Senjecas - but

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) CONV = conversive F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle SBJ = subjunctive


Postposition

  • 1. ša स्व - without, apart from, except
  • Everyone but Father left.
  • vísu taata̋' ša e-vı̋da:
vis-u taat-a̋-' ša e=vı̋d-a
everyone-N.s father-G.s-ELIS but PST=leave-IND


Adverb

  • 2. átu अ॔तु - merely, only, just
  • It is but three miles to the inn.
  • átu tı̋r t̨umre̋nos taƣde̋mom do e̋sa:
átu tı̋r t̨umre̋n-os taƣ-de̋m-om do e̋s-a
but three mile-N.p travel-building-A.s to be-IND


Conjunction

  • 3. ši स्वि - except (for), excluding
  • I had no choice but to leave.
  • mu ne̋a őpam ši vı̋du e-ƣe̋va:
m-u ne̋a-Ø őp-am ši vı̋d-u e=ƣe̋v-a
1s-N no-ABS choice-A.s but leave-SUP PST=have-IND


  • 4. de दे - on the contrary, but rather, whereas.
  • I am not rich, but poor.
  • mu ƣa̋va ne de pe̋e̋da:
m-u ƣa̋v-a ne de pe̋e̋d-a
1s-N be.rich-IND not but be.poor-IND


  • 5. ésti ए॔स्ति - however, although, nevertheless
  • She is very old but still beautiful.
  • éȝu lábu że̋e̋ru ésti ódu gőbu vűűa:
éȝ-u lábu że̋e̋r-u ésti ódu gőb-u vűű-a
3-N.s very old-N.s but still beautiful-N.s be-IND


  • 6. ši स्वि - except that
  • I cannot but feel offended.
  • mu ši de̋gaþu űtu fe̋e̋a:
m-u ši de̋g-a-þ-u űt-u fe̋e̋-a
1s-N but offend-IND-PP-N.s feel-SUP be.unable-IND


  • 7. ši स्वि - without it being the case that, unless that
  • It never rains but it pours.
  • néxum sűűm̃a ši pőza:
néxum sűűm̃-a ši pőz-a
never rain-IND but pour-IND


Senjecas - by