Senjecas linguistics

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Notes

  1. cpd = a compound of two or more roots, e.g., ðééa, in place of, + fe̋e̋to, noun = ðeefe̋e̋to, pronoun.
  2. drv = a word derived from a root, e.g., sa̋m̃o, word, < sa̋m̃a, t.v. speak.
  3. pol = a word with a different, but related sense to an original word, e.g., te̋na, tense < te̋na, time
  4. These words are not numbered, as only original roots are numbered
  5. Words in red indicate a feature that does not occur in Senjecas.


Punctuation - bőþra बो॓थ्र

  • drv botı̋d̨a, punctuate [< bőto, point].
  • cpd boþne̋uo, punctuation mark [< bőto, point; ne̋uo, sign]
  • cpd deusbőto, period (:) [< de̋usa, t.v. stop]
  • cpd d̬obőto, colon [< d̬ő, two]
  • cpd meinbőto, clause hyphen (—) [< me̋ino, thought]
  • cpd meþbőto, question mark [< me̋ta, t.v. ask]
  • cpd m̃iibőto, interpunct (·) [< m̃ı̋ı̋i, adj. separate]
  • cpd ƣeðbőto, prefix hyphen (-) [< ƣe̋ða, t.v. join]
  • cpd tirbőto, paragraph end (⁝) [< tı̋r, three]
  • cpd żaarbőto, exclamation point [< ża̋a̋ra, t.v. exclaim]
  • cpd żóxd̬obőto, semicolon [< żóku, almost; d̬ő, two]


Affixes - evse̋gos एभ्से॓गोस्

  • cpd ense̋go, infix [< éna, prep. in; se̋ga, t.v. fasten]
  • cpd fas̈a̋m̃o, clitic [< fa̋sa, t.v. depend on; sa̋m̃o, word]
  • cpd n̨oofse̋go, prefix [< n̨óópa, prep. before]
  • cpd pos̈e̋go, suffix [< pósa, prep. after]
  • cpd þolse̋go, circumfix [< þóla, prep. on both sides]


Parts of speech - sam̃fa̋a̋ȝos सम़्फा॓योस्

  • cpd ðeefe̋e̋to, pronoun
    • cpd altósðeefe̋e̋to, indefinite pronoun
    • cpd anánðeefe̋e̋to, reciprocal pronoun
    • cpd déisðeefe̋e̋to, demonstrative pronoun
    • cpd hómðeefe̋e̋to, personal pronoun
    • cpd m̃álðeefe̋e̋to, intensive pronoun
    • cpd náánðeefe̋e̋to, reflexive pronoun
    • cpd úð̤eefe̋e̋to, possessive pronoun
  • pol fe̋e̋to, noun, substantive [< fe̋e̋ta, t.v. name]
    • cpd ál̤uxfe̋e̋to, mass noun
    • cpd altaƣfe̋e̋to, abstract noun
    • cpd lezfe̋e̋to, collective noun
    • cpd luxfe̋e̋to, count noun
    • cpd m̃exfe̋e̋to, concrete noun
    • cpd koinfe̋e̋to, common noun
    • cpd šeeðfe̋e̋to, proper noun
  • cpd (fe̋e̋þ)gansa̋m̃|o, adjective; -i, adj. adjectival
    • drv še̋e̋ðm̃i, adj. attributive
    • drv m̃a̋iþi, adj. predicative
  • cpd ȝoorsa̋m̃o, expletive
  • cpd ȝovsa̋m̃o, adposition
    • cpd ensa̋m̃o, inposition
    • cpd n̨oofsa̋m̃o, preposition
    • cpd pos̈a̋m̃o, postposition
    • cpd þolsa̋m̃o, circumposition
  • drv ka̋a̋to, verb [< ka̋a̋ta, i.v. assert]
    • cpd aska̋a̋to, transitive verb
    • cpd álaska̋a̋to, intransitive verb
    • cpd d̬ígaamsa̋m̃o, participle
      • cpd kid̬ígaamsa̋m̃o, active participle
      • cpd peed̬ígaamsa̋m̃o, passive participle
    • cpd fŭm̃uka̋a̋to, infinitive
    • cpd kaaþfe̋e̋to, supine
    • cpd ƣeðka̋a̋to, copula
    • cpd reeƣka̋a̋to, auxiliary verb
  • cpd kaaþga̋nlo, adverb; -i, adj. adverbial
  • cpd ƣeðsa̋m̃o, conjunction
    • cpd fásƣeðsa̋m̃o, subordinating conjunction
    • cpd ȝémƣeðsa̋m̃o, correlative conjunction
    • cpd párƣeðsa̋m̃o, co-ordinating conjunction
  • cpd rexsa̋m̃o, determiner
  • cpd sa̋m̃ko, particle
    • cpd m̃iisa̋m̃ko, disjunctive particle
    • cpd ánvaasa̋m̃ko, quotative particle
  • cpd tevsa̋m̃o, article
    • drv tősi, adj. definite
    • drv altősi, adj. indefinite


Grammar - ȝexre̋e̋ȝos येखरै॓योस

  • cpd a̋ṡaþo, object
  • pol de̋iṡi, adj. demonstrative [< de̋iṡa, t.v. demonstrate]
  • cpd ðééfeetőȝanti, adj. prodrop
  • pol ðe̋r̈a, mood [< ðe̋r̈a, attitude]
    • alnesðe̋r̈a, subjunctive mood
    • eevðe̋r̈a, imperative mood
    • kisðe̋r̈a, indicative mood
  • pol fa̋si, adj. subordinate, dependent [< fa̋sa, t.v. depend on]
    • fastőso, clause
  • pol fűlo, root [< fűla, t.v. root]
  • pol ȝe̋þra, voice [< ȝe̋ta, t.v. relate to]
    • kiȝe̋þra, active voice
    • peeȝe̋þra, passive voice
  • pol ȝővta, apposition [< ȝőba, t.v. approach]
    • ȝovsa̋m̃=o, appositive; =i, adj. appositive
  • afx kı̋|lu, subject [< kı̋a, t.v. do; -lu, agent suffix]; al~, null-subject
    • -si, adj. indicative
  • pol le̋żo, gender [< le̋żo, category]
    • ǧe̋nm̃i, adj. feminine
    • m̃e̋xm̃i, adj. neuter
    • m̃ı̋ı̋rm̃i, adj. masculine
  • pol lűxra, number [< lűxra, enumeration]
    • d̬olűxri, adj. dual
    • meelűxri, adj. plural
    • þunlűxri, adj. singular
  • pol ne̋uda, case [< ne̋udo, function]
    • ðeene̋uda, dative case [< ðe̋e̋a, t.v. locate]
    • feeþne̋uda, nominative case [< fe̋e̋ta, t.v. name]
    • ham̃ne̋uda, vocative case [< ha̋m̃a, t.v. call]
    • ȝaane̋uda, accusative case [< ȝa̋a̋a, t.v. move]
  • pol nőőra, aspect [< nőőra, view]
    • álþuxnőőa, imperfective aspect
    • avnőőa, prospective aspect
    • deusnőőa, terminative aspect
    • f̨uuðnőőa, causative aspect
    • mem̃nőőa, progressive/continuous aspect
    • m̃esnőőa, desiderative aspect
    • nevnőőa, recent perfective aspect
    • seernőőa, frequentative aspect
    • šan̈őőa, inclinational aspect
    • šeðnőőa, habitual aspect
    • toðnőőa, inceptive aspect
    • þuxnőőa, perfective aspect
    • vuumnőőa, debitive aspect
  • cpd parsa̋m̃o, correlative word [< pa̋ra, t.v. correspond; sa̋m̃o, word]
  • pol te̋na, tense [< te̋na, time]
    • imte̋na, present imperfective tense
    • feste̋na, past imperfective tense
    • poste̋na, future imperfective tense
    • ímþuxte̋na, present perfect tense
    • fésþuxte̋na, past perfect tense
    • pósþuxte̋na, future perfect tense


Manner of articulation - šenmőőda स्वेन्मौ॓द

  • cpd ȝovše̋no, approximant
  • cpd keðše̋no, guttural
  • pol mőőv|a, t.v. lenite -ra, lenition [< mőőva, t.v. soften]
  • cpd muiþše̋no, alveolar
  • cpd naš̤e̋no, nasal
  • cpd pax|še̋no, stop, plosive, occlusive. -tiirše̋no, affricate
  • cpd pemše̋n|o, labial; d̬í~, bilabial. -kı̋ra, labialization
  • cpd piilše̋no, tap, flap
  • cpd riiš̤e̋no, dental
  • cpd serše̋no, sonorant
  • cpd ṡiš̤e̋no, sibilant
  • cpd ṡuš̤e̋no, trill
  • cpd tiirše̋no, fricative, spirant
  • cpd vainše̋n|o, palatal; -kı̋ra, palatalization


Syntax - m̃aiþrĕb̨őra म़इथ्रऺब्यो॓र

  • pol m̃a̋iþ|ro, sentence; meþ~, interrogative sentence [< m̃a̋iþa, i.v. declare]. -i, adj. predicate, predicative
  • cpd m̃ı̋ı̋o ȝe̋ko, absolute construction [< m̃ı̋ı̋a, t.v. separate; ȝe̋ko, phrase]


Diacritics - goine̋uo गोइने॓उओ

  • cpd ȝemne̋uo, diaeresis [< ȝe̋ma, t.v. pair; ne̋uo, sign]
  • cpd pemne̋uo, caron [< pe̋mo, lip; ne̋uo, sign]
  • cpd piðne̋uo, macron [< pı̋ða, t.v. lengthen; ne̋uo, sign]
  • afx pőɫko, ogonek [< pőɫo, tail; -ko, diminutive suffix]
  • cpd šen̈e̋uo, accent mark [< še̋no, tone; ne̋uo, sign]
    • d̬ók̨orne̋uo, secondary accent mark (double acute)
    • þűnk̨orne̋uo, primary accent mark (acute)
  • cpd simne̋uo, tilde [< sı̋ma, t.v. whisper; ne̋uo, sign]
  • cpd ufbőto, dot above [< úpa, postp. above; bőto, dot]
  • cpd vain̈e̋uo, retroflex hook [< va̋ino, palate; ne̋uo, sign]


Phonology - sám̃šensa̋a̋r̈a स॔म़्स़वोन्सा॓र्र

  • cpd šenha̋ira, syncope [< še̋no, sound; ha̋ȝa, t.v. lose]
  • cpd šenm̃őőƣra, epenthesis [< še̋no, sound; m̃őőga, t.v. add on]
  • cpd šenőőnta, accent [< še̋no, sound; őőnta, height]
  • cpd šenőira, elision [< še̋no, sound; őȝa, t.v. take away]


Miscellany - kaþı̋ȝa कथि॓य

  • cpd boðše̋no, consonant [< bődo, body; še̋no, sound]
  • cpd d̬iše̋no, diphthong
  • pol lőȝo, diminutive [< lőȝa, i.v. reduce]
  • cpd ruunpa̋fra, alphabet [< rűűno, letter; pa̋fa, t.v. put in order]
  • drv sa̋m̃|o, word [< sa̋m̃a, speak]; -te̋iðra , semantics [< te̋iða, t.v. mean]; -pa̋fra, word order [< pa̋fa, t.v. put in order]; -me̋lo, syllable [< me̋lo, member]; -pűlo, syllable [< pűla, t.v. divide]; -om kı̋=a, syllabify; =ra, syllabification. -pulpı̋ðo, mora [< pı̋ða, t.v. lengthen]; -šensa̋a̋r̈a, phonetics [< še̋no, sound; sa̋a̋ra, t.v. know]; -zinsa̋a̋r̈a, morphology [< zı̋na, t.v. form]
  • 001 sűű|a, 1 t.v. decline, inflect, conjugate 2 i.v. inflect, conjugate; -ra, declension, inflection, conjugation
  • pol sűűþra, deixis [< sűűta, t.v. show]
  • cpd šen|me̋iþra, intonation [< še̋no, sound; me̋iþa, t.v. change]; -mesa̋a̋r̈a, prosody [< me̋a, t.v. measure; sa̋a̋ra, t.v. know]; -þűno, phoneme [þűno, unit]
  • cpd ṡ̨uuše̋no, vowel [<ṡ̨űűu, soul; še̋no, sound]
  • pol ta̋a̋ȝa, t.v. parse [< ta̋a̋ȝa, t.v. analyze]
  • cpd t̨óóltarne̋xaþo, calque. [< t̨őőla, t.v. reflect; tarne̋xa, t.v. translate]


Sound chart - šenrı̋ı̋nmo स्वेनरी॓न्मो

  • cpd peműko, first row of graphemes (labials)
  • cpd riis̈űko, second row of graphemes (dentals)
  • cpd muitűko, third row of graphemes (alveolars)
  • cpd vainűko, fourth row of graphemes (palatals)
  • cpd ṡ̨úúšenűko, fifth row of graphemes (vowels)


Senjecas mathematics