Right Half Ring

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The right half ring is based on the Greek spiritus lenis (᾿).[1]

Right Half Ring in Unicode

Characters with Right Half Ring
ʾ ◌͗
U+02BE U+0357 U+1E9A
Modifier Letter Right Half Ring Combining Right Half Ring Above Latin Small Letter A With Right Half Ring
Note: May be confused with Modifier Letter Prime, ʹ (U+02B9); Modifier Letter Turned Comma, ʻ (U+02BB); Modifier Letter Apostrophe, ʼ (U+02BC); Modifier Letter Reversed Comma, ʽ (U+02BD); Modifier Letter Left Half Ring, ʿ (U+02BF); Combining Turned Comma Above, ◌̒ (U+0312), Combining Comma Above, ◌̓ (U+0313); Combining Reversed Comma Above, ◌̔ (U+0314); Combining Comma Above Right, ◌̕ (U+0315); Combining Left Half Ring Above, ◌͑ (U+0351); Left Single Quotation Mark, ‘ (U+2018); Right Single Quotation Mark, ’ (U+2019); Single High-Reversed-9 Quotation Mark, ‛ (U+201B); Prime, ′ (U+2032); Reversed Prime, ‵ (U+2035); or Superscript Right Parenthesis, ⁾ (U+207E). There exists a Modifier Letter Centred Right Half Ring, ˒ (U+02D2), which is an allograph of right half ring below.

Right Half Ring in Natlangs

Uses of Right Half Ring
Usage Language Letters Notes
Other Ancient Egyptian I͗i͗ /j/ or a vowel[2] The pronunciation of Ancient Egyptian changed much during the millennia it was spoken, and the exact pronunciation can't be known for sure,[3] therefore the phonemic representation here might not be entirely accurate. The reason I͗i͗ is used is because it was thought at one time that both /j/ and /ʔ/ could have been possible sound values,[4] and /ʔ/ is sometimes written as ʾ.[1] Note that I͗i͗ are not precomposed characters.

Right Half Ring in Phonetic Transcriptions

Uses of Right Half Ring
Use Transcription system Notes
Rounded sound International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) Allograph of right half ring below (◌̹), used when it can't be fitted under the base character.[5]

See Also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Aleph at Wikipedia.
  2. Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian, Uniliteral signs at Wikipedia.
  3. Egyptian language, Phonology at Wikipedia.
  4. Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian; Egyptological alef, ayin, and yod at Wikipedia.
  5. Ring (diacritic), Half rings and International Phonetic Alphabet, Diacritics both at Wikipedia.