Conlang comparison

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Because a posteriori languages borrow vocabulary from real spoken languages, it is often found that conlangs of this type relate to one another. On this page, it is possible to make comparisons between natlangs of the main branches and also of conlangs influenced by them. If you have an a posteriori conlang, please contribute to this page.

Germanic conlangs

Natlang comparison table

English Scots West Frisian Dutch Low Saxon German Gothic Icelandic Faroese Swedish Danish Norwegian (Nynorsk)
Apple Aiple Apel Appel Appel Apfel Aplus Epli Epl(i) Äpple Æble Eple
Board Buird Board Bord Boord Brett / Bord Baúrd Borð("table/plank") Borð("table/plank/board of ship/side") Bord("table/plank") Bord("table/desk") Bord("table/plank")
Beech Beech Boeke/ Boekebeam Beuk Böke Buche Bōka Bók Bók Bok Bøg Bøk, Bok
Book Beuk Boek Boek Book Buch Bōka Bók Bók Bok Bog Bok
Breast Breest Boarst Borst Bost Brust Brusts Brjóst Bróst Bröst Bryst Bryst
Brown Broun Brún Bruin Bruun Braun Bruns Brúnn Brúnur Brun Brun Brun
Day Day Dei Dag Dag Tag Dags Dagur Dagur Dag Dag Dag
Dead Deid Dea Dood Dood Tot Dauþs Dauður Deyður Död Død Daud
Die (Starve) Dee Stjerre Sterven Döen/ Starven Sterben Diwan Deyja Doyggja Døy
Enough Eneuch Genôch Genoeg Noog Genug Ganōhs Nóg Nóg/ Nógmikið Nog Nok Nok
Finger Finger Finger Vinger Finger Finger Figgrs Fingur Fingur Finger Finger Finger
Give Gie Jaan Geven Geven Geben Giban Gefa Geva Giva / Ge Give Gje(va)
Glass Gless Glês Glas Glas Glas Gler Glas Glas Glas Glas
Gold Gowd Goud Goud Gold Gold Gulþ Gull Gull Guld/ Gull Guld Gull
Hand Haund Hân Hand Hand Hand Handus Hönd Hond Hand Hånd Hand
Head Heid Holle Hoofd/ Kop Kopp Haupt/ Kopf Háubiþ Höfuð Høvd/ Høvur Huvud Hoved Hovud
High Heich Heech Hoog Hoog Hoch Háuh Hár Høg/ur Hög Høj Høg
Home Hame Hiem Heim Heim Heim Háimōþ Heim Heim Hem Hjem Heim
Hook Heuk Hoek Haak Haak Haken Krappa/ Krampa Krókur Krókur/ Ongul Hake/ Krok Hage/ Krog Hake/ Krok
House Hoose Hûs Huis Huus Haus Hūs Hús Hús Hus Hus Hus
Many Mony Mannich/Mennich Menig Mennig Manch Manags Margir Mangir/ Nógvir Många Mange Mange
Moon Muin Moanne Maan Maan Mond Mēna Tungl/ Máni Máni/ Tungl Måne Måne Måne
Night Nicht Nacht Nacht Natt/ Nacht Nacht Nótt Nótt Natt Natt Nat Natt
No Nae Nee Nee(n) Nee Nein (Nö, Nee) Nei Nei Nej Nej Nei
Old Auld Âld Oud, Gammel Oll Alt Sineigs Gamall (but: eldri, elstur) Gamal (but: eldri, elstur) Gammal (but: äldre, äldst) Gammel (but: ældre, ældst) Gam(m)al (but: eldre, eldst)
One Ane Ien Een Een Eins Áins Einn Ein En En Ein
Ounce Unce Ûns Ons Ons Unze Unkja Únsa Únsa Uns Unse Unse
Snow Snaw Snie Sneeuw Snee Schnee Snáiws Snjór Kavi/ Snjógvur Snö Sne Snø
Stone Stane Stien Steen Steen Stein Stáins Steinn Steinur Sten Sten Stein
That That Dat Dat, Die Dat (Dit) Das Þata Það Tað Det Det Det
Two/Twain Twa Twa Twee Twee Zwei (Zwo) Twái Tveir/ Tvær/ Tvö Tveir (/Tvá) Två To To
Who Wha Wa Wie Wokeen Wer Ƕas (Hwas) Hver Hvør Vem Hvem Kven
Worm Wirm Wjirm Wurm/ Worm Worm Wurm Maþa Maðkur, Ormur Maðkur/ Ormur Mask/ Orm("snake") Orm Mark/ Makk/ Orm("snake/worm")

Conlang comparison table

English Tauro-Piscean (original) Koolesh/Koulesh Vityng Folkendetonge Thorsutian Nyenglisk Intrekomi Hellingijø Pembrish Avantimannish Viteberger Basanawa* Senjecas
Apple Epeêl Afel æpla äpel mollu Apel áplo aplaz apel aapelez (fruit) Äpel あ(っ)ぱる゚(appel)[apəl] abe̋li
Board Bëd Bord þælja häle bjerd bórd bórdo apahiz bord bordon (serving table) Bord 板(bord)[bort]
Book Bok Buu(k)h bøkk búk cingarta búk líbro biblaz book boq Bok 本/冊(book)[bu:k] / 本~冊(kittab)[kitap]
Beech Bok Buu(k)he træ trää blёzsa bých bísso boka beich botchez Bejk ぶな/buna/ vą̋ƶi
Breast Breost Brust breost breyst gloçine brest briésto mazitiz bryoost brewstez Bröst 胸(brust)[brust]
Brown Brun Braun brúnur brónd kifo brán bróno brunaz brwn brone Brun 褐ん(braun)[braun] / 茶色い[tʃairoi]
Day De Tag/Dag dagg dag ord da di hemeri day dayez Dag 日(dag)/dax/
Dead Däd Tout deyð deggðe vimordёd ded móro ofoþeziðiz diaad dowthe död 死ど(dood)[du:t]
Die (Starve) Steëfan Sterben deyja degga vishmordur dæa moróno ofoþezan dye sterfen döen 死えるう゚(sterve)[sterf]
Enough Jenü Genuuk gnogg genog mjalzsi enuf enófo ganogaz ynoo yanôô nog 足か゚(genoog/genooch)[gənu:x]
Finger Finjä Finger fyngur finger cisti fingur fínkro fingaraz vinger pancgers Finger 指(finger)[fiŋgər]
Give Jefan Geben gefa gefe jatur giva áddi gebenan yw yefen gefen 与えう゚(geve)[ge:f]
Glass Öles Glas glass glass clёc glas gláso jalaz glas haellez Glas 鏡/玻璃/硝子/ガラス(glass)[glas]
Gold Jöld Gold gold(metal)/gul(colour) gold(metal)/gul(colour) voziţa góld goltí gulþaz goud êêz Guld 金(gold)[golt]
Hand Hand Hand hønd hend ruuca hand hánto hira hond hand Hand 手(hand)[hant]
Head Häfod Kof/Houbet hǿfuð heyfuð korrd hed éto hefa schaud haufdez Höd 頭/首(heed)[hi:t] / 頭/首(heft)[heft]
High Hou(k)h hǿr heyr ljenёç táli hauhaz schaach hôô hög 高か゚(hooch)[hu:x]
Home Ham Heim óðal hós shmer hóm hómo ohaz hoom te razôn Hem 家(tchisse)[tʃise] / 家(hem)[hem] / 家(heem)[hi:m]
Hook Anjeêl Hakken þnægi snäge grrepa húk hóko hokaz hook yanqez Krok ホゥーク(hook)[hu:k]
House Hus Haus húss hós shmer hás dómo ohaz hws razô Hus 屋/棟(haus)[haus]
Many Manï Fil mikkil mikil shumed maný máni managaz mainy manahh mang 多にき゚(mannig)[maniç]
Moon Monê Maane monæð monð luna mún mūno sili moun mênô Mond 月(mane/maan)[ma:n]
Night Nït Naht kvøld kveld narrlid næt nitó nahta nicht nehhtez Nat 夜(nacht)[naxt]
No Nesê Ne ne no ne no naye ek/nej ね(ne)[ne] / ねん(nen)[nen] ne (not)
Old Öld Ald ald ald vёrmad óld ólti arhaz aud forne forn 老ど(old)[olt]
One An Ein ǽn ään ej et óna hiz wan ên ejn 一(een)[i:n]
Ounce Ïnsê (none) hring stu mas ánce ūnso (none) wns unsc (inch, ounce) Unts
Snow Sma Snei þnǽ snä bolurţe snó snóvo sniwaz znaw snêwen / snowen Snö 雪(snee)[sni:]
Stone Stan Stein stǽnn stän gjur stón róko liþaz stoon stânez Stejn 石(steen)[sti:n] tą̋in
That Tet Dazh þetta hete çad þat ta sa/so/þat that that / thon / thân det 彼(dat)[dat]
Two/Twain Twa Zvei/Zvou tvǽr tär xa tvo do twaiz twa twô tvö 二(twee)[twi:] d̬ő
Who Wa Ver(Nominative form) hvem ven cus ki hwaz fa hwô / hwat hvor 誰い(wee)[wi:]
Worm Wïêm Vurm slanga slange sligert vurm vormó wurmiz wierem erthawormez Orm 虫(worm)[worm] / 虫(tchatching)[tʃatʃiŋ] k̬ɔ̋me
  • Basanawa uses japanese kanji and kana to write, and the Basanawa version of kanji and kana is called Basanawa-dji; there's also a romanization called "Oldwriting" which is the script used for Basanawa before Basanawa speakers adopted japanese kanji and kana, the Oldwriting forms of Basanawas word are in parentheses; the pronunciations in IPA are also listed.

Romance conlangs

Natlang comparison table

English Latin Catalan French Galician Italian Norman Jèrriais Lombard Piedmontese Spanish Portuguese Romanian Romansh
Apple [Mattiana] Mala;
Pomum (fruit)
Poma Pomme Mazá Mela Poumme Pomm/Pumm Pom Manzana/Poma Maçã Măr Mail Senjecas
Board
Beech
Book Liber Llibre Livre Libro Libro Libro Livro Carte
Breast Sein Seno
Brown Marron Marrone
Day Dies Dia;
Jorn
Jour;
Journée
Día Giorno;
Día Dia Zi Di dı̨̋-a (shine)
Dead Mort Morto
Die (Starve) Mourir Morire
Enough Assez;
Suffisant
Abbastanza;
Sufficiente
Finger Digitus Dit Doigt Dito Dedo Dedo Deget
Give Dare Donar Donner Dar Dare Dar Dar Da Dar dǫ̋a
Glass Verre Vetro
Gold Aurum Or Or Ouro Oro Oro Ouro Aur Aur
Hand Manus Main Man Mano Mano Mão Mână Maun ma̋no
Head Tête;
Chef
Testa;
Capo
High Haut Alto
Home Casa
Hook Uncino
House Casa
Many Molto
Moon Luna Lluna Lune Lúa Luna Luna Lua Lună
Night Nox Nit Nuit Noite Notte Noche Noite Noapte Notg
No Non No
Old Vieux Vecchio
One Un Uno
Ounce
Snow Nix Neu Neige Neve Neve Nieve Neve Zăpadă;
Nea
Naiv
Stone Lapis;
Petra
Pedra Pierre;
Caillou
Pedra Pietra;
Sasso
Piedra Pedra;
Rocha
Piatră
That Ille Aqueix Ce (là) Quello Aquel Aquele Acela Quel
Two/Twain Duo
Duae
Dos;
Dues
Deux Dous;
Dúas
Due Dos Dois
Duas
Doi;
Două
Who Quis;
Qui
Qui Qui Chi Quién Quem Cine Tgi
Worm Ver Verme

Conlang comparison table

Slavic languages

Natlang comparison table

English
Apple
Board
Book
Breast
Brown
Day
Dead
Die
Enough
English Bielorussian Russian Ukrainian Rusyn Bulgarian Macedonian Serbo-Croatian Slovene Czech Kashubian Polish Slovak Sorbian (Upper)
Apple Яблык
(jablyk)
Яблоко
(jabloko)
Яблуко
(jabluko)
Яблъка
(jablăka)
Јаболко
(jabolko)
Јабука
Jabuka
Jabolko Jablko Jabko Jabłko Jablko Jabłuko
Board
Beech
Book Кніга
(kniha)
Книга
(kniga)
Книжка
(knyžka)
Книга
(kniga)
Книга
(kniga)
Књига
Knjiga
Knjiga Kniha Książka Kniha
Breast
Brown
Day Дзень
(dzen')
День
(den')
День
(den')
Ден
(den)
Ден
(den)
Дан
Dan
Dan Den Dzéń Dzień Deň Dźeń
Dead
Die (Starve)
Enough
Finger Палец
(palec)
Палец
('palec)
Палець
(palec')
Пръст
(prăst)
Прст
(prst)
Прст
Prst
Prst Prst Palec Prst Palc
Give Даваць/Даць
(davac')/(dac')
Давать/Дать
(davat')/(dat')
Давати/Дати
(davaty)/(daty)
Давам/Дам
(davam)/(dam)
Дава/Даде
(dava)/(dade)
Давати/Дати
Davati/Dati
Dajati/Dati Dávat/Dát Dawać/Dać Dávat'/Dat'
Glass Шкло
(šklo)
Стекло
(steklo)
Скло
(sklo)
Стъкло
(stăklo)
Стакло
(staklo)
Стакло
Staklo
Steklo Sklo Szłko Sklo
Gold Золата
(zolata)
Золото
(zoloto)
Золото
(zoloto)
Злато
(zlato)
Злато
(zlato)
Злато
Zlato
Zlato Zlato Złoto Złoto Zlato
Hand Рука
(ruka)
Рука
(ruka)
Рука
(ruka)
Ръка
(răka)
Рака
(raka)
Рука
Ruka
Roka Ruka Rãka Ręka Ruka Ruka
Head Галава
(halava)
Голова
(golova)
Голова
(holova)
Глава
(glava)
Глава
(glava)
Глава
Glava
Glava Glava Głowa Głowa Hlava Hłowa
High
Home
Hook
House Дом
(dom)
Дом
(dom)
Дім
(dim)
Къща
(kăšta);
Дом
(dom)
Куќа
(kuḱa)
Кућа
Kuća
Hiša Dům Dóm Dom Dom Dom
Many
Moon Месяц
(mecjac)
Луна
(luna)
Місяць
(misjac')
Луна
(luna)
Месечина
(mesečina)
Мјесец
Mesec
Luna Měsíc Księżyc Mesiac
Night Ноч
(noč)
Ночь
(noč')
Ніч
(nič)
Нощ
(nošt)
Ноќ
(noḱ)
Ноћ
Noć
Noč Noc Noc Noc Noc Nóc
No Не
(ne)
Нет
(net)
Ні
(ni)
Не
(ne)
Не
(ne)
Не
Ne
Ne Ne Nie Nie
Old Стары
(stary)
Старый
(staryj)
Старий
(staryj)
Старый
(staryj)
Стар
(star)
Стар
(star)
Стар
Star
Star Starý Stary Starý Stary
One
Ounce
Snow Снег
(sneh)
Снег
(sneg)
Сніг
(snih)
Сняг
(snjag)
Снег
(sneg)
Снијег
Sneg
Sneg Sníh Śnieg Sneh Sněh
Stone Камень
(kamen')
Камень
(kamen')
Камінь
(kamin')
Камък
(kamăk)
Камен
(kamen)
Камен
Kamen
Kamen Kámen Kamień Kameň
That
Two/Twain
Who Хто
(Chto)
Кто
(Kto)
Хто
(Chto)
Кой
(Koj)
Кој
(Koj)
Ко
Tko
Kdo Kdo Kto Kto
Worm Чарвяк
(čarvjak)
Червь
(červ')
Черв'як
(červ'jar)
Червей
(červej)
Црв
(crv)
Црв
Crv
Črv Červ Czerw Červ

Conlang comparison table

English
Apple
Board
Book
Breast
Brown
Day
Dead
Die
Enough