The Silent e

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The Silent E rule of Modern English involves the changing of vowels due to an e at the end of the word. Historically the final e was pronounced as a schwa /ə/. It also indicated a different stress, and those vowels had a more heavily affected by the Great Vowel Shift.

Vowel Vowel with silent e Compareable vowel tri/digraph Notes
bit /bɪt/ bite /baɪt/ bight /baɪt/
sin /sɪn/ sine /saɪn/ sign /saɪn/
pet /pɛt/ Pete /piːt/ peat /piːt/ e_e is rare and has usually been respelled as ee
pan /pæn/ pane /peɪn/ pain /peɪn/
rod /ɹɒd/ rode /ɹoʊd/ road /ɹoʊd/
plum /plʌm/ plume /pluːm/ loom /luːm/ Sorry, couldn't find a "minimal triplet"