Breve

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Note that the breve is easily confused with the similar looking caron ˇ, especially in small font sizes.

Breve in Unicode

Characters with Breve
˘ ◌̆ Ă ă
U+02D8 U+0306 U+0102 U+0103 U+1EAE U+1EAF U+1EB0 U+1EB1 U+1EB2 U+1EB3 U+1EB4 U+1EB5 U+1EB6
Breve Combining Breve Latin Capital Letter A With Breve Latin Small Letter A With Breve Latin Capital Letter A With Breve And Acute Latin Small Letter A With Breve And Acute Latin Capital Letter A With Breve And Grave Latin Small Letter A With Breve And Grave Latin Capital Letter A With Breve And Hook Above Latin Small Letter A With Breve And Hook Above Latin Capital Letter A With Breve And Tilde Latin Small Letter A With Breve And Tilde Latin Capital Letter A With Breve And Dot Below
Ĕ ĕ Ğ ğ Ĭ ĭ Ŏ ŏ Ŭ ŭ
U+1EB7 U+0114 U+0115 U+1E1C U+1E1D U+011E U+011F U+012C U+012D U+014E U+014F U+016C U+016D
Latin Small Letter A With Breve And Dot Below Latin Capital Letter E With Breve Latin Small Letter E With Breve Latin Capital Letter E With Cedilla And Breve Latin Small Letter E With Cedilla And Breve Latin Capital Letter G With Breve Latin Small Letter G With Breve Latin Capital Letter I With Breve Latin Small Letter I With Breve Latin Capital Letter O With Breve Latin Small Letter O With Breve Latin Capital Letter U With Breve Latin Small Letter U With Breve

Breve in Natlangs

Uses of Breve
Usage Language Letters Notes
High tone Min Dong (Fuzhou dialect, Foochow romanization) Ăă /a˥, ɑ˥/, Ă̤ă̤ /ɛ˥, a˥/, Ĕĕ /ɛi˥/, Ĕ̤ĕ̤ /œ˥/, Ĭĭ /i˥/, Ŏŏ /ou˥/, Ŏ̤ŏ̤ /o˥, ɔ˥/, Ŭŭ /u˥/, Ṳ̆ṳ̆ /y˥/ Note that the letters here that contain ◌̤ are not precomposed characters.
Lax vowel Moldovan, Romanian Ăă /ə/
Short vowel Vietnamese Ăă /a˧/, Ắắ /a˧˥/, Ằằ /a̤˨˩/, Ẳẳ /a˧˩˧/, Ẵẵ /aˀ˧˥/, Ặặ /a̰ʔ˨˩/ Unaccented Aa generally stands for /aː/.[1]
Silent vowel Arabic (ISO/R 233 romanization) Ăă [∅], Ĭĭ [∅], Ŭŭ [∅] These letters are used for transcribing the Arabic letter ٱ when the vowel is unpronounced.[2][3]

Breve in Conlangs

Uses of Breve
Usage Language Creator Letters Notes
Absence of pitch accent Inng (external transcription) Qwynegold Ăă /a/, Ĕĕ /ə, i/, Ĭĭ /i/, L̆l̆ /l̩/, M̆m̆ /ŋ̍/, N̆n̆ /ŋ̍/, Ŏŏ /u, ə, a/, Ŭŭ /u/ The breve here marks that the syllable is without accent, and that the actual tone of the syllable may start at varying heights depending on the environment. (See also Dot Below for another marking of accentless syllables in Inng.) Some of these accented letters only appear as part of a digraph when representing a certain sound.[4]
Central vowel Songulda (external romanization) Qwynegold Ĭĭ /ɨ/
Non-syllabic vowel Esperanto Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof Ŭŭ /u̯/ This vowel is commonly found in the dipthongs /au̯/ and /eu̯/, but can occasionally be found in other positions too.[5] Unaccented Uu is /u/, which appears in hiatus when next to another vowel.

See Also

References

  1. Vietnamese orthography, Pronunciation at Wikipedia.
  2. Pedersen, Thomas. 2008. Transliteration of Arabic.
  3. Hamza, Hamzat waṣl at Wikipedia.
  4. Inng, Transcription at FrathWiki.
  5. Esperanto phonology at Wikipedia.