From FrathWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

The language with the least effort-demanding phonology ever!

There are five consonants:

  • <m n> are straightforward [m n], tho the latter may vary further back to [ɲ] or [ŋ]. They have syllabic counterparts.
  • <h> is generally [ɦ]. Can become a voiceless nasal when occurring before the syllabic nasals. [j] is an acceptable variant before a vowel.
  • <f> varies within the [ɸ ~ ʍ ~ β ~ w] ballpark. It does not occur word-initially.
  • <:> (yes, a colon) is a glottal stop [ʔ]. There is no contrast with a zero initial (never written in that position).

As well as one true vowel, written as <-> (a dash). The quality may be anything from a nasal shwa [ə̃] to your average [a]. (Given the situation pretty much any value would be understandable, be it [y] or [l̟] or [s̟], but naturally, anything that contrived would sound incredibly silly.) There is contrastiv length, written by two dashes. A word-final vowel is not written.

A word can only consist of syllables with a vowel, or syllables without.

In a vocalic word, three consonant clusters are possible across syllables: <mf hm hn>. Adjacent long/closed syllables are disallowed, as are final consonants.

A non-vocalic word has a maximum lenght of two syllables, of the structure (glottal consonant)+(nasal consonant)+(optional word-final glottal stop). A syllable without a following (coda or internasalic) glottal stop is somewhat longer in duration and written with a duplicated nasal consonant. So for example <hmm>, <mmhn:> or <hn:nn>, but not <mhn> or <hmm:m>.


There is no single copula as such: the choice depends on the mood of the utterance. Affirmation (replies, previous information etc.) is express'd with mm, assertions (new information) with -, and negation (of both affirmation and assertion) with n--.



Principally grammatical. To increase clarity, not all of the 40 possible word-shapes are used.

  • mm (affirmation; usually pronounced with initial [ʔ])
  • hmm (reserved as discourse filler)
  • hm:
  • hnn
  • n:


Monosyllables (again principally grammatical)

  • - (assertion; usually pronounced with [ʔ]; can be clitickized)
  • m- (1st person / proximativ pronoun)
  • h- (interrogativ pronoun)
  • -- (reserved as discourse filler)
  • n-- (negation)


  • -:- (request, command)