iljena has a simple five-vowel system
They are given in the Standard Human transcription (also known as the Kennilworth Phonemic System), and have the usual IPA values.
The phonemic consonants of iljena are given in the chart below. Each consonant is given in the Standard Human transcription, with its IPA value following
The following sandhi phenomena occur in iljena
Palatalisation of Alveolars
The sequence alveolar+j assimilates thus
Notice that /r/ does not undergo palatalisation, and that /j/ is not lost when /l/ palatalises to [ʎ]
Velarisation of <h>
Before a consonant, or word-finally, <h> /h/ is realised as [x]
Voicing of <q>
When in contact with a sonorant, <q> /kʷ/ is realised as [gʷ]
Velarisation of n
<n> /n/ followed by a velar or labiovelar assimilates thus
This last process only occurs word finally.
The formation of an iljena word is subject to the following constraints
- Vowel occur singly within words - hiatus and diphthongs are disallowed.
- A maximum of two consonants may occur in sequence.
- Two consecutive consonants may not be identical, whether or not they are separated by a vowel. This constraint is relaxed in proper names of non-native origin.
- w may not follow q, whether or not they are separated by a vowel.