|Timeline and Universe:||none|
|Total speakers:||23 million|
|Morphological type:||inflecting, fusional|
|Basic word order:||SVO|
Carune was my first, pitiful attempt at a romlang. It has since seen two major revisions. This page reflects the most recent version of Carune starting at the top and moving down as I revise it.
Carune has seven vowel phonemes and eighteen consonant phonemes.
<e> is realized as [e] when it descends from Latin OE Ē I and as [ɛ] when it descends from Latin AE E. Stressed <e> is [ɛ]. <o> is realized as [o] when it descends from Latin AU Ō U and as [ɔ] when it descends from Latin O. Stressed <o> is [ɔ].
<c> is realized as [k] before <a o u>, and as [tʃ] before <i e>. <g> is realized as [g] before <a o u>, and as [dʒ] before <i e>. <ch> is always [k], and <gh> is always [g]. <ci gi> before <a o u> are realized as affricates without pronouncing <i>. Multiple vowels are usually realized as diphthongs.
Stress in Carune may be unmarked or marked. Marked stress is shown by a grave accent, e.g. parlarì [parlaˈri]. Unmarked stress falls as follows:
- If the word ends in a vowel or n, stress falls on the penultimate syllable, e.g. parlare [parˈlare].
- Otherwise, stress falls on the ultimate syllable.
There are three main allophonic variations that occur in spoken Carune:
- word-final /a/ is realized as [ǝ] in polysyllabic words where it is unstressed, e.g. vita "life" /ˈvita/ realized as [ˈvitǝ]
- intervocalic /s/ is often realized as [z], e.g. usare "use" /uˈsarɛ/ realized as [uˈzarɛ]
- intervocalic /ts/ is generally realized as [dz], e.g. sezi "sixteen" /sɛtsi/ realized as [sɛdzi]
It should also be noted that word-final -e often elides when unstressed, especially before a vowel.