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Spoken in: North America c. AD 4000
Timeline/Universe: TaylorS's Eridanian Universe
Total speakers: Approx. 200 million
Genealogical classification: Indo-European
West Germanic
Basic word order: SVO
Morphological type: Agglutinating, Polysynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignment: Nominative-Accusative
Created by:
Taylor Selseth 2010-

Solaric is an Anglic Language spoken predominantly in North America, centered along the middle and upper Mississippi River valley, the Ohio and Missouri River valleys, the American High Plains, the central Rockies, Pittsburgh, and the central Atlantic coast from Washington to New York. Solaric dialects are also spoken in many orbital colonies and on Luna.


Syllable structure is (F|L|N)(C)(C)(F|L|N)(w|y)V(C)(C)

Every polysyllabic word is mildly stressed on the second syllable. There is a simple lexical tone system; a short vowel can have a rising, falling, or neutral tone; a long vowel or diphthong can have a rising-falling, falling-rising, or neutral tone.


Labial Labio-Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosives, lenis p b t d ts ds ʧ j k g
Plosives, fortis p t tsʰ ts ʧʰ c k
Nasals, voiced m m n n
Nasals, unvoiced mh nh
Fricatives, unvoiced f f s s ʃ sh h h
Fricatives, voiced v v z z ʒ zh ɣ r
Laterals ɫ l ɬˠ lh
Trills r rr
Semivowels w w j y ɥ wy

Among plosives, only lenis plosives occur in the syllable coda. /r/ is realized as a flap intervocalically. /n/ assimilates to the point of articulation of a following consonant. /ɣ/ devoices when following a fortis stop. Voiced non-plosive consonants voice lenis plosives. fortis plosives de-voice voiced non-plosive consonants. lenis plosives are voiced intervocalically.


Oral Short

Front Front Rounded Central Back
High i i y ü u u
Mid-High e e ø ö o o
Mid-Low ɛ è ɔ ò
Low a a

Oral Long

Front Front Rounded Central Back
High ii üü uːː uu
Mid ee oo
Low aa


Front Front Rounded Central Back Diphthongs
Mid-High e eng ø öng o ong
Mid-Low ɛ èng ɔ òng
Low a ang

Vowel Harmony

Some affixes have a vowel that takes it's features from the first vowel of the root. there are 2 of such vowels, marked I and E.

Front i e
Rounded y ø
Back u o


Noun Phrase Morphology

Adjectives agree with their nouns in case and number. Case stacking occurs so that nouns in a non-core case modifying another noun agrees with that noun. Prepositions are also inflected for number and case agreement.

Basic Noun Phrase structure



Solaric nouns fall into 2 genders: Animate and Inanimate. Animate nouns include people (including non-biological intelligences), animals, personifications, deities, planets with life, rivers, boats, and spacecraft. Inanimate nouns include everything else. Using inanimate markers with a person can be used to belittle or insult.

Case Prefixes

Common: Subject or Direct Object
Genitive: Marks possession, participation, composition, origin, reference, and description.
Dative: Marks the indirect object.
Benifactive: Marks the beneficiary of an action.
Locative: Marks location

Common Genitive Dative Benifactive Locative
Consonant-Stem Declension Ø- ee- tI- fwo- n-
Vocalic-Stem Declension Ø- èv- tw- fw- n-
W-Stem Declension Ø- èv- t- f- n-
Y-Stem Declension Ø- èv- tw- fw- n-

Number & Definiteness

Unmarked Definite Indefinite
Singular -Ø- -Ed- -sm-
Plural -mye- -Enye- -smye-

Mass nouns are always marked as Singular Indefinite.

Adjective Morphology

Comparative: -moo-(Consonant Root)/-mor-(Vowel Root)
Superlative: -mös-



1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular aa hi ye wèn
Plural wi yoo dee sèm


1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular mi ho ye wèn
Plural us yoo dem sèm


1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular eemi eeyü eeho èvye eewèn
Plural èvus eeyoo eedem eesèm


1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular tmi to ce twèn
Plural tus coo tem tsèm


1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular fmi fwü foo fwe fwèn
Plural fus fwoo fwem fsèm


1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular ni nyü nho nye nwèn
Plural nus nyoo nem nzèm


Solaric has two sets of demonstratives. Locative demonstratives point out spaces or areas (physical or conceptual) in relationship to the speaker while objective demonstratives point out discrete (physical or conceptual) objects relative to the speaker. Demonstratives inflect for number and case.


Common Genitive Dative Benifactive Locative
Proximal hii èfii cii frii nhii
Distal je eeje tejee fjee nyee


Common Genitive Dative Benifactive Locative
Proximal Singular des eedes tedes fdes ndes
Proximal Plural diz eediz tediz fdiz ndiz
Distal Singular daa eedaa tedaa fdaa ndaa
Distal Plural döz eedöz tödöz fdöz ndöz

Verb Morphology

Finite Verbs

Preceding the Verb

Free Adverb

Slot 1: Subject Agreement

1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular aa- yü- hi- ye- wEn-
Plural wi- yoo- dee- sEm-

Slot 2: Interrogation

Animate Interrogative: -hü-
Inanimate Interrogative: -wee-

Slot 3: Tense and Evidentiality

Present and Past tenses distinguish in evidentiality between visual, non-visual, inferential, and unstated.
Present Past Future
Unstated -Ø- -dye- -nE-
Visual -si- -sò-
Non-Visual -hye- -hod-
Inferential -dyeg- -doo-

Slot 4: Mood

Indicative: -Ø-
Used for factual statements

Subjunctive: -shu-
Used for probability, possibility, or uncertainty.

Conditional: -ke-
Used for hypotheticals.

Obligative: -gòE-
Used for demands and statements of obligations.

Optative: -wòE-
Used for statements of wishing, wanting, or desiring something to happen.

Slot 5: Primary Aspect

Verbs are either inherently active (are an action) or stative (are a state of being). Only active verbs can have habitual aspect.

Imperfect Perfect Habitual
Active -bi- -ven- -Ø-
Stative -Ø- -v-

The Habitual is used when the verb occurs on a regular basis. The Imperfect is used for unfolding actions while the Perfect is used for denoting completion.

Slot 6: Voice

Active Voice: -Ø-
Passive Voice: -gee
The passive voice demotes the Agent and makes the Patient the subject. the special case marker boi- is only used with the passive voice Agent.

Slot 7: Verbal Negation

Negative: -n

Slot 8: Secondary Aspect

Causative: -mayi-
Inchoative: -shaa-
Resumptive: -kepn-

Slot 9:Adverbal prefix

Slot 10: Derivational Prefixes

Slot 11: Verb Root

Slot 12: Non-productive derivational suffixes derived from prepositions and adverbs used in English Phrasal Verbs.

Slot 13: Incorporated Direct Object

Only inanimate nouns lacking definiteness marking can be incorporated.

Slot 14: Indirect Object Agreement

1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular -mi- yü- -ho- -Ø- -wèn-
Plural -us- -yoo- -dem- -sèm-

Slot 15: Direct Object Agreement

1st 2nd 3rd Impersonal
Singular -mi -yü -ho -ye -wèn
Plural -us -yoo -dem -sèm

Non-finite verbs

Active Particle: -n-
Stative Participle: -d-/-Ed-()
The active participle is also used as a gerund and plays the role of an infinitive. They are inflected like nouns when used as a noun and like adjectives when they are used like adjectives.


The basic unmarked word order is:


Where S is the Object, V is the Verb, DO is the Direct Object, IO is the Direct Object, and X is a complement.

The order of prepositional phrases follows the Place, Time, Manner pattern.