Arka is a language created by "Seren Arbazard", a conlanger from Japan, with contributions from some 27 other people, including his two kids. He was hired to create it in 1991 and has worked on it since. His presentation of his conlang wasn't exactly executed nicely on the ZBB...
Arka is notable for having a lexicon of 16,627 words.
|Plosives||p b||t d||k g||ʔ|
|Fricatives||f v||s z||ʃ ʒ||(ç)||(x)||(χ)||h|
|Approximants||w||l ɾ r ɹ||j|
The maximal syllabic structure is (C)(C)V(C)(C), exemplified by prest 'to be of good omen', though words beginning with a cluster are rare. Although the language is analyzed as having many clusters, these are often resolved with epenthetic schwas, e.g. fonl /fɔnl/ [fɔnlə].
The writing system is an alphabet called "the Lunar alphabet". It uses 20 consonants and 5 vowels.
Basic Word Order
The basic word order is SVO.
- Alfian siina fian.
- boy like girl
- 'A boy likes a girl.'
Adjectives generally follow their nouns, and adverbs their verbs, though not always.
- Miik lis.
- apple small
- 'A small apple.'
Personal Pronouns and Demonstratives
|Animate, near||Animate, far||Inanimate, near||Inanimate, far|
A plural morpheme can be analyzed: -Vs for the pronouns.
The 3rd person pronouns are demonstratives too, and can also work as determiners besides as pronouns.
- Lu fian
- this girl
- 'This girl.'
Animacy of animals varies: they can be considered animates or inanimates.
In the native grammar adverbs are divided in two main groups: leimfreyu ("ordinary adverbs") and levafreyu ("extraordinary adverbs").