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An altlang is a fictional language set in an alternative history. The most famous altlang (at least in the Internet-based conlanging community) is Andrew Smith's Brithenig, which is set in Ill Bethisad, a collaborative alternative history with, among other changes, a stronger Roman presence in Britain, resulting in the survival of a Romance language in that province.

The word "altlang" was first used in this sense by James Landau in January of 2003[1].

A related concept is the lostlang, which exists in a version of the real world with just a few extra languages added.

This article is part of a series on Types of Conlangs.

"Reason" classification system: Artlangs * Funlangs * Engineered language * Philosophical language * Arithmographic language * Logical language * Fictional languages * Exolangs * Diachronic conlangs * Lostlangs * Altlangs * Auxlangs
"Origin" classification system: A priori conlangs * A posteriori conlangs
"Other" classification system: Sketchlangs * Kitchen Sink Conlangs * Colllangs