1252 2 cover (thing put onto or extended over something else) Decke, Deckel deksel [no equivalent for such a generic meaning] kovrilo kovre fedrélukh
1253 3 dome (anything shaped like an upside-down bowl) Kuppel koepel, gewelf cupola kupolo dome gubránikh
1254 3 envelope (folded paper covering a letter) Briefumschlag envelop busta kuverto kuverte
1255 3 lid Deckel, Klappe kovrilo
1256 2 candle Kerze kaars candela kandelo bujie, kandele
1257 2 lamp Lampe lamp lampada lampo lampe rísikh
1259 2 mirror Spiegel spiegel specchio spegulo spegele sepagállukh
1260 3 lens Linse lens lente lenso lense
1261 3 eyeglasses Brille bril occhiali {plural only} okulvitroj lunete
1262 3 telescope Fernrohr telescoop telescopio teleskopo teleskope
1263 3 microscope Mikroskop microscoop microscopio mikroskopo mikroskope
1264 3 scale (device to measure weight) Waage weegschaal bilancia pesilo ponderilo
1265 3 dial (circle marked with numbers/symbols) Zifferblatt, Skala wijzerplaat quadrante ciferplato
1266 3 hourglass Stundenglas zandloper clessidra sablohorloĝio
1267 3 clock Uhr klok, uurwerk orologio horloĝo horloje domqólikh (waterclock)
1268 3 drain (device that removes unwanted liquid) Abfluss afvoerpijp scarico drenilo drenere
1269 2 pipe (a hard tube for transporting liquid) Rohr buis, pijp tubo pipo tube
1270 3 pump Pumpe pomp pompa pumpilo pumpe
1271 3 syringe Spritze spuit, spuitje siringa injektilo siringe
1272 3 valve (flow-controller) Klappe, Ventil ventiel valvola valvo valve
1273 3 plug, stopper Pfropfen, Stöpsel prop tappo ŝtopilo tampone khátmukh
1274 3 telephone Telefon, Fernsprecher telefoon telefono telefono telefone
1275 3 radio (a wireless receiver) Radioapparat radio radio radio radio
1276 3 television set Fernsehapparat televisie televisore televido [no equivalent]
1277 3 computer (electronic instruction-obeying information-handler) Computer computer computer komputilo {variants: komputero; komputoro} [no equivalent]
1278 3 cellphone, cellular telephone Handy, Mobiltelefon poŝtelefono [no equivalent]
1280 3 balloon Ballon ballon pallone balono balone
1281 2 coin Münze munt, muntstuk moneta monero monete dláikh
1282 3 fan (device to create air current) Fächer waaier ventilatore ventumilo ventilatore {?}
1283 3 gear (toothed wheel) Zahnrad gier ingranaggio dentradaro
1284 3 handle (part of tool by which it is held) Griff, Henkel, Handkurbel handvat manico tenilo anse
1285 3 hinge Angel (einer Tür) scharnier cardine ĉarniro charnire
1286 2 key (metal device for operating lock) Schlüssel sleutel chiave ŝlosilo klefe vayúnlukh
1287 3 knob Drücker, Knopf knop manopola tubero
1288 3 ladder Leiter ladder scala ŝtupetaro skale
1289 3 lever Hebel hefboom leva levstango levere
1290 2 lock (device for securing doors) Schloss slot serratura (inside the door), lucchetto (applied to the door and removable) seruro {padloke = padlock; no general word for "lock" can be found} se|éklukh
1291 2 machine (device with moving parts) Maschine machine macchina maŝino machine kudélbekh
1292 3 match (little fire-stick) Streichholz lucifer fiammifero alumeto alumete
1293 3 pedal Pedal pedaal pedale pedalo pedale
1294 3 pulley Rolle katrol puleggia pulio pulie
1295 3 sponge (real/synthetic corpse of animal of phylum Porifera) Schwamm spons spugna spongo sponje
1296 3 spool, reel (cylinder onto which something is wound) Spule spoel bobina bobeno spule
1297 3 spring (metal helix) Feder veer, drijfveer molla risorto resore
1298 3 umbrella Regenschirm paraplu ombrello ombrelo parapluve
1299 3 sheath Scheide schede fodero ingo
1300 2 container Behälter vat contenitore ujo, entenilo, vazo
1301 3 barrel, cask Fass fust, ton barile barelo barele
1302 1 basket Korb korf, mand cesto korbo korbe máksakh
1303 2 bottle Flasche fles, flesch bottiglia botelo botle izhúkh
1304 2 bowl (deep round dish) Schale kom ciotola bovlo bole
1305 2 box (rigid rectangular receptacle) Kasten, Schachtel, Karton kist, doos scatola kartono boxe, keste shatsúrikh (chest)
1306 2 bucket, pail Eimer emmer secchio sitelo
1307 2 can (presealed metal container) {British: tin} Büchse blik lattina ladskatolo
1308 1 cup (small bowl with handle) Tasse, Becher kop, kopje tazza taso tase pünékh
1309 3 dish (any shallow concave container) Schüssel schotel piatto plado platone mbénakh
1310 2 jar, jug (big wide-mouthed bottle) Krug kruik giara poto kruche (= jug) kmékh
1311 3 package, packet, parcel Paket pakje pacco pakaĵo pakete bézukikh (backpack)
1312 3 pan (broad shallow cooking dish) Pfanne pan padella pato padele
1313 3 plate (shallow dish, usually round) Teller bord piatto telero plate sháqakh
1314 2 pot (deep round vessel) Topf pot, kan pentola kaserolo pote múbakh (clay), allgásikh (cooking)
1315 2 sack, bag Sack zak sacco. borsa sako sake bómukh
1316 3 tray (shallow rectangular dish) Tablett dienblad, schenkblad vassoio pleto thashlánikh
1330 3 frame (structure supporting or surrounding something) Rahmen, Gestell raam, lijst, frame cornice kadro frame
1331 3 rack (framework of bars for storage) Ständer, Raufe rek scaffale krado noksíbilukh
1332 3 rail (usually horizontal bar for restraining/supporting things) Geländerstange railing, leuning rotaia relo rele
1340 3 furniture Möbel meubels, meubelen [plur] mobilia, arredamento mebloj moblaro
1341 1 bed Bett bed letto lito lite chráikh
1342 2 chair (furniture for one person to sit on) Stuhl stoel sedia seĝo stule kúpakh
1343 3 pillow Kissen kussen cuscino kuseno kusene
1344 3 shelf Regal plank ripiano, scaffale breto
1345 3 bookcase Bücherschrank boekenkast scaffale libroŝranko
1346 2 table (piece of furniture with flat top) Tisch tafel tavolo tablo table ralélikh
1347 3 desk Schreibtisch werktafel scrittoio skribtablo
1360 3 sink (washbasin for hands) Spülbecken
1361 3 bathtub Badewanne
1362 3 toilet, water closet Klosett w.c., toilet bagno necesejo latrine, lavatorie
1401 3 cloth, fabric (material made of threads) Stoff, Gewebe doek, geweven stof tessuto tolo texatum dhélikh
1402 3 silk Seide zijde seta silko silke
1403 3 wool Wolle wol lana lano lane hnákh, hnasükh
1404 2 leather (prepared hide) Leder leer cuoio ledo ledre fáchukh
1410 2 needle Nadel naald ago kudrilo, nadlo agulie pnákh
1411 3 loom Webstuhl weefgetouw telaio teksilo
1415 2 thread Faden, Faser garen filamento fadeno file shíukh
1416 2 string (thicker than thread and thinner than rope) Bindfaden, Sehne, Saite koord, touw corda ŝnureto kordete
1417 2 rope Seil touw corda, fune ŝnuro korde ghárukh
1420 2 sew [v] nähen naaien cucire [vt] kudri suta hméja [vt]
1421 3 weave [v] weben weven tessere [vt] teksi [vt] texa elí [vt]
1425 2 wear (to have a garment on the body) [v] tragen
1426 3 put on (to begin to wear a garment) [v] anziehen
1427 3 take off (to remove a garment from the body) [v] ausziehen
1430 2 hat Hut hoed cappello ĉapelo chapele, kaskete tamasárikh
1431 3 cap (a brimless or informal hat) Mütze, Kappe kapje, muts berretto ĉapo
1432 3 helmet Helm helm elmetto {military}, casco {sports} kasko helme dhúnimikh, rakúnikh (Mu|ugalavyáni "cookpot" helmet)
1435 3 garment (item of clothing) Gewand kledingstuk indumento vestaĵo veste dhélukh
1436 3 uniform (special garments worn by members of a group) Uniform uniform uniforme uniformo uniforme
1437 3 suit (combo of jacket, dress shirt, slacks, and usually necktie) Anzug vestito, completo kompleto
1440 3 apron Schürze schort grembiule antaŭtuko
1441 2 belt Gürtel ceintuur, gordel cintura zono járdukh
1442 2 glove Handschuh handschoen guanto ganto gante ámbukh
1443 3 harness Harnisch tuig, gareel finimenti {normally used only at the plural} jungilaro harnese
1444 3 necktie Krawatte stropdas cravatta kravato kravate
1445 3 veil Schleier sluier velo vualo vele kyasúnikh
1450 2 coat (heavy outer garment with sleeves) Mantel jas cappotto palto, mantelo jake
1451 3 jacket (a short and/or lightweight coat) Jacke jack giacca jako jakete
1452 2 dress (a garment that combines bodice and skirt) Kleid, Gala jurk robo
1453 2 shirt Hemd hemd, overhemd camicia ĉemizo kamise
1454 3 T-shirt (a collarless short-sleeved casual shirt or undershirt) T-shirt T-shirt maglietta T-ĉemizo, to-ĉemizo
1460 2 pants, trousers Hose broek pantaloni {plural only} pantalono pantalone
1461 3 jeans, blue-jeans Jeans spijkerbroek, jeans jeans ĝinzo
1462 3 skirt Rock rok gonna jupo jupe náulakh
1463 3 shorts (outer pants extending no lower than knees) kurze Hose, Shorts shorts, korte broek calzoncini, pantaloni corti ŝorto, sportkuloto kalsone {?}
1464 3 underpants Unterhose onderbroek mutande kalsono, kalsoneto
1470 2 shoe Schuh schoen scarpa ŝuo shu(e) galcháikh (sandal)
1471 3 sock (a snug-fitting cloth covering for the foot and ankle) Socke sok, kous calzino ŝtrumpeto kalsete
1472 3 slipper (lightweight shoe worn indoors) Hausschuh pantoffel, slipper pantofola pantoflo
1480 3 collar (portion of shirt around neck) Kragen boord colletto kolumo kolare
1481 2 pocket Tasche zak, broekzak tasca poŝo poshe
1485 2 blanket (large piece of soft material used as a cover) Wolldecke deken lenzuolo (of cotton), coperta (of wool) kovrilo kubáinikh
1486 3 curtain Vorhang, Gardine gordijn tenda kurteno kurtene kyasúnikh
1487 2 rug Teppich kleedje, tapijt tappeto tapiŝo tapisete
1488 3 towel Handtuch handdoek asciugamano, cencio mantuko, bantuko, viŝtuko sechéppulukh
1490 3 flag Fahne vlag bandiera flago flage
1491 3 sail Segel zeil vela velo segle otésukh
1495 3 patch (piece of material used to cover or repair a flaw) Flicken lap toppa, pezza flikaĵo
1501 2 building, edifice (structure with walls and roof) Gebäude gebouw edificio konstruaĵo edifise jemárukh
1510 2 roof Dach dak tetto tegmento tekte kapráikh
1511 3 ceiling Decke plafond soffitto plafono plafone
1512 3 floor (bottom surface of a room) Fussboden vloer, grond pavimento planko planche taqúnik
1513 2 wall Wand, Mauer muur, wand muro muro mure timúngikh
1514 2 window Fenster raam, venster finestra fenestro fenestre lodhúlikh
1515 2 door Tür deur porta pordo porte tsónikh
1516 3 stair(s) Treppe trap scala ŝtuparo eskalere shepatsánikh (stair), shetsálikh (staircase)
1517 3 elevator {British: lift} Fahrstuhl lift ascensore lifto elevatore
1518 3 corner (area in a room where perpendicular walls meet)
1520 2 fireplace, hearth Herd, Kamin haard caminetto kameno kamine tlakúrikh
1521 3 chimney Schornstein schoorsteen camino kamentubo, fumtubo kamine
1530 2 room (a distinct segment of a building) Zimmer kamer stanza (generic); camera (for people to live) ĉambro chambre náti-kh
1531 3 attic, garret Dachboden zolder, vliering attico subtegmento mansarde
1532 3 cellar, basement Keller kelder cantina kelo kelere tsuru|úmikh (catacombs)
1533 3 genkan (entrance area of Japanese house where shoes are removed)
1534 3 porch (any semi-outdoor area attached to a house) Veranda
1535 2 kitchen Küche
1536 3 dining room Esszimmer
1537 3 living room Wohnzimmer
1538 3 bedroom Schlafzimmer
1539 3 bathroom Badezimmer
1540 3 closet Toilette
1550 2 house (a free-standing man-made dwelling-building) Haus huis casa domo huse véshukh
1555 3 block of flats, apartment building Reihenhaus
1556 2 reside, dwell, live [v] wohnen wonen, resideren vivere [vi] loĝi [vi] resida maháim [vi]
1557 2 camp, bivouac, temporary shelter Lager kamp accampamento tendumejo, kampadejo, bivakejo bivake shayárikh
1560 3 bank (monetary institution) Bank bank banca banko banke
1561 3 church (building or institution of public worship) Kirche kerk chiesa preĝejo kirke (building), eklesie (institution) katakánkoi, chamangkánikh (for a non-Tsolyáni deity)
1562 3 factory Fabrik fabriek fabbrica fabriko fabrike
1563 3 mill (place where raw materials are processed) Mühle molen mulino muelejo mile pijankánikh
1564 3 hospital Krankenhaus ziekenhuis, hospitaal ospedale malsanulejo, hospitalo hospitale kichengkánikh
1565 3 hotel, inn Hotel, Gasthof hotel albergo, hotel hotelo, gastejo hotele tsorokánikh
1566 3 library Bibliothek bibliotheek biblioteca biblioteko libraro, biblioteke korunkánikh
1567 3 museum Museum
1568 3 post office Post, Postamt
1569 3 prison Gefängnis gevangenis prigione, carcere malliberejo prisone tèngaskánikh
1570 2 school Schule school scuola lernejo skole sijakkánikh
1571 3 university Universität universiteit università universitato universitate sijakkánikh
1572 3 restaurant Restaurant, Lokal, Gsststätte
1573 3 bar (where alcoholic drinks are served), pub Kneipe kroeg, bar bar trinkejo taverne tsorokánikh
1574 3 theater, theatre Theater theater, schouwburg teatro teatro teatre
1580 2 store, shop, boutique Laden, Geschäft winkel, shop negozio butiko, vendejo, magazeno butike kraménikh
1581 3 grocery store Lebensmittelladen
1582 3 bookstore Buchhandlung
1590 2 bridge Brücke brug ponte ponto ponte námurkh
1591 3 tower Turm toren torre turo turme burúji-kh
1592 3 dam Damm
1593 2 board Brett plank tavola, tavolo tabulo planke gazdákh
1594 2 brick (hard clay block) Ziegelstein baksteen mattone briko brike lútsikh
1595 2 farm Bauernhof boerderij fattoria farmo ferme autsulkánikh
1596 2 park (public outdoor area) Park park parco parko parke
1597 3 stadium Stadion
1598 2 market (place of many sellers, usually outdoors or semi-enclosed) Markt markt mercato bazaro merkate haudárukh
1601 3 government Regierung regering governo registaro guvernantaro, governamente
1602 3 authority (the right/power to command) Autorität gezag, autoriteit autorità aŭtoritateco autoritate
1603 3 right (a right to do/be ...) Recht recht diritto rajto jure
1610 3 nation, state (political entity) Nation, Land natie nazione (properly if ethnicallly based); stato (any political entity) nacio natione fátlanikh (foreign nation), wísukh (referring to Tsolyánu)
1611 3 province (of Canada etc.), prefecture, state (of USA etc.) Provinz, Bundesstaat provincie, prefectuur provincia; stato; cantone; regione, provincia provinco (Kanado/ĉinio), ŝtato (Usono), departemento (Francio) provinse, state gelzhárikh
1612 3 international [aj] international internationaal internazionale [aj] internacia international
1613 3 border (dividing line between countries or provinces) Grenze
1614 3 passport Ausweis, Pass
1615 3 capital (chief city) Hauptstadt
1620 3 agency, bureau Behörde, Büro bureau, agentschap ufficio {room or department where clerical work is done} instanco, buroo buro dhiyalkánikh
1621 3 official (issued with authority) [aj] offiziell, amtlich officieel ufficiale [aj] oficiala ofisial
1622 2 tax Steuer belasting tassa, imposta imposto taxo rakáshikh [n], rakásh [vt]
1630 3 military [aj] militärisch militair militare [aj] milita militari kenéngan [aj]
1631 2 army Armee, Heer leger esercito (whole country's armed forces); armata (large unit of 'esercito') armeo armee kenéngkoi
1632 3 navy Marine
1635 2 war Krieg oorlog guerra milito guere, milite qadárdàlikh (generic), qadárdàlikoi (fought by Tsolyáni)
1636 3 peace (freedom from fighting or turmoil) Friede vrede pace paco pase mazíkikh
1637 3 submission, surrender Unterwerfung, Kapitulation capitulatie, overgave {use periphrases with verbs "arrendersi" or "sottomettersi" used instead} cedo, rezigno submisione kháridan [vt]
1640 3 politics Politik politiek politica politiko politike
1641 3 campaign (for political office) Feldzug campagne campagna elettorale kampanjo
1642 3 elect (select by voting) [v] wählen, abstimmen verkiezen eleggere [vt] elekti elekta
1643 3 vote [v] Abstimmung stemmen votare [v] voĉdoni, baloti vote
1644 3 party (political faction) Partei partij partito partio partise
1645 3 resign [v] niederlegen ontslag nemen rassegnare le dimissioni eksiĝi resigna
1646 3 parliament, congress (legislative body of elected officers) Parlament parlement, congres parlamento parlamento parlamente, kongrese, legifante hesnuchélikh (not elected)
1650 2 law (a rule enforced by a government) Gesetz wet legge leĝo lege baranáikh
1651 3 constitution (charter of an organization) Verfassung statuten [plurale tantum] costituzione (of a country); statuto, regolamento (of organisation) statuto konstitutione
1652 3 court (of law) Gericht rechtszaal, gerechtshof tribunale jurejo, tribunalo korte barakánikh
1653 3 jury Geschworene jury, gezworenen giuria ĵurio jurie
1654 2 crime (an illegal act) Verbrechen misdaad crimine, reato krimo krime
1655 3 trial (in court) Prozess proces processo proceso prosese
1656 3 police (organization to enforce laws) Polizei politie polizia polico polise sanléshkoi (city-guard)
1657 3 arrest [v] festnehmen
1658 3 torture [v] foltern folteren torturare, tormentare [vt] torturi, turmenti [vt] tortura, tormenta pazhú [vt]
1659 3 prisoner Häftling
1660 3 judge (presiding in a court of law) Richter
1661 3 police officer Polizist
1662 3 hostage Geisel
1663 3 kidnap [v] entführen
1664 3 rape [v] vergewaltigen, schändigen
1670 2 control [v] regeln, beherrschen beheersen, regelen, besturen controllare [vt] regi domina, kontrola qámsa [vt]
1671 2 permit, allow, let [v] erlauben toelaten, toestaan permettere [v] permesi permise jokála [vt]
1672 2 prohibit, forbid, contra-permit [v] verbieten verbieden proibire [v], vietare [v] malpermesi despermise notabár [vt]
1673 3 obey [v] gehorchen gehoorzamen ubbidire [v], obbedire [v] obei obedia timán [vt]
1674 3 disobey [v] widersetzen
1675 2 rule, regulation Regel regel regola (way to do something); regolamento (official set of directions) regulo regle qarímikh
1676 3 organize (bring X's together to perform a task) [v] organisieren organiseren organizzare [vt] organizi organisa sóngmu
1677 3 unite [v] vereinigen verenigen unire [vt] unuigi [vt], unuiĝi [vi] unisa bavésh [vt]
1678 2 free (at liberty) [aj] frei vrij libero [aj] libera liberi sadhbáin [aj]
1679 3 independent [aj] unabhängig onafhankelijk, zelfstandig indipendente [aj] sendependa non-dependante
1680 2 punish [v] bestrafen straffen punire [vt] puni [vt] puni pazhu [vt] (torture), missúm [vt] (kill), téngas [vt] (imprison)
1681 2 reward [v] belohnen belonen ricompensa rekompenci [vt] rekompensa túmene [vt]
1682 2 prize, award Prämie premie, beloning premio premio premie
1701 2 exchange, trade, swap [v] tauschen uitwisselen, ruilen scambiare [v], dare in cambio [v] (both generic) interŝanĝi [vt] kambia ngistlén [vt]
1705 2 money Geld geld denaro mono moneye hasúkh
1706 3 merchandise, goods, wares Ware waren beni {plural only} varoj vares efárikh
1707 3 store, cache, reserve (supply kept for future need) Vorrat, Lager voorraad, magazijn riserva rezervo qaprashkúkh
1708 3 business, commerce Handel handel, business affari {plural only; "commercio" means "trading"} komerco komerse mokálikh (?)
1709 2 company (a business organization), firm Gesellschaft firma ditta kompanio kompania parshéngikh
1715 2 rich, wealthy [aj] reich rijk ricchezza, beni {plural only} riĉa richi thumén [aj]
1716 2 poor, impoverished [aj] arm arm povero [aj] malriĉa povri fünü'n [aj]
1720 3 offer (present for acceptance or rejection) [v] anbieten aanbieden presentare [vt] (goods); proporre [vt] (advices, opinions, suggestions) proponi [vt] ofra mashúm [vt]
1721 3 accept (willingly receive) [v] annehmen accepteren accettare [vt] akcepti [vt] alsepta ngachás [vt]
1722 3 reject, refuse (contra-accept) [v] ablehnen verwerpen, weigeren rifiutare [vt] rifuzi [vt] refusa vaingán [vt]
1730 3 own (possess according to law or custom) [v] besitzen bezitten possedere [vt] posedi [vt] posese {?} fidák [vt]
1731 2 keep, retain, go on having (e.g. "you should keep this book") [v] behalten houden, behouden tenere [vt] (keep); conservare [vt] (keep in good state) reteni [vt] retena mén [vt] (have), warán [vt] (maintain, support)
1732 2 lack (be without) [v] (I lack it = es mangelt mir an) ontberen, missen, niet habben mancare di [v], essere senza [v] malhavi [vt], manki [vi] manka yaltsálikh [n]
1733 2 lose (cease having; contra-acquire) [vt] verlieren verliezen perdere [vt] perdi [vt] perda eqái [vt]
1734 1 give [v] geben geven dare [vt] doni [vt] dona fazhá [vt] (less abrupt), tlakátl [vt] (more abrupt, e.g. "hand over")
1735 2 provide, supply, furnish [v] besorgen voorzien (van) provvedere di [v], fornire [vt] provizi [vt] provise thatsér [vt]
1736 1 get, acquire, gain, obtain [vt] bekommen krijgen ottenere [vt] akiri [vt] resiva, obtena nuín [vt]
1737 3 receive [v] empfangen ontvangen ricevere [vt] ricevi [vt] resiva nuín [vt]
1738 1 take (in the sense of E-o "preni", G "nehmen", Sp "tomar") [v] nehmen nemen prendere [vt] preni [vt] prenda gathám [vt]
1739 2 steal (take in a criminal way) [v] stehlen stelen, pikken {slang}, jatten {slang} rubare [vt] ŝteli [vt] furta yiráu [vt]
1740 3 available
1750 1 buy, purchase [v] kaufen kopen, aankopen, aanschaffen comprare [vt] aĉeti [vt] kompra tajái [vt]
1751 1 sell [v] verkaufen verkopen vendere [vt] vendi [vt] venda dhufán [vt]
1752 3 pay [v] gezahlen betalen pagare [vt] pagi [vt] paga tlúr [vt]
1755 2 price, cost Preis prijs prezzo (money required to buy X); costo (resources required to make X) prezo pretie shadákikh
1756 2 cheap, inexpensive [aj] billig goedkoop economico [aj] malmultekosta, malkara chipi záiman [aj]
1757 2 expensive, costly [aj] kostspielig duur, kostbaar costoso [aj], caro [aj] {slightly more informal than "costoso"} multekosta, kara cheri zhaldáin
1758 3 value, worth Wert waarde valore valoro valore shadákikh
1760 2 borrow [v] leihen lenen van prestare [vt] prunti [vt] prunta jánacho [vt]
1761 2 lend [v] ausleihen lenen prestare [vt] prunti [vt] presta wáiha [vt]
1765 3 credit (permission to borrow money) Kredit krediet credito kredito kredite
1766 3 debt, obligation to pay Schuld schuld debito ŝuldo debatu(m)
1770 3 public (available to most or all persons) [aj] öffentlich publiek, openbaar pubblico [aj] publika publi, publik(i) áizhmun [aj]
1771 3 private (contra-public) [aj] privat prive', privaat privato [aj] privata privat(i) óipan [aj]
1775 3 account (record of money received/paid/owed) Konto rekening conto konto registre háshbakh
1776 3 bill, invoice (statement of money owed) Rechnung rekening fattura fakturo fakture háshbakh
1777 3 cheque, check (written order directing a bank to pay from an account) Scheck cheque assegno ĉeko cheke
1778 3 contract (agreement-document) Vertrag verdrag, contract contratto kontrakto kontrate pratlúkh
1779 3 ticket Karte kaartje, ticket biglietto bileto bilete shüvü'nlukh
1782 3 frugal, thrifty [aj] sparsam spaarzaam frugale [aj] ŝparema frugal(i)
1783 3 generous, charitable [aj] freigebig vrijgevig, liefdadig generoso [aj] (liberal with own's wealth) malavara jenerosi
1784 2 greedy [aj] gierig hebzuchtig, gierig avaro [aj] avara avidi che|ésin [aj]
1787 3 insurance (protective contractual arrangement) Versicherung verzekering assicurazione asekuro assuratione
1788 3 responsibility, liability, accountability Verantwortung verantwoordelijkheid responsabilità respondeco responso
1790 3 invest [v] investieren investeren investire [vt] investi [vt] plasa
1791 3 profit, gain Gewinn profijt, voordeel profitto, utile profito profite mi|éssa [vt], mi|éssakh [n]
1792 3 loss (contra-profit)
1793 3 stock market
1795 2 job, employment Job werk, job lavoro, impiego dungo taske, employate moirü'nikh
1796 3 strike (work stoppage as protest) Streik staking sciopero striko strike
1797 3 wages
1801 3 religion Religion religie, godsdienst religione religio religione gadaleshánikh
1802 2 magic, sorcery Zauberei, Zauberkunst tovenarij, magie magia ("white"); stregoneria ("black") magio, sorĉarto magia shátunikh (generic - many specialties)
1803 3 priest, clergyman Priester priester, pastoor prete, sacerdote pastoro prestre shártokoi (generic -- many specialties and ranks)
1804 3 revelation, mystical vision Offenbarung openbaring rivelazione (a message from "above"); visione (a supernatural perception) revelacio revelatione nyélmekh (?)
1806 3 scripture
1810 2 god, diety Gott god dio, divinità dio dee (-o, -a) mítlan
1811 3 angel Engel engel angelo anĝelo anjele
1812 3 fairy (supernatural flying humanoid) Fee fata feo fea
1813 3 devil
1814 3 monster
1820 3 pray [v] beten bidden pregare [vt] preĝi prega galái [vt]
1821 3 bless (wish good upon) [v] segnen zegenen benedire [vt] beni benedikte
1822 3 curse, damn (wish evil upon) [v] verfluchen vervloeken maledire [vt] malbeni damna thónte [vt]
1830 3 soul, spirit (believed to outlive the body) Seele ziel, geest anima animo alme bákh
1831 2 ghost (manifestation of dead person's soul) Gespenst, Geist geest, spook spirito, fantasma spirito spirite ssudúkh
1840 2 heaven Himmel hemel cielo ĉielo siele
1841 3 hell, Hades Hölle hel inferno inferno inferne tsumúrikh (generic -- different names for hells of each deity)
1850 2 holy, sacred [aj] heilig heilig santo, sacro [aj] sankta sakri shúmin [aj]
1860 3 atheism
1865 3 Buddhism
1870 3 Christianity
1875 3 Hinduism
1880 3 Islam
1885 3 Judaism
1890 3 ritual, rite, ceremony Ritus, Ritual ritueel rituale; rito, cerimonia rito ritu, seremonie rasháng
1891 3 funeral
1901 2 opinion Meinung mening, opinie opinione opinio opinione tláktekh
1902 3 judge (compare something to criteria), form an opinion about [v] beurteilen beoordelen giudicare [vt]; valutare [vt] juĝi, prijuĝi judika tugrún [vt]
1905 1 good [aj] gut goed buono [aj] bona bon(i) lán [aj], -la [sfx]
1906 1 bad [aj] schlecht slecht cattivo [aj] malbona mal(i) jéhun [aj] (defective, spoiled), bússan [aj] (evil)
1907 3 virtuous
1908 3 evil [aj] übel kwaad, boos malvagio [aj] malbon(eg)a mal(i) {might use 'malisi'} bússan [aj]
1909 2 suitable, proper, fit(ting), appropriate [aj] geeignet passend appropriato, conveniente [aj] taŭga, konvena apti dogéngin [aj]
1910 2 fair, just, equitable [aj] gerecht rechtvaardig giusto, equo [aj] justa justi sikún [aj]
1915 3 admire [v] bewundern bewonderen ammirare [vt] admiri admira
1916 3 respect, venerate, esteem [v] achten respekteren, achten rispettare [vt], stimare [vt] estimi, respekti respekte -koi, -rakoi, etc. etc. [sfx] (honorifics for various degrees of nobles)
1917 2 like, enjoy (derive pleasure from) [v] gern haben, (I like it = es gefällt mir) mogen, leuk vinden, graag doen apprezzare [vt]; piacere [refl. v] ĝui, ŝati prisa (to like, value); savura (enjoy, of foods); jua (enjoy) káim [vt]
1918 3 dislike [v]
1919 3 approve (of) [v] Beifall goedkeuring, toestemming approvare [vt] aprobo aprobatione
1920 2 prefer, favor [v] bevorzugen de voorkeur geven preferire [vt] preferi, favori prefera
1921 3 dear, precious, cherished [aj] lieb lief caro [aj] kara kar(i)
1925 2 believe (accept as true) [v] glauben geloven credere [vt], credere in [vi] kredi kreda timán [vt]
1926 3 doubt [v] Zweifeln twijfelen dubitare [vt], mettere in dubbio [vt] dubi duta
1927 3 test, check [v] prüfen, probieren toetsen provare [vt] testi, ekzameni, kontroli [vt] testa korotái [vt] (try, attempt), tsa|kél [vt] (examine)
1928 3 proof, evidence Beweis bewijs prova pruv(aĵ)o pruvo ngo|ósikh
1929 3 experiment Versuch experiment esperimento eksperimento experimente
1935 2 simple [aj] einfach eenvoudig semplice [aj] simpla, malkompleksa, malkomplika simpli zháimen [aj]
1937 2 complex [aj] kompliziert ingewikkeld complesso [aj] (made of many parts); complicato [aj] (difficult) kompleksa, komplika, malsimpla komplexi
1939 2 clear, plain (easy to see/understand) [aj] klar klaar chiaro, evidente [aj] klara, evidenta klar(i) zháimen
1941 3 exact, precise [aj] genau nauwkeurig esatto, preciso [aj] preciza, ekzakta exakti, presis(i), akurat(i)
1943 1 true [aj] wahr waar vero [aj] vera veri sáni [aj]
1945 1 false, untrue [aj] falsch valsch falso [aj] malvera, falsa falsi ogrún [aj]
1947 1 right, correct [aj] richtig juist giusto [aj] ĝusta korekti ráun [aj]
1949 1 wrong, incorrect [aj] falsch verkeerd sbagliato [aj] malĝusta, erara deskorekti {*} dnún [aj]
1951 2 real, actual [aj] wirklich, echt werkelijk reale [aj] reala, efektiva real
1953 2 imaginary
1960 3 famous [aj] berühmt beroemd famoso [aj] fama, famekonata famosi kadhmánin [aj], -kadh [sfx]
1961 3 obscure, unheard of [aj] obskur obscuur sconosciuto [aj] (generic); oscuro [aj] (not famous person) nekonata obskur(i)
1962 2 chief, main, primary, principal [aj] Haupt-, Ober-, primär voornaamste, hoofd- principale [aj] ĉefa chefi, prim(i), primari
1963 3 auxiliary [aj] Hilfs- [pfx] hulp- [pfx] ausiliario, collaterale [aj] helpa, kroma auxiliari
1964 2 normal, ordinary, usual [aj] normal, gewöhnlich gewoon normale [aj], tipico [aj], usuale [aj] ordinara, normala, kutima normal, ordinar(i), tipal, tipari, tipi shorúnin [aj]
1965 2 strange, weird, unusual, peculiar [aj] ungewöhnlich eigenaardig strano [aj] neordinara, stranga, nekutima stranji ja|í-n [aj]
1970 3 category, classification Kategorie categorie categoria kategorio, klasado kategorie
1971 1 kind, sort, type, variety (of...) Art soort tipo speco sorte, tipe, varietate tháurikh
1972 3 example, sample Beispiel voorbeeld esempio (illustrating a paradigm); esemplare (belonging to a kind) ekzemplo, specimeno exemple mifálikh
1980 2 seek, search (for), look for [v] suchen zoeken cercare [vt] serĉi sercha méra [vt]
1981 3 recognize [v] erkennen herkennen riconoscere [vt] rekoni rekogni
1982 3 compare [v] vergleichen vergelijken comparare [vt] kompari kompara kuhúr mik- [locative pfx] (compared with)
1983 3 distinguish, differentiate, tell one from another [v] unterscheiden onderscheiden distinguere fra [v] distingi (inter) distinkte leshá|a [vi] (to be different)
1984 2 choose, pick (out), select one of many possibilities [v] wählen kiezen scegliere [vt] elekti, selekti selekte repúl [vt]
1985 3 match (a thing suitably associated with another) Pendant {expressed with periphrasis} egal(aĵ)o
1986 3 pattern (apparent systematic interrelationship) Muster patroon, dessin schema formacio
2001 3 mind Geist geest mente menso mente hlákmekh
2002 2 think [v] denken denken pensare [vt], ritenere [vt] pensi opine dlachán [vi]
2003 3 calculate, reckon [v] berechnen berekenen calcolare [vt] kalkuli kalkula
2004 3 talent, skill, knack Talent, Fertigkeit talent talento (mainly innate: "talento musicale"); abilità (mainly acquired) talento talente féhlin [aj]
2005 2 intelligent [aj] intelligent intelligent intelligente [aj] inteligenta inteligenti siyuzhárin [aj]
2006 2 stupid, unintelligent [aj] dumm, blöd dom, stom stupido [aj], sciocco [aj] malinteligenta, stulta stupid(i) brúchan [aj]
2007 3 reasoning, rational thought Vernunft rede, vernuft raziocinio; ragionamento (a coherent succession of rational thoughts) rezonado ratione dlachánikh
2008 3 logic (formalized process of reasoning) Logik logica logica logiko logike dlachánikh
2009 3 insane, crazy [aj] wahnsinnig krankzinnig, gek, getikt, waanzinnig matto [aj], pazzo [aj] freneza fol(i) ssángan [aj]
2010 3 depression (debilitating gloom)
2011 3 autism
2012 3 obsession
2013 3 phobia
2020 3 attention (active perception) Acht, Aufmerksamkeit aandacht, attentie attenzione atento atentione
2021 3 neglect, negligence, apathy Vernachlässigung verwaarlozing negligenza neglekto, apatio neglekto
2022 3 interest (desire to pay attention to something), fascination Interesse interesse, belangstelling interesse intereso intereso nohyachún [vt]
2023 2 important [aj] wichtig belangrijk, gewichtig importante [aj] grava importanti terégan [aj]
2024 3 alert [aj] wachsam waakzaam, paraat attento [aj] lerta, atenta alerti khawénin [aj]
2025 3 conscious, aware [aj] bewusst bewust conscio [aj] konscia konsiosi
2026 3 urgent (worthy of immediate attention) [aj]
2027 2 consider, ponder, contemplate, think about (intensively) [v]
2030 1 want, wish, desire [v] wollen willen, verlangen volere [vt], desiderare [vt] voli, deziri voli panjáng [vt]
2031 2 desire, longing
2032 3 decide [v] entscheiden beslissen, besluiten decidere [vt] decidi desise favréng [vt]
2033 2 intend, mean to, do deliberately, have as a purpose [v] beabsichtigen van plan zijn, willen volere [vt], fare apposta [vt] (colloquial) intenci intente pasén [vt]
2034 3 automatic [aj] automatisch automatisch automatico [aj] aŭtomata automati {*}
2035 3 whim, caprice Laune, Grille gril capriccio kaprico kaprise
2036 3 reason, explanation, rationale Grund reden, grond motivo kialo resone waimúkh
2038 3 experience (consciously live through an event) [v] erfahren ondervinden, ervaren provare [vt], sperimentare [vt] sperti experientia
2039 2 notice, observe [v] merken, bemerken bemerken, merken, waarnemen osservare [vt] rimarki, observi observa
2040 1 understand, comprehend [v] verstehen begrijpen capire [vt] kompreni komprenda wadhél [vt], (consider), timán (obey), darshé (understand for. lang.)
2041 1 know [v] wissen (know facts), kennen (be acquainted with) kennen, weten sapere [vt] (be aware of); conoscere [vt] (be acquainted with) scii (be aware of), koni (be acquainted with) konosa, sava pengá [vt]
2042 3 knowledge Wissen, Kenntnisse kennis sapere [n] scio savo pengatsánikh
2043 3 study [v] studieren studeren studiare [vt] studi studia kaidün [vt]
2044 2 learn [v] lernen leren imparare [vt], apprendere [vt] lerni, ekscii, informiĝi lerna siják [vt]
2045 2 teach [v] lehren onderwijzen, leren insegnare [vt] instrui dose, instrukte {?} vusiják [vt]
2048 3 guess, conjecture [v] vermuten gissen, vermoeden indovinare [vt] (try to forecast); supporre [v], pensare [v] konjekti, diveni konjektura
2049 3 suppose, presume [v] annehmen aannemen, veronderstellen supporre [vt] supozi suposi
2050 3 theory Theorie theorie teoria teorio, hipotezo teorie
2052 2 remember [v] sich erinnern an zich herinneren ricordare [vt] memori, rememori memora hráis [vt]
2053 2 forget [v] vergessen vergeten dimenticare [vt] forgesi oblive tupsül [vt]
2055 2 idea, concept (thought-bundle) Idee idee, concept, gedachte idea ideo, koncepto idee tláktekh
2056 3 imagine [v] sich vorstellen zich voorstellen immaginare [vt] imagi, bildigi (al si) imagina
2057 3 invent (plan something which has never been made before) [v] erfinden uitvinden inventare [vt] inventi, krei, elfari invente
2058 3 plan, design Plan plan, ontwerp, design piano plano, dezegno plane kérdukh (strategy)
2060 2 feel (experience an emotion/sentiment) [v] fühlen voelen sentire [vt] senti senti rübés [vt]
2061 3 emotion
2062 3 calm, tranquil [aj]
2063 2 upset, agitated [aj]
2064 2 angry [aj] zornig boos, kwaad collera kolera irat (irant) qárra [vi]
2065 2 boring, tedious [aj] langweilig saai noioso [aj] teda, enuiga enoyant(i), tedant(i), tedivi knágga [vi] (to be bored)
2066 3 care, concern (about someone / something) Sorge, Kummer zorg cura zorgo konserna
2067 2 love [v] lieben beminnen, houden van, liefhebben amare [vt] ami ama mér [vt] (platonic), paimér [vt] (sexual or lustful)
2068 2 hate [v] hassen haten odiare [vt] malami odia ga|íl [vt], -ra [sfx] (hated), -ga [sfx] (despised), etc.
2069 3 comfort (freedom from pain and/or worry) Behaglichkeit gemak, gerief, comfort benessere [n] komforto komforte asúmen [aj]
2070 3 courage Mut moed coraggio kuraĝo kuraje kékh
2071 2 brave [aj]
2072 2 cowardly [aj]
2073 2 fear (be afraid of) [v] fürchten vrezen, bang zijn van temere [vt] timi tima, pavora ssünrü [vt]
2074 3 expect, anticipate (believe that X will come/happen) [v] erwarten verwachten, anticiperen aspettarsi [refl. v] antaŭsupozi, antaŭvidi expekta
2075 2 hope [v] hoffen hopen sperare [v] esperi espera nráidhu [vi]
2076 2 worry, anxiety Sorge zorg ansia ĉagreno, maltrankviliĝo tormente {?} patranikh
2077 3 satisfaction Befriedigung, Genugtuung voldoening, bevrediging soddisfazione kontenteco satisfaktione
2078 3 disappointment Enttäuschung teleurstelling delusione malkontentiĝo, seniluziiĝo deseptione
2079 3 regret [v] Bedauern spijten, betreuren rimpiangere [vt] bedaŭri regreta géthakh
2080 1 happy [aj] glücklich vrolijk, opgewekt felice [aj] feliĉa felisi razhí-n [aj], -ràzh [sfx]
2081 1 sad, unhappy, melancholy [aj] unglücklich treurig, ongelukkig triste [aj] malfeliĉa, malgaja, trista tristi márashin [aj]
2100 3 behavior, conduct Benehmen gedrag comportamento, condotta konduto konduite
2101 3 pride (proudness; self-respect) Stolz trots orgoglio fiero, orgojlo fiereso {*}, fieritate {*}
2102 3 arrogant
2103 3 embarrassment Verlegenheit verlegenheid imbarazzo embaraso embaraso wachásikh
2104 3 shame Schande, Scham schaamte, schande vergogna honto shame wachásikh
2106 3 serious, earnest, grave [aj] ernst ernstig, serieus serio [aj] serioza seriosi
2107 2 funny, comical [aj] komisch grappig, komisch divertente [aj] (amusing); comico [aj] (which makes to laugh); buffo [aj] amuza, komika komiki mógon [aj] (comical), kháichan [aj] (ridiculous)
2108 2 wise [aj] weise wijs saggio [aj] saĝa saji yekérin [aj] (intuitive), bashánan [aj] (possessing knowledge)
2109 2 foolish [aj] töricht gek, mal pazzo [aj] (mad); stupido [aj] (stupid, silly) malsaĝa, stulta folatri {*} brúchan [aj]
2110 3 innocent, contra-guilty [aj] unschuldig onschuldig innocente [aj] senkulpa inosent(i) préshan [aj]
2111 3 guilty, blame-worthy [aj] schuldig schuldig colpevole [aj] kulpa blamindi {*}
2115 3 blame [v] die Schuld geben de schuld geven biasimare [vt] kulpigi blama
2116 2 caution, prudence, carefulness Vorsicht voorzichtigheid attenzione, prudenza, cura singardo, prudento kautione shói [vi] (to be careful)
2117 3 celebrate, rejoice [v] feiern vieren festeggiare [vt] festi, celebri festa
2118 3 depend on, rely on [v] abhängen von afhangen van dipendere da [v] dependi de dependa
2119 3 enthusiasm, zeal Begeisterung ijver, enthousiasme entusiasmo entuziasmo selo
2120 2 forgive, pardon [v] vergeben vergeven perdonare [vt] pardoni pardona ha|fár [vt]
2121 3 grateful, thankful [aj] dankbar dankbaar grato [aj] danka gratitudosi ngárshü [vt] (to thank)
2122 2 guard, monitor, watch over [v] bewachen, hüten hoeden, bewaken sorvegliare [vt] gardi garda nlésh [vt]
2123 2 guide, lead [v] führen voeren, leiden condurre [vt] gvidi, konduki gida, dukte sarsqái [vt]
2124 3 habit, custom, routine practice Gewohnheit gewoonte abitudine, costume kutimo kustome bárükh
2125 3 jealousy, envy Eifersucht jaloezie invidia (financial); gelosia (romantic) ĵaluzo, envio envio ssurssárikh
2126 2 lonely (feeling undesirable solitude) [aj] einsam eenzaam solo [aj] soleca solitari
2127 3 loyal [aj] treu getrouw, trouw fedele [aj] (generic); leale [aj] (to a duty, an office...) fidela, lojala loyal ráimolün [aj]
2128 3 mercy Gnade, Barmherzigkeit genade, barmhartigheid compassione kompato miserikordia
2129 2 nice, kind, affable [aj] nett, leutselig aardig, vriendelijk, minzaam gentile [aj] afabla afabli chegún [aj] (gracious), ménggun [aj] (gentle, affectionate)
2130 3 patience Geduld geduld pazienza pacienco patienteso, patientia ssáibakh
2131 2 pity, feel compassion toward, feel sorry for [v] bemitleiden medelijden hebben met compatire [vt] kompati pitia
2132 2 pretend, act, feign [v] vorgeben voorgeven, pretenderen, veinzen fingere [v]; far finta di [v] preteksti, ŝajnigi simula, fikte
2133 2 deserve, merit, be worthy of [v] verdienen verdienen meritare [vt] meriti [vt] merita
2134 2 revenge, retribution, getting even Rache wraak vendetta venĝo revanche khángakh
2135 3 riot Aufruhr oproer rivolta, tumulto tumulto {tumultu?}
2136 3 role (an individual's function) Rolle rol ruolo, funzione rolo role
2137 2 serve (provide service to) [v] dienen dienen servire [v] servi [vt] serva vísum [vt] (as a servant), hóte [vt] (food)
2138 2 surprise, startle [v] überraschen verrassen soprendere [vt] surprizi surprisa háiro [vt]
2139 3 tempt [v] versuchen verzoeken tentare [vt] {also means "to attempt, to try"} tenti tenta shafér [vt]
2140 3 tendency, propensity, inclination Tendenz neiging tendenza emo, tendenco tendentie
2141 2 trust [v] trauen vertrouwen confidare in [v], avere fiducia di [v] fidi fida daravü'n [vt]
2142 3 trend, fad, fashion Mode mode moda modo, fasono mode thántlekh
2143 2 trick, chicanery Schlich, Trick truc trucco trumpo, ruzo, truko
2150 2 agree [v] übereinstimmung overeenstemming, akkoord essere d'accordo, acconsentire [vi] konsenti konsento {?} shráithukh
2151 3 cooperate, collaborate [v] mitwirken samenwerken collaborare [vi] kunlabori koopera, ko-labora
2152 3 compete, strive, vie [v] konkurrieren mededingen competere [vi] konkurenci konkura
2153 2 protect, defend [v] schützen beschermen proteggere, difendere [vt] protekti, defendi protekte telír [vt]
2154 2 attack [v] angreifen aanvallen attaccare [vt] ataki ataka hangái [vt]
2155 1 help, assist, aid [v] helfen helpen aiutare [vt] helpi [vt] helpa te|ós [vt]
2156 2 interfere, hinder [v] hindern hinderen interferire, intralciare malhelpi [vt] hindra
2157 3 support [v] stützen ondersteunen sostenere [vt] subteni, apogi [vt] suporta warán [vt]
2158 3 oppose [v]
2159 3 compromise Kompromiss compromis compromesso kompromiso kompromise
2160 3 withstand, endure, remain intact in spite of [v]
2200 3 communication (exchange of information) Nachrichtenwesen communicatie comunicazione (inter)komunikado, komunikaĵo komuniko, komunikado, komunikatione
2201 3 information Informationen informatie informazione {often used at the plural "informazioni"} informoj, datenoj information tsobúlikh
2202 2 language (the verbal communication technique of a people) Sprache taal lingua, linguaggio lingvo lingue daritsánikh
2203 3 artificial language, constructed language
2204 2 meaning (semantic content of a word) Sinn, Bedeutung betekenis, zin significato signifo signifikatione {?} pátlekh
2205 2 message (batch of transmitted information) Botschaft boodschap messaggio, notizia komunikaĵo, mesaĝo mesaje fáshdri-kh
2206 3 record (a cache of information) Protokoll, Aufzeichnung dossier, archief, file, opname registro registro registre pílukh
2210 2 admit, confess [v] eingestehen, zugeben bekennen, toegeven ammettere [vt], confessare [vt] konfesi konfese nóvu [vt]
2211 3 announce, proclaim [v] ankündigen aankondigen annunciare [vt] anonci anuntia
2212 2 ask, inquire [v] fragen vragen domandare [vt] demandi questiona atkané [vt]
2213 2 call, summon [v] rufen roepen, aanroepen chiamare [vt] (call); convocare [vt] (summon) voki, alvoki voka rifás [vt]
2214 3 criticize [v] kritisieren bekritiseren, kritiek hebben op criticare [vt] kritiki kritika
2215 3 deny (say that X is not true) [v] leugnen ontkennen, tegensprechen negare [vt] nei deskonfirma {*}
2216 3 describe [v] beschreiben beschrijven descrivere [vt] priskribi deskripte
2217 2 discuss, talk about [v] besprechen discussieren discutere [vt] (pri)diskuti diskuse
2218 3 emphasize, accentuate, stress [v] betonen nadruk leggen op, benadrukken sottolineare [vt], porre l'accento su [v] emfazi emfasa ("stresa" is used with reference to syllables in a word)
2219 3 indicate [v] anzeigen duiden op, indiceren, een teken zijn van indicare [vt] indiki indika lauzhú [vt]
2220 3 invite [v] einladen uitnodigen invitare [vt] inviti invita púrlim [vt]
2221 2 lie (utter a known falsehood) [v] lügen liegen, jokken mentire [v] mensogi mentia ogrú [vi]
2222 3 praise, compliment, laud [v] loben roemen, loven lodare [vt] laŭdi lauda
2223 2 request, ask for [v] bitten um, ersuchen verzoeken, vragen om chiedere [vt] peti púrlim [vt]
2224 1 say, tell, express in words [v] sagen zeggen dire [vt] diri dikte parshál [vt]
2225 2 speak, talk [v] sprechen spreken parlare paroli parla dóm [vt] (generally utter or make a sound), fadóm [vt] (speak to dead)
2226 3 suggest, propose (offer an idea) [v] vorschlagen aanraden, voorstellen suggerire [vt], proporre [vt] sugesti sugeste, proposi
2227 2 thank (express gratitude toward) [v] danken danken ringraziare [vt] danki danka ngárshü [vt]
2228 2 warn [v] warnen waarschuwen avvertire [vt] averti
2229 2 debate, argue (discuss the pros and cons of) [v]
2240 2 read [v] lesen lezen leggere [vt] legi lekte kaidü'n
2241 2 write [v] schreiben schrijven scrivere [vt] skribi skripte súrim [vt]
2242 3 symbol, sign, token Sinnbild teken, symbool simbolo simbolo simbole, signe vurír (mainly religious)
2243 3 alphabet Alphabet alfabet alfabeto aboco, alfabeto alfabete hurmányal (Tsolyáni), hurmánlokh (foreign)
2244 3 article, essay (piece of text about one topic) Artikel artikel articolo, saggio artikolo, eseo artikle
2245 3 newspaper Zeitung krant giornale ĵurnalo jurnale
2246 3 magazine (periodical publication) Zeitschrift tijdschrift periodico revuo, gazeto, magazino
2247 3 issue, edition (of periodical etc.) Nummer, Ausgabe uitgave, nummer numero, fascicolo numero kayere
2248 2 book Buch boek libro libro libre korúnkoi
2249 3 chapter (main division of book) Kapitel hoofdstuk capitolo ĉapitro chapitre
2250 2 page (one side of a sheet of paper in a book) Seite bladzijde pagina paĝo pagine táffakh
2251 3 dictionary Wörterbuch woordenboek dizionario, vocabolario vortaro lexike parsháltlekh
2252 3 note, annotation Notiz, Anmerkung aantekening, voetnoot nota noto, piednoto note
2253 3 list Verzeichnis lijst elenco listo liste
2254 3 document Urkunde document documento dokumento dokumente surtlékh
2255 3 file (dossier; loose bundle of documents) Akte dossier, file fascicolo dosiero, rikordaro
2256 3 sign (board with public notice written on it) Schild bord, reclamebord segnale ŝildo signe {?} shárdakh
2257 3 print (to copy marks by pressing inked objects on paper) [v] drucken drukken stampare [vt] presi, printi printa
2258 3 diary, journal (notebook of daily experiences and thoughts)
2260 3 mail (transmit postally) [v] abschicken posten, verzenden spedire [vt] enpoŝtigi posta
2261 2 letter (a message written and mailed) Brief brief lettera letero letre fáshdri-kh
2262 3 address (postal co-ordinates) Adresse adres indirizzo adreso, poŝtadreso adrese watímikh
2265 2 pen (writing tool that uses ink) Feder pen penna plumo plume su|úrikh
2266 3 pencil, crayon (writing tool that uses semi-solid substance) Bleistift potlood matita krajono krayone
2267 3 stylus Nadel schrijfstift stilo (ancient writing instrument), puntina (of a grammophone) grifelo
2270 3 advertisement Anzeige, Reklame advertentie, reklame pubblicità reklamo, reklamaĵo anonse feráikh
2271 3 advice Rat raad, advies consiglio konsilo avise nuchél [vt] (to advise)
2272 2 answer, reply to a question or argument Antwort antwoord rispondere [v] respondo respondo chüká [vt]
2273 3 claim, assertion (statement of unknown accuracy) Behauptung bewering asserzione (generic), pretesa (presumably false) aserto asertione
2274 3 command, order, directive Befehl bevel, opdracht comando komando, ordono komanda [v] harékh
2275 3 history (organized account of past events), chronicle Geschichte geschiedenis storia historio historie balamtsánikh
2276 3 insult Beleidigung belediging insultare [vt], offendere [vt] insulto, ofendo insulta
2277 3 news, tidings Nachricht nieuws, tijding notizie novaĵoj, informoj tsobúlikh
2278 3 promise (a claim about one's future actions), pledge Versprechen belofte, afspraak promessa promeso promiso
2279 3 protest, objection Protest protest obiezione protesto protesto
2280 2 question, query Frage vraag domanda demando questione atkanékh
2282 3 chart, diagram Karte kaart, diagram schema diagramo diagrame
2283 2 map (drawing of planet's surface) Landkarte landkaart carta, mappa mapo mape (given in parentheses), karte chánikh
2284 3 photograph Photo foto(grafie) fotografia foto, fotograf(aĵ)o fotografure
2285 2 voice Stimme stem voce voĉo voise payúlikh
2286 3 consonant (non-vowel) Mitlaut medeklinker, consonant consonante konsonanto konsonante
2287 3 vowel Selbstlaut, Vokal klinker vocale vokalo vokale
2288 3 syllable Silbe lettergreep, syllabe sillaba silabo silabe
2289 1 word Wort woord parola vorto vorte {1928 version}, vorde {1930 version}, vokable parshálikh
2290 3 sentence (of words) Satz zin frase frazo satse
2291 3 vocabulary (sum of words available to a person/people) Wortschatz woordenschat, vocabulaire lessico, vocabolario vortprovizo vokablaro
2292 3 grammar (rules and structure of a language) Grammatik grammatica grammatica gramatiko gramatike krüshatlikh
2293 2 name Name naam nome nomo nome khatúnikh (personal name), dalkhatúnikh (lineage name)
2294 3 fact (undisputed datum) Tatsache feit fatto, dato fakto faktu(m) sáni-kh (truth)
2295 3 label Etikett label, etiket etichetta etikedo
2296 3 quote, cite [v] zitieren citeren citare [vt] citi sita
2297 2 secret [aj] geheim geheim segreto [aj] sekreta sekret(i) chéshnan [aj]
2298 3 code (cryptographic system) Chiffreschrift, Geheimschrift geheimtaal, code cifra {also means "digit"} ĉifro, kodo kode
2299 3 Internet
2300 2 play, recreate, frolic [v] spielen, Spass machen spelen giocare [v] ludi [vi] luda charsé [vt]
2301 3 toy, plaything Spielzeug speelgoed giocattolo ludilo ludilo
2302 3 doll Puppe pop bambola pupo pupee
2303 3 kite
2310 3 art (creative craft; productive use of talent) Kunst kunst arte arto arte rínmü (?)
2311 3 artist
2312 3 painting
2315 2 music Musik muziek musica muziko musike hisékh
2316 3 musician
2317 2 sing [v] singen zingen cantare [vt] kanti kanta siunél [vt], nu|án [vt] (sing onés death-song), mnurún [vt] (hymn)
2318 3 concert
2320 2 bell Glocke bel campana sonorilo kloche
2321 2 drum (hollow musical instrument beaten with sticks or hands) Trommel trom, drum tamburo tamburo tambure moróngikh (generic), korángkorènikh (great wardrum)
2322 2 guitar Gitarre gitaar chitarra gitaro gitare
2323 2 horn (makes noise when blown) Horn, Hupe claxon corno korno, latuninstrumento korne zamshérikh
2324 2 piano
2330 3 orchestra
2340 3 poem Gedicht gedicht poesia poemo poeme terúkh (poetry)
2341 3 poet
2342 3 fiction Dichtung verdichting, roman storia (invented story or statement); narrativa (literary genre) fikcio fiktione
2343 2 story Geschichte verhaal, verslag storia, racconto raporto, rakonto rakonte kabárikh [ni]
2344 3 novel
2345 3 actor
2346 3 play (performed by actors on stage), drama Stück, Drama toneelstuk, drama rappresentazione teatrale teatraĵo drama(te)
2347 3 movie, motion picture Film film film kino, kinofilmo
2348 3 television programme, TV show
2349 3 comedy
2350 3 drama
2351 3 mystery Mysterium mysterie mistero mistero misterie chéshnakh
2352 3 animated cartoon
2355 2 game (a rule-governed system of competitive amusement) Spiel spel gioco ludo lude charsékh
2356 3 game, match (one particular encounter between competitors) Partie wedstrijd, manche, kamp partita (more generic); incontro (used for some sports) matĉo, partio mache charsékh
2357 3 athletics (games involving physical skill), sports Athletik atletiek sport sportoj {atleti ludes?}
2358 3 athlete
2359 3 tournament
2360 3 champion
2361 3 coach (one who directs athletes)
2363 3 score (the tally of points in a competition) Punktzahl score punteggio poentaro
2364 3 umpire, referee, official Schiedsrichter scheidsrechter arbitro juĝanto, arbitracianto arbitrere
2365 2 ball (spheroidal plaything) Ball bal palla pilko bule
2366 2 win (triumph in a competition) [v]
2367 2 lose (be defeated in a competition) [v]
2368 3 tie (having the same score as opponent)
2369 3 defeat, beat (cause to lose) [v]
2370 3 baseball Baseball honkball baseball basbalo, basbalpilko
2371 3 bat (ball-hitting tool in baseball)
2372 3 pitcher (in baseball)
2373 3 catcher (in baseball)
2380 3 basketball Korbball basketball pallacanestro korbopilko
2381 3 football (association f~), soccer Fussball voetbal calcio futbalo
2382 3 goalkeeper
2383 3 football (American/tackle f~) calcio usona piedpilkludo
2384 3 gymnastics Gymnastik gymnastiek ginnastica gimnastiko gimnastike
2385 3 hockey Hockey hockey hockey hokeo
2386 3 tennis Tennis tennis tennis teniso tenise
2387 3 golf
2388 3 ski Schi ski sci skiilo, skio ski
2389 3 pool, billiards Billiard biljart biliardo bilardo biliarde
2390 3 chess Schach schaak scacchi {plural only} ŝako shake
2391 3 pawn (chesspiece)
2392 3 rook (chesspiece)
2393 3 knight (chesspiece)
2394 3 bishop (chesspiece)
2395 3 queen (chesspiece)
2396 3 king (chesspiece)
2397 3 checkmate
2402 1 same, identical [aj] selbe, gleich zelfde uguale [aj] sama sam(i), identi prúrin [aj]
2404 2 equal [aj] gleich gelijk uguale [aj] (equal); pari [aj] (at the same level) egala egal(i)
2406 2 similar [aj] ähnlich soortgelijk simile [aj] simila simil(i) ssyi- [pfx] (like)
2408 1 different [aj] verschieden verschillend diverso, differente [aj] malsama, malsimila diferanti leshá|an [aj]
2410 1 other, another [aj/pn] andere ander, andere altro [aj/pn] alia altri [aj], altre(-o, -a) [pn] brásin [aj]
2412 2 change (become/make different), vary [v] verändern veranderen cambiare [vt and vi] ŝanĝi [vt], ŝanĝiĝi [vi], varii chanja chantu|ún [vi], nochantu|ún [vt]
2414 3 imitate, mimic [v] nachmachen nabootsen imitare [vt] imiti imita, mima
2416 3 original, non-imitative [aj] ursprünglich oorspronkelijk originale [aj] originala original
2418 3 prototype, exemplar, archetype Urbild prototype, model modello, prototipo prototipo exemplere, modele
2420 3 copy (a duplicate) Nachbildung, Duplikat copie copia kopio, ekzemplero kopie, duplikate dakhshárikh
2422 3 model (small or simplified copy of something)
2424 2 seem, appear to be, give the impression of [v] scheinen schijnen, lijken sembrare [v] ŝajni sembla choqü'she [vi]
2426 2 resemble [v]
2428 3 common, general (shared by all members of a group) [aj] allgemein, gemeinsam gemeen comune [aj] komuna komun(i) shorúnin
2430 3 specific, special, particular [aj] besonder, einzeln bijzonder specifico [aj] (which makes different); speciale [aj] (peculiar trait) specifa, aparta special, partikulari
2432 3 represent (act as a substitute for) [v] vertreten voorstellen rappresentare [vt] reprezenti, anstataŭi [vt] representa
2434 3 substitute, surrogate (temporary replacement) Stellvertreter substituut, surrogaat surrogato provizora anstataŭaĵo, anstataŭanto substitute (-o, -a)
2436 3 replacement (permanent substitute/substitution) Ersatz vervanging ricambio (a thing), sostituto (a person) porĉiama anstataŭaĵo, anstataŭulo remplasere {*}
2438 3 relationship, association Beziehung verwantschap relatione rilato relato
2440 3 reciprocal (done to each other) [aj] gegenseitig wederzijdsch reciproco, mutuo [aj] reciproka mutual
2442 3 consist of, be composed of [v] bestehen aus bestaan in essere composto di [v], essere fatto di [v] konsisti el konsista ek
2444 3 version
2500 2 zero [num] Null nul zero nulo sero sü'dhikh [num]
2501 0 one [num] eins een uno unu un, uni (emphatic) prúkoi [num] (noble), prúkh [num] (ignoble)
2502 1 two [num] zwei twee due du du gáyal [num]
2503 1 three [num] drei drie tre tri tri bíyal [num]
2504 1 four [num] vier vier quattro kvar quar mríyal [num]
2505 1 five [num] funf vijf cinque kvin sink tlóyal [num]
2506 1 six [num] sechs zes sei ses six gabíyal [num]
2507 1 seven [num] sieben zeven sette sep sep {1928 version}, set {1930 version} hrúyal [num]
2508 1 eight [num] acht acht otto ok ok {1928 version}, ot {1930 version} gámiyal [num]
2509 1 nine [num] neun negen nove naŭ nin prútleyal [num]
2510 2 ten [num] zehn tien dieci dek dek tléyal [num]
2515 2 hundred [num] hunderd honderd cento cent sent mriktáyal [num]
2520 2 thousand [num] tausend duizend mille mil mil tauknélyal [num]
2525 3 million [num] Million millioen milione miliono milione yürdü'nyal [num]
2530 1 half (1/2) [num] halb helft metà , mezzo duono duime eshán [num]
2541 2 first [ord]
2542 2 second [ord]
2551 1 once (occurring one time; for one iteration) [av]
2552 1 twice (happening two times; for two iterations) [av]
2600 2 quantity (amount / number / magnitude) Menge, Quantität kwantiteit quantità kvanto quantitate osü'nikh
2601 2 number, numeral (a word or symbol indicating quantity) Nummer, Zahl nummer, getal numero numeralo, numero, cifero nombre osü'nikh
2602 3 count, enumerate [v] zählen tellen contare [vt] nombri konta háshba [vt]
2603 3 ratio, rate, proportion Verhältnis verhouding rapporto racio, proporcio proportione
2610 3 measure [v] messen meten misurare [vt] mezuri mesura chéju [vt]
2611 3 liter
2612 3 kilogram
2613 3 meter (S.I. unit of length)
2620 2 add, append, join so as to cause an increase [v] hinzufügen, addieren toevoegen aggiungere [vt] aldoni, adicii adi békme [vt]
2621 2 subtract, remove [v] entfernen, subtrahieren afnemen, verplaatsen togliere [vt] depreni, subtrahi subtrakte hiutlé [vt]
2622 2 increase (become or make greater in quantity) [v] vermehren aangroeien aumentare [vt and vi] plimultigi kreska [vi] {?}, fika ... kreska [vt] {?} chuvága [vt]
2623 2 decrease (become or make lesser in quantity) [v] reduzieren, verringern minderen, afnemen diminuire [vt and vi] malplimultigi deskreska {?} palmü' [vi]
2624 3 multiply [v] multiplizieren vermenigvuldigen moltiplicare [vt] obligi, multipliki multisa, multiplika burtlé [vt]
2625 3 divide [v] teilen deelen dividere [vt] dividi divise, parta chnástle [vt]
2630 3 total, sum, aggregate Gesamtsumme totaal totale, somma sumo, totalo sume shírikh
2631 3 rest (of ...), remainder, leftovers, remnant Rest rest resto cetero, restaĵo seterum qangmékh
2632 3 set (complete group of similar items e.g. character set, chess set) Satz, Garnitur set {!} aro {kolektione?} jthatsánikh (?)
2640 1 whole, entire, complete [aj] ganz geheel tutto, intero [aj] tuta, entuta integri, komplet(i) shírin [aj]
2641 1 all (the whole number or entire sum of) [aj] all, ganz al, alle tutto [aj] ĉiuj toti (the whole of), omni (every) qúrukh [aj], qùru- [pfx]
2642 1 many (a large number of) [aj] viele veel molti [aj] {plural of "molto"} multaj multi [aj], multes [pn] búruyal [n], búrun [aj], bùru- [pfx]
2643 1 few (a small number of) [aj] wenige weinig pochi [aj] {plural of "poco"} malmultaj, kelkaj poki [aj], pokes [pn] táin [aj], tài- [pfx]
2644 1 much (a large quantity of) [aj] viel veel molto [av] multe (da), multo multi [aj], multum [pn] búrun [aj], bùru- [pfx]
2645 2 more (a larger quantity of) [aj] mehr meer più, di più [av] pli (multe da), pli (multaj) plu [av] búrunggalin [aj], búrunggal [av]
2646 2 most (the largest quantity of) [aj] meist, die meisten meest moltissimo [av], il più ... possibile la plimulto, la plejmulto, la pliparto, la plejparto maxim búrunggalun [aj], búrunggalu [av]
2647 1 little (a small quantity of) [aj] wenig [aj], bisschen [pn] beetje [n] un pò di [av] iomete (da) poki [aj], pokum [pn] hiún [aj]
2648 2 less (a smaller quantity of) [aj] weniger minder meno [av] malpli (multe) (da), malplimulto min hiúnggal [av], hiúnggalin [aj]
2649 2 least (the smallest quantity of) [aj] mindeste minimo [aj] malplej (multe) (da) minim hiúnggalu [av], hiúnggalun [aj] (?)
2660 1 part Teil deel parte parto parte nótlikh
2661 1 piece (a part broken/cut/separated from something larger) Stück stuk pezzo peco piese nótlikh
2662 2 section, segment (a part somehow different/separated from others) Abschnitt snijding sezione sekcio, segmento sektione, segmente
2663 3 allotment, portion (someone's share of X) Zuteilung toewijzen parte porcio portione
2664 3 batch (quantity of things done/produced at one time) Schub, Satz baksel lotto, partita kolekto, fornpleno
2665 2 bundle, bunch (group of things tied or grouped together) Bündel bos, bundel gruppo fasko, pako bundle
2670 3 majority Mehrheit meerderheid maggioranza plimulto, pliparto, majoritato majoritate
2671 3 minority Minderheit minderheid minoranza malplimulto, malpliparto, minoritato minoritate
2680 3 density Dichte dichtheid densità denseco denseso {*}, densitate {*}
2681 2 dense (of much density), concentrated, thick, intense [aj] dicht dicht, intens denso [aj] densa densi
2682 2 rarefied, tenuous, diffuse, dilute, sparse, wispy [aj] verdünnt, spärlich, schwach schaars, dun rado [aj], diluito [aj] (of liquids); rarefatto [aj] (of gasses) maldensa tenu(i)
2685 1 full, filled [aj] voll vol pieno [aj] plena plen(i) tsülraháin [aj]
2686 1 empty [aj] leer leeg vuoto [aj] malplena vakui tsülmróqan [aj]
2700 3 degree (the extent/intensity/scope of an action/condition/relation) Grad graad, mate grado grado, kiomo gradu ngéfukh
2710 0 as much as (to the same degree as)
2711 2 at least, not less than (>=) [av] zum mindesten ten minste almeno [av] almenaŭ aminim
2712 2 at most, only, just, merely, not more than [av] nicht mehr als hoogstens al più [av] nur, ne pli ol amaxim
2721 1 very, much (to a large degree; with great intensity) [av] viel zeer, erg molto [av] multe, tre tre búrun [aj]
2722 2 more (to a larger degree) [av] mehr meer più [av] pli, plimulte plu búrunggalin [aj]
2723 2 most (to the largest degree) [av] meist meest -issimamente [av] {productive suffix for superlative adverb creation} plej, plejmulte maxim búrunggalun [aj]
2724 1 little (to a small degree; with almost no intensity) [av] wenig amper poco [av] malmulte pokim hiún [aj]
2725 2 less (to a smaller degree) [av] kleiner, weniger minder meno [av] malpli, malplimulte min hiúnggalin [aj]
2726 2 least (to the smallest degree) [av] am wenigsten minst pochissimo [aj/av] malplej, malplejmulte minim hiúnggalun [aj] (?)
2730 1 almost, nearly [av] fast bijna quasi [av] preskaŭ preske hlóin [av]
2731 2 enough, sufficiently [av] genug genoeg abbastanza [av] sufiĉe
2732 2 too much, excessively [av] zu viel troppo [aj/av] tro tro káuyal [n], káun [aj], kàu- [pfx]
2733 2 too little, insufficiently [av] zu wenig troppo poco [av] maltro, nesufiĉe tro pokim {?} lü'myal [n], lü'min [aj], lü`m- [pfx]
2801 3 size (degree of largeness or smallness) Größe grootte grandezza grandeco grandeso datlánikh
2802 2 huge, enormous, gigantic [aj] riesig, gigantisch kolossaal enorme, gigantesco [aj] grandega, enorma grandisi, enormi
2803 1 big, large (of much size) [aj] groß groot grande [aj] granda grandi dáli-n [aj]
2804 1 small (of little size) [aj] klein klein piccolo [aj] malgranda mikri ní-n [aj]
2805 2 tiny, minuscule [aj] winzig miniem piccolissimo, minuscolo [aj] malgrandega, eta mikrisi {*}
2807 2 expand, grow, become larger [v] sich ausbreiten, wachsen uitzetten crescere [vi] kreski kreska dálishe [vi]
2808 2 shrink, contract, become smaller [v] schrumpfen krimpen diminuire [v], ridursi [v] malkreski deskreska {*}
2810 3 distance (amount of space from X to Y) Entfernung, Ferne afstand distanza distanco, interspaco disto, distantia tusílikh
2811 2 far (at / to a great distance) [aj/av] fern, entfernt ver lontano [aj] fora, dista, malproksima ferni, distanti [aj], fernim [av] tusílin [aj/av]
2812 2 near (at / to a little distance) [aj/av] nahe na vicino [aj] proksima proximi [aj], proximu [av] hatsílin [aj], hats- [pfx]
2814 3 present (existing in the indicated place; contra-absent) [aj] anwesend tegenwoordig bij presente [aj] ĉeestanta presenti hadrárin [aj]
2815 3 absent [aj] abwesend afwezig assente [aj], mancante [aj] forestanta, mankanta absent(i) yaltsálin [aj] (?)
2816 2 place, location Ort, Lage oord luogo, posto loko loke kardénekh
2820 3 length (distance from one end to the other) Länge lengte lunghezza longeco longeso {*}, longitate {*}
2821 2 long (of much length) [aj] lang lang lungo [aj] longa longi ksíbi-n [aj]
2822 2 short (of little length) [aj] kurz kort corto [aj] mallonga kurti ní-n [aj]
2825 3 width (degree of wideness or narrowness) Breite breedte larghezza larĝeco, vasteco larjeso {*}, larjitate {*} qadímikh
2826 2 wide, broad (of space between objects) [aj] breit wijd, breed largo [aj] larĝa, vasta larji qadímin [aj]
2827 2 narrow, of little width (of space between objects) [aj] eng nauw stretto [aj] mallarĝa, malvasta angusti, streti
2830 3 thickness (of a solid object, etc.) Dicke spessore dikeco dikeso {*}, dikitate {*}
2831 2 thick, fat (large from one surface to the opposite surface) [aj] dick dik spesso [aj] dika diki nráifan [aj]
2832 2 thin, slender (small from one surface to the opposite surface) [aj] dünn, schlank dun sottile [aj] maldika tenu(i) si|ízan [aj]
2835 3 height (distance from ground / baseline to top) Höhe hoogte altezza alteco alteso {*}, altitate {*}
2836 2 high, tall (of much height) [aj] hoch, lang hoog alto [aj] alta alti ksíbi-n [aj]
2837 2 low, short (not tall; of little height) [aj] niedrig laag basso [aj] (mainly vertical), corto [aj] (mainly horizontal) malalta basi ní-n [aj]
2840 3 depth (distance from ground / baseline down to bottom) Tiefe diepte profondità profundeco profundeso
2841 2 deep, profound (of much depth) [aj] teif diep profondo [aj] profunda profundi
2842 2 shallow (of little depth) [aj] seicht, flach ondiep basso [aj] malprofunda desprofundi {*}
2845 3 horizontal [aj] waagerecht horizontaal orizzontale [aj] horizontala horisontal
2846 3 vertical [aj] senkrecht verticaal verticale [aj] vertikala vertikal
2847 3 diagonal, slanted [aj] schräg, diagonal diagonaal diagonale [aj] oblikva diagonal(i)
2848 3 sloped, inclined/declined (not horizontal) [aj] schräg, geneigt glooiend inclinato [aj] klina, dekliva inklinanti
2850 3 angle (the relation of two lines radiating from a point) Winkel hoek angolo angulo angule
2851 3 position (location relative to others) Lage ligging, positie posizione pozicio positione
2852 3 region, area (a quantity of space within boundaries) Gegend streek area areo, regiono regione; area (= 'area' in the quantitative sense) fátlanikh
2853 2 space, room Raum ruimte spazio spaco spatie náti-kh
2854 3 connection, joint, junction Verbindung, Verknüpfung verbinding connessione, giuntura ligo, kunligiĝo, konekto, jungo konektione
2855 3 environment, surroundings Umwelt, Umgebung omgeving ambiente ĉirkaŭaĵo, medio
2860 2 front Vorderseite voorzijde fronte, davanti [substantivated av], parte anteriore antaŭo fronte (used for both "forehead" and "fore part" of anything!) guréngikh
2861 2 rear, back part of Rückseite achterkant retro, dietro [substantivated av], parte posteriore malantaŭo reverse dhíkh
2862 2 side, flank, lateral area Seite zijde lato, fianco flanko, latero flanke páslekh
2863 2 middle, center Mitte midden parte centrale, centro mezo, centro sentre daisü'mikh
2864 2 top, peak höchste Punkt, Spitze, Gipfel top cima, punta supro, pinto kulmine, somite sánikh
2865 2 bottom Boden bodem base malsupro funde dhúkh
2866 2 edge Rand, Kante rand bordo rando borde qapáikh
2867 3 inner, internal, interior [aj] innen binnen interno [substantivated aj] interna interni brún [aj]
2868 3 outer, exterior, external [aj] außen buiten esterno [substantivated aj] ekstera extri tsíren [aj]
2869 3 limit, boundary Grenze grens confine, limite limo limite pasqáikh
2870 2 find (discover the location of) [v] finden vinden trovare [vt] trovi trova tsáipa [vt]
2871 2 misplace (lose; become unable to find) [v] verlegen misplaatsen perdere [vt] misloki perda eqái [vt]
2900 2 direction (orientation of motion) Richten richting direzione direkto direktione bárikh
2901 1 up [av] aufwärts op su [prep], sopra [av] supren, sor {rare} sómin [av]
2902 1 down [av] herunter beneden sotto [av] malsupren, sob {rare} dhún [av]
2903 2 right(-hand) [aj] recht rechter a destra [av] dekstra dextri dichérin [aj]
2904 2 left(-hand) [aj] linke linker a sinistra [av] maldekstra, liva {rare} lefti fayárin [aj]
2910 3 north Nord noorden nord nordo nord ghádri-kh
2912 3 south Süd zuiden sud sudo sud dubélikh
2914 3 east Ost oosten est oriento est mashíqikh
2916 3 west West westen ovest okcidento vest mrebúnikh
2920 2 away (from this or that place) [av] weg, fort weg {no adverb for that; use verbs like "allontanarsi": to go away, etc.} for frou mik- [pfx]
2921 2 back (to previous place / condition) [av] zurück terug {no adverb for that; use verbs like "ritornare" to come back, etc.} reen, reire, revene retro tsín [av] (?)
2922 3 backward [av] rückwärts achterwaarts al contrario [av] malantaŭen
2923 3 forward [av] vorwarts voorwaarts davanti [av] antaŭe(-n) devanu jaidü'n [av]
2924 3 upside-down, inverted [aj] verkehrt onderste-boven rovesciato [aj], invertito [aj] inversa inversi hugáum [vt] (turn upside down)
2926 3 direct, immediate (with no intermediaries or obstacles) [aj] gerade rechtstreeks immediato [aj] rekta, senpera direkti morélin [aj]
2927 3 meandering, convoluted, serpentine [aj] schlängeln kronkelend, slangachtig tortuoso [aj] serpentuma, serpentanta sinuosi
2930 2 source, origin Quelle bron fonte, origine fonto, origino, deveno fonte, origine
2931 2 route, path, course Bahn, Weg weg, route strada (as an actual path between two locations); via (also figuratively) vojo rute, vie
2932 3 destination Bestimmung bestemming destinazione, punto di arrivo destino, celo destinatione
2941 2 city Stadt stad città urbo, metropolo urbe saválikh (generic), saválkoi (onés own city)
2942 2 village Dorf dorp villaggio vilaĝo, urbeto vilaje láithikh
2943 3 rural area, countryside Land platteland campagna kamparo rure
2950 2 apart [av] einzeln afzonderlijk, apart separatamente [av] aparte, dise separatim ibáshan
2951 2 together [av] miteinander, zusammen samen insieme [av] kune junktim págin
2952 2 alone [av]
2960 3 parallel [aj] parallel evenwijdig, parallel parallelo [aj] paralela paralel(i)
3000 2 travel (go from one location to other locations) [v]
3001 1 go (move from starting point to elsewhere) [v] gehen gaan andare [v] iri vada múle [vi]
3002 1 come, arrive (at indicated place) [v] kommen komen arrivare [v] (generic); venire [v] (to arrive near to speaker) veni, alveni veni, ariva pál [vi], tsámoyel [vi] (honorific)
3003 2 leave, depart, go away from [v] lassen verlaten lasciare [vt], andare via da [v], andarsene [vr] foriri, lasi, forlasi [vt] departa misín [vi]
3010 2 send (cause to go), dispatch, transmit [v] senden zenden mandare [vt] sendi senda khéshdu [vt]
3012 1 put (cause item X to be located at place Y) [v] stellen stellen, zetten porre [vt]; piazzare [vt] (said of heavy or bulky things) meti, transloki posi kardén [vt]
3014 2 drive, impel, propel [v] antreiben aandrijven spingere [vt] peli pusha
3016 3 emit (to send out any form of matter/energy in any manner) [v] ausströmen uitzenden emettere [vt] eligi emise
3020 3 attract [v] anziehen aanlokken attarre [vt], attirare [vt] allogi, altiri atrakte
3021 3 repel [v] zurückschlagen, abstossen terugdrijven respingere [vt] forpuŝi, repeli (drive back) repulse
3030 2 aim (to point/direct X toward Y) [v] zielen mikken puntare [v] celi ema (= aim at)
3031 2 avoid, evade, keep away from [v] vermeiden vermijden evitare [vt] eviti evita
3032 1 bring (cause something to come along with one toward a place) [v] bringen brengen portare [vt] alporti, venigi, kunpreni, kunporti nopál [vt], ji|íba [vt] (lit., archaic)
3033 2 capture, seize [v] fangen vangen prendere [vt] ; catturare [vt] kapti, ekkapti [vt] kapta opétl [vt]
3034 2 carry (move while supporting) [v] tragen dragen portare [vt] porti porta sríshte [vt]
3035 3 drift, wander [v] treiben, wandern dwalen vagare [v] vagi drifta dhaipü'n [vi]
3036 2 enter, go into [v] hereinkommen binnentreden entrare [vi] eniri, enveni envada shüvü'n [vi], marayón [vi] (honorific)
3037 3 escape, flee from [v] entgehen ontvluchten fuggire [v], scappare [v] fuĝi, eskapi eskapa fashé [vi]
3038 1 fly (move through the air) [v] fleigen vliegen volare [v] flugi vola [?] hlássa [vi]
3039 2 gather, collect (bring or come together) [v] einsammeln vergaren [vt], vergaderen [vi] raccogliere [vt] kolekti, kunigi, kunvenigi kolekte jútha [vt]
3040 3 meet, encounter, come across [v] treffen ontmoeten incontrare [vt] renkonti renkontra fa|ár [vt]
3041 3 miss, fail to hit/reach/see etc. [v] fehlen missen, misschieten mancare [vt] maltrafi falia
3042 2 reach, extend as far as [v] reichen bereiken raggiungere [vt] (with a movement); estendersi fino a [v] (to lay unto) atingi, etendiĝi extense a hináng [vt]
3043 3 release (quit keeping/restraining) [v] entlassen loslaten liberare [vt], rilasciare [vt] ellasi, liberigi liberisa {?} sa|í [vt]
3044 2 remain, stay [v] bleiben blijven stare [vi], rimanere [vi] resti [vi] resta guál [vi] (be), nyakái [vi] (last, endure)
3045 3 restrain, inhibit, hold back [v] zurückhalten bedwingen, remmen frenare [vt], trattenere [vt] inhibicii, bridi, reteni retena
3046 2 retrieve, fetch (go to X and bring it back) [v] holen terugbrengen riportare [vt] reporti rekupera nuín [vt]
3047 2 return (go or send back to previous place/condition) [v] zurückkehren terugkomen, teruggaan tornare [vi] reveni, revenigi, reiri retrovada, retrosenda
3048 2 ride (sit/perch in/on a vehicle/horse/etc. and travel) [v] reiten rijden viaggiare [v] veturi, rajdi vehikla tókta [vi]
3049 3 roll (move like a ball/cylinder by turning over and over) [v] rollen rollen rotolare [v] ruliĝi [vi] rula yojóme [vi]
3050 3 slide, slip, glide [v] gleiten uitglijden scivolare [v] gliti glida
3051 3 stretch, extend [v] strecken rekken, strekken estendersi [vr] etendi extense hináng [vt]
3052 2 turn (send in a different direction), divert [v] kehren afwenden girare [vt] (general); deviare [vt] (divert X from normal direction) devojigi, turni [vt] turna qadlán [vi]
3053 2 turn, rotate, revolve [v] drehen draaien girare [vi] turni [vt], turniĝi [vi], (rotacii, rivolui) turna, rota daunár [vt]
3054 3 visit [v] besuchen bezoeken visitare [vt] viziti visita huíl [vt]
3071 3 barrier, obstacle Hindernis hek, hinderpaal ostacolo baro bare
3072 3 base, node, station (point from which things go or are done) Station honk, base, station base bazo base, statione
3073 2 journey, trip, voyage Fahrt reis viaggio vojaĝo voyaje thékukh
3074 3 load, burden Ladung last carico ŝarĝo {prob. derived from charja = load [v]} tópsükh
3100 3 vehicle Fahrzug voertuig veicolo veturilo vehikle
3102 3 airplane, aircraft Flugzeug luchthaven aeroplano, aereo aviadilo, aeroplano avie
3104 3 canoe
3106 2 boat Boot boot barca (small), nave (large) boato bote déka-kh
3108 3 ship Schiff schip nave ŝipo shipe chlámekh (generic - other specific types)
3110 3 bicycle Fahrrad fiets bicicletta biciklo bisikle
3112 3 motorcycle Motorrad motorfiets motocicletta, moto motorciklo
3114 2 cart, carriage, wagon (wheeled vehicle; not self-propelled) Karren wagon vettura, vagone (of train), carro (with animal traction) vagono, ĉaro chare hóggukh
3116 3 train (of railroad) Zug trein treno trajno, vagonaro trene
3118 2 car, automobile (wheeled motor vehicle) Auto, Wagen auto automobile (written Italian), macchina (spoken Italian) aŭtomobilo, aŭto {colloquial} automobile
3120 3 bus Bus autobus autobus aŭtobuso, buso {colloquial} omnibuse
3122 3 truck {British: lorry} (motor vehicle for cargo-carrying) Lastwagen vrachtauto camion, furgone kamiono, ŝarĝaŭto kamione
3124 3 rocket Rakete raket razzo rakedo rakete
3125 3 spaceship, starship
3130 3 canal, channel Kanal kanaal canale kanalo kanale bafaikánikh
3132 3 port Hafen haven porto haveno portu ma|ilokánikh
3134 3 railroad Eisenbahn spoorweg ferrovia fervojo relvie, fervie
3136 2 road Weg, Strasse landweg strada vojo vie shárikh, gaimátsukh (avenue), sákbekh (imperial highway)
3138 2 street Strasse straat via strato strade gaimátsukh (avenue), tlopánikh (city)
3150 3 brake Bremse rem freno bremsilo frene
3152 3 oar Paddel riem, roeiriem remo padelo, remilo reme tiershóikh
3154 2 motor, engine Motor motor motore motoro motore
3156 2 wheel Rad wiel ruota rado rote kartúmukh
3200 2 time (the dimension/continuum of past-present-future) Zeit tijd tempo tempo tempe tlaqólikh
3201 3 the past Vergangenheits verleden passato pasinteco, estinteco, iso yagaishékh
3202 3 the present Gegenwart het heden presente estanteco, nuntempo, nuno presente
3203 3 the future Zukunft toekomst futuro estonteco, oso future hoqókh
3204 2 long ago (in the far past) [av] vor langem molto tempo fa [av], una volta [av] (colloquial) antaŭlonge longim anteu {?} yagaishékh
3205 2 recently (in the near past) [av] vor kurzem onlangs recentemente [av] lastatempe, antaŭnelonge resentim nechontól [av]
3206 1 now (at this time) [av] jetzt nu ora [av] nun, nuntempe nun erú [av]
3207 2 soon (in the near future) [av] bald spoedig presto [av] baldaŭ, postnelonge bald, proxitem nebán [av]
3208 2 eventually (in the far future) [av] im Laufe der Zeit alla fine [av] forestonte, finfine, postlonge longim aftru {?}
3209 3 ex- (as in "ex-president"), former [aj/pfx]
3210 3 -to-be (as in "bride-to-be"), pre- (not yet but will be) [aj/pfx]
3211 3 age (degree of oldness / youngness) Alter leeftijd età aĝo aje hutárikh
3212 2 young (of little age; having existed/lived for a brief time) [aj] jung jong giovane [aj] juna yun(i) láisan [aj]
3213 2 old (of much age; having existed/lived for a long time) [aj] alt oud vecchio [aj] , anziano [aj] (more 'politically correct') maljuna old(i), ansieni thu|ínin [aj] (persons), -thu [sfx], ngúpan [aj] (things), -ngu [sfx]
3214 2 new, novel, recent (having been known for a brief time) [aj] neu nieuw nuovo [aj] nova nov(i) láisan [aj]
3215 2 old (of long standing; having been known for a long time) [aj] alt oud vecchio [aj] malnova old(i), ansieni thu|ínin [aj] (persons), -thu [sfx], ngúpan [aj] (things), -ngu [sfx]
3216 3 permanent, perpetual [aj] dauernd bestendig permanente [aj] konstanta, neŝanĝiĝema, daŭra, ĉiama, senĉesa permananti, perpetual
3217 3 constant, invariant, stable [aj] beständig standvastig, constant costante [aj] konstanta, nevarianta, stabila konstanti
3218 3 temporary, transient [aj] zeitweilig tijdelijk temporaneo [aj] malkonstanta, provizora, portempa efemeri {?}
3219 3 interval (quantity of time between events X and Y) Abstand tussentijd intervallo intervalo, periodo, intertempo intervale
3220 3 irregular, sporadic, intermittent [aj] unregalmässig sporadisch, intermitterend irregolare [aj] (changes unpredictably); sporadico [aj] (irregularly) neregula, foja, sporada, laŭokaza intermitenti, okasional
3221 3 regular (at uniform intervals), periodic [aj] regalmässig regelmatig regolare [aj] (changes predictably); periodico [aj] (happens regularly) regula periodi
3222 3 rhythm Rhythmus ritmus ritmo ritmo ritme
3223 3 cycle (one complete performance of a periodic process) Periode cyclus ciclo ciklo sikle
3224 3 frequency (degree of oftenness or seldomness) Häufigkeit frequentie frequenza ofteco frequenteso {*}, frequentitate {*}
3225 2 frequently, often [av] häufig, oft vaak spesso [av] ofte frequentim {*} anzán [av]
3226 2 seldom, rarely [av] selten zelden raramente [av] malofte rarim {*}
3227 1 time (e.g. "do it 3 times"), occasion, instance, iteration Mal maal, keer volta fojo foye {-foy in adverbs, e. g. trifoy = 3 times} mshékh, -jabí [av sfx] (added to numerals)
3228 1 again, once more, re- [av] noch einmal weder ancora [av], di nuovo [av] ree, refoje, denove altrifoy echú [av]
3229 3 alternate, take turns (do X then Y then X then Y) [v] wechseln afwisselen alternare [vt] alterni [vi] alterna
3230 3 duration (amount of time consumed) Dauer, Zeit duur durata daŭro {would be formed from dura = to last, endure, continue} hlatsánukh
3231 2 long (of much duration) [aj] lange langdurig lungo [aj] longa, longdaŭra longitem thamú|un [aj]
3232 2 short, brief (of little duration) [aj] kurz beknopt, kort corto [aj] mallonga, mallongdaŭra kurtitem {*} yifáin [aj]
3233 3 gradual [aj] stufenweise, allmählich geleidelijk graduale [aj] iompostioma, grada, laŭgrada gradual artón [aj]
3234 3 sudden, abrupt [aj] plötzlich plotseling imrovviso [aj] subita subit(i), abrupti chimákin [aj]
3235 1 begin, commence, start [v] anfangen, beginnen beginnen cominciare [vt/i], inziare [vt/i] komenci [vt], komenciĝi [vi] komensa, starta otún [verbal aspect indicator]
3236 1 continue, keep on doing/being [v] fortfahren zu ... voortzetten continuare [vt/i] daŭrigi [vt], daŭriĝi [vi] kontinua -do [v sfx] (after vowels), -udò [v sfx] (after consonants)
3237 2 pause, hesitate, suspend action temporarily [v] pausieren pauzeren interrompere [vt], sospendere [vt] paŭzi, heziti pausa, hesita
3238 1 end, conclude, finish [v] enden [vi], beended [vt] eindigen finire [vt] fini [vt], finiĝi [vi] fina tané [verbal aspect indicator]
3239 1 cease, stop doing, quit [v] aufhören ophouden smettere [v] ĉesigi [vt], ĉesi [vi] sesa lümé [vi], munchétl [vt] (to stop something), tané [v asp. ind.]
3240 3 period, era, epoch Zeitrechnung, Epoche tijdperk epoca, periodo epoko periode, ere, epoke hlatsánukh
3241 2 moment, an instant Augenblick ogenblik momento, istante momento momente, instante mshékh (?)
3242 1 always (at all times) [av] immer altijd sempre [av] ĉiam, ĉiame sempre qùrujabí-n [av]
3243 2 ever (at any time) [av] jemals ooit quandunque [av] iam irgitem hlòntlaqólin [av]
3244 2 never [av] nie nooit mai [av] neniam nul(i)tem thálün [av] (future+cond), yáthalün (past+fut), yálün (past+pres)
3245 2 already (prior to the time mentioned) [av] schon reeds, al già [av] jam ja, anteu mikchén [av]
3246 2 still, yet (even until the time mentioned) [av] noch, schon nog ancora [av] ankoraŭ ankore kámtla [av] [cj]
3247 3 ancient
3248 3 modern
3250 2 early, premature [aj/av] vorzeitig vroeg presto [av] frua, frue, antaŭmatura frui [aj], fruim[av] (= early), prematuri nechqól [av], nechqólin [aj]
3251 3 timely, prompt, on time [av/aj] zeitig op de juiste tijd in tempo [av] ĝustatempe [av], ĝustatempa [aj]
3252 2 late, tardy [aj/av] spät laat tardi [av] malfrua, malfrue tardi [aj], tardim [av] adélin [aj]
3253 3 delay, retard, tarry [v] verzögern uitstellen ritardare [vt] prokrasti, malrapidigi, malakceli tardisa
3254 2 rush, hurry, hasten [v] eilen, beschleunigen snellen affrettare [vt], affrettarsi [vr] hasti, rapidi hasta jáimu [vi]
3255 2 wait (for), await [v] warten (auf) wachten (op) aspettare [vt] atendi [vt] varta kalékte [vt]
3256 3 speed, velocity (degree of fastness or slowness) Geschwindigkeit snelheid velocità rapideco, velocito rapideso, rapiditate {*}
3257 2 quickly, rapidly, swiftly (with much speed) [av] schnell vlug, snel, gauw velocemente [av] rapide rapidim nebán [av]
3258 2 slowly (with little speed) [av] langsam langzaam lentamente [av] malrapide lentim neyapá [av]
3259 3 series (a number of similar things following one another) Reihe serie, reeks serie, sequenza serio serie
3260 3 sequence, order (temporal arrangement of events in a series) Reihenfolge volgorde ordine, successione sinsekvo, ordo ordine
3261 1 last, final (after all others) [aj] letzte laatste ultimo [aj] fina, lasta lasti parjún [aj]
3262 2 prior, preceding, previous, contra-next [aj] vorhergehend voorafgaand prima [av], precedente [aj]; ultimo [aj] (the last before this one) antaŭa presedant(i) {*}
3263 1 next (coming immediately after; "tomorrow" = the next day) [aj] nächste naast prossimo [aj] posta, sekvanta sekuent(i) gatlí-n [aj]
3264 2 the day before yesterday
3265 2 yesterday [av] Gestern gisteren ieri [av] hieraŭ yer pálin [aj]
3266 2 today [av] Heute vandaag oggi [av] hodiaŭ disdi qámi-n [aj] [av]
3267 2 tomorrow [av] Morgen morgen domani [av] morgaŭ morge zhúlin [aj] [av]
3268 2 the day after tomorrow
3269 3 season Jahreszeit jaargetijde stagione sezono sesone srikátlikh
3270 2 spring (the season) Frühling lente primavera printempo printempe fadiltsúnikh
3271 2 summer Sommer zomer estate somero somre tultsúnikh
3272 2 autumn, fall Herbst herfst autunno aŭtuno autumne chentsúnikh
3273 2 winter Winter winter inverno vintro vintre thantsúnikh
3276 3 century Jahrhundert eeuw secolo jarcento, centjaro sekle, yarsente
3277 3 decade
3278 2 year Jahr jaar anno jaro yare nalü'nikh
3279 2 month Monat maand mese monato monate {1928 version}, mensu {1930 version} gatlérukh
3280 2 week Woche week settimana semajno semani tlohági-kh (six days)
3281 2 day (24-hour period), nycthemeron Tag dag giorno tago, tagnokto die hági-kh
3282 3 date (coordinates of a day given in some timekeeping system) Datum datum data dato datum tháfi-kh (day of month)
3283 1 day (daytime -- as opposed to night), diurnal period Tag dag giorno tago jorne hági-kh (?)
3284 1 night Nacht nacht notte nokto nokte sü'nikh
3285 2 morning (dawn to noon) Morgen morgen mattina mateno, antaŭtagmezo matine shamélikh
3286 2 noon Mittag middag mezzogiorno tagmezo medidie tùpehági-kh
3287 2 afternoon (noon to dusk) Nachmittag namiddag pomeriggio postagmezo eqúnikh
3288 2 evening (dusk to midnight) abend avond sera vespero vespre hiusü'nikh
3289 2 midnight Mitternacht middernacht mezzanotte noktomezo medinokte èshasü'nikh
3290 2 graveyard shift, middle of the night (midnight to dawn) Vormorgen [no equivalent] postnoktomezo {?}
3291 2 hour (60 minutes) Uhr uur ora horo hore
3292 3 minute (60 seconds) Minute minuut minuto minuto minute
3293 3 second (1/60th of a minute) Sekunde seconde secondo sekundo sekunde
3294 3 holiday Feiertag vacantiedag festa festotago feste {?} lahági-kh
3295 3 sabbath (day of week with religious significance) Sabbat sabbat {for a Catholic country the 'religous day' is Sunday: "domenica"} preĝtago, sabato sabate
3300 3 substance Substanz
3301 1 water Wasser water acqua akvo aque húkh
3302 2 ice Eis ijs ghiaccio glacio glasie
3303 2 steam Dampf stoom vapore vaporo stime, vapore túpukh
3305 3 air Luft lucht aria aero aere íssakh
3310 3 fuel Kraftstoff brandstof combustibile brulaĵo
3311 3 ash Asche as cenere cindro vrási-kh
3320 2 metal Metall metaal metallo metalo metale tkasékh
3321 3 brass (copper-zinc alloy) Messing geelkoper ottone latuno latone
3322 3 copper Kupfer koper rame kupro kupre míssikh
3323 2 gold (the precious metal) Gold goud oro oro ore dhu|ónikh
3324 2 silver (the metal) Silber zilver argento arĝento arjente ssímikh
3325 2 iron Eisen ijzer ferro fero fere ahánikh
3326 3 steel Stahl staal acciaio ŝtalo stale fulátikh
3327 3 lead (the metal) Blei lood piombo plumbo plumbe púsikh
3328 3 tin (the metal) Zinn tin stagno stano stane jükáikh
3329 3 aluminum Aluminium
3330 1 dirt, earth (tangible), soil Erde grond terra, suolo grundo krase mítsakh
3331 2 sand Sand zand sabbia sablo sande ngázakh
3332 2 mud Schlamm slijk fango koto mude múngsakh
3333 1 rock, stone Stein steen, rots pietra, roccia ŝtono petre (substance), stone (individual item) míli-kh
3334 3 clay Lehm, Ton klei argilla argilo argile múkh
3335 3 mineral, ore Mineral, Erz mineraal minerale mineralo minerale
3336 3 coal Kohle kool carbone terkarbo karbone
3337 3 chalk Kreide krijt creta kreto krete
3338 2 jewel, gem Edelstein, Juwel juweel gemma (a precious stone); gioiello (a precious artifact) ĵuvelo, gemo juvele düókh
3339 3 jade (the tough green gemstone) Jade jade, nefriet giada jado
3340 3 quartz Quarz kwarts quarzo kvarco quartse
3345 1 wood (the substance) Holz hout legno ligno ligne khéti-kh
3350 2 glass Glas glas vetro vitro vitre su|íkh
3351 3 plastic (synthetic/processed moldable material) Kunststoff plastic plastica plastiko {As the dictionary was composed in 1930, no word was created}
3352 3 rubber Gummi rubber gomma kaŭĉuko kauchuke
3353 3 ink Tinte inkt inchiostro inko inke mikárikh
3354 3 paint Farbe verf vernice farbo
3355 2 paper Papier papier carta papero papere hruchánmekh
3356 3 medicine (substance that makes one healthy) Medizin medicijn medicina medikamento medikamente hngámokh
3357 3 poison, toxin Gift vergif veleno veneno venene hlórukh
3358 3 alcohol Alkohol alcohol alcool, alcol, alcole alkoholo, alkoholaĵo alkokole
3359 3 oil (a combustible fatty liquid that will not mix with water) Öl olie olio oleo olie tsüchínikh (cooking oil), purúkh (perfumed oil)
3360 3 oil (crude oil), petroleum Erdöl petroleum petrolio nafto, kruda petrolo petrolie hlünikh (inflammable oil)
3361 3 fat (oily/greasy material from animal adipose tissue or plant seeds) Fett vet grasso graso grasu(m) lóbi-kh
3362 3 tar (dark viscous liquid obtained by destructive distillation) Teer teer pece gudro asfalte {?} óshikh
3363 3 wax Wachs was cera vakso vaxe nülóikh
3364 2 soap Seife zeep sapone sapo sapone vékh
3370 3 element (substance of irreducible simplicity) Element, Grundstoff grondstof elemento elemento elemente
3372 3 oxygen Sauerstoff zuurstof ossigeno oksigeno oxe, oxigene
3374 3 hydrogen Wasserstoff
3376 3 neon Neon neon neon neono
3378 3 nitrogen Stickstoff stikstof azoto nitrogeno nitrogene
3380 3 carbon Kohlenstoff koolstof carbonio karbono karbo
3382 3 potassium Kalium kalium potassio kalio kali(um)
3384 3 mercury (the element) Quecksilber
3386 3 sodium Natrium natrium sodio natrio natrium
3388 3 sulfur Schwefel zwavel zolfo sulfuro sulfre
3395 3 chemical (substance made by or used in chemistry) Chemikalie chemicaliën [plur] sostanza kemiaĵo kemial substantie {?}
3399 2 garbage, trash, rubbish Müll, Abfall afval immondizia rubaĵo, forĵetindaĵoj gágmishikh
3401 2 food Essen voedsel cibo manĝaĵo, nutraĵo manjaje máni-kh
3402 2 beverage
3410 3 flour (grain-powder) Mehl meel farina faruno farine úsmukh
3415 2 bread Brot brood pane pano pane shránokh
3420 3 pasta, noodles Nudeln meelprodukt pasta pastaĵoj {probably would translate as "makaroni"}
3425 3 pizza Pizza pizza pico
3427 3 cookie
3430 2 meat
3435 3 sausage Wurst worst salsiccia kolbaso sosise
3440 2 milk Milch melk latte lakto milke másikh
3441 3 butter Butter boter burro butero butre maschínikh
3442 3 cheese Käse kaas formaggio fromaĝo kese bazhü'kh
3443 3 yogurt
3450 3 chocolate Schokolade chocolade cioccolato ĉokolado chokolate
3451 2 honey Honig honing miele mielo honie máungikh
3452 2 sugar Zucker suiker zucchero sukero sukre tseyóhlikh
3460 3 salad Salat salade insalata salato salade
3461 3 sandwich Sandwich sandwich panino sandviĉo
3462 3 soup Suppe soep minestra supo supe pájakh (gravy), norókh (stew)
3465 3 spice, seasoning Gewürtz specerij, kruiderij condimento (for salad or vegetables); spezia (exotic and/or hot spice) spico spise washélekh
3466 2 salt Salz zout sale salo sale ta|ábi-kh
3467 3 vinegar Essig azijn aceto vinagro vinegre
3470 3 cigarette Zigarette sigaret sigaretta cigaredo sigarete
3471 3 chewing gum
3477 2 tea (beverage made from leaves of plant sp. Camellia sinensis) Tee thee tè, the teo tee lásikh
3478 2 coffee (beverage made from seeds of plant sp. Coffea arabica) Kaffee koffie caffè kafo kafe
3479 2 beer Bier bier birra biero bire héngkakh
3480 2 wine Wein wijn vino vino vine ngálukh
3484 3 meal
3485 3 breakfast
3487 3 lunch
3489 3 dinner
3491 2 cook (prepare by applying heat) [v] kochen koken cucinare [vt] kuiri koqua kútl [vt]
3492 3 fry [v]
3493 2 bake (cook or harden by means of dry heat) [v] backen bakken cuocere [vt] baki baka hojún [vt] (bread), mubávu [vt] (clay pots)
3495 3 oven Ofen oven forno forno, bakujo forne mubávukh
3500 2 object (concrete tangible thing) Objekt voorwerp oggetto aĵo, objekto objekte chénukh
3501 2 matter, material Stoff, Materie stof, materie materiale materio materie
3502 3 gas Gas gas gas gaso gase
3503 3 liquid Flüssigkeit vloeistof liquido likvaĵo liquidu(m)
3504 3 solid (not a gas or liquid) Körper solido solidaĵo solid(i) [aj] {n is probably "solide," but not given} záklen [aj]
3505 3 vacuum Vakuum vacuum, het luchtledige vuoto vakuo vakuu(m)
3510 2 form, shape Form, Gestalt vorm forma formo forme daqórikh
3511 3 plane (flat surface) Ebene, Fläche vlak piano ebenaĵo, plataĵo planu(m) tayán [aj]
3512 3 line (series of contiguous points) Linie lijn linea linio linie khagóimukh
3513 3 ray Strahl straal raggio radio radie
3514 3 curve Kurve kromme curva kurbo kurve
3515 3 arch Gewölbe boog, gewelf arco arkaĵo arke angsáikh
3516 3 loop, circuit, closed curve Schlinge, Kreislauf kringloop anello maŝo, cirkvito
3517 3 oval, ellipse Oval ovaal, eirond ovale, ellisse ovalo, elipso oval(i) [aj] {n is probably "ovale," but not given}, elipse
3518 2 circle Kreis cirkel cerchio, circolo cirklo sirkle kartu|únikh
3519 3 torus, ring (any 3D object shaped like a ring) Ring ring anello (object with a circular hole); toro (the geometric shape) ringo ringe dasháilikh (finger ring)
3520 3 spiral, whorl Spirale, Wirbel spiraal spirale spiralo, kirlaĵo
3521 3 helix (any corkscrew-shaped object) korkenzieherförmig Ding spiraal(lijn) spirale helico helise
3522 3 coil Rolle bocht, klos spira volvaĵo
3523 3 cylinder Zylinder cilinder cilindro cilindro
3524 3 disk, disc Scheibe, Platte schijf, discus disco disko diske
3525 3 sphere Kugel, Sphäre sfeer sfera sfero sfere yojókh
3526 3 triangle Dreieck driehoek triangolo triangulo bidlánikh
3527 3 wedge Keil wig cuneo kojno kunee
3528 3 cone Kegel, Konus kegel, conus cono konuso kone
3529 3 pyramid Pyramide piramide piramide piramido piramide hárkolelikh
3530 3 cross (perpendicular intersection of linear items) Kreuz kruis incrocio kruco krose
3531 3 rectangle Rechteck rechthoek rettangolo rektangulo rektangule mrissü'hlikh
3532 3 square Quadrat, Viereck vierkant quadrato kvadrato quadrate kumrissü'hlikh
3533 3 cube Würfel kubus cubo kubo kube
3540 3 surface Oberfläche oppervlakte superficie supraĵo, surfaco surfase
3541 3 crack, fissure Spalte, Riss kraak fessura fendo
3542 2 hole Loch gat buco (general), foro (artifact) truo tru(e) tlofékh (through an object), tulúmikh (pit)
3543 3 opening, orifice öffnung opening apertura aperturo aperture
3544 3 bump, protrusion Beule buil escrescenza ŝvelaĵo, tubero (on a living thing) bose {?}
3545 3 dent, nick, indentation Kerbe deuk dente kaveto noche
3546 3 furrow, rut, groove Furche, Rinne voor, groef solco sulko kanele
3547 3 scratch Schramme schram graffio grataĵo grata
3548 3 wrinkle, crease Runzel rimpel, plooi piega falto, sulketo ruge
3549 3 rust Rost roest ruggine rusto ruste
3550 3 stripe Streifen streep striscia strio strie
3551 2 mark (visible traces left behind) Spur merk segno spuro, marko marke shárdakh
3560 3 band, tape, flat strip Band band nastro bendo, strio ribande, bende
3561 3 block (solid flat-surfaced mass of material) Block, Klotz blok blocco bloko bloke {?}
3562 3 card (stiff rectangle of material) Karte kaart scheda karto karte
3563 3 crystal Kristall kristal cristallo kristalo kristale
3564 3 drop (of liquid) Tropfen druppel goccia guto gute
3565 3 film (very thin layer) Schicht, Häutchen vlies pellicola tavolo filme
3566 3 layer Lage, Schicht laag strato tavolo strate
3567 3 sheet (thin rectangle of paper/cloth/etc.) Laken laken foglio lameno, folio lame (metal)
3568 2 lump, clod, blob, piece of no particular shape Klumpen bonk pezzo; coso (very colloquial!) bulo lumpe
3569 2 pile, heap Haufen hoop pila amaso amase
3570 3 tapered (becoming narrower toward an end) [aj] spitz zulaufen [v] tapsheid rastremato malvastiĝo, mallarĝiĝaĵo
3571 3 flared (opening up or spreading out from axis) [aj] glockenförmig Ding, Bausch klokken, uitstaan svasato [aj] larĝiĝaĵo
3572 3 swelling, inflation Schwellung gezwel rigonfiamento ŝvelaĵo inflatione lojúngikh
3573 3 branch (small part going out from main part) Zweig tak ramo, braccio branĉo branche shawátsikh (tree branch)
3574 3 spike, barb Stachel, Spitze weerhaak, stekel spina pikilo, dorno spike nikhélikh
3580 3 foam, froth Schaum schuim schiuma ŝaŭmo skume
3581 3 jelly (gelatinous semi-solid material), gel Gallerte gelei gelatina gelateno, ĝelo jeli
3582 2 paste (any thick soft dough-like material) Brei, Teig deeg, stijfsel pasta pasto, kremaĵo paste
3583 2 juice (fluid extracted from something) Saft sap succo suko suke
3584 3 shower, sprinkle Schauer, Dusche douche, bui doccia duŝo, pluveto {prob. derived from arosa = sprinkle [v]} bá|nekh
3585 2 wave Welle golf onda ondo onde suhérikh
3586 2 smoke Rauch rook fumo fumo fume wárbukh
3587 3 vapor, mist Dunst, Dampf damp, nevel, mist vapore vaporo, nebulaĵo vapore hazhü'rikh (fog)
3588 2 dust Staub stof polvere polvo polve shífakh
3589 2 powder Pulver poeder polvere pulvoro pulvre biyúrikh
3600 3 quality, trait, attribute, characteristic Eigenschaft, Charakterzug eigenschap qualità kvalito, eco qualitate
3601 2 flat, planar [aj] flach, platt vlak piatto [aj] plata plan(i) tayán [aj]
3602 2 level, even (on the same level) [aj] eben, waagerecht vlak, waterpas piano [aj] ebena plan(i)
3603 2 smooth [aj] glatt glad liscio [aj] glata glati
3604 2 rough, coarse, contra-smooth [aj] rauh, grob ruw ruvido [aj] malglata rud(i)
3605 2 straight (not bent) [aj] gerade recht diritto, dritto [aj] rekta rekt(i) rugí-n [aj]
3606 2 bent [aj] gebogen, geknickt gebogen curvo [aj]; piegato [aj] malrekta, kurbigita curvi [= curved, bent] hafásin [aj]
3610 3 pure, unadulterated, uncontaminated [aj] rein zuiver puro [aj] pura pur(i)
3611 2 clean [aj] sauber schoon pulito [aj] pura, neta láumurin [aj]
3612 2 dirty, contra-clean [aj] schmutzig vuil sporco [aj] malpura sordid(i) washkhén [aj]
3620 2 wet [aj] nass nat bagnato [aj]; umido [aj] malseka tázan [aj]
3621 2 dry [aj] trocken droog asciutto [aj]; secco [aj] seka sik(i) pa|ésin [aj]
3625 2 open (not shut) [aj] offen, geöffnet open aperto [aj] malfermita, nefermita, aperta aperti vayún [vt]
3626 2 closed, shut [aj] geschlossen, verschlossen gesloten chiuso [aj] fermita klosat(i) dhalúr [vt]
3630 2 sharp, keen, pointy, acute [aj] scharf, spitz scherp acuto [aj]; acuminato [aj]; appuntito [aj]; stretto [aj] akra, akuta akut(i) dha|álan [aj]
3631 2 dull, blunt (of little sharpness) [aj] stumpf stomp {no general term} malakra, malakuta obtus(i) hírzan [aj]
3635 2 soft, malleable, yielding to pressure [aj] weich zacht morbido [aj] (with a soft surface); malleabile [aj] (said of metals) mola mol(i) lu|úzhin [aj]
3636 2 hard, firm, resistant to pressure [aj] hart, fest hard duro malmola, dura solid(i) záklen [aj]
3637 2 flexible (easily able to bend) [aj] biegsam buigzaam, soepel flessibile, pieghevole [aj] fleksebla, nerigida flektindi {*}
3638 2 stiff, rigid [aj] starr, steif stijf duro, rigido [aj] rigida, nefleksebla rigid(i)
3639 3 elastic (able to regain shape/size after deformation) [aj] elastisch elastisch, rekbaar elastico [aj] elasta elasti
3640 2 durable, resilient, robust, strong (in this sense) [aj] beständig, robust duurzaam, fors, robuust forte, solido [aj] fortika robusti murúgan [aj]
3641 2 fragile, delicate [aj] zerbrechlich broos fragile [aj] malfortika, rompema, delikata frajil
3645 2 sticky klebrig
3646 2 slippery rutschig
3650 3 weight (degree of heaviness or lightness) Gewicht gewicht peso pezeco pondero tolü'ngikh
3651 2 heavy (of much weight) [aj] schwer zwaar pesante [aj] peza grav(i) tháidzan [aj]
3652 2 light (of little weight) [aj] leicht licht leggero [aj] malpeza lejer(i) pabánin [aj]
3655 2 solid (contra-hollow) [aj] fest solido, massiccio [aj] solida, senkava záklen [aj] (?)
3656 2 hollow [aj] hohl hol cavo [aj] (with a sizeable hole); concavo [aj] (with an inflected surface) kava ngókon [aj]
3660 3 snug (just large enough to contain X), tight (in this sense) [aj] eng angeschmiegt nauwsluitend stretto, preciso [aj] malloza, strikta streti {?} hidhínin [aj]
3661 3 loose (larger than needed to contain X), baggy [aj] locker flodderig largo [aj] loza, malstrikta ampli {?} ülísin [aj]
3665 3 taut, tight, tense, strained [aj] straff strak stretto [aj] streĉita tenset hidhínin [aj]
3666 3 slack, loose (contra-taut) [aj] schlaff los largo [aj] malstreĉita laxi ülísin [aj]
3670 3 viscous, thick (of high viscosity) [aj] zähflüssig kleverig, taai, viskeus denso [aj] (general); viscoso [aj] (technical jargon) viskoza
3671 3 runny, thin (of little viscosity) [aj] wässrig diluito [aj] fluema, malviskoza
3701 3 absorb [v] aufsaugen opnemen, absorberen, opzuigen assorbire [vt] sorbi absorba
3703 3 adhere (hold tightly to / stick to something) [v] haften an aankleven, vasthouden aderire [v] algluiĝi adhese gradzái [vt] (to adhere something to)
3705 3 beat (repeatedly hit), batter [v] schlagen, prügeln slaan battere [vt] batadi bata qnoté [vt]
3707 3 blow (move/cause to move as a current of gas) [v] blasen, wehen blazen soffiare [vt] blovi sufla íssa [vi], hisé [vt]
3709 3 boil [v] sieden koken bollire [vt] boli [vi], boligi [vt] bolia wél [vi]
3711 3 bounce, rebound [v] aufprallen stuiteren rimbalzare [v] resalti
3713 2 break (into pieces) [v] brechen, zerbrechen breken rompere [vt] rompi, rompiĝi, frakasi rupte, breche tapásh [vi], notapásh [vt]
3715 3 build (join materials to create), construct [v] bauen bouwen costruire [vt] konstrui konstrukte {?} hrichái [vt]
3717 2 burn [v] brennen branden bruciare [vti] bruli [vi], bruligi [vt] brula, insendia ktél [vi]
3719 3 burst [v] bersten barsten scoppiare [v] krevi [vi] kreva
3721 3 consume, deplete, expend, exhaust, use up [v] verbrauchen verbruiken, consumeren consumare, finire [vt] elĉerpi, konsumi konsuma, spenda
3723 3 contain [v] enthalten bevatten contenere [vt] enhavi kontena, inkluse
3725 3 crush (press on so as to break or re-shape) [v] quetschen verpletteren schiacciare [vt] frakasi, pisti, premegi komprese {?} qnoté [vt]
3727 1 cut [v] schneiden snijden tagliare [vt] tranĉi seka srísa [vt]
3729 2 dig [v] graben graven scavare [vt] fosi tsishúr [vt]
3731 3 dissolve [v] auflösen oplossen sciogliere [vt] solvi [vt], solviĝi [vi] dis(s)olu
3733 3 evaporate [v] verdunsten verdampen evaporare [v] vaporiĝi vaporeska [vi], vaporisa [vt]
3735 3 explode [v] explodieren exploderen, ontploffen esplodere [v] eksplodi [vi] explose furódhu [vi]
3737 3 float [v] flössen drijven galleggiare [v] flosi flota
3739 2 flow (travel in a current) [v] fliessen, strömen stromen, vloeien scorrere [v] flui flua bafái [vi]
3741 2 fold [v] falten vouwen, plooien piegare [vt] faldi [vt]
3743 3 freeze [v] gefrieren bevriezen gelare [vt/i], congelare [vt] frosti, glaciiĝi frosta
3745 2 grind [v] mahlen malen macinare [vt] mueli, grinci mila piján [vt]
3747 3 hang, suspend, dangle [v] hangen hangen [vi], ophangen [vt] appendere, sospendere [vt] pendi, pendiĝi penda viupé [vi]
3749 1 hit, strike [v] schlagen treffen, raken colpire [vt] frapi frapa dímlal [vt]
3751 3 melt [v] schmeltzen smelten fondere [vt] (bring solid to liquid); sciogliere [vt] (dissolve X into Y) fandi, fandiĝi fuse bikóim [vi]
3753 2 mix, blend [v] mischen mengen, mixen mescolare [vt] miksi mixa chahkél [vt]
3755 3 pollute, contaminate [v] beschmutzen vervuilen, besmetten inquinare, contaminare [vt] polucii, polui polu
3757 3 pour (cause to flow) [v] giessen gieten versare [vt] verŝi, elverŝi versa gagál [vt]
3759 3 preserve, maintain (keep X in good condition) [v] konservieren conserveren, behoeden conservare [vt] konservi [vt] preserva warán [vt]
3761 2 press (do pressure to; push upon with weight or force) [v] drucken drukken premere [vt] premi prese
3763 3 pry (move with a lever) [v] mit Hebel heben openbreken sollevare [vt] {general for moving up; no specific verb for use of a lever} prizi
3765 2 pull (draw something toward oneself) [v] ziehen trekken tirare [vt] tiri, altiri tira nemzúr [vt]
3767 2 push (press on something in order to move it) [v] schieben duwen, stooten {archaic} spingere [vt] puŝi [vt] pusha
3769 2 rot, decay [v] verfaulen, vermodern rotten, vergaan marcire [v] putri putri
3771 3 rub, abrade [v] reiben wrijven grattare [vt] froti, abrazii [vt] frota
3773 2 shake [v] schütteln schudden scuotere, agitare [vt] skui [vt], skuiĝi, tremi [vi] trembla
3775 3 shoot (cause to rapidly go forth) [v] schiessen schieten tirare [vt] pafi, peli dhíchu [vt]
3777 3 sink [v] sinken zinken affondare [vt/i] subakviĝi, subakvigi, sinki sinka
3779 3 spill (accidentally emit liquid) [v] vergiessen morsen versare [vt] misverŝi dhugúr [vt]
3781 3 spread (begin to cover or cause X to cover more area) [v] aufstriechen verspreiden, uitsmeren spargere [vt] disvastigi [vt] zramáhl [vt]
3783 3 stab, jab [v] stechen steken pungere [vt] piki [vt] tsíza [vt]
3785 3 stir, agitate [v] umrühren roeren agitare [vt] kirli, agaci [vt] agita
3787 2 suck [v] saugen zuigen succhiare [vt] suĉi nü'r [vt]
3789 3 sweep [v] fegen vegen spazzare [vt] balai [vt] balaya bazé [vt]
3791 2 tear, rip [v] zerreissen scheuren strappare [vt] ŝiri [vt] zísh [vi], nozísh [vt], dutlór [vt] (tear to pieces)
3793 2 tie, bind [v] binden, verbinden binden legare [vt] bindi, ligi liga shénja [vt]
3795 2 trim, prune (cut off ragged edges) [v] stutzen, beschneiden bijknippen tagliare [vt] (generic); marginare [vt] (books); potare [vt] (trees) tondi [vt] talia
3797 2 wash [v] waschen wassen lavare [vt] lavi, purigi [vt] lava thángge [vt]
3799 3 wrap [v] wickeln inpakken avvolgere [vt] volvi, envolvi, vindi envelopa {?}
3801 3 acid(ic) [aj] sauer zuur acido [aj] acida asidi
3802 3 alkaline [aj] alkalisch alkalisch alcalino [aj] alkala alkali
3811 2 gentle, mild [aj] sanft, mild zacht dolce [aj] milda, afabla {klementi = clement, merciful, lenient}
3812 2 violent, harsh [aj] gewaltsam geweldig violento [aj] perfort(em)a, malafabla violent(i) tuátl [aj]
3815 3 atom Atom atoom atomo atomo atome
3816 3 molecule Molekül molekuul, molecule molecola molekulo molekule
3820 3 energy Energie energie energia energio energie jadhákikh (energy bolt -- a kind of magical spell)
3821 1 fire Feuer vuur fuoco fajro faire {in abstract}, insendie {= conflagration} hlákh
3822 3 force Kraft kracht forza forto forse
3823 3 stroke, jolt, blow of force Schlag slag colpo bato, frapo dímlalikh
3824 2 ability, capacity (to do something) Fähigkeit bekwaamheid capacità kapablo, povo kapableso, kapablitate {*} tlayésh [verbal aspect indicator]
3825 2 strength (ability to exert physical power) Kraft sterkte, macht forza fort(ec)o forteso mazákikh
3826 3 power Macht, Leistung kracht, macht potenza potenco, povo potenteso sákh (might), mazákikh (strength)
3830 3 electricity Elektrizität elektriciteit elettricità elektro elektreso
3831 3 polarity (electric, magnetic, etc.) Polarität polariteit polarità poluseco polaritate {*}
3832 3 positive [aj] Positiv positief positivo [aj] pozitiva positiv(i)
3833 3 negative [aj] Negativ negatief negativo [aj] negativa negativ(i) yeré [negative emphatic particle]
3840 3 gravity Schwerkraft zwaartekracht gravità gravito, pezoforto gravitatione
3841 3 magnet Magnet magneet magnete magneto magnete
3842 2 balance, equilibrium Gleichgewicht evenwicht equilibrio ekvilibro equilibre
3901 2 happen, occur [v] geschehen gebeuren accadere [vi], succedere [vi] okazi eventa hadháikh [n] (happening)
3902 3 chance, randomicity, luck Zufall kans caso (generic); fortuna (good) ŝanco chanse
3903 3 accident (unintentional and unexpected event) Unfall, Zufall toeval caso hazardo (a chance occurence), akcidento (harmful chance occurence) aksidente jishírikh
3904 3 miracle Wunder wonderwerk, mirakel miracolo miraklo mirakle
3905 3 disaster, catastrophe Unheil, Katastrophe ramp, catastrofe disastro, catastrofe katastrofo disastre, katastrofe
3906 3 condition, state, status Zustand toestand condizione, stato stato, kondiĉo stando daldómikh
3907 3 detail Detail detail dettaglio detal(aĵ)o detale
3908 3 flaw, defect, imperfection Fehler fout, gebrek, vlek difetto difekto, malperfektaĵo defekte
3910 2 certain, sure [aj] sicher zeker sicuro [aj] certa serti tlékan [aj]
3911 2 probable (likely to happen/be) [aj] wahrscheinlich waarschijnlijk probabile [aj] probabla probabli nitólin [aj]
3912 2 unlikely, improbable [aj]
3913 2 possible (able to happen or be done) [aj] möglich mogelijk possibile [aj] ebla posiubli munggün [aj]
3915 3 safety, security Sicherheit veiligheid sicurezza sekureco sekureso
3916 3 danger (situation in which harm is probable) Gefahr gevaar pericolo danĝero danjere khinángikh
3920 3 act, deed Tat daad atto, fatto ago, faro akto moyí-kh, gardási-kh (heroic act)
3921 3 activity, bustle, ado Tätigkeit actie, handeling attività aktiveco, agado activeso, aktivitate {*}
3922 3 result, consequence Folge, Ergebnis gevolg risultato rezulto, sekvo resulte tlaumónikh
3923 3 basis, foundation (part which supports the rest) Grundlage grondslag, basis base; fondamento (of a theory); fondamenta (of a building; plural) bazo, fundamento fondatione
3925 3 project, undertaking, venture Project project, ontwerp progetto projekto projete
3926 2 work, effort, labor, toil Arbeit werk fatica laboro laboro balúmikh
3927 3 task, chore, job, assignment Aufgabe taak compito tasko taske moirü'nikh
3928 3 process, procedure Verfahren, Prozess procede procedimento procedo, procezo prosedo
3929 3 system System systeem sistema sistemo sisteme
3930 3 program Programm program programma programo programe
3931 2 method, manner, way (of doing), technique Methode methode metodo metodo, maniero metode mu|ónikh
3932 1 easy [aj] leicht gemakkelijk facile [aj] facila fasil(i) zháin [aj]
3933 1 difficult, hard [aj] schwierig moeilijk difficile [aj] malfacila desfasil(i) holénin [aj]
3934 3 exercise, practice (effort made to improve skills/health) übung, Bewegung oefenen esercizio ekzerc(ad)o praktiso {?} tlárme [vt] (?)
3935 2 ready, prepared for a task / event [aj] fertig bereid pronto [aj] preta, preparita pronti khawénin [aj]
3940 2 try, attempt, endeavor [v] versuchen streven, beproeven tentare [vt/i], provare a [vi] provi, peni korotái [vt]
3941 2 succeed [v] Erfolg haben gelukken aver successo [vi] sukcesi [vi] suksese kamchán [vi]
3942 2 fail [v] versagen ontbreken, mislukken fallire [v] malsukcesi [vi] zágu [vt]
3943 2 trouble, difficulty Schwierigkeit moeite difficoltà malfacilaĵo trublo {*} bajékh
3944 2 problem
3945 3 solution
3946 3 progress, advancement Fortschritt vordering progresso progreso progreso
3947 3 setback (opposite of progress), backsliding
3950 2 create, make (bring into existence) [v] schaffen scheppen creare [vt] (from (almost) nothing); fare [vt] (from some ingredients) krei, estigi [vt] krea moyí [vt]
3951 3 destroy (contra-create; cause to cease existing) [v] zerstören, vernichten vernielen distruggere [vt] detrui, malkrei destrukte tumé [vt]
3952 3 eliminate
3953 3 prevent (keep from happening) [v] verhindern verhinderen prevenire, impedire [vt] malebligi [vt] prevente
3960 2 injure, damage, harm [v] verletzen, schädigen beschadigen danneggiare [vt] (a thing); fare male [vi] (to a living being) damaĝi, difekti, vundi [vt] damaja zhabár [vt]
3961 2 repair, fix [v] reparieren, ausbessern repareren aggiustare, riparare [vt] ripari [vt] repara mákfe [vt]
3962 2 save, rescue [v] retten redden salvare [vt] savi [vt] salva nofashé [vt]
3970 1 use, utilize [v] gebrauchen, benutzen gebruiken usare, utilizzare [vt] uzi, utiligi [vt] usa khíva [vt]
3971 3 waste, misuse [v] verschwenden verkwisten sprecare [vt] malŝpari, misuzi [vt] misusa nalatsé [vt] (food, supplies), kunáhpe [vt] (money)
3975 2 necessary, needed, required [aj] notwendig, erforderlich noodig necessario [aj] necesa, bezonata nesesar(i) lanmrála [verbal attitude indicator]
3976 2 need, require [v] benötigen, erfordern noodig hebben richiedere [vt], esserci bisogno di [vi] bezoni [vt] besona hiyén [vt]
3980 3 civilization Zivilisation beschaving civiltà civilizo, civilizacio sivilisation
3981 3 artificial (deliberately made by humans) [aj] künstlich kunstmatig artificiale [aj] artefarita, homfarita artifisial
3982 3 science Wissenschaft wetenschap scienza scienco sientie mongékh, -mongé [noun derivational sfx]
3983 3 technology Technologie technologie tecnica teknologio, teĥniko teknologia
4001 2 January Januar januari gennaio /ichigatsu/ 一月 januaro januare
4002 2 February Februar februari febbraio /nigatsu/ 二月 februaro februare
4003 2 March März maart marzo /sangatsu/ 三月 marto marte
4004 2 April April april aprile /shigatsu/ 四月 aprilo aprile
4005 2 May Mai mei maggio /gogatsu/ 五月 majo maye
4006 2 June Juni juni giugno /rokugatsu/ 六月 junio june
4007 2 July Juli juli luglio /shichigatsu/ 七月 julio julie
4008 2 August August augustus agosto /hachigatsu/ 八月 aŭgusto auguste
4009 2 September September september settembre /kugatsu/ 九月 septembro septembre
4010 2 October Oktober oktober ottobre /jūgatsu/ 十月 oktobro oktobre
4011 2 November November november novembre /jūichigatsu/ 十一月 novembro novembre
4012 2 December Dezember december dicembre /jūnigatsu/ 十二月 decembro desembre
4021 2 Monday Montag maandag lunedì /getsuyōbi/ 月曜日 lundo lundie
4022 2 Tuesday Dienstag dinsdag martedì /kayōbi/ 火曜日 mardo mardie
4023 2 Wednesday Mittwoch woensdag mercoledì /suiyōbi/ 水曜日 merkredo merkurdie
4024 2 Thursday Donnerstag donderdag giovedì /mokuyōbi/ 木曜日 ĵaŭdo jodie
4025 2 Friday Freitag vrijdag venerdì /kinyōbi/ 金曜日 vendredo venerdie
4026 2 Saturday Samstag zaterdag sabato /doyōbi/ 土曜日 sabato saturdie
4027 2 Sunday Sonntag zondag domenica /nichiyōbi/ 日曜日 dimanĉo sundie

Copyright 1992-2008 by Richard K. Harrison. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted for unrestricted use of these files by any individual for his/her own pleasure, private research, personal communication, providing a glossary for a constructed language on your personal webpage, etc. Use of these files by any government agency, business entity, educational institution, or any other organization requires permission. The contact coordinates are rick ~ harrison • net