Ring Below

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This is the lower counterpart to the ring diacritic. The ring below is used in IPA to indicate voicelessness and in Indo-European and Sanskrit studies to indicate syllabicity.[1] Note that this diacritic may be confused with dot below ◌̣ or square below ◌̻ (U+033B), especially in small font sizes.

Ring Below in Unicode

Characters with Ring Below
˳ ◌̥
U+02F3 U+0325 U+1E00 U+1E01
Modifier Letter Low Ring Combining Ring Below Latin Capital Letter A With Ring Below Latin Small Letter A With Ring Below

Ring Below in Natlangs

Uses of Ring Below
Usage Language Letters Notes
Syllabic consonant ISO 15919 romanization of Indic scripts L̥l̥ /l̩/, L̥̄l̥̄ /l̩ː/, R̥r̥ /r̩/, R̥̄r̥̄ /r̩ː/ None of these letters are precomposed.

Ring Below in Phonetic Transcriptions

Uses of Ring Below
Use Transcription system Notes
Voiceless phoneme International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) Can be replaced by ring above if the base letter has a descender.[2] The ring diacritic is used on letters representing voiced sounds, when there is no dedicated symbol for the voiceless version of the sound. It may also be used with symbols for voiced sounds to represent slack voice.[3]

See Also


  1. Ring (diacritic), Underring at Wikipedia.
  2. International Phonetic Alphabet, Diacritics at Wikipedia.
  3. Slack voice at Wikipedia