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The genitive case is a grammatical case that most typically indicates possession and is marked on the possessor. It is the opposite of the construct case, which is marked on the possessed.

Syntactical properties

Whether genitives precede or succede the governing noun, tends to correlate with whether a language features prepositions or postpositions. This is connected with the tendency of adpositions to derive from genitive constructions by reduction of the head noun. (Linguistic universals #1, #2)

In languages with OV word order, especially those that are SOV and lack adverbs as a distinct part-of-speech, the ordering genitive - noun furthermore correlates with the ordering adjective - noun. (Linguistic universals #5, #65, #1342)

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