Retroflex Hook

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The retroflex hook is variously also called just a hook, or a tail, in Unicode. They all have in common that it is a hook turning towards the right, attached to the bottom of a letter. The majority of these letters are used in IPA to represent retroflex consonants.

Note that the retroflex hook is easily confused with the similar looking Palatalized Hook ◌̡. There are also letters with other hooks, such as Ɓɓ, Ƈƈ, Ɗɗ, Ƒƒ, Ɠɠ, ʛ, ɦ, ɧ, Ƙƙ, ɱ, Ɲɲ, Ɋɋ, ʠ, Ƥƥ, Ƭƭ, Ʋʋ, Ƴƴ, Ȥȥ.

Retroflex Hook in Unicode

Characters with Retroflex Hook
◌̢ ɖ ʯ ɭ ɳ ɽ ɻ ʵ ʂ
U+0322 U+0256 U+02AF U+026D U+1DA9 U+0273 U+1DAF U+2C64 U+027D U+027B U+02B5 U+0282 U+1DB3
Combining Retroflex Hook Below Latin Small Letter D With Tail Latin Small Letter Turned H With Fishhook And Tail Latin Small Letter L With Retroflex Hook Modifier Letter Small L With Retroflex Hook Latin Small Letter N With Retroflex Hook Modifier Letter Small N With Retroflex Hook Latin Capital Letter R With Tail Latin Small Letter R With Tail Latin Small Letter Turned R With Hook Modifier Letter Small Turned R With Hook Latin Small Letter S With Hook Modifier Letter Small S With Hook
Note: It is not recommended that this combining diacritic is used with letters to create new characters.[1] Note: Upper case of this letter is Latin Capital Letter African D, Ɖ (U+0189). Note: Phonetic character used by sinologist to denote [ʐ̩ʷ].[2] Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character used in IPA. Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character; not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character used in IPA. Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character; not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character used in IPA. Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character; not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character used in IPA. Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character; not used in any orthography.
Ʈ ʈ ʐ
U+01AE U+0288 U+0290 U+1DBC
Latin Capital Letter T With Retroflex Hook Latin Small Letter T With Retroflex Hook Latin Small Letter Z With Retroflex Hook Modifier Letter Small Z With Retroflex Hook
Note: Phonetic character used in IPA. Not used in any orthography. Note: Phonetic character; not used in any orthography.

Retroflex Hook in Natlangs

Uses of Retroflex Hook
Usage Language Letters Notes
Retroflex consonant Ewe, Fon Ɖɖ /ɖ~n/ The /n/ is an allophone of /ɖ/ occurring before nasalized vowels.[3]
Moro Ɽɽ /ɽ/ The orthography for Moro did not have capital letters originally.[4]

See Also

References

  1. Hook_(diacritic), Unicode at Wikipedia.
  2. Syllabic consonants, Syllabic fricatives at Wikipedia.
  3. Ewe language, Consonants and Fon language, Phonology at Wikipedia.
  4. Guest, Elizabeth. 1997. Moro Phonology.