Conlang Relay 17/Feayran

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by David Edwards

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The text


Ulkáuth elàeruholikuktuvá. Úk mishlóahulukun kukánoholùikurhr. Rhrúk akuktukúlkirhr. Ùulukturár rhrúk aìnàininú ulkáauth kuktùuránuìlkura karhruktùushúlki. Mú ulkuktukúlkiret. Théokai toèrrukúlkik.

Smooth English

The elk did evil

An elk was friends with a man. But the elk's blood burned toward the man. Then the elk attacked the man. The elk called out, and then twelve twelves of twelve elks went there and chased the man. The first elk bit the man many times. At that time the man was killed.

Interlinear gloss

Ulkáuth elàeruholikuktuvá.

ulk<áu>th elàer<u-h-ol<i>ku-kt;u-v-á>

elk<DIR.LEAD.S> friend<LEAD-Ø-male<INS.FOLLOW>-CLS(large_prey_animal);LEAD.S-STAT-INTRS.IND>

Úk mishlóahulukun kukánoholùikurhr.

<ú>k mishl<óa-h-ul<u>k-u>n k<u-k-á-n;o-h-ol<ùi>ku>rhr

CONTRAST<LEAD> blood<DIR.INAN.S-Ø-CLS(large_prey_animal)<LEAD>-Ø> fire<LEAD-PERF-INTRS.IND-CLS(water);INAN.S-Ø-CLS(male)<LAT.FOLLOW>>

Rhrúk akuktukúlkirhr.

rhr<ú>k ak<u-kt;u-k-ú-lk;i>rhr


Ùulukturár rhrúk aìnàininú ulkáauth kuktùuránuìlkura karhruktùushúlki.

ùul<u-kt;u-r-á>r rhr<ú>k aìnàinin<ú> ulk<áau>th k<u-kt;ùu-r-á-n<uì>lku>ra karhr<u-kt;ùu-sh-ú-lk;i>


Mú ulkuktukúlkiret.

m<ú> ulk<u-kt;u-k-ú-lk;i>ret


Théokai toèrrukúlkik.

th<éo>kai toèrr<u-k-ú-lk;i>k

time_in_the_past<LOC.INAN.S> death<LEAD-PERF-TRNS.IND-CLS;FOLLOW.S> </nowiki>


The feayr do not domesticate or ride on animals; the closest parallel I could find for "horse" was "elk," and I chose to translate the relationship between man and steed as "friendship."


Noun morphology: (pre-stem) + STANCE.CASE.NUMBER + (incorporated GEN) + (post-stem)

The STANCE.CASE.NUMBER affix always carries a high tone, marked with an acute accent (e.g., á).

Noun affixes

áu - direct case (for agents and patients), singular, leading stance

áau - direct case, plural, leading stance

óa - direct case, inanimate referent

éo - unincorporated locative case, singular, inanimate referent

i - incorporated locative or instrumental case, following stance

u - incorporated locative or instrumental case, leading stance

ùi - incorporated lative case, following stance

Note on incorporation: when an incorporated noun begins with a vowel, an h- is added to the front.

Qualifier affixes

ú - leading stance

Verb morphology: (pre-stem) + STANCE + (incorp. ABL) + (AGENT) + ASPECT + VOICE + (PATIENT) + (incorp. LOC/LAT) + (post-stem)

The VOICE affix always carries a high tone.

STANCE affixes

u - leading stance


ktu - large prey noun class, singular, leading stance

no - water/emotion noun class, singular, inanimate

lki - masculine noun class, singular, following stance

ktùu - large prey noun class, plural, leading stance

ASPECT affixes

v - stative/descriptive

k - perfective action

r - punctual, also implies immediacy or haste

sh - imperfective action

VOICE affixes

ú - transitive

á - intransitive

There is also one instance of tone sandhi:

Rising tones (marked in the form àa) become falling tones (marked aà) after high tones (marked á).