Star Empire

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The Star Empire was an alliance of nations positioned around the Gold Sea. It was formed from the union of the earlier Star Empire and Subumpam, each of which were themselves unions of smaller nations who had agreed to a military alliance. The alliance was intended primarily as a check on the power of Nama.[1]


The Star Empire was an alliance of states living in tropical and subtropical areas along the western shore of the Gold Sea, and extending inland up to the foothills of the mountains. Its population was entirely aboriginal, and each of its substates consisted almost entirely of just a single ethnicity. When someone moved from one state to another, they were expected to adopt a new language, religion, and tribal identity.

In 1904, a religious conversion swept through the Star Empire, saving them from a military defeat at the most opportune time

Relations with Subumpam

The Star Empire was an alliance of states living in tropical and subtropical areas along the western shore of the Gold Sea, and extending inland up to the foothills of the mountains. Its population was entirely aboriginal, and each of its substates consisted almost entirely of just a single ethnicity. When someone moved from one state to another, they were expected to adopt a new language, religion, and tribal identity. Subumpam, by contrast, was a multiethnic union. Its majority population, the Subumpamese, were recent immigrants to the area from the islands of Laba (as were all other Gold speakers). But there were also many Andanese speakers, and about 7% of the population consisted aboriginals who were closely related to the Star people across the sea. Subumpam was itself a union of several different states, but those states, despite each having their own separate ethnic identities, were thmselves multiethnic, because their state boundaries did not correspond to tribal boundaries. (e.g. aboriginals were everywhere, not just in one territory set aside for them; likewise with the Andanese, who had literally followed the Subumpamese as they arrived and began to set up cities.)

In 1952, Subumpam was invaded by the neighboring empire of Nama, which was much larger than Subumpam. Furthermore, Nama had help from further allies against Subumpam, making the war even more lopsided. In 1956, after a very bloody war, Subumpam surrendered and gave up much of its land and wealth to Nama. Nama was so large that this treaty made almost difference in the living standards of Namans, but Subumpamese were much worse off after the treaty than before it.

Almost immediately after the Treaty of 1956, diplomats from the Star Empire began visiting Subumpam and asking if they would consider a formal alliance with the Star Empire. The Star Empire was west of Nama, and Subumpam was east of Nama. The Stars wanted a new treaty that would unite the Star Empire and Subumpam into a single empire and use their combined sea power to bottle Nama up in its own bay.

The Subumpamese were very wary of the Stars' proposal, because the Star Empire had been cooperating with Nama during the war, even though they did not actually participate in the fighting. Furthermore, the Star Empire had had a history of being hostile to Subumpam, having tolerated Star ships' landing on the Subumpamese coast repeatedly during the 1700s to gather Subumpamese people to breed as slaves back home in Star territory. Although the Stars had stopped acquiring slaves from Subumpam long ago, they had not freed those slaves, nor were they willing to repatriate them to Subumpam or give them an independent homeland in Star territory.The Star Empire did not consider this to be their problem because all of the slave ships had been private ships that were never approved by the Star government even in the 1700s.

Furthermore, they saw that the Star Empire was much stronger than Subumpam, and did not want to simply switch from being dominated by one huge military power to being dominated by another huge military power. Even the Star diplomats admitted that they wanted to give Subumpam only one seat in their government, despite the fact that Subumpam was an alliance of 11 previously independent nations.

Many Star people moved into Subumpam now, figuring that even if the Subumpamese rejected the proposal, they could make a living in Subumpam focused mostly on trade with their relatives back home in the Star Empire. The Star Empire was much richer than Subumpam now, and the Subumpamese reacted with delight to the sudden appearance of pineapples and coconuts imported from Star farms. Many of the trading ships were the same ones that been used to blockade Subumpam just a few years earlier. However, Nama reacted to this by tightening its control of Subumpam's ports, and burning the Star trading ships, leaving the Stars stuck in Subumpam.

Soon the Subumpamese government signed the Two Masters Treaty with the Star Empire. The treaty stated that for the time being, Subumpam was so weak that they could only survive if they agreed to obey the wishes of a much larger master. The treaty offered them the choice of being abused by Nama or enriched by the Star Empire. They chose the Stars, and by signing this treaty they rejected the Treaty of 1956 which they had signed just a few years earlier.

The union betweren the Star Empire and Subumpam was called the Gold Empire, named after the Gold people who lived in Subumpam. The Star government specifically insisted on putting the imperial capital in the East, in Subumpamese territory, because they wanted to bend the Subumpamese people to their will and essentially dominate them. The Subumpamese government agreed because it was smaller, militarily inferior, and felt that even if they were being yoked to the will of a larger empire they could at least stop worrying about being attacked by their other enemies to the east. They realized that despite the empire being named after them, they would not be equals in the new empire and that the new empire was for all intents and purposes simply an expansion of the Star Empire.

Early problems in Subumpam

The treaty expanding the Star Empire was unpopular in Subumpam. Even though more than 80% of the population of the Empire was located on the western (Star) shore, the founders chose to build their imperial capital in the extreme southeast, near the eastern border of Subumpam, where the population consisted mostly of Pabappa speakers who were loyal to Nama and had even been offered the chance to join Nama during the war. Even though Subumpam was not a democracy and its people were used to being exploited, the sudden appearance of a foreign power forcing the Subumpamese to build castles and fortresses from which they themselves could be even more strictly controlled led to a conflict. This was the Kaivi Riot (Kaivi Maniyi was the city in the Subumpamese state of Pipaippis which they had chosen for their capital).[2]

The Star rulers were forced to admit that they could not build their capital here, and Pipaippis soon seceded from Subumpam and joined Paba, the nation of their ethnic majority, even though by doing so they made both themselves and the rest eastern Subumpam much poorer, as there was no longer free trade along the Pipaippis River. Trade was so important in Pipaippis that the official president, Kisapu, had handed over most of his power to a woman named Afunyū who had more money because she controlled most of the shipping industry. Afunyū even promised Nama that her people would prefer to be enslaved and oppressed by Namans than to remain in a union controlled by the Stars.

In a state of shock, Nama had abolished most of the Treaty of 1956 in a last chance effort to get the Subumpamese to expel the Stars and be loyal to Nama again. But the only points of the treaty that were still possible to undo were to release the Subumpamese slaves trapped in Nama and to promise not to depend on food aid from Subumpam in the event of a famine. Nama still retained control of some strips of Subumpamese territory, however, because they felt that those lands would be important in the event of a war, and realized the Subumpamese were so anti-Nama now that they might even give this land to the Star military.

Embarrassed by their defeat in Kaivi Maniyi and the resulting loss of territory, the Stars looked for a more central location for their imperial capital. Even so, they still chose a location within Subumpam, this time the city of Wabula Pipem. Since word of the revolt had spread among the peasants, they told the Pipemese people that they were not merely a "second choice", as they felt that would weaken their rule, but that they were chosen because they were already the capital of Subumpam and that it made sense for the subimperial capital and the high imperial capital to be in the same place.

The Pipemese rulers realized immediately that they had essentially been removed from power, since they were under the control of foreigners even in their own imperial capital, and began to regret signing the Two Masters Treaty. The loss of Pipaippis, which had been their richest state, made the Subumpamese realize that they had alienated their most valuable allies and made themselves much weaker in the process. Soon, the Star legislature voted to disband the Subumpamese military, since they didn't want to worry about the threat of any more revolts, and threatened to invade and occupy Subumpam with the much larger Star military if they did not immediately comply. The Subumpamese representative agreed to vote with the majority because he didn't want Subumpam to be invaded for having a different opinion. Subumpam thus became the only member of the Star Empire without a military. (Although Subumpam was represented in the imperial government, they were coerced into voting against their interests by the larger Star states, since the Stars could threaten Subumpam with military invasion or economic blockades if they did not vote like the Stars, and the Subumpamese could not threaten the Stars in any way. This was especially painful when the Stars disagreed with each other about some issue, and the Subumpamese representatives had to choose which side to support knowing that they were liable to be punished for their vote either way.)

The Stars occupied all of Subumpam's ports, placing them under direct control of the Star military. Nama's blockade attempt had had the advantage of being based in a part of Nama immediately adjacent to Subumpam, but the disadvantage that Nama's coast was so small that they needed to house most of the navy in Subumpam just to have room for their ships. When the Star Empire signed the pact with Subumpam, they refused to allow Nama's navy to remain and Nama was forced to flee in order to avoid having to fight yet another war so soon after their last one. Thus the Naman blockade was replaced with a Star blockade. Still, the Stars wanted the Subumpamese to be materially prosperous even if they were militarily impotent, so they continued to import tropical foods such as pineapples and coconuts into Subumpam at surprisingly low prices.

However, the net effect of the Star occupation on Subumpam's economy was negative. The Stars created a special tax on the Subumpamese people to pay for an armed police force that watched cities and inspected people to make sure that peasants were not able to buy or produce dangerous weapons. Many positions in the Subumpamese governtment were abolished or replaced with figureheads reporting to the Star government. A lot of the people promoted were of the small aboriginal minority (Sukuna) in Subumpam, even though these people had been separated from the Star nations for thousands of years, had no common language, and did not consider themselves Stars. The Star governors told the aboriginals that they were indeed Stars and that the Subumpamese had stolen their territory. But very few Sukuna people agreed with this, partly because they distrusted the Star Empire as much as the Subumpamese did, and partly because they and their relatives were often married to Subumpamese people, and did not want to start a war that would pit them against their wives.

The Star people reaslized that Subumpam, the only non-Star member of the Empire, had lost many of its statelike characteristics, such as a military, control of its borders, a strong voice in government, and to some extent, a native language, since most of the people in control of its government did not speak Subumpamese, and often did not speak the same languages as each other. They considered renaming Subumpam "Star Capital Territory" and abolishing the official recognition of the Subumpamese language and its native cultures and religions, seeing that the whole purpose of the Subumpamese people now was to serve the Stars and help their Empire function. But for the time being, they still allowed the Subumpamese government to remain in service, even if its opinions were not respected.

Due to the lack of a standing army in Subumpam, the Star governors worried about invasion from Nama, and so they blocked the major roads leading out of Subumpam. They did not actually do this, as was commonly perceived, to prevent Subumpamese from escaping their torture; in fact, for a small fee, anyone in Subumpam could leave so long as they relocated to somewhere still within the Star Empire. They promised not to discriminate against Subumpamese if they moved to a western Star nation and adopted the native language and religion. However, almost none of the Subumpamese accepted this offer; most who did intended to attack the Star societies they were entering, but found that they were indeed discriminated against by the Stars, and denied the right to own weapons. Some of the aboriginals living in Subumpam did accept the offer, but the Stars were reluctant to let them leave because they wanted to use the aboriginals to spoil the national identity of the Subumpamese. They promised extra power in government for any aboriginals who chose to stay in Subumpam, but not did extend this offer to any other peoples, not even the Stars who had immigrated to Subumpam before the official handover of power.

The Star governors ordered the roads blocked off because they realized they had just deliberately created an extremely weak open wound in their Empire, out of the fear of the native population rebelling, and did not want to put their new preferred home territory in a weak spot. They were afraid to allow the Subumpamese to create another military, even if it was more strictly controlled than before, because they felt that would mean admitting that disbanding the military had been a mistake. They also did not want to force the Star military to waste time and resources occupying Subumpam, but realized that they might in the end be forced to do just that. As a temporary solution, they allowed people from southern Nama to occupy various key areas within Subumpam.

The shock of seeing Naman soldiers occupying Subumpam, when Subumpam had been promised from the beginning that the whole purpose of the alliance was to protect Subumpam from being crushed and oppressed by Nama, was too much for the Subumpamese to bear. Some Subumpamese formed a secret society promising to get Subumpam back out of the SS Union, even if it meant surrendering control to another union such as Paba, or even to Nama itself. A throng of unarmed Subumpamese attacked a Naman security guard, who responded by killing them all. The new secret secessionist society was depressed when they heard the news, not only because of the many helpless victims who had been killed but because it showed that the Subumpamese were far weaker at resisting occupiers than they had been just a few decades before, when the people of Pipaippis successfully resisted the occupation altogether and pulled out of the Union.

On the other hand, despite being massacred by Namans, many Subumpamese actually preferred the Naman soldiers to the Gold/Star occupiers, since the Naman soliders at least were not commonly seen abusing their power. Nama had been adjacent to Subumpam for hundreds of years and had never invaded except in self-defense.

Even the Star government itself was suspicious of its decision to hire soldiers from their chief enemy, Nama, to help keep peace in their most unstable part of their empire. This decision had been done originally because the Star military did not want to waste its resources just to occupy its own territory, and because Nama was diverse enough that they felt there was no common "Naman" interest that could possibly be advanced even if the soldiers they were importing decided to try their hardest to cause trouble. Most of the standing soldiers were from southern Nama, which was culturally similar to the northeastern Star Empire.

First World War

In 1989, Nama declared war on the Star Empire. This was the widest war the planet had yet seen. It was soon shown that Naman soldiers within Subumpam had indeed been spying for their homeland, and that the Star governors had been wrong to think that Nama was too internally diverse to have a common interest. However, they were correct at least in that not all of Nama was united in supporting this new war; much of Naman territory consisted of coastal strips isolated from even the other coastal strips by mountains and surprisingly deep water. These settlements had little interest in Nama's wider affairs, and many did not even know of them.

The invading Naman army decided to make itself explicitly pro-Subumpam, even though they realized that the Subumpamese people were physically weak due to their lack of weapons and lack of skill even if given weapons, and that in this new war it was likely to expect Subumpamese deaths to be far out of proportion to those of any other nation. They enrolled Subumpamese citizens into the Naman army, giving them preferentially nonviolent jobs so that they would not be frightened or overwhelmed being chased by much more powerful soldiers.

Many Star people believed that the invading Namans had magic powers, and secretly hoped Nama would win the war so that they themselves could gain those powers. This was largely due to confusion on their part between Nama and Paba, as up until this point, almost all Pabaps visiting the Star Empire had come to it by way of Nama. Some Pabap priests claimed to have magic powers, and this was the source of the rumor that had now in a distorted form reached the Star Empire.

Early on, Nama signed treaties with various nearby nations, such as Paba, and Paba effectively became a part of Nama. Note that the Pabaps, so famous for extreme pacifism thousands of years later, had not yet adopted that trait, and in fact had a strong army and an even stronger navy. Nama was very generous in these treaties, in that they did not require the other nations to contribute any efforts towards fighting the war, but only required them to allow Namans to enter their nations so that they could establish reliable supplies of food and medicine for their soldiers. As the war went on for a surprisingly long time, these countries became poorer, but nevertheless were much better off than Nama's enemies.

During the early stages of the war, a new party called the Crystal Treasurers (usually referred to as Crystals) came into being. They created a new religion, believing in "the Gems of Tebbala". This is the same religion that the Khulls people held to about two thousand years later. They believed that it was only the Crystals who could conquer Nama.

As the war geared up, the Star Empire lost battle after battle. Most of the battles were fought in Subumpam, as that was where the Star military was weakest. Many Star people had remained in Subumpam, but they were mostly governors concentrated near the capital city of Wabula Pipem or the children of traders who had immigrated into Subumpam in the 1950's. Neither of these groups was able to contribute much to the war effort, and both of them were concentrated along the south coast, whereas Nama had invaded from the north. Most Stars by this time had decided to give up all pretense of being loyal to the Subumpamese and focused their efforts on attacking Subumpamese civilians, particularly women and children. This, they felt, was their only hope given that they did not have an army of their own to protect themselves against the Naman army.

However, they were soon replaced by a conventional army from the Star homeland, which had reached Subumpam by taking a wide path around the bay in order to escape any attempts at disruption by Nama.[3] The Star army invaded Subumpam from the south while Nama invaded SUbumpam from the north.

The Stars had hoped to stir up support among the Subumpamese people. Even though the Stars knew they had flagrantly abused the Subumpamese people, there were many people still alive that could remember being abused by the Namans forty years earlier, and many of these lived in the very parts of southern Subumpam where the Star military had aimed their invasion. But the Subumpamese people had united amongst themselves, with all internal divisions forgotten. Subumpam had many ethnic minorities, but not one of them broke from the ranks to help the Star invaders. Even those Subumpamese people who had been enslaved by Nama forty years earlier were now fighting for Nama alongside their children. The Stars had disarmed Subumpam's entire population, but the civilians still fought back instead of immediately surrendering. They were given some supplies and weapons by Paba, but the Stars had deliberately invaded a part of Subumpam that was far away from Paba.

Since the Subumpamese did not resist the Naman invasion, the Naman army advanced more quickly than the Star army, even though the Stars were torturing Subumpamese civilians now in the hopes that at least a few of them would break down and help the Star army intrude further north. The two armies met up only about six miles inland from the coast; the Namans had had a head start, and had swept over the land more than five times faster than the Stars, and with the help of Paba, they had swiftly occupied more than 90% of Subumpam for themselves. Here the war's first actual army vs army battles began.

Namans had moved most quickly in the east, and many battalions there had actually reached the coastline without ever encountering a northward-moving Star battalion. Thus they occupied the coastal cities there and killed any Star civilians found in the area. The Star navy fled when they saw what had happened, and actually moved eastward into Paba rather than trying to move westward to join the rest of their military. Even though Paba had joined the war on Nama's side, they hoped they would be safer surrendering to Paba than trying to fight out the war in Nama. Paba accepted their surrender and adopted their ships into their own navy.

In western Subumpam, Nama's army was stopped about six miles from the coast by the northward-moving Star army. The Stars were expecting to lose most of their battles, but they wanted to ensure that if they won any of them, that they would win in the west, as that was where resupply from the Star Empire would be easiest. The Star Empire was winning battles at sea against Nama's tiny navy, and the Namans had not yet been able to break through the Star naval blockade except in the extreme east near the border with Paba.

Cooperation with Paba

From this Nama realized that they needed to rely on Paba's navy to help them out. Paba had been an ally of Nama all along, and did not need coercion in order to cooperate, but Paba had been spared from three bloody wars in a row and did not want to fall on the fourth one. Nama was forced to sign a pact with Paba stating that Paba could participate in the war without risking any Pabap soldiers' lives; instead they only needed to turn over some of their ships to Naman control, and Nama would add them to the Naman navy. Nama also was allowed to take food and supplies from Paba and carry them over land routes to reach Naman soldiers fighting in Subumpam. In return, the Pabaps got nothing from Nama except the pleasure of knowing that they were the only one of Nama's main allies that was not being massacred in this war. Thus Paba's Thoussand Year Peace (Paubabi Pumau Bapababe) was continued. (The Star Empire never seriously considered invading Paba, as Paba had always been heavily armed, and had increased its military development even further in response to the Treaty of 1956.)

Piloting Pabap ships, Naman naval captains (accompanied by some Pabap volunteers) crashed through the eastern half of the Star navy, thus breaking the lines of resupply. The Star soldiers in Subumpam realized what had happened when their food supplies were suddenly gone. They retreated back downhill towards the coast as Nama fought them simultaneously from above and below. The naval side of Nama's force was almost completely unharmed here, and their ground troops had the advantage of height and also suffered few deaths as they chased the Stars towards the coast.

From then on, Nama repeated the same strategy as they moved west. However, they were still weak at home, where the Star Empire's navy vastly outnumbered the native Naman navy, and thus Nama could not send any ships out eastward from Naman harbors to meet the expanding Paba-Nama navy that was moving westward along Subumpam's coastline. Thus Nama realized that they might actually win the war in Subumpam but suffer a catastrophic defeat in their own homeland.

The Naman army's progress in eliminating all Star soldiers in Subumpam slowed somewhat as they began to divert their attention towards building escape routes in the event that Nama would have to evacuate some of its citizens into Subumpam. Normally, they would have preferred to evacuate north into deep Naman countryside, but the parts of Nama that were under threat here were those weak open ones that were separated from the rest of Nama by tall mountains.

Nevertheless, the Star soldiers by 1995 were relying on an ever-sparser line of supply from the Star Empire, as the Namans had completely routed them on the mainland and they could not survive even if they were to give up fighting and survive by hunting animals in the wilderness. Eventually the Stars abandoned the attempt to control Subumpam altogether and focused its efforts on directly attacking Nama.

The Star government of Subumpam never officially surrendered, but as they had no military, and the only military in Subumpam was already Naman, the Namans never bothered seeking any official admission of defeat from the Star government. They declared martial law and worked on creating a new military-led government with mostly Namans in control, but with better representation of Subumpamese than they had had under the Stars. Note that, as above, Subumpam was never a democracy, so a new Naman-led government was not seen by the common people as inherently unfair.

The Western Front

Nama's navy was very weak, but with their success in the land war in Subumpam they were able to create an unbroken chain of supply from Paba westward throughout all of Subumpam into Nama. The Star Empire made several attempts to invade mainland Nama, and although they did conquer some territory, and managed to occupy important coastal areas, they could not progress up the mountains at this time. The Namans who had been living in these areas and were not killed had evacauted eastward into Subumpam for the time being, leaving the mountains occupied by the military only as it was not an easy place to live.

This fighting in Nama went on for several years, while Subumpam began to slowly recover from the war and the last Star soldiers were disarmed and put into slavery. This was Nama's weak point, but even so, because the war was fought on their home territory, and they had the advantage of heights, they killed more Stars than the Stars killed of them, and it seemed like the war was slowly turning better for Nama.

Around the year 2000, people from Nama began a direct invasion of Star territory. This army was composed mostly of people from the deep inland areas of Nama, who called themselves Lobexoŋô and had the biological trait of women being taller than men. Thus their army had soldiers both male and female, and behind the advancing front whole families and even whole cities coming to make the Star Empire their new homeland, and to enslave the natives. Immediately food supplies ran short in the Star Empire, but the advancing Namans were generally still able to keep contact with the supply lines running throughout Nama and thus did not face the threat of starvation.

The sight of the advancing front of female soldiers actually weakened Star soldiers' resistance somewhat, as although they had known from legends that such people existed, none of the Star people had ever seen them up close. Despite knowing that their lives were in danger, they were reluctant to take up arms against a female army, even a heavily armed one. The Star soldiers figured that even though they were likely to lose the war, at least their abusers would be fairly good-looking. However they were disappointed to learn that the Namans did not have magic powers.

Nevertheless, the fighting went on, and the Star Empire was not subdued fully until the final peace treaty in the year 2057, declaring Nama the winner of the war and giving it the right to piece off any parts of the Star Empire that they desired, and press them into Nama. Most of the nations voluntarily joined Nama, but others preferred independence. It was only now that Nama finally felt comfortable releasing Subumpam and Paba from their obligations to allow Naman ships to use their territory to raise a navy, as they now planned to use the Star coastline for the same purpose.

Nevertheless, the treaty still did not give the Subumpamese all that they had wanted; Subumpam was among those nations that wanted to be independent of Nama, but Nama forced them in anyway, primarily because the many Namans who had occupied Subumpam and remained for almost a hundred years did not know what would happen to them if Subumpam suddenly broke away. (Although the war had been sparked by the Star Empire's abuses of Subumpam, as it became clear that Nama was likely to win, Nama shifted its attention to aggressive landgrabs in the more populous west, and used Subumpam as a military home base).

Naman languages began to take over all of the Star territory. However, the Naman people were still a minority; the population of the Star Empire had actually been higher than the population of Nama all along, despite Nama's victory, and it was only a small subset of the Naman people who had moved in. Namans thus became a hereditary upper class in Star territory, which they renamed Lobexon, and drove the Lobexonian economy into poverty by doing many of the same things that the Stars had done in Subumpam 100 years earlier: abolishing the native military, raising taxes to pay for extra security in the cities, and allowing only Naman ships to use the Star ports.

Naman occupation

However, the central government in Nama held off on celebrating its victory. Although Lobexon had suffered many deaths, their population was still higher than all of Nama, even the expanded Nama created by their victory in the war. They did not want to make a military commitment to defend all of this territory. Indeed, Nama's central government had had little role in the invasion; they at first merely called for soldiers to help occupy the land, not expecting whole villages from the north to empty out and build places to live there. Moreover, even afdter teh war was over, some Naman warlords continued fighting, making the Stars believe that Nama had no interest in enforcing even the unfair treaty that they had written. Furthermore, Nama also had a problem with Naman warlords leaving the Star Empire altogether to set up even more new countries in the tropical rainforest to the south and west of Lobexon, where they would be totally out of reach of Nama and responsible to no higher authority.

Nama realized it would be advantageous for them to retain direct control over only the coastal areas of the former Star Empire, and leave the inland areas the choice of whether to cooperate or not, but in any case refuse to defend them militarily. The central government of Nama made it very clear to the warlords living in Lobexon that although Nama considered them their allies, they would not be granted automatic help shoudl their slaves rebel, or they be attacked by a third party such as Kxêl.

Note that the Namans occupying Lobexon were generally Macro-Repilian implants from the cold north, and shared little in common with the ocean-facing parts of Nama that had most of the power. In fact their culture was closer to that of the slaves they were ruling over than to that of southern Nama. Also, as above, the Macro-Repilians stood apart from the others in that their women were taller than their men, and that their women had almost all of the power in society. They saw this as a uniquely Repilian trait (there were no Andanese here), and did not try to impose it on the male-led peoples they now ruled over. As was common in later tall-femaled tribes such as the Moonshines and Poswobs, the Macro-Repilians ruling Lobexon generally permitted men to physically attack women. The Stars living in Lobexon adopted this trait, which led to a sharp increase in the occurrence of rape and wife-beating.

The Polotta

As the occupation of Lobexon got underway, one group of Macro-Repilian slavemasters rebelled from the rest. They set up the parallel empire of Polotta near the equator, at the southern edge of conquered territory. However, as the conquest moved southward, Polotta came to be in a more central location. Polotta thus was a hole in the otherwise solid Lobexon empire being set up by the Namans.

They wanted a society of their own, based in a new nation they also called Polotta. They called the other Repilians the Têt (or Text). The term "Hàka" covered both groups. The polotta had chosen to attack these people merely because they wanted to ruin the Hàkas' plan of a utopic civilization in Lobexon, and didnt enslave the Polottans.

The Polotta did not tell their people of their motives, but even so the people around the polotta revolted and attacked them. the Polotta were not nearly as strong as the Têxt, and they were forced to move slightly southward and start over. this time they did what the Text had done right away: enslave the people, and force them to fight the others. thus, the war became one of almost pure hand-to-hand combat, because most mechanical weapons had been destroyed.

The enslaved army of the Text, consisting now of enslaved people from all over Lobexon, fought the enslaved army of the polotta in a relentlessly brutal war while nama's enemies tried desperately to reach Lobexon so that the people could be saved. they were unsuccessful, however; Lobexon was so firmly within nama's sphere of exclusive dominance that the humanitarians realized they would need the help of the Lobexonians themselves to allow them to escape, and since they were all enslaved, this could not happen.

before long, the text realized that there was going to be no end to the war until their own army was defeated, because the polotta had managed to outwit the text and repeatedly won their battles, as despite the text's superior skills, the text were not the ones doing most of the fighting.

the text announced in 2172 that they were leaving Lobexon, and planned to introduce plagues and famines in order to kill the rest of the inhabitants, including the polotta. however, their protective shield around Lobexon was not nearly as strong as it had used to be. humanitarian missions took people from many small naman nations, people who were hoping to absorb the Lobexonians into their own societies, to Lobexon to adopt the otherwise doomed slaves and bring them back to their own nations. the hàkas could not attack these ships because they couldn't see them.

although the naman navy destroyed many of the ships, the intruders soon learned how to cloak themselves and land on the beach where slaves could crowd into and be automatically taken to the nation from which the ship had been sent. although many of these missions failed as well, enough succeeded to make a permanent difference. Even the Polotta were moving to Nama now, and had influence in Nama's government. The hàkas continued their attacks on Lobexon, but they were now having trouble penetrating their own shield, and life could not get much worse than it already was for the people still in Lobexon.

As Nama began to lose control of their colonies in Lobexon, they increased their control over Subumpam.

Divisions among the slaves

The Stars figured that in the far future, they might still be able to make an alliance with Subumpam, but it would have to come about as a result of Nama being so abusive of both Subumpam and the Stars that the Subumpamese would forgive the Stars for their previous abuses of Subumpam. Indeed, Nama saw the strategic advantage of controlling both sides of the Gold Sea as far down the "legs" as possible, and now actually controlled and arguably oppressed Subumpam even more strictly than it controlled Lobexon. However, they did not attempt to enslave the Subumpamese or any of the minority groups living amongst them, whereas by 2057, all of Lobexon was enslaved.

Dreaming of Subumpam, the Lobexonians drew up plans for how to overcoming their now very poor, unorganized society to expel the 5% of their population that consisted of Macro-Repilian slaveholders. The neations around Lobexon refused to blame Nama for sending the abusive slaveholders, or to sign an alliance with Lobexon to help get them out. This remained true even when some of the Repilians began to punch holes in Lobexon's borders and spill out into the even warmer, wetter, tropical rainforest nations to the south and west.

Other Stars wanted to make an alliance with Nama itself, essentially surrendering to the slaveholders but arguing that Nama should take more control of the slaveholders and punish the most abusive ones. They took advantage of the fact that almost all slave owners were from Repilia, and the rest of Nama got little out of it. They figured this would be easier than trying to push through the Naman blockade of their ports to try to befriend a nation they themselves had massacred. The main entry route for Stars to get into Nama was humanitarian missions from Nama from people who were looking to rescue them and give them a better life in Nama. This was possible because the Naman ships that rescued the Stars were trading ships that had a lot of other reasons to be there, and thus were not blocked. However, only a tiny portion of the Stars was rescued in this manner, since they could only rescue escaped slaves, and most escaped slaves were hiding out well inland.


A third group looked westward to the nations of Kxêl (also known as Kêl, Kaʕīl, Kxesh, Kahiha, Kažu, Čayū, etc) for support. Although Nama had blockaded all of Lobxeon's ports, just the way Lobexon had blockaded SUbumpam's ports 100 years earlier, Nama did not go so far as to seal off all the land boundaries as well. So some Stars were escaping into Kxel, even though they would still be considered an underclass there. Kxêl was not an organized empire, so Lobexonians figured political opinions could vary from one Kxêl nation to another, and they looked for a nation that would let them in and allow them to openly develop armies for conquering back Lobexon. The alliance of Kuhilani was formed, and Lobexonians began settling in Kuhilani. THey promised to confine themselves to the wet but extremely poor highlands of central Kuhilani both because these areas were generally unwanted and because they would be the ideal locations to set up forts from which they could march down and dominate Lobexon. Also, they figured that if they ever became a majority in central Kuhilani, they could use their position to control traffic between North Kuhilani and South Kuhilani, and wage war against the nations that had kindly let them in. However, they wanted to remain friendly as long as possible.

However, many Stars moving to Kuhilani decided that life in upland Kuhilani was not as bad as they had imagined, and put off plans for moving back down to the lowlands to fight. They thus became a permanent minority group in Kuhilani. Some of these even moved to Kuhilani's lowlands, which were even hotter than the tropical lowlands of Lobexon, and established new lives as Kuhilanian citizens. Others moved to the tropical rainforest along the south coast, which was already overpopulated, but nevertheless blended in with society and established new lives as citizens of the many small independent nations along the south coast. However, Naman slaveholders had also explored much of this territory by boat, and they at times ended up as slaves after all. Some Pabaps were also here; this is where Pabap civilizations such as Bomblipa were founded many thousands of years later. A few refugees also moved to Baeba Swamp, a hot, wet, and very crowded city located about a thousand miles across the Tempy Bay, but found themselves a permanent underclass.

Nama tolerated the escapees, seeing that the population of Lobexon had begun to decline, and the population of the Naman overlords grew rapidly to make up the difference. They had been a 5% upper class at the end of the war, but within forty years, they were 15%, despite almost no new immigration from Nama. Thus they began to realize that they had less and less to fear from potential slave revolts each year, and that they might well go on to rule Lobexon permanently. Furthermore, most of the slaves escaping were the most martial types, and the ones left behind were both physically weak and lacking a will to fight back or to better their situation. Still, they did not remove the blockade of Lobexon's ports.

THe rulers of Lobexon considered themselves independent from Nama now, although they were largely dependent on Nama to keep up the naval blockade, so they came to refer themselves as Kàke rather than Namans.

The Triangle War

A political party called Popopilapi emerged in Lobexon now, leading to a three-way conflict. The three parties were:

  • The Gold party, which had been brought in by the slaveowners from Nama. Most of the slaves were sympathetic to the Gold party but wanted to be released from slavery. It also favored opening the ports of Lobexon to settlers from Paba, seeing that wherever Pabaps went, the standard of living improved, and wherever Pabaps were absent, the society was very poor and violent. They promised the Pabaps that they would be immune to the slavery laws even though they knew that three tiered societies with slaves, slavemasters, and outsiders had had a history of being extremely unstable. They considered Pabap culture the only human culture in the world deserving of respect, as Paba was the only society that had been violently abused by all of its neighbors for thousands of years and never fought back except to rescue their own people from their captors; and yet remained so welathy and strong that Paba had come to dominate half of the world's coastline. Paba was wary of the kind words of the Gold philosophers, as in the past, whenever their people were praised as a culture, it was praise from slave traders who found Pabaps to be the world's most perfect slaves. Nevertheless, many Pabaps moved into Lobexon in Gold-dominated areas. Becuase Paba still insisted that no foreign ships be allowed to enter Paba, Lobexon was forced to allow Pabap ships to enter Lobexon, though they were strictly governed.
  • The Crystals, a religion that had recently sprouted a transnational political organization (often abbreviated as CRY) that drew its power mostly from slaves in Lobexon, but had allies amongst the rul;ing class and in other nations. However, even though they wanted to free the slaves, most of the slaves rejected the Crystals. The Crystals wanted to overcome their problems by studying and improving their technology, including but not limited to weapons technology. They figured that Nama had dominated them despite being numerically small because they had far better technology than the native Star slaves, and that the Stars could easily push out Nama if they could only pull themselves up to Nama's level of technological advancement. During the time while the war was still going on, the Crystals had been the strongest holdouts against surrender, but in 2040, most Cyrtsals agreed to surrender against Nama. Still, teh fighting went on for another seventeen years as Nama was not yet satisfied.

However, the Crystals also attempted to make allies in other nations such as Kuhilani that had played no part in the Star Empire War. Other people in the world were suffering too, they realized, and they predicted that they might actually liberate some of the other peoples in the world before they liberated themselves.

The Crystals admitted that they were guilty of abusing and exploiting the innocent Subumpamese people, and that they deserved to be punished and so did their children. But they believed if they fought aging their majority, they could be forgiven. In self defense some Crystals moved to the islands of Sulasali, as even though Sulasali was within reach of Nama's new expanded navy, the islands were tropical enough to allow them to survive. Sulasali was also known as Kʷoxʷudas, "land given up to God".

  • The Popopilapi were originally allies of the Crystals, but broke away for political reasons.

Minor parties to the conflict included:

  • The Mopemu, who wanted to escape all of the problems around them and move to Laba, saying that life on Rilola was so bad now that they would be better off moving back to the hot, wet, overcrowded jungles of Laba.
  • The Litila, atheists from a cold climate who wanted to escape all of their problems by putting humans under the control of animals, particularly the worm-like liui. They had been a major voice in Subumpam before they were taken over by the Star Empire and then by Nama. It was said that people like the Litila could only take power in human nations that were under severe distress, and they would disappear once the nation became more healthy. The president of Litila was assisted by thousands of slaves. Their acronym is NAN because they had an alternate name of Naana. The Litila had almost no support from even the most desperate of the slaves in Lobexon, and were seen essentially as foreigners whose philosophy was a cross between masochism and superstition. During the war, the Stars had worried that if they lost, they would be put under control of the Litila, as the Litila had support within Nama. But this did not happen.

After the war was over, the Treaty of 2057 abolished all non-Gold parties in Lobexon, even for the ruling class. They claimed that the Gold party was itself a diverse, open-minded, multicultural organization, since it was the party that was in control of all of Nama, and that therefore opposition wasn't needed. In fact they said all opposition parties were threats to their free and open society since the minor parties all believed they alone had the truth whereas the Gold party was open to education. Yet, all of these minor parties that were banned in Lobexon were legal in Nama.

The ruling Gold party kept tight control of their slaves, killing anyone who deviated from the Gold philosophy or religion. For this they were compensated by the government. Yet the Crystal movement seemed to be spreading. The Crystal slaves looked for power outlets such as a slavemaster who might convert to Crystalism, or help from the parent empire of Nama, which was still as politically diverse and welcoming of foreign ideologies as ever. The slaves themselves would have been allowed to move to Nama if not for the naval blockade of their ports. Individual escaped slaves could still get to Nama by first moving to Kuhilani and then getting on a boat headed from Kuhilani to Nama, but because Kuhilani and Nama were located on opposite sides of Lobexon, this journey was several thousand miles long, and generally required the ships to stop in Lobexon along the way. Thus few slaves attempted this.

In 2095, a ship of people from both Nama and Kxêl, who all considered themselves citizens of Kxêl, set sail from Kxêl territory in northern Kuhilani and landed in Baeba Swamp. They thus completed the journey that the Subumpamese had attempted 100 years earlier, but been stopped by pirates from succedding. The Stars heard about this and hoped that they could blend in.

Meanwhile, the Crystals preferred to work among their own kind, and even though they still believed that all the slaves should be freed, they focused only on helping other Crystals, and told the pro-Gold slaves that they were no longer allies, and that if the Crystals achieved victory, they would even consider enslaving both their former Gold slavemasters and their loyal Gold slaves. The Crystals were moving through the unguarded western border of Lobexon into cold territory populated mostly by Repilians, who despite being of the same tribal identity as their hated slavemasters did not consider themselves part of the slave machine and therefore did not hate the Crystals. But even so, the Crystals did not mix with these people, they merely declared that they wanted to live in peace with them.

Later history

To the amazement of all, the leaders of Subumpam willingly entered into another alliance with the Star Empire, the same people who had invaded them, abused them, and enslaved them less than a hundred years ago. But this time it was the Naman-led governments of both territories that had signed the alliance. Although the new "Star Empire II" was still part of Nama, Nama had begun to make a distinction between its home territory that had been settled by Namans for thousands of years and recently captured outlying territories such as Subumpam and Lobexon.

The ruling political party in SE2 was the Gold party, which had traditionally embraced liberal politics. Since political parties and religions coincided, the slaves in Lobexon considered themselves members of the same Gold party as their slaveowners, and hoped they would soon be freed.

Nama had redrawn the state boundaries within Lobexon to give every state access to waterways and prevent the slavemasters from being jealous of each other. A side effect of this was that the long-standing phenomenon of every Star state having just a single monolithic culture, religion, language, and ehtnicity was no longer true. However, the Namans introduced their language, Khulls, to the people and this led to people in the suddenly multiethnic states of Lobexon uniting under the banner of the Khulls language anyway.

In the early 2100s, a moderate number of Pabap people moved to Lobexon, mostly in the north, claiming it was their reward for their ancestors' role in the war against Lobexon. They became a middle class mostly dealing with shipping, since the Pabap navy was still strong in its home territory, and since the Treaty of 2057 had established that "third party" cultures such as Pabaps would neither be masters nor slaves if they were to move in. The climate was still much colder than at present, and the Pabaps wanted access to the addicting tropical fruits that could only grow in warm climates such as Lobexon's. In return they brought in temperate climate products that were already available in Lobexon due to their connection to Nama but were nonetheless cheaper when transported across an ocean than when transported over the mountains blocking Lobexon from Nama.

Nama was uncomfortable with the idea of a third race inhabiting Star territory, as they felt it would lead to political instability, particularly since the Pabaps were fiercely loyal to their religion and had not joined the Gold alliance. But they tolerated the Pabap presence because they were at least strongly loyal to Nama if not specifically to the Gold party. Once the Pabaps were well established, some Subumpamese people also began to move in. Previously, despite being the winners of their war, they were afraid to move into Star territory for fear that they would be physically abused by the Star slaves. But with the success of the Pabaps, they decided to blend in with the Pabaps. Meanwhile, the birthrate in both Paba and Subumpam was high enough that Nama realized if the new immigrants really were repatriated, they would have overpopulation problems.

The new Star Empire was sharply divided into two groups of people: native Stars and everyone else. The conquering Namans introduced the Stars to the imapa (also imepo, imapala, i mappa, imupu, imaqpag, etc.) system of government, a political philosophy that had been created by the World Utopians, who had shaped their philosophy to make it appealing to the frightened Stars so that they would let the Namans abuse and control them. The World Utopians had found success with imapa in other nations, too, and had come to dominate the Gold Union well before the induction of Lobexon. Once Loexon was opened up, imapa became a reality, as it was to the Stars a welcome alternative from the many violent factions that had fought for control of Lobexon for all of their lives. Besides imapa, the conquering Namans also forced the Stars to register themselves in the universal census, in order that the government know exactly how many Stars there still were. The Stars were allowed to have some representation in the government, though slavery continued.

Even though the Stars were no longer in power, Lobexon was still relatively wealthy because much of the Stars' technology had survived the war so far. This was imapa's version of utopia: instant gratification and avoidance of pain, even at greater future loss of pleasure. Imapa often upset Star-stytle gov'ts, which were now protected by the Star army and thus prevalent even in Lobexon.

Some Laban nations came looking for a truce with Nama, hoping the two ruthless military powers could learn to make amends. But the problem of Lobexon was so great that no solution could be reached. In 2057, the coast was opened, and Nama sent legions of Lenians down to Lobexon to take over the government. The Lenians introduced the Stars to a form of government known as Lapiwa, which was a special version of imapa that applied only to Lobexon.

However, life in Lobexon after its induction into the Gold Union was nothing like what had existed before2057 because of the exclusive dominance of Lapiwa. Lapiwa had through Lobexon's advanced technology become a symbol of affluence, satisfaction, and hedonism. Lobexon's laws grew more liberal every year.

Slavery in Lobexon

Slavery had been largely introduced by the conquering Macro-Repilians from Nama, who had imported it from their homeland. Some of the conquerors were slaves themselves in their homelands, and wanted a way out. THe slavery was of a type that only operated in a particular geographical area. Everyone had to sign a census form, and each town had a list of slaves and whom the slaves belonged to. It was even possible, though uncommon, for two people to both own the same slave.

Note however that some areas of Lobexon, such as Katō, had been enslaving Pabaps for several hundred years. These Pabaps were called Pōsa and generally lived in areas where the powerful Pabaps with trading ships did not go. The Treaty of 2057 had essentially flipped the tables in that it enslaved all of the Stars and freed the people that the Stars had been enslaving, but Nama's rule was very weak in the tropics, and most Naman warlords enslaved both groups unashamedly. Still, they did not want Pabap trading ships finding out that they were so grossly violating the terms of the treaty, so the areas that held enslaved Pabaps generally did not trade directly with Paba and thus were much poorer than areas further north with harsher climates.

Vegetablization of farmland

The Naman slavelords ripped apart Lobexon's agriculture system to make it less self-sufficient. Nama had lots of wild animals, but was a very difficult place, despite its immense geographical extent, to grow vegetables. Naman slavelords decided that Lobexon would therefore become a giant vegetable garden for Nama so that Namans could learn to eat a little bit healthier. But also, they figured that they would likely eventually be thrown out of power, and figured that if a new independent Lobexon found that its farms were only good for producing vegetables, they would be dependent on Nama for food aid even while independent. This is why they killed off all of the livestock and produced fake pro-vegetarian arguments saying that those farm animals had been the cause of all previous famines.

However, an even higher priority for Nama was to end Lobexon's alcohol production, given that the tropics were great places to produce "banana beer" (kōxi) and "palm wine" (tákʷ). Then Nama banned alcohol entirely for the slaves except with permission of their masters. The only alcohol available now was grape wine, mostly imported from Paba and Subumpam, and a few quickly-consumed gallons of apple cider imported from Nama. The slavelords considered alcohol to be sinful even for themselves, but considered that the life of a slavelord was so stressful that sometimes they needed an escape. With its alcohol production shut down, the new enslaved Lobexon actually was more self-sufficient than before.

Political parties

Lobexon was now a very diverse area. As in Subumpam and Nama, political parties and religions were one and the same, so to change ones politics meant to change one's religion. Many religions were essentially confined to specific ethnicities, so these parties were monoethnic as well. And yet, one ethnic group could have several religious divisions, some of which would combine with the divisions of other religions in an alliance without actually merging.

Major groups in Lobexon in the 2100s were:


The Gold party was the ruling party and the only legal party after the Treaty of 2057 ending the war. The Gold party made it clear that it considered itself to be already multicultureal and openminded and that all other parties represented just a single point of view and were thus inferior. Some non-Gold parties were tolerated, and even welcomed openly, but they were still denied any government power. Other non-Gold parties were not even tolerated; anyone admitting belonging to them could be enslaved or killed. The Gold party was multiethnic and even multireligious in the sense that it did not ask its members to abandon any traditional religious beliefs they had had previously. Nomimally, Gold was itself a religion, but this was just a product of the government system in which people associated with others of the same religion and worshipped in the same buildings. The Gold religion did not ask its members to abandon their old traditional religions, be they Yiibam, Emon, Sisnasi, Kâ, Calacila, Macro-Repilian traditionalism, or anything else; they just demanded that their members pledge allegiance to the Gold government and not the minority parties being set up by those other religious groups.

Note that any minority group confined to Nama, such as the soon to be infamous Litila, associated with the Gold party rather than forming their own. These included some groups that were very hostile to slavery and went on missions to rescue slaves from Lobexon, something no one else could do because only the Gold people had full access to the coastline and the right of way throughout all of Lobexon's roads. However, they could not simply steal the slaves from their masters. So they had to either buy them in the fair market, which was expensive, or focus on freeing escaped slaves who had already been abandoned, which was difficult because they tended to be found in the most remote parts of the Empire. Nevertheless, the Gold government tolerated this because it was their own governmental philosophy that allowed it, and for the Lobexonian slavemasters to revoke the right of Gold people to disrupt slavery would mean that they themselves were no longer Gold.


The Crystals were the last group to surrender to Nama in the Star War, and considered their defeat to be due to the other groups' betrayinbg them. However, they had always been a small minority, even before the end of the war, so if they had been fighting Nama alone the war would have collaped even quicker. The Crystals were almost all slaves, but they had a few allies in the upper class. THey were explicitly transnational, meaning that they were sending diplomats to other nations in the hopes of finding allies there. They also admitted that their situation in Lobexon was so dire that they might well find their first success in another nation such as Subumpam or Kuhilani rather than in Lobexon. They also said that although they wanted to free all the slaves in Lobexon, they would fight only for themselves, and would not feel guilty about letting the Gold slaves remain enslaved, since by staying Gold those people had explicitly rejected teh Crystals' help.

The Crystals had actually been founded around the year 1550, and thus had a history even deeper than the empire they called thier home. [4]

The Treaty of 2057 had made it illegal for any Crystals or Gilgosi to leave Lobexon. However, the Gold gov't only enforced this on the coastline, figuring the rugged interior was impossible to blockade without occupying more Gold soldiers than there were people in all of Lobexon. Unlike the Gilgosi, the Crystals considered themselves transnational, which meant that they often used this open border to move to other nations, hoping to raise armies among the foreigners that would help them get back in and dominate Lobexon. They also swore that their only allegiance was to other Crystals, and would not bother trying to rescue Gold slaves, or even Gilgosi slaves, though they would expect at least some of these people to convert to Crystalism if the Crystals began winning military battles near their homelands.

A few Crystals hid out in the highlands, in land that was within Lobexon's territory but had not been claimed by any slaveowners, and essentially became free. They invited people from Kuhilani to move in with them, though they were careful to avoid overpopulation, as the highlands were not good farming land even though their climate was surprisingly wet for being smack in the middle of the desert belt at 17N latitude.[5] They ensured that they were able to use weapons so that they could not easily be abducted and dragged down the mountains into slave plantations. And they were even worried about being attacked by slaves, as they had already alienated themselves from most of the other slaves by promising not to rescue them if they did not first convert to Crystalism.


The Gilgosi (a code name) were a fork of the Crystals who rejected transnationalism and wanted to fight purely for supremacy of Lobexon over all other nations. They wanted to free all the slaves, not just the ones who voted like them. And although they looked for help in other nations, they expected that any help from other nations would lead to yet another exploitative treaty with the people of Lobexon at the bottom. Like the Crystals, the Gilgosi were mostly slaves, and even the ones who were free were legally barred from exiting the country, while also being barred from any positions of power, which meant that they were in an uncomfortable state of having to work much harder than most other people, even harder than slaves, just to get by. (Slaves were provided food, water, shelter, clothing, and even medicine for free; their only fear was that if they did not work hard enough, they could be rejected by their owner and even killed. Free people had to find all of these things on their own, and although most were far better off than slaves, unlucky freemen often had to work very long hours merely to buy themselves the things a slave could get for free.) They considered themselves a majoity party in Lobexon, saying that if the slaveowners were thrown out, essentially none of the former slaves would vote to have them come back in and start up slavery again, which is what the Gold party and thus the many pro-Gold slaves seemed to support. Neither would these people vote Crystal, as the Crystals had specifically promised not to rescue any non-Crystal slaves if they were to achieve power, and seemed to many to be liable to become just yet another slaveowning minority that enslaved all of its enemies with no regrets. Furthermore, Gold slavemasters typically required all their slaves to be Gold, or else face punishment including death. Meanwhile, any non-Gold slavemasters were persecuted by the Lobexonian government itself, so they were afraid to publicly convert. Thus the Gilgosi figured any slavemaster who did not force all his slaves to be Gold was a likely Crystal or Gilgosi sympathizer, and of these two groups, most slaves would likely favor the Gilgosi because the Crystals were not promising them freedom whereas the Gilgosi were.

Strengthening the Gilgosi's claim to be a silent majority was that the Crystals did not make a similar argument to claim that they too were a majority; they actually agreed that the Gilgosi were a majority, and were the true descendants of the original Star party, even though the GIlgosi had originated as a fork of the Crystals. This was because before 1989, there had been no need for a Star "party" for people to belong to; the entire population was Stars and needed no organization to identify itself with. The Crystals had merely created their political organization earlier than others, and the Gilgosi consisted of people who preferred the old Star way of life but had joined the Crystals at first because the Crystals had the only functional anti-Gold organization at the time.

The Gilgosi party was seen by the Gold party as the most dangerous of the major parties, and was thus banned, although for the time being the individual Gilgosi people were not punished by slavery (if currently free) or death, which meant that most Gilgosi were open about it in public and they could thus be easily spotted. The few free Gilgosi people tended to be economically powerful, and in many ways similar to the Pabap minority, except that the Gilgosi were not allowed to get on a boat. The Pabaps thus admired the Gilgosi, and wanted to make friends, but it just so happened that the Gilgosi were vehemently racist against Pabaps, seeing them as even worse than the Naman slavelords because the Pabaps seemed to dominate the economies of every nation they went to, pushing even the slavelords into middle-class status and intoxicating the governors with their potent raspberry wine. Thus the Pabaps' love for the Gilgosi was a difficult one.


The Pōsa were slaves of Pabap and Subumpamese origin mostly living in the equatorial regions of the empire. Pirates from Lobexon had begun abducting them in the 1700s. Paba's government openly admitted that it wanted to export its people as slaves to foreign nations and didnt care that they would be abused for centuries. They merely wanted money in exchange for the people they owned. The Lobexonian pirates refused even that, and simply landed on Paba's beaches and grabbed everyone they could onto their boats and headed back to Lobexon. Subumpam was also a target, but its government was strongly anti-slavery. The Subumpamese, so famous for losing every war they participated in, were nontheless surprisignly resilient to being adbucted, and even though Subumpam was closere than Paba relatively few attempts at abducting Subumpamese slaves to lObexon were successful. Thus most of the slaves taken were from Paba.

Whereas Pabaps and SUbumpamese did not blend much in their homelands, the slavelords here had forced the mto do so, generally with a Subumpamese wife and a Pabap husband because doing it the other way around would result in painful births and maternal deaths since the Subumpamese were typically much taller, and a subumpamese baby inside a Pabap mother would be a risk to the both of them. Thus tiny men married tall women and births were generally safe. The problem soon was ended anyway as the new mixed-race people came to be entirely homogeneous.

The Pōsa had been freed by the Treaty of 2057, which also made their former owners into slaves. But Nama's rule was very weak here, and the new incoming Macro-Repilian slavemasters often chose to simply enslave both groups indiscriminately. The Pōsa were of mixed religious beliefs, as their native Yiibam religion believed in gods that were physically present in the Pabap homeland, and these slave families had been forcibly abducted from that homeland over 400 years ago, so they had lost most of their religious concepts. Many of them had converted to the native religions around them. However, they never subdivided further; they remained a single group with a single religion calling themselves the Pōsa.

Mixed marriages were banned, as the slavemasters wanted the Pōsa slaves and the Star slaves (who had been renamed Kampa) to hate each other, not love each other.

The Kampa were told that they should hate the Pōsa because the Pōsa people were clearly related to the Pabap people who were dominating the economies of the Lobexonian nations lucky enough to be further north, and that although the Pōsa were at present better known for pillow fights than massacres and cannibalism, they were only a few hundred years away from an all-out genocide against the dark-skinned Kampa-like people who had settled Paba before them, and that slavery was what the Pōsa really deserved.

The Pōsa were told that they should hate the Kampa because the Kampa people had been abusing them for 400 years, even launching ships into Paba to abduct more slaves, and had never even considered repentance even when it was clear that they were about to be defeated by Nama. They said that only Nama had been both kind enough and strong enough to take the Kampa's tentacles out of the Pōsa homelands, and that slavery was what the Kampa really deserved.

The tropical rainforests were very poor now, even poorer than the desrts of Taryte, because it was difficult to farm the land and there were few other national resouirces. They also did not benefit much from trade with Paba because they did not want Pabap trading ships to dock on their shores and see Pabap people being horribly abused. They traded with Paba, but only indirectly through areas of Lobexon that were further north and did not enslave Pabaps. Arguably the slaveowners in the tropical rainforests were worse off than some of the slaves in the far north, which had been enriched by commerce, and where slavemasters prevented slave revolts by making their slaves' lives more comfortable even if they still refused to free them. Occasionally a slaveowner living in the Equatorial zone would simply abandon his slaves and plantation to move with his family to the north, becoming simply a free citizen with no slaves. Thus these slaves would be freed. At other times, slaves simply escaped, since even though the rainforest was very poor, it was one area that was easy to survive off the land in, and the life of an escaped slave was not much different than the life of a slaveowner in terms of meeting basic needs.

The Pōsa party was not banned, although as its people by definition lived only in areas where the imperial government was too weak to reach them and thus rescue them out of slavery, they had no political meaning and any Pōsa people who escaped into the safer parts of the empire usually chose one of the other parties to belong to. Those who escaped but could not get out of the rainforest tended to sympathize with the Crystals, since their adherence to the Yiibam religion after 400 years of slavery was very weak, although very few of them actually converted since the Crystal party was illegal whereas Pōsa was legal and just happened to consist mostly of slaves.

Nevertheless, the Pōsa party did have political positions of its own besides just their support for ending slavery. Unlike the Crystals, the Pōsa people supported freeing all of the slaves, not just the ones who joined their party. They admired the stable government of Nama and believed that problems including slavery could be solved by nonviolent means. Thus unlike the Crystals and Gilgosi the free Pōsa living in Lobexon did not try to arm themselves or participate in sniping against members of the other groups; they wanted to rise to power fully in line with the Gold party. Indeed, their opinions on almost all issues other than slavery were perfect matches for those of the Gold party, which put them at odds with the other three Pabap groups.


As above, this is a term for the Star aboriginal slaves living in the equatorial zone, who were mostly kept apart and worked in non-agricultural slavery, and thus led lives different from the other Star slaves further north. Kampa slaves who escaped often joined nearby nations since they could blend in with the aboriginals whereas the Pōsa could not (though Pabap people, the cousins of the Pōsa, were setting up nations nearby, they were small and not easy to find. Moreover these nations often had dark-skinned majorities anyway, so the Kampa could still also move here.)

The Kampa party was not banned, although its situation was different than Pōsa. Pōsa people were by definition descended from Pabaps and occasionally Subumpamese, both of which were free peoples according to the Treay of 2057. THe Kampa, being aboriginals, were enslaved throughout the entire empire, and had no reason to want to escape into the north where conditions could even get worse for them since the slaveowners had much tighter control over their slaves there. Thus escaping Kampa slaves usually preferred to hide out in the highlands or move into Kuhilani. Those who stayed in Lobexon considered "Kampa" to be an artificial creation with no political meaning, as it was essentially a racial group rather than a religion or even a political philosophy, and instead chose to identify as one of the other groups, often the Crystals. (Though as they were in hiding, this still had no political meaning in the eyes of the imperial government; they would not answer a census from a 7000 ft mountain pass.)

Other Kampa converted to the Pōsa party, seeing slavery as evil but admiring the Gold government and preferring nonviolent means of coming to power. These people generally wanted to leave Lobexon, however, as they could not simply follow the blonde Pōsas northwards because they would be arrested and put back into slavery.

However, they were careful not to let the Gold party win after all by dividing them up politically instead of racially. They saw the blonde Pōsa people as allies, not enemies, but also wanted to be the allies of every other group that was at the bottom of society, even if those people were extrmeely anti-Pōsa.


Emon (also known as Kaxʷūxʷa or Kafūfa) was a religion that worshipped the sun. Most of its members were aboriginals enslaved by the Treaty of 2057 and made to convert to the Gold religion, but a few stayed out. Emon was not a very political religion, so its people tended to be entirely ignored by the Gold government, as they were considered not even dangerous enough to oppress. Kafūfa happened to be most popular in the state of Katō, however, and Katō killed all of its slaves in the year 2140, which meant the near-total destruction of Kafūfa.

Nevertheless, Kafūfa survived. It was not a primitive religion worshipping the sun for fear that if they didnt, it would go away; it was actually a lot like its neighbor religions except that it had stopped worshipping animals and other life forms and instead come to worship the things that gave those earlier gods their power.

Kafūfa was the only major party other than the Gold party that actually supported slavery. Thus, they were frequently attacked by escaped slaves and even bound slaves whenever the opportunity came about. They agreed with the Gold party on all the other major issues as well, and were effectively Gold members who merely had a different religion. Those who believed in the theology of Kafūfa but not the politics tended to convert to the Gilgosi party.

Kafūfa's support of slavery and the Gold party did not lead to the Gold government freeing those Kafūfists who were still enslaved. They nevertheless were more likely to be freed than other slaves, even the Gold slaves, for various reasons. They were commonest in areas of the Gold Empire where slavery was weak, and slaveowners often left their plantations seeking a better life in the richer north and gave full control to the slaves. Although formally banned from becoming slaveowners themselves, a small upper class of Kafūḟists managed to for all practical purposes recreate slavery on plantations that they had inherited or bought from other slaveowners. The loophole was that a landowner could forbid other people from entering or leaving their property, thus allowing them to force other people to work for them in order to be fed and housed. They were thus restricted to agricultural slavery only, unlike the new types that had begun appaearing in larger cities where slaves performed manual labor of other types with their master not always physically present .


Sisnasi was the primary religion in Subumpam, and even though most Subumpamese people officially converted to Goldism when the Gold government took over Subumpam, a sizable minority chose to publicly remain Sisnasi believers.[6] They were legally reocgnized, but had no government power. They mostly kept to themselves and did not object to being oppressed. They considered themselves allies of the Gold party but tried to avoid endorsing the Gold party's positions on issues related to slavery, since they saw slavery as an import from Lobexon which at best could only hurt Subumpam.

The Sisnasi leaders had refused several offers from their Naman overseers to introduce slavery into Subumpam, even when promised that it would be only ethnic minorities who were enslaved. They considered themselves morally superior to slaveholders and their supporters and did not want even to share in the benefits of the slavery taking place across the sea in Lobexon. The Naman response to this was to enslave Subumpamese people for speaking out against slavery. Howeever, only a small number of Subumpamese people were enslaved; Nama realized that Subumpam might have been correct all along that slavery was bad since Subumpam had been economically successful for over a thousand years without any slavery.

Very few Subumpamese ever left Subumpam for Lobexon, except those who were ethnic Pabaps. They knew that they would be a target for violence in Lobexon, even if they pretended to be Pabaps, and that htere was no possible advantage in trying to blend in.


The Pasulup (a code name) were Pabaps who had previously been trading between Paba and the Star Empire, but were trapped on land by the Trety of 2057 as their ships were taken over by the Naman navy. The Tretay was friendly to them, and allowed them the choice of moving back to Paba if they wanted. The Pasulup are the descendants of those who had chosen to stay and make a life as normal people not working in the shipping industry. They were of the Yiibam religion, but considered their interests distinct from the other Yīa-worshipping Pabaps and did not want to unite with them. They did not call themselves Pasulup; that is merely a codename created by Nama so that all of the Pabap groups would begin with the letter P, and thus came to be called "P people" (, where p happens to be the Naman word for "teacher" and is thus their world's most flattering exonym). In fact the Pasulup were almost entirely Khulls-speaking, learning Pabappa only to conduct business with other Pabap-descended groups. This helped them gain access to the ruling class in Lobexon, and even the ruling classes of Nama.

They were open to intermarriage with other tribes, even those who were much taller than Pasulup people and would be taboo in their original homeland of Paba, but not all that many people actually married out.

Some Pasulups tried to marry into the Macro-Repilian slaveholder families, thus becoming slaveholders themselves. Lobexon's government had no reaction to this unexpected phenomenon; they let individual families handle it. Thus the marriages were generally allowed, and Pabaps for the first time became a slaveholding people, albeit only through their half-Repilian descendants. These people, however, were no longer legally seen as Pasulup by Lobexon's government, and in a few ways marrying into a slaveowning family actually took their families a step down in society because they had married into the class seen by almost all outside nations as the ultimate oppressors, and thus were not treated kindly when traveling overseas or even to many of the more liberal areas within Lobexon. This classification system ensured that the Pasulup would continue to be entirely pure-blooded Pabaps throughout their entire existence.

Note that free people marrying slaves was illegal, although on occasion a free person would buy out a slave's freedom and then marry them.

The Pasulup people understood the purpose of Nama's government system better than many others because they had had some experience with it in their homeland of Paba, and had also been living in the best-educated part of Lobexon for a while. They were aggressive in promoting their interests in the imperial Gold government, despite being essentially a monolithic single-ethnicity group only represented in a small part of the empire. They understood how to turn Nama's hugeness into a weakness: wherever Nama opposed them, they could likely find some other part of Nama that would support them.

They had managed to convince Nama to allow them to build a second nation in northern Nama, called Paesapam, and Paesapam served as a second Paba since it almost always agreed with Paba[7] in Nama's Mirror government. And thus they could on occasion even defeat the Gold party in Nama's legislature if there was an issue in which most other parties were neutral. Put another way, Lobexon had two votes in Nama's legislature: one for the huge Gold majority, and one for the tiny Pasulup minority. This was possible because Lobexon was not geographically connected to Paba, and Lobexon no longer allowed Pasulup access to boats, so the Pasulups could not simply sail over to Paba if they wanted to return to their homeland. Thus, they were for all practical purposes a new nation of people who lived only in Lobexon, which meant that Nama was obligated to grant them a separate seat and an entire second nation of their own carved out of Nama's own territory.

Lobexon realized now that the Pabaps had outsmarted them and essentially had three nations to themselves now: Paba, Pubapi, and Paesapam (because even the Lobexonian slavemasters agreed the Pasulup in Lobexon were being oppressed). And thus, through their two votes in the Naman parliament, the Pasulup Pabaps could void and even invert any of Lobexon's Gold Party's votes. They used this power even on issues entirely unrelated to the wellbeing of the Pasulup people to try to win concessions for the Pasulups elsewhere. To Nama, it didnt matter at all that there were only about 10000 Pasulup people in Lobexon versus several hundred thousands of Gold; all that mattered was that there were two "nations" living there.[8]


The Pastip were a new group of Pabaps who had been created shortly after the 2057 Treaty. They were neither the Pōsa who were enslaved in the tropics nor the Pasulup who were trapped in Lobexon by the sudden naval blockade. Instead they were people whom the Gold government had chosen to invite into Lobexon to help improve the economy and perhaps even the government. The Gold people saw Paba as a miracle nation that had been violently assaulted from literally every one of its neighbors for over a thousand years, but which had never fought back and yet somehow survived to become the strongest and richest nation in the world for most of its history. They saw that Pabaps had established themselves as a minority in many other nations throughout history and never made threats to overthrow the governments of those states, and therefore the Gold people did not fear that the Pabaps they were inviting it would overthrow the Gold government.

The Pabaps were humiliated by the Gold governments' praise of them, as they did not consider being badly abused and taking it quietly to be a trait to be proud of, but nevertheless many agreed to move in, since Paba was perpetually overcrowded and the Pabaps had always stereotypically preferred tropical climates anyway. The Gold government made a small exception to their full naval control of Lobexon's ports to allow Pabap ships in and out, as these Pabaps were mostly working in trade and other naval occupations for the time being, and Paba still refused to allow any non-Pabap ships to enter its own ports. However, there were only a very few places in Lobexon where these Pabap ships were allowed in, and they were overseen very strictly to make sure Pabaps were not smuggling people in or out of Lobexon along with their much-needed cargo. Further, the Gold government made it clear that they wanted to get the Pabaps off of the ports and onto the mainland to work in more traditional occupations as Lobexon had plenty of international trade already.

The Pastip felt bad for the aboriginal groups, and offered to rescue them and settle them in Paba or in any of the many colonies Pabaps were building in the equatorial zone. Although they wanted to rescue slaves, for the most part this was impossible and would get the Pastip killed so they focused their efforts on rescuing the free Gilgosi people and inviting them aboard their boats. The Gilgosi actually were strongly anti-Paba, claiming the Pabaps were owed revenge for the Pabaps' massacre of dark skinned Sukuna people several hundred years ago, and the GIlgosi considered themselves to be one with the Sukuna. Many had become openly racist against Pabaps (and other blonde people such as the Subumpamese), but the Gilgosi who accepted the offer to move to Paba were those who were friendly. However it should be noted that they were not anti-Pabap because of the ancien t massacres, but because Pabaps always seemed to become the upper class wherever they moved, and refused to share their fruits with other groups; the arguemnts about the Sukuna aboriginals were merely inherited from the Star government's politics of the previous two centuries.

Paba's own military questioned the perverse decision of the Pabaps to rescue only the one people living in Lobexon that had become famous for its violent massacres of Pabaps, and hoped that this new mission would be another Pabap "miracle" that seemed at first to be a dangerously masochistic idea but would in the end somehow benefit both Paba and the Gilgosis. Although these rescue missions were illegal, for the most part, the Gold navy did not capture or harass the Pastip people because they were only rescuing freemen, which actually helped the Gold party as these were the people most likely to be violent in the future. The Gold gov't had been wanting to simply enslave them all but could not get its people to vote to do that because they were not quite that openly malicious. Indeed, Lobexon had been worried about letting any more Pabaps into Lobexon for fear that they would immediately start doing good deeds such as rescuing Lobexonians, but they were pleased when they realized they had found a solution that both groups took pleasure in: the Pabaps enjoyed rescuing people and settling them all over Paba, whereas Lobexon enjoyed dumping their most violent and disruptive people all over Paba.

As it turned out, most Gilgosi moving to Paba simply converted and blended in with Pabaps, forgetting altogether that they were originally foreigners. Those who did not assimilate were still welcomed, but were confined to the lower class because they could not fit in even with other minorities and therefore ended up mostly being sold as slaves to the still unrepentant Thaoa. Thus ironically Paba had rescued freemen and delivered them to slavery.

A third group of Gilgosi were not taken to Paba but to new colonies in the rainforests of Atlam in the far southwest, where Paba hoped to establish fully independent nations that would give Pabaps the power to dominate the tropics. For the most part these societies did not work out well, as the numbers of people they were sending were too low, even with enormous birthrates, to survive wars against the aboriginals here, and Repilian slave lords were also exploring this area, which meant that often these people also ended up becoming enslaved. This was also the only area where the Gilgosi often attacked Pabaps, because they had been expecting to be allowed to move to Paba, but were unaware that the government of Paba often required its people to settle new lands and the incoming Gilgosi were disproportionately affected as they were the lowest class. But even here, many Gilgosi decided to stay, realizing they would end up as slaves if they tried to get back to Lobexon. In their new habitats they married Pabaps and started new families and forgot all about Lobexon and its problems.

These new countries soon became very prosperous, although it was a short lived prosperity. The Empire of Kuhilani in 2131 declared all of the new Pabap-Gilgosi nations to be Kuhilani territory, as they saw the new civilizations were very young and yet already doing very well, and Kuhilani wanted more wealth and power for itself. The Tūġyaitănians surrendered immediately, as they were trading colonies with no militaries of their own living in a very military part of the world. However, Kuhilani soon realized that its dream was not to be, as when Kuhilani annexed Tūġyaităna, Lobexon immediately shut off the trade routes with Tūġyaităna, and Tūġyaitănabecame even poorer than Kuhilani had been. Paba did not give up on its plans to settle the equatorial zone, but they soon lost touch with what had been their colonies and all that remained when the next Pabap ship arrived in the area were a few curious-looking aborigines with blonde hair and stone tablets written in a language they could no longer understand.


Yet a fourth group of Pabaps began moving into Lobexon in the early 2100s, the difference this time being that they did not seek citizenship and preferred to think of themselves as Pabaps. This was a change in behavioral habits for them, as Pabaps of all types had previously been passive and allowed everyone else to treat them as inferiors. These Pabaps came to Lobexon claiming that living in Lobexon was their unpaid reward for their ancestors' having occupied parts of Subumpam for 70 years during the Star War. They were not much different than the Pastip group, which had been painstakingly invited to move to Lobexon; the difference is that these new Pabaps were not invited, and they expected the Gold navy to let them come and go as they pleased, whereas the Pastip people had to stay on land except when specifically told to go to sea.

When these new Pabap immigrants found that they could indeed come and go as they pleased, all of the other groups in Lobexon realized that perhaps the Gold slavemasters were not as all-powerful as they claimed. The three other Pabap-descended groups still claimed loyalty to Lobexon now, but were relieved that they could now visit Paba instead of being forever trapped on the mainland. Even now, however, Nama still considered Pasulup to be a nation of its own, deserving of a separate seat in Nama's parliament, which meant that they continued to frustrate Lobexon's Gold party.

As each year went by, the power of the Gold government in Lobexon seemed weaker and weaker. Lobexon's Gold government began to consider that perhaps the importation of so many Pabaps had been a mistake. They had been expecting to soften the rough spots of their vast nation with the world's most peaceful people, who would work hard to clean up the messes Lobexonian slavelords made and as a reward expect only the permission to find new ways to scrub even harder. Although many of the Pabaps really were a vast improvement over the people they settled amongst, as their numbers grew, their power grew even faster, and this growth was at the expense of the Gold party rather than the Gold party's enemies.

The Gold party had divided the Pabaps into four major ethnic groups, and hoped that these four groups would at least occasionally fight each other and thus weaken their power, but they were embarrassed when they realized that the four Pabap groups were reliable allies, and that those who had the most power happily shared it with those who had none. Furthermore, the Goldies attempts' to provoke their other minority groups into attacking the various Pabap groups had mostly failed as well. Their Xàsa program, advocating a complete removal of all non-aboriginals from Lobexon, had essentially won no allies; the only people calling themselves Xàsa were Gold slaveowners in disguise.

The Gilgosi were the only group that were prone to violent attacks against Pabaps, but they had been so for a long time, and held no allegiance to the Gold government. And even their numbers had been greatly reduced in recent years as the Pabaps had reacted to their attacks against Pabaps by adopting them and resettling them in Paba in the hopes that they could get along better in a nation with no slavery and no wars.

Pabaps isolate themselves

The various Pabap groups had been trying to stay out of this emerging conflict, having become more selfish and cynical the longer they stayed in Lobexon, and now figuring that a Gilgosi vs Crystal war might be just what Pabaps needed if they wanted to secure a lock on power in Lobexon. Fifty years earlier, Pabaps had been rushing into battlefields with greeting their enemies' swords and spears with flowers and songbooks, but generations of being surrounded by war and slavery had forced the "soft" Pabaps to be either killed or married into the families of the most violent of their enemies. THus left behind were a group of Pabaps who were almost as hard as the people they lived amongst, and claimed allegiance not to Lobexon, but to the mystical and seemingly inviolable foreign nation from which they had come.

They figured that the Gilgosi and the Crystals could wipe each other out, thus depriving the Gold slavemasters of most of their slaves, and leaving the four Pabap groups entirely unharmed. In their hearts, many Pabaps strongly admired the Gilgosi, or the Crystals, or in many cases both, but they did not want to officially sign up as allies of either of the two groups because they knew that every Pabap who signed up to either of those parties would be at best consigning himself to slavery for the rest of his life, and at worst being drafted into one of their armies and sent off to kill his own family members.

At the same time, however, the Pabaps generally also refused to join the Gold Party, because even though that would give them direct access to the power structure of Lobexon's government, it would endanger their safety, as the Goldies were the one group that made both Crystals and Gilgosi unite in an insatiable hunger for blood. Nama's government, which was still nominally in control of Lobexon and all its many slave plantations, made it difficult for new political parties to be created, but even harder for them to be abolished. Gold slaveowners in Lobexon now were telling Pabaps that their four political parties were all phony, and that they were winning political concessions on a technicality that made them appear to be a coalition that formed a majority, but because they were four groups instead of one, the Goldies were denied the use of the laws they had created to overrule majorities.

The Gold people could not understand what had gone wrong. Their political system had worked well on Nama for thousands of years, but in Lobexon the Pabaps seemed to have found a fatal weakness that enabled them to push around even the upper class of slavemasters into handing over ever more power to the Pabaps. The only potential conflict where the Goldies still had a clear advantage over all of the Pabaps was an all-out war in which the Goldies would be forced to overthrow their own government, and secede from Nama, thus using their still all-Gold army to force the Pabaps to hand power back to the Gold party. This, they knew, would cost them the support of Nama, because even though Nama was also led by the Gold party, the Gold party considered it unforgivable to overthrow a Gold government, even if the party claiming power was also Gold and was doing it to preserve what they felt was the best government in the eyes of Nama. Thus even Nama was turning against the Gold slavemasters now.

The Goldies decided to focus their efforts on dividng the slaves amongst each other.

Conflicts among the slaves

The Gold Party had been unsuccessful at promoting divisions amongst the slaves they ruled over, but soon realized they might not need to try. By the early 2100s, the Gilgosi were beginning to win allies even amongst their traditional enemies. As the Gilgosi regained power, the Crystals hiding in Sulasali felt increasingly threatened. Most Crystals now moved away from Sulasali, and those who remained were physically abused by visiting groups of Gilgosi, who were not punished by the Gold government.

Thus, even though the Gold slavelords considered the Gilgosi the most dangerous of all of their enemies, they tolerated and occassionally even promoted Gilgosi people into power in the hopes that it would lead to a civil war of slave vs slave that would leave the mutual enemy of all slaves relatively unharmed.

Crystal-Gilgosi relations

Soon, a secret army commanded by the Comet (an ex-Crystal turned Gilgosi) became powerful and focused on attacking Crystals at every opportunity. This army was frequently attacked by the Gold government or, occasionally, by the Crystals themselves, but it survived these frequent attacks and when it declined, it was due largely to a shift in military power towards another secret army, commanded by Old Faithful, another anti-Crystal.

Another major change was the fact that the Gilgosi, too, had become the target of an army. Here, however, it was the regular Gold army that did the lion's share of battling the Gilgosi. The Gold party had decided to agree that the Gilgosi were the true majority in Lobexon, if only because it made Nama grant them extra power to oppose the Gilgosi (that was one of the main tenets of the Gold philosophy).

A third change was the fact that Crystals from FILTER (a feminist group) now openly helped the Crystals on the islands of Sulasali, despite increasing violence from other groups. As FILTER helped the Crystals, Lobexonians' sentiment shifted even more against the Crystals. Feminism in this context refers to a biological adaptation of some tribes of humans in which women are much taller than men, and cultures with this trait tend to have their women rule over their men and dominate them in every way. This was seen as dangerous by even the females of the traditional tall-maled groups because it upset their power structure. Thus, even though the Crystals were very weak, the fact that they had allowed themselves to live with and enroll Feminists into their party made them the most alien group of all, and therefore the most hated. Feminist cultural traits had begun to filter into even the mainstream Crystal population now, meaning that they often elected female leaders and considered their men to be less important than women in some ways. It also meant that they were less prone to seeking to gain power through violence than they had been until even very recently, as they saw violence now as a masculine, and thus Gilgosi, trait.

Also, because the upper crust of the upper class was itself Feminist, the tiny Feminist Crystal men were seen as collaborators in the abuse of all of the other groups, making their position the very bottommost of all. Gilgosi people became more aggressively masculine now, seeing feminism as a trap to castrate them and force them to submit not to their own wives, but rather the women of the slavemasters who were intent on abusing them for the next 10000 years.

Thus, even though the Gilgosi wanted freedom from their Gold slavemasters, they devleoped a secret army which attacked the Crystals whenever the Gold army couldn't stop them. Thus, a "triangle war" had emerged -- the Crystals, the Gilgosi, and the Gold slavelords were all against each other.

Some Crystals asked the Gilgosi for an alliance, but the Gilgosi refused, despite the fact that they were now being as badly abused by the imepists as were the Crystals. The Gilgosi refused to humiliate themselves by giving in to the much more submissive, feministic Crystals. The Crystals were still biologically masculist, and knew that they would be for a long time, but they were electing female leaders as they created a "slave democracy" that idolized the bottommmost poeple into power and said that women were purer than men and should be in control of all men.

Thus, although some Gilgosi were now secretly defecting to the Crystals, the two groups remained separate, and both groups remained victims of the oppressive Gold government which they all had earlier fought to put in place! This was one reason the Gilgosi didn't trust the Crystals. Another was the fact that the Crystals were openly corrupt; for example, they stole money and offered it to anyone who would vote Crystal. They justified this by saying that it is still better than gaining power by force, and therefore was more ethical than what the Gilgosi supported. Finally, the Gilgosi didn't trust the Crystals simply because Crystalism was a very "worldly" movement, which meant it would not be valid in the future. Since Crystalism would not work in the future, they said, any Crystal who would try to stay in power would really be obstructing progress, which is what the Crystals were accusing pro-sko[9] people of.

On the other hand, the Crystals didn't trust the Gilgosi for other reasons. They said that the Gilgosi were nationalists, whose allegiance was to an authority no greater than Lobexon. The Crystals, on the other hand, belonged to no particular country; they were everywhere. Also, the Crystals accused the Gilgosi of ethnocentrism and ruthless bursts of violence (such as their centuries long history of hatred and violence against Pabaps and Subumpamese). Coming from a group who for years had unsuccessfully tried to gain political power through violence, this signaled a surprising shift in policy — it seemed the Crystals had given up trying to be violent and had adopted a more covert method of gaining power.

However, this was a time of terrible vexation for the Crystals. The Crystals blamed themselves for their failure to take over the SS Union, saying they should have foreseen the war and built up a military before the other groups did. But it really was not their fault; there simply weren't enough Crystals in the world to have made much difference in the outcome of the war.

In Sulasali the Crystals taught that their task was to peacefully spread Crystalism to the rest of the world, and at the same time ensure its noncorruption (although this stance was taken only because they were so weak militarily that it was their only hope). The Sulasalians by now had split away from the outworld Crystal parties completely as part of their anti-corruption effort. They wanted to attract people to their party who were looking for God's army, so they worked hard to clean up their image.

In fact this cleansing rebirth did attract the attention of the outworld, but it was in a fashion the Crystals had hoped to prevent - their new image now shone in the world as a stark contrast to imapa, and Nama, the leader of the imepist council, vowed to destroy the Crystals. As a result, the Crystals were forced to shield their islands from the outworld as virtually all other parties, even fellow oppressed parties in Lobexon, began to boycott their philosophy.

The Crystals' worst enemy was perhaps Loporomo Leap, which was also deeply involved with the Lobexonians' unique imapa doctrine, called Lapiwa. Lapiwa allowed the Lobexonians to cling to the freedom won by imapa without renouncing national sovereignty, as mainstream imapa demanded. Loporomo Leap had no ethical reason for their habitual abuse of the Crystals; they did it because it was fun. Yet some could not help observing that it seemed the Crystals had stumbled upon the path to real world peace that the rest of the world had blindly been trying to find for all of history.

Gilgosi-Pabap relations

The Gilgosi who had not moved to Paba had, for the most part, been unaware that the Gilgosis who had moved to Paba were doing well and were far more prosperous than the ones who had stayed behind. Thus they didn't realize that they had missed the opportunity of a lifetime, and that Pabaps had really truly wanted to be the best friends of the Gilgosi. Thus, these ignorant GIlgosi people had continued hating Pabaps all along, and even attacking Pabaps, and by 2140 the two groups had little contact with each other as the Pabaps had become a lot more fearful now and also a lot more assertive of their interests. Most Pabaps did not cry when they learned that in 2140 many Gilgosi slaves had been slaughtered in the state of Katō as part of a program by Katō to purify itself of all its links to slavery.

Gilgosi people had much more contact with Crystals, and thus hated the Crystals even more than they hated the Pabaps. Nevertheless, they began to see the Crystals and Pabaps as having a lot of traits in common, and said that if the Gilgosi ever had a nation of their own, they would consider Crystals and Pabaps to be the same people.

The Pabaps had little interest in befriending Gilgosi people anymore, but the Pasulup Party Policy committee reacted to this new declaration by declaring that the Pabaps, if forced to choose a side in a G vs C war, would choose the Crystals, as only the Crystals considered them even potentially to be allies. The Pasulups were just one of four Pabap party organizations in Lobexon, and were actually the smallest of the four, but they had the most power because of the technicality they had relied on fifty years earlier in order to get a seat in the parliament of Nama.

Crystal-Pabap relations

The Crystals considered themselves the weakest and most oppressed of all the groups now, even below the slaves. Their own hideout on the islands of Sulasali was now controlled by "two ugly dogs", they said, and they couldnt survive even there, so they needed to move to an entirely foreign nation to escape persecution.

The Crystlas believed that Pabaps were at heart a helpful people, and wanted to ally with them in the future, but knew that due to Lobexon's legal system, essentially no Pabaps would even consider converting to Crystalism, since it would make them automatically slaves, and that Crystals could not simply convert to one of the Pabap parties because they would be an obvious ethnic misfit amongst the blonde blue eyed Pabaps. Even if the Pabaps appreciated their help, any Crystals wishing to hide amongst the Pabaps would have to stay indoors or else be detected by the government of Lobexon as an escaped slave. (Even though Crystals had expanded more rapidly overseas than any other group, and became quickly the most ethnically diverse party in Lobexon, all of the people they had drawn from as of yet were geographic neighbors of Lobexon and thus all generally were very dark skinned people.)

The Crystals wanted to move to Paba to strengthen themselves in preparation for a future attack against Lobexon in which the Crystals would use the Pabaps living in Lobexon as allies to make the war easier. But preparing for this would take serveral generations, and would at first need to be done entirely with Pabap ships and Pabap money, as the Crystals, even the ones still living on the islands of Sulasali, had no ships and lallmost no money of their own to draw from. And at present Paba was too overcrowded to accomodate yet another group of immigrants and was not interested in consigning itself to being involved in what seemed likely to be the most dangerous nation in the world for the indefinite future. But even so, a small number of Crystals did manage to move to Paba. These generally were ones who were living on Sulasali rather than the mainland, as even though Nama's navy had thickly encircled Sulasali they were less suspicious than Lobexon about allowing Pabap ships to visit. The Crystals hiding out in the western highlands generally moved even further west rather than trying to get to Paba.

In previous decades, the very thought of a Crystal-Pabap alliance would have been disgusting to the Crystals, because they considered Paba's religion to be a superstitious and violent religion not worthy even of animals. But so many other problems had surrounded the Crystals now that, although they still did not waver from their faith in their religion, they considered only atheists to be worthy of being excluded from their religious umbrella, as they figured all other religions would still choose the Crystals as allies if the only alternative was atheism. But the Crystals who moved to Paba quikcly alienated themselves by proclaiming that the Pabaps were a stupid and primitive people, and the Crystals made it worse by refusing to allow Crystal children to attend school.

Nevertheless, the Crystals tried to hold their tongues in the hopes of making a Crystal-Pabap alliance a reality. THey said that their primar enemy was not Paba, but Loporomo Leap. Loporomo Leap in fact was an atheist state in Nama, and their real quarrel with Sulasali was the obvious fundamentalism of the Crystals. What troubled the Loporomans most was the fact that the Crystals now had a "clean" fundamentalism; that is, it was somehow aligned with all religions at once, excluding none. This was because the Crystals had carefully purged their religion of all tenets that alienated them from the outside world; they believed only in God. They thus had a very simple religion, explaining little, but their only enemies now were atheists. Unfortunately, atheists ruled the universe.

Although the Crystals taught that anyone who was faithful to their "heart religion" — meaning what they honestly believed, rather than what they preached — would be saved, they encouraged people to join their group and convert to their religion as they felt in their hearts that it was the only right thing to do. Meanwhile, they began to transform their own people into an army.

The Crystals soon began to teach that the Crystal party had suffered assault after assault in their history not only because they were fundamentalist, but even more because they were virtuous, and now they predicted even tougher times ahead as they now would have to turn against the atheist, unethical universe. Thus they encouraged their people now to think nothing of risking their lives for the sake of their country. Still, as they were to others essentially harmless, they encouraged peace whenever possible, but began rapid development of a secret military.

The Crystals thus presented to the world a peaceful face, intended to win over the outworld by compassion, but in reality were preparing for what they felt was a necessary evil - a cataclysmic war against the atheist monsters that filled up the rest of the world and were to blame for the Stars' defection from the Crystals during the Six-Boat War.

Relations with Nama

Nama was a very large and diverse empire. The Crystals' enemies were nations like Loporomo Leap which divided the world into halves. Loporomo put on one side the Pabap and Subumpamese people, saying their religions were full of self-abuse and made them bow down and be exploited by other people. On the other side they put the Crystals and Gilgosi, saying their religions were so violent that their practitioners lived even shorter lives than the Pabaps and Subumpamese. THey put themselves in the middle, saying that as atheists they had the true path to eternal pleasure. They thus wanted no allies among the major armies in Lobexon, not even the Gold slavemasters. They preferred to rule directly from Nama.

However Nama also had plenty of potnetial allies for the Crystals. They had their own Mirror nation in Nama, Ḳīʕʷí (hereafter "Kīvi") which Nama promised to protect at all costs even though the Crystals in Lobexon were seemingly trying their hardest to disrupt Nama. FILTER also seemed friendly to them, and although the Crystals did not want to commit to an alliance with an ally even more potentially violent and yet hopelessly outnumbered than themselves, the very fact that FILTER had asked them for help showed that they might in the far future make a team.

Attempts to settle Baeba

The population of Lobexon in 2095 was approximately 50 schools (plus 50x). In 2095, a group of about 6000 (5949) Stars attempted to establish a settlement of Baeba Swamp. The sailors hoped that the swampland creatures would provide them a source of food and shelter so that they could live there, and hopefully eventually spread out.

The Pabap ship that they used had immediately crashed. The sailors had landed near their destination, which they now called Baeba Swamp, but they soon discovered that the animals living in this swamp were very dangerous to humans, as the first person to step out onto the land was attacked and killed by a snakelike animal within the first minute.

As huge as Lobexon's population was, Nama's population of about 5 schools was much stronger, and their powers made them too strong for the Stars to ignore. Even the small percentage of MacroRepilians that traveled to Lobexon was enough to hold down the now-united Stars' desperate attempts at rebellion. The Stars never surrendered but they were soon subdued by the much more powerful Macro-Repilians. Although this action caused almost all of the Repilians' allies to declare war on them, for the meantime these other Naman countries, whose populations totalled around 320 schools, were to weak to save the Stars from their coming doom.

However, the protective shield around Lobexon was not nearly as strong as it had used to be. Humanitarian missions took people from Nama, people who were hoping to absorb the Stars into their own societies, to Lobexon to adopt the otherwise doomed Stars and bring them back to their own countries. The Namans could not attack these ships because they couldn't see them.

Although many of these missions failed, enough succeeded that Nama had adopted a sizable minority of Stars (including the Polotta[10]) within a few months.

The role of Subumpam

Northern ("Uphill") Subumpam at this time was dominated by fundamentalists of the religion called Sisnasi. Nobody in the Susubmpamese government took seriously nyone who did not back up all their political opinions with Sisnasi scripture and philosophy. In southern SUbumpam (Bipabum), a scandal involving the Sisnasi priesthood, combined with the liberality that came with its greater affluence, had caused the population to question Sisnasi and move toward a very secular government, with atheists competing for power at the highest level. They also practiced Emon, a sun-worshipping religion that had been imported from Lobexon.

The Subumpamese, though they had been at peace for more than a hundred years now, were still frightened of the seemingly ever-changing war in Lobexon, and responded by uniting under the banner of Sisnasi and declaring all of Subumpam to have just a single religion and a single political party. They were not attempting to suppress dissent; they just didnt want to become a player in a war that would likely hurt Subumpam even more than it would hurt the other armies. They realized that Lobexon was where all the violence was found, and therefore Lobexon made things happen and Subumpam merely reacted. They figured that if they purged their territory of all of the parties which were causing problems in the western half of the empire, they would not soon need to clean up those problems in the eastern half.

THey were afraid that Subumpam was liable to be swamped and essentially consumed by any party in the war they happened to alienate, since it would be easy for them to invade Subumpam. They realized they could be overwhelmed even by an ally, if that ally decided Subumpam was the perfect pillow on which to lay its army to rest as they fled defeat in Lobexon. Thus, they said, for the meantime the only thing protecting them from being eaten up and thrown out by Lobexon was Nama's continued naval blockade. And that was getting weaker every year.

THus, even though Sisnasi was not particularly friendly to the Gold Party, they considered themselves strong allies of the Gold Party, as it was what was protecting them from all the other groups. Every break in the GOld Party's power, such as the Pabaps' discovery that they could penetrate the naval blockade, was a loss for the Subumpamese. Meanwhile, Pabaps living in eastern Subumpam were becoming interested in forming political organizations of their own patterned after the ones they had in Lobexon. Subumpam looked for a way to reassure themselves that their empire was not set to become the stage for yet another major war fought by two foreign armies that were hostile to each other but cared not at all for the welfare of the Subumpamese whose homelands had become their battlefield.

As a concession to the Subumpamese complaints of being yoked to and run over by larger powers in the Star Empire in previous centuries, the Namans had enrolled Subumpam as ten states in the new Gold Empire, rather than just one. In essence, the preexisting government structures of the individual Subumpamese states had been restored, and were now treated as being on the same level as Lobexon's eight states rather than treating the whole of Subumpam as just a ninth state. Nominally, thus, 55% of the voting power in the Gold Union was in the hands of the Subumpamese. In practice, however, votes were determined by political parties, not by population counts or the number of nations participating in a vote. The Subumpamese, being entirely Gold, were thus still the strongest party, but the problems and thus the attn of the GOld party was definitely not in Subumpam. Note also that Subumpam had not regained the port territory of Pipaippis in the Treaty of 2057; this was still securely Pabap territory. Thus sea trade in the eastern half of Subumpam was still mostly controlled by Paba, rather than Subumpam or Nama. This had the effect of making eastern Subumpam much poorer than western Subumpam.

Decreasing living standards throughout the decades actually solidifed the Gold Party's dominance in Subumpam, and by 2140 Subumpam was effectively a one party state with no tolerance for dissent. Note that the Gold party had been the only legal party for Subumpamese people since 2057 anyway, because the Pabap parties only admitted Pabaps. But dissent movements had been much more widely tolerated here than in Lobexon. But by 2140 any evidence of membership in a party other than the Gold party for a Subumpamese person was a crime. All of the non-Gold parties were restricted to ethnic minorities (mostly Pabaps) and had no government representation, not even the power they had in northern Lobexon. Religion had submitted to politics now; the Sisnasi religion was allowed to be practiced openly, as it had seen the Goldies as the lesser evil all along, but atheism was the public face of the Gold movement now. Even though many people claiming to be atheists were not actually atheists, they did not consider it blasphemous or sinful to hide their religious beliefs in these circumstances, because they felt that they could at least use atheism as a means to unite people who would otherwise fight. Still, atheism was not the primary motivating factor behind the GOld party; politics was. They merely found atheists easier to deal with since they did not generally have to weigh their allegiance to their god against their allegiance to their political party. Thus a religious conflict between the Sisnasian Subumpamese and the Yiibamic Pabaps was prevented.

Conflict in Katō

Around 2127 the Macro-Repilian slave lords created yet another new political party, which they called Xàsa. This was a return to the old type of political party that represented only an ethnic group and a religion, rather than a political philosophy. They said that they did believe in a philosophy, and that it was the rejection of the belief that Labans are racially superior to other humans. They defined Labans as all non-aboriginals. Thus Xàsa told Stars living in Lobexon that the Pabaps, Subumpamese, Andanese, and other peoples living in their territory were unwelcome guests and should be expelled or killed. The Macro-Repilian slavemasters promoted this new party in the hopes that it would direct the anger of the slaves towards outsider groups such as these, rather than towards the Macro-Repiiian slavemasters, since Repilians were also aboriginals.

Repilians and Stars had fought many wars in the past, and the Xàsa believers hoped that they could put an end to the wars and make a new alliance of all the aboriginal tribes of the continent against all of the "new" races that had been moving in over the last 2000 years.

Massacre of 2140

In 2140, all slaves living in Amade were killed. Thus slavery was abolished. Those who escaped (î) fled northwards into the desert, mostly Taryte. Amade claimed it was morally superior to the other nations because it had eliminated its slaves and relinquished the yoke the slaves had imposed on their economy. However, they were much poorer now, and needed to rely on help from other nations in order to produce enough food to feed themselves. In a state of panic, Amade purchased some slaves at high prices from surrounding nations, saying they would return them when they were self sufficient again. This pushed the government of Amade into debt. Meanwhile, slaves living in other nations were horrified and became much more loyal to their masters than they had been before.

Slaves achieve freedom

In 2155, a new law was passed that freed all slaves in the entire Empire, but for those who belonged to illegal political groups such as the Gilgosi and the Crystals. Vowing never to respect a conversion that would buy one out of slavery, the government declared that all people not known for certain to not belong to any of the illegal groups would remain a slave. They said that anyone who had been so determined to bring down the government as to join a group such as Gilgosi could never repent and be freed. Their children would be feeed, but due to inheriting nothing from their parents would live a life of extreme poverty unless they moved away from their parents at an early age and publicly converted to Goldism.

New states in the Star Empire

The increase in wealth in Lobexon seemed to bring an increase in political liberality with it. Lobexon's laws grew more liberal every year. This was especially true in Larados, the wealthiest state in Lobexon and also the wealthiest state on all of Teppala.[11] The two poorest regions, Amadetentative and Taryte, were also the two most politically conservative. Some of the other poorer parts of the union, such as Maheal[12] and Xʷugagâ (the Xʷugâ homeland), were also fairly conservative, but they were conservative in a way that served to advance the agenda of the liberals in Larados because their conservatism was opposed to the old conservatism that Larados had previously embraced. In 2141, a liberal party calling itself the Sejape Party took control in Larados for the first time and launched a very ambitious program designed to make their dream empire a reality. Sejape (Sĕyepa) was a version of imepo that allowed its believers to refuse to integrate themselves politically into Nama and also allowed them to refuse to allow slaves and certain other minorities to be represented in the government.

The Sejapeans declared that all of the conquered territories that Larados had won in the last war were part of their empire, and could be best served by cooperating with Larados' government. Larados finalized the name Lobexon for its new empire, which now included 19 states stretching from Bipabum to Maheal.[13]

The Sejapeans planned to build the largest nation in history, and said that they would be able to do it only because it would be a diversitarian empire, doing its best to please everyone. The type of government that Larados was spreading over its empire was largely derived from the Subumpamese system of government, and the Sejapeans told the Subumpamese that it was as true that Subumpam had conquered Larados as vice versa. The Sejapeans believed that Nama/Subumpam's dissenter system was superior to Larados' old democracy, but they didn't actually abolish the democracy because they felt that if they did so, Laradosans and others would complain and revolt because they would feel that their power had been taken from them and given to an unaccountable elite. In Subumpam, a fake democracy was installed to mollify these same people, but all the real decisions were still made by unappointed officials whom the Subumpamese believed to be better able to govern than the people themselves.

In 2148, Larados outlawed tribal alliances and passed a law giving most minorities (but not Andanese or certain groups of Namans) nearly equal rights with Laradosans. In 2155, all Subumpamese and "tropical" slaves were freed and the forced importation of people from Subumpam or any other region was also outlawed. Close relatives of captured Subumpamese slaves were allowed to settle in Larados. However, the Gold and Crystal parties were still illegal, meaning that they were not freed by the new law. To be freed, they would need to provide proof of a sincere conversion to Goldism, and the Gold government stated that no conversion made in the knowledge that it would free one from a lifetime of slavery could be sincere. However, the children of these converts were considered genuine, although they still were at the very bottom of the lowest class among Gold children because all money earned by their parents was given to their owners.

In 2161, Lobexon abolished the promotion of the Emon religion and officially became agnostic. Although most governing officials remained Emon believers, they were no longer allowed to publicly promote their religion or to discriminate against non-Emonians. (Few people outside Lobexon practiced Emon.)

Ethnic redistribution program of 2161

The Star Empire had been a marriage between Lobexon, an alliance of nine nations[14] of dark-skinned people, and Subumpam , an alliance of ten nations of light-skinned people who mostly had blonde hair and blue eyes. They could be likened to sub-Saharan Africa and northern Europe on planet Earth, and like Europe and Africa, they were separated by a sea.

Traditionally, all of the dark-skinned (Lobexonian) nations had entirely outlawed ethnic minorities. By this they meant that anyone moving from one Lobexonian nation to another Lobexonian nation had to convert to the religion and learn the language of that nation, and by doing so they were considered to have changed their ethnicity to the native one. However, non-Lobexonians generally did not move to Lobexon because they were not considered to be capable of making the necessary changes.

By contrast, Subumpam promoted ethnic diversity, and although most Subumpamese were still light-skinned blondes, all ten Subumpamese nations had large numbers of ethnic minorities living in them, including one (Paba) that was also primarily blonde but obeyed a different religion.

The Lobexonians did not consider themselves morally inferior for outlawing ethnic minorities; in fact they considered Subumpam to be morally inferior because a large number of Sukuna people lived in Subumpam, and the Sukuna people were dark-skinned people with cultural similarities to the people of Lobexon. They falsely believed that Subumpam had massacred the Sukuna people in the past, and stated that the Subumpamese owed the Sukuna, and by extension the Lobexonians, dearly for what they were believed to have done.

When outsiders from Nama conquered Lobexon, they decided to put an end to Lobexon's homogeneous societies and encourage racial diversity along the lines of what existed in Subumpam. This was necessary, they felt, because the conquering Namans were almost all of Repilian descent, and Repilians were a traditional enemy of all of the dark-skinned Lobexonian tribes. Thus, in 2161, the government of the Star Empire introduced a massive resettlement program designed to smooth out the distribution of minorities across the empire.

However, the primary conflict in the Star Empire was not between light-skinned people and dark-skinned people but an internal conflict between three different groups of dark-skinned people: the Gold Party, the #Crystals, and the #Gilgosi. These were not racial groups but political ones; nevertheless, since few people ever converted into or out of the Gold Party, its membership was nearly hereditary, and the Gold people even had their own language, Khulls.

There was no political party for the blonde, blue-eyed Subumpamese in this empire; instead, they simply went along with the Gold people, which were the largest of the three dark-skinned groups, and in return the Gold navy protected Subumpam from invasion attempts by the other two.

Many states, such as Taryte and certain Subumpamese states, nullified the ethnic redistribution proposal. The states who accepted the proposal immediately received large numbers of immigrants, primarily from the upper classes of the other states, and in addition, were rewarded by the Gold government with large amounts of extra money intended to help their economies prosper. The Gold Party figured that those states who refused to adopt immigrants would be economically left behind and blame themselves rather than the Gold Party for their misfortune.

National language edict of 2162

In 2162, Lobexon revoked the sole official language status of Khulls[15] and allowed minorities to speak their own native languages, although they had to also be fluent in Khulls. Lellapians were not allowed to speak their own dialects of Lellapian, though. (Khulls at this time was just one dialect of a larger language called Lellapian.)

Secession movement in Taryte

From among the three groups of dark-skinned people living in the sun-scorched deserts of Lobexon, a fourth group soon emerged. They were the Tarise people, living in the state of Taryte. They rejected the modern reforms that the Gold Party had pushed on them and the rest of the Gold Empire, such as feminism, the teaching of the Khulls language, and the abolition of the law forbidding ethnic minorities to live in Tarise. They still said that people could move into Tarise and become Taryteans by converting to their religion and learning their language, but only if they were of the same dark-skinned racial type as the native Taryteans. Thus, the Tarises banned all light-skinned from Taryte, and did not expect their help. This included not just the typically blonde Subumpamese and Pabap people but also (and especially) the moderately toned Repilian people who were still holding onto most of the power in the Gold Empire.

Claiming that the Gold government placed the interests of ethnic minorities above those of the natives of Taryte, and knowing that they had alienated themselves from the rest of the Gold Empire, the Tarise party threatened to secede. However, the government of Taryte offered money for prominent conservative dark-skinned Gold politicians who wished to settle in Taryte and become Tarytean, saying that by doing so they would be joining the winning side in a future war.

Soon the Gold government threatened to disenfranchise Taryte if they did not agree to cooperate with the more liberal states, meaning that although they would not physically occupy Taryte, Taryte would no longer have a voice in the imperial government. The next month, the secessionist party became the majority party in Taryte,[16] and these Tarises encouraged secessionist movements in other areas of the empire to side with Taryte. They claimed that they did not hate other ethnicities, but merely wanted every ethnic group to live in a homogeneous state. They argued that the Gold Party's plan to eliminate racial conflict by making every area racially diverse was exactly wrong, and that it would instead greatly increase racial conflict. They said that a nation with no ethnic minorities, by definition, would be free of internal racial conflicts and that it would not hate neighboring nations either because those nations would not have any of their people inside the pure nation antagonizing the natives of the pure nation. Regarding the relative prosperity of Nama and Subumpam, which were both very racially diverse, they claimed Nama's success was due to its military strength and Subumpam's success was due to its military ineptitude. That is, Nama's people were happy because they were allowed to invade foreign nations and oppress their people, whereas Subumpam's people were unhappy but too afraid of violence to do anything about it.

Over Subumpam, which was ethnically diverse and had many mixed-race people, the Tarise secessionists claimed no authority. But they nevertheless looked for allies in Subumpam, to seize power away from the Subumpamese liberals that were helping the Gold government. A small number of Tarytean secessionists moved to Subumpam, fully aware of the irony of immigrating into a nation while representing a movement supporting a ban on all immigration from that nation. They planned to create a new political party in Subumpam that would unite all of the Subumpamese people who rejected the Gold Party. They did not expect the Subumpamese to start hating their own family members, as the Tarytean policy of racial purity would seem to demand, nor did they expect the Subumpamese to renounce their Sisnasi religion or become less feministic. What they wanted was for the Subumpamese to open their mouths and express their freedom to openly criticize the Gold government. This, they felt, would weaken the Gold Party's strangehold on power in Subumpam, which would indirectly help Taryte. However the Subumpamese overwhelmingly adored the Gold government, and refused to cooperate, although they did welcome the Tarise immigrants as Subumpamese citizens.

Secession movement in the tropics

However, the Tarises were gaining ground in the equatorial zone: the tropics, an unorganized territory sometimes called Tùdia, elected a secessionist government in the next month. This had been done without Taryte's support, because Taryteans had never even considered that they might have allies in the areas to their south. The ethnic stock of this area was similar to Taryte, but there had been more immigration than in Taryte, and the tropicals promised their citizens that they would not seek to expel recent immigrants or people of different racial appearance.

The tropical secessionist government was afraid to act against Lobexon, because it was geographically isolated and extremely poor compared to much of the rest of the empire, and also militarily helpless, so they knew that they couldn't really secede. And due to internal dissent, the tropical government changed hands again the next month, putting a very pro-Gold[17] party called Sĕyepa in power. When in the following month the Tarise government also turned liberal, a group of Tarise conservatives declared that they would form a paragovernmental organization within Taryte and try to live on their own without actually seceding.

The handover of power in both Taryte and the tropics to pro-Gold liberals allowed money from the rest of the Empire to flow into these areas, which were now by far the poorest states in Lobexon, and it allowed the conservatives to feel that they had succeeded at least in part. Thus, nearly all conservatism in SE2 had now been destroyed by the Gold liberals.

But the liberals who claimed that ethnic diversity would eliminate ethnic conflict couldn't completely get along even amongst themselves. Sĕyepa appealed to minorities of all types, and these minorities had been drawn from a diverse stock, and their interests conflicted with each other. Some of the Sĕyepa supporters were really poor, underprivileged minorities who were almost as conservative as the Tarises, but whose mild conservatism was allowed to pass for liberalism because it was opposed to the Tarise extreme conservatism.

For example, the Subumpamese state of Yuēnan[18] had passed a law stating that only the Yūenanese could serve in its local governments, and that Subumpamese was the only language allowed to be spoken in public in Yūenan. This was not a racial distinction but a legalistic one; they were rejecting the Gold Party's government, which was run mostly by immigrants. The Gold Party also allowed Yūenan to discriminate against foreigners and discourage them from settling in Yūenan. This weakened the Goldies' control over Yūenan, but the liberals in the Gold Party embraced it because the Yūenanians were strong supporters of the GOld Party it served the Gold Party's best interests to antagonize all non-Gold movements.

Similarly, they refused to do anything to stop the "oppression" of married women in Babbam, Subumpam, and the unorganized territories of the equatorial tropics, or the oppression of non-native people (including even Amade's Gold Party) in the tropics. Much of the tropics was in fact controlled by local tribal governments, with the official tropical government being too afraid to enforce its laws. Some of these tribes fought against each other, and others teamed up to fight against the Goldies.

Economic reforms in Lobexon

Lobexon had a strongly capitalist economy, and the government of Lobexon refused to improve its global welfare system to provide its poorest citizens a standard of living comparable to that which Kxesh's poorest citizens enjoyed, even though Kxesh was much poorer than Lobexon.

But some states in Lobexon introduced their own welfare systems, taking the money needed to run them from taxes. Often, recent immigrants from Larados paid a disproportionate amount of these taxes. This was partly because the states blamed Larados for lack of support, and partly because local sentiment was anti-Larados anyway, and the people were glad for anything that helped their own states gain at the expense of Larados. Larados' government, the most liberal in the empire, assumed that these acts of hostility were being caused by the imbalance of wealth between Larados and all the other states, and they did not try to retaliate. Many liberals began to believe that a less capitalist economy was necessary to equalize the wealth imbalance, but the liberals that were in power in Larados held to their inherited belief that capitalism was always the best path to future prosperity. They poured money into local economies to help alleviate their problems, but they never aided the poor directly, as this was contrary to their philosophy.

Revolt of Shuppa

Meanwhile (April 2166), the southern end of Lobexon (called Shuppa) was beginning to deteriorate. Although in the northern part of the tropics, businesses were developing and people were getting richer, Larados' economic aid was not able to reach the southern tropics or Atlam.[19] The conservative population distrusted the Lobexon government and didn't believe it could solve their problems. Thus, even though it looked as though formal secession would never happen, the southern part of the Star Empire was becoming a loosely organized group of tribal communes reminiscent of the tropics in the pre-Star era. Even Tarises began to move to the tropics now, hoping to get out from under the thumb of the new pro-Sĕyepa government that had taken all the power in Taryte.

Civil war in Taryte

To the alarm of the Gold government, these people renamed themselves Dabondians and set up the nation of Dabondi (Taryte) within Taryte's borders, without the consent of any government.[20] The Gold government based in Nama voted to let Dabondi secede, since they had chosen land with very few non-Dabondians on it, and they had chosen to cooperate with Lobexon and not plan a war. But Taryte's liberal Gold government, calling itself the Sĕyepa branch of the Gold Party, would not allow this, and Sĕyepa threatened to enslave the Dabondian leaders if they continued to cause trouble.

Atlam, which had a very libertarian government, invited the Dabondians to settle in Babbam, and promised to let them have almost as much freedom as they would have if they were an independent nation. The Dabondians felt uncomfortable amongst the Atlas, and few agreed to their offer. Those that did move mostly did so because they were members of a group of Dabondians that believed that their lives were worthless unless they were dedicated to overthrowing the entire Star empire.

Treaty of 2172

The Gold party was itself undergoind a civil war. From early on, a breakaway section of the Macro-Repilian army calling itself the Polotta had carved out a bubble of territory within Lobexon where they were in power and the other Gold people were not. Both groups considered themselves Gold, and therefore both groups considered themselves the legitimate rulers of Lobexon that had been sent down by Nama in 1989 to stop the oppression of the Subumpamese people by the Star Empire.

At first, the Polotta had lost most of their battles, but slowly the tide had turned, and in 2172 the Polotta achieved complete victory and a treaty was signed in which all of Lobexon and Subumpam was turned over to the Polotta army, which renamed itself simply the Gold army, and the losing side of the battle was allowed to remain if they chose but they would neither be enslaved nor armed. Most in fact chose to flee to Nama, figuring it would be safer there.

The Polotta were largely descended from immigrants from Laba, and some Tarpabap people who had moved to the area in recent years. However, even among the Polotta, there was a thin upper class consisting of Macro-Repilians just like the ones who made up the other side of the army.

The Treaty of 2172 voided the law in 2155 that had freed all of the Gold slaves in Lobexon. Thus, they were back to slavery again as if nothing had happened. Nama's naval blockade reacted to the change in power by simply remaining in place ,as they nominally belonged to Nama rather than Lobexon, and thus had not been thrown out of power at all. (Even though Lobexon's coastline was more than 20 times longer than Nama's, the navy had long been allowed to remain under the control of Nama as the Macro-Repilian slavemasters had essentially all come from high mountain regions and were not interested in learning how to live at sea.)

2175 Subumpamese government raid

In 2175, a secessionist group from Taryte calling themselves the Dabondians moved into the nation of Yuenan along the south coast of Subumpam and built a series of forts, hoping to damage mainstream Subum society as much as they could before they were discovered. Yūenan was very homogeneous, with fewer ethnic minorities than most of Subumpam. The Subumpamese people here had more dark-haired people than areas further east, but their skin color was still light and thus the Dabondians could not expect to blend in with their neighbors. Nevertheless, when they arrived in Yūenan they agreed to pretend to be Sukuna aboriginals rather than admitting that they were immigrants from Taryte.

Like the earlier Taryteans, they were well aware of the irony of moving into Subumpam while supporting a law that would ban immigration from Subumpam, but this group was even more extreme than their predecessors. They were in fact planning to kill all the Subumpamese and rejoin the Union as the new state of Dabondi, but they knew that there were too few Dabondians at this time to be able to do that, so they wanted to grow slowly and wait for the right time to attack.

When the Gold government discovered what the Dabondians had been planning to do, they arrested them and put them into slavery in northeastern Subumpam. They then forced all 19 states to sign an agreement endorsing Sĕyepa and forbidding the construction of any internal empire within SE2. Even the most conservative of the anti-Sĕyepa parties agreed to this, because they wanted to be sure to be seen as friendly to the Gold government so that the Goldies would send them more money.

Construction of slave camps

Most of the Dabondian terrorists were moved to Puripup, Punsam, and Pombi. All of these were places dominated by Pabaps. Thus Subumpam now had slavery, although the slavemasters were not Subumpamese but Repilians with a few Pabaps cooperating. Subumpam now realized that Nama was increasingly no longer able to protect them from outsiders, even outsiders from other parts of the Gold Union. They had refused to adopt slavery several times and had now had it forced upon them.

The Gold government of Subumpam told the anti-slavery protestors that they were wrong to think of slavery as immoral, and that it was simply natural that some people were born to serve others, and that the Subumpamese themselves were in effect servants of the Gold government, even if not enslaved. In 2176 a new law was passed which made it illegal to disrupt a slavery operation or protest against it, and the punishment for this action was to be indefinite slavery for the guilty people and all of the children. Thus many Subumpamese were enslaved on the same plantations taht teh Dabondians had been, and the slaves started to fight amongst each other.

This was the closest that Paba had come to owning slaves of their own. Previously, Paba had been essentially always the victim of a slave drive, happily selling its own people off to overcome their persistent problem of overpopulation. Paba thus had no moral misgivings about slavery; they just didn't feel the need to participate in it from the top. But now some Pabaps were tempted to take in the Subumpamese and Dabondian slaves from the Pabap-dominated lands of eastern Subumpam into Paba itself.

Participation by Paba

In 2183, ownership of the Wolf in Wool campground, where many slaves had been housed, was transferred from Nama to Paba.[21] Although the slaves were still within Subumpam, they were owned by the nation of Paba itself now and not merely Pabaps who lived in Subumpam. Thus Subumpam realized that they had now become the world's ultimate victim, an epithet that had been placed on Paba before bt had never been true in such a way as it was of Subumpan now. The Cranberry Army was born, an apolitical organization seeking to stop all abuses against the Subumpamese people and release all slaves in all nations. The government responded by adding the Cranberries to the list of organizations whose members would be enslaved on discovery. The Dabondians still had not given up, even while enslaved: a Dabondian soldier set on fire a building in which many Subumpamese slaves and their Pabap masters had been sleeping, and most of them died. The slavemasters asked the slaves who had survived for help at locating the soldier, but were unsuccessful. When a funeral for the victims was held several weeks later, the soldier turned up and started massacring the mourners before he himself was killed.

Fore the most part, though, the slaves were kept apart so that they would not fight each other. Paba did not want its first experiment with slavery to fail so soon. They created a micronation called "Burlia" which was surrounded by Punsam on all sides, not bordering Paba, and put their slaves in it. This was in the mainline territory of Punsam, not a campground. Thus, Paba was now directly controlling eastern Subumpam to such an extent that they could build new slave campgrounds, and even an entire slave "nation", inside Subumpam's territory, and neither Nama nor Subumpam could stop them.

Atlam-Subumpam trade agreement

The Gold government in Nama had spared themselves from being attacked by Dabondi, but they knew that they still had the chaos of the far south to deal with. The government of the state of Atlam had officially signed a petition condemning the takeover of Subumpam by the Star Empire in the 2140's, and Atlam began to trade directly with Subumpam, ignoring the many states in between them. They had also become openly hostile to the nearby Empire of Kxesh, even though they had until recently been a part of Kxesh. Kxesh blamed the Goldies for the problems, and the Gold Party considered destroying all of Atlam.

The Islanders

In 2175, the Battle of Wapeblo Pisuba was fought, in which the FILTER army was reduced from 151 soldiers to only 14. FILTER was an organization of feminists who had seceded from their homelands and settled a small tropical island later called Wapeblo Pisuba, or Wapeblo Island. (Khulls speakers called it Ƥāli.) Most people on Wapeblo Island were of the races that had women taller than men, but a few tall-maled people had moved in to be with them. Their language was a conservative dialect related to Subumpamese that had already gone extinct on the mainland. They had also set up a colony in the cooler upland forests of Nama, but wanted their main nation to be in the tropics.

FILTER wanted to create a society without any violence by putting women in control of men in all aspects of life and stopping any attempt by the males to pursue equality. They felt that violence was so severe of a problem that preventing it even overruled other virtues such as treating all people equal. The people on Wapeblo were not Repilians but rather a collection of Subumpamese immigrants who by genetic drift had acquired some of the Repilians' tall-female genes. These people called themselves Feminists and said that Feminism was nothing more than the state of having women be taller than men and therefore physically capable of controlling men. They said that if necessary they could create parallel Feminist forks of all of the other major parties, e.g. Feminist Gold, Feminist Crystal, Feminist Bubble, etc, but for the mean time they were a very small population and just called themselves Feminists. They realized that if they did split up, they could potentially convince Nama to give them a new nation for each of the many forks of their philosophies, but did not want to rely on this, as those other nations could simply forgo Feminism and join with their outworld parties.

Although FILTER was friendly to the Repilians, they were for now living on a tropical island and had no direct connection to any Repilian nation, nor did they expect to have room to allow immigration from Repilia.

They also figured that Repilians would not want to move there anyway, as to them all of Repilia was a fantasy land with no problems whatsoever simply becxause in Repilia women made the rules and men obeyed them, and to them, that was all that mattered. Indeed Repilia really was remarkably peaceful for a land so poor, but they had many other provblems to dewal with. Unloike Repilia, though, FILTER still had some "masculist" traits in their society. Even though men were supposed to be deliberately put down, there was always an "alpha male" who had thirteen women all to himself and ruled over the other males and was in most respects better off in society than all of the females. The other males were of low status compared to everyone else. In Repilia, generally speaking, there was no such thing as an alpha male because women had the power in their society to keep their men at home away from other females.

The problem occurred when they were btought on the mainland. They refused to integrate themselves back into the society of Lobexon, and swore that even with an army of 14 people they could defeat all of the millions of people in all of the other nations on the planet. Lobexon brought the Islanders into court and tried them as criminals. One of the four male survivors was accused of wifebeating, because they had seen him hit his girlfriend, even though she was much taller and stronger than him. In fact, she broke through the jail her boyfriend was put in and got him free.

In 2176, a man named Tepe Bemalamja was elected president of Larados.


Soon a small number of goldies began to respond to the Crystals' preaching. Lapiwa was religious, but its religion was so liberal that it was a favorite target of criticism for atheists from non-imapa nations. Disillusioned with the profanity of everyday life in "LobexonLoop", as they called it now, they renounced their faith in the government's Lapiwa system to become Crystals, members in the new fundamentalism that they knew would cost many believers their lives. These people called their new philosophy Popasopa, and their leaders were the descendants of priestswho had been defeated in an unrelated war from 450 yeaRS AGO. they had had a plan for world government 450 years earlier by the universal debate center.

It wasn't just that the Popasopists wanted a fundamentalist government because it was their own preferred way of life; Lapiwa was actually dividing society and through its lax mores weakening the friendly fiber which had for so long bound LobexonLoopians together, and the Popasopists saw that it was indeed an evil plague that they needed to get rid of for the benefit of the world as a whole. The Popasopists, a minority in the Kwipipupûan government composed of a nearly equal percentage each of SLobexonians and LobexnonLoopians, spoke out against imapa/Lapiwa, calling it simply a "demon preying on people". However, their message was distorted by the majority of Kwipipupûans, and these Kwipipupûans thus became even more convinced that Lapiwa, not Popasopa, was the path of truth.

The Popasopists became known in Kwipipupû as the "people of the night" (Pispíspéa). In reality the Popasopists both enjoyed and despised their new name, as in reality they often carried lights with them as a symbol of the one spirit of god that was simultaneously light, love, faith, and all that was good.

The Popasopists were a tiny minority in Kwipipupû, and as they looked to cataleptics and xenophobes for advice, they were considered brainwashed by the majority of Kwipipupûans, and thus Kwipipupû as whole became even more convinced that Lapiwa, not Popasopa, was the path of truth.

One project that the Popasopists engaged in, however, drew frightened reactions from imepists on its discovery: the construction of a fort out in the wilderness - a safe haven for Crystals, and a place where the hard-working believers had spent the last few decades dedicated to the construction of a superior army, one that could conceivably, if not destroyed immediately, grow strong enough to defeat the entire rest of the planet. They called this Lobexonleap.

Later history

Sometime after 2200, Kxesh invaded the Gold Empire and bit off a piece of tropical lowlands that caused Amade and Atlam to split into two. Amade remained part of the Gold Empire in this war, but Atlam was cut off from it forever.

From 2398 to 2417, a very violent government ruled the Star Empire, killing many innocent children. This was done by the Gilgosi, but the other parties took no action.

In 2436, Nama formally pulled out all of its troops from Lobexon and ended the naval blockade. The slave system was still as firmly entrenched as it had ever been, but the slavemasters no longer held any allegiance to Nama.

Star Empire III

In 2689, after a war that had killed most of the populations of Subumpam and Paba but affected Lobexon much less dearly, Subumpam nonetheless conquered Lobexon navally and annexed it into yet another new empire, called the Merar Empire or Star Empire III.

See also

  • Taryte, a much later state occupying much the same territory as the Star Empire


  1. Nama is a "universal" name. The name at this time was Nəʕma, which became Nyŋma in Thaoa, Nama in Poswa and Pabappa, and Bʷă in Khulls. The original meaning of Nama was "apple farm" or orchard.
  2. Also known as Peep.
  3. These ships did not have guns, so ships could only be destroyed by fire or by being bumped into a solid object.
  4. See offsite, "version_1/history6"
  5. THis is a five cell planet, not three like earth, so the desert belt centers on 17N instead of 30N.
  6. Also known as Sisasi, Sintasi, Sissi, Sinsi, etc.
  7. Doing business as Pubapi.
  8. On the other hand, it didnt matter either that the Gold citizens were overwhelmingly slaves of other Gold citizens; even if there were just one free person and an entire nation of slaves, it would still count.
  9. A different kind of discrimination, not the same as the "extra power to oppose" type given above.
  10. Will write about them later : )
  11. it's also possible that AlphaLeap joined the Empire and became the richest state.
  12. Maheal might just be a state within Amade.
  13. Maheal is also known as Gemagelu. There are 3 Maheals.
  14. Assuming the 19 figure below is correct. Map not on this computer.
  15. originally wrote "Amadean"
  16. Implies a democracy
  17. originally wrote "Seyape" (Sejape was Larados' liberal party.)
  18. earlier "Wipep". But Yūenan is a bad name since it is simply the Subumpamese word for "six"
  19. This one is really Atlam, not Amade.
  20. Dabondi is the "soft" version of the name; Taryte is the sharp version that was used b the citizens. Both mean "apple farm", not in imitation of Nama;s name, but totally seaprate.
  21. Its full name was Pampap Pussup, where pam is "in a sheep" and pap is "wolf". Thus, the pun works in both languages. However, neither of these words were the most common words for their meanings; the phrase had become fixed as if it were a single word on its own.