Senjecas topography

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Pronunciation table

peműko
(labial)
riisűko
(dental)
muitűko
(alveolar)
vainűko
(palatal)
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels)
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ š i e a ǫ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /sʷ/ /sʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Notes

  1. cpd = a compound of two or more roots, e.g., a̋a̋þe, fire + ǧa̋ro, mountain = aaþǧa̋ro, volcano
  2. drv = a word derived from a root, e.g., da̋a̋e, river < da̋a̋a, i.v. flow.
  3. pol = a word with a different, but related sense to an original root, e.g., ðűmbo, crater < ðűmbo, depression in the earth.


Land features – naalzı̋nos

  • cpd áántaaindı̋mo, atoll [< a̋a̋no, ring; ta̋a̋ino, stone; dı̋mo, island].
  • drv a̋a̋ro, glade [< a̋a̋ra, t.v. expand.].
  • cpd aaþǧa̋r|o, volcano [< a̋a̋þe, fire; ǧa̋ro, mountain]. -i, adj. volcanic; -o da̋a̋o, lahar.
  • 001 a̋fro, bank [river].
  • 002 agűlo, wilderness [> Turkish aylak, idle].
  • cpd aivdı̋po , grassy knoll [< a̋ibi, grass; dı̋po, knoll].
  • 003 biska̋ro, crest [hill] [> Gipuzkoan biskar, crest].
  • 004 bűsko, thicket, brake, scrub [> Latin buscus, forest].
  • 005 b̨őso, mountain slope [> Japanese wase, early rice].
  • cpd daalı̋m̃o, quicksand [< da̋a̋a, i.v. flow; lı̋m̃o, sand].
  • 006 da̋a̋p|o, mountain pass [> Japanese yamá, やま, mountain].
  • 007 da̋no, low ground.
  • 008 dı̋m|o, island [> Tamil timil, eminence]. -i, adj. insular. -ı̋ȝo, archipelago. -ko, isle, islet.
  • 009 dı̋po, hillock, hummock, knoll [> Telugu tippa, hillock].
  • 010 d̨a̋a̋no, terrace [between steppe and riverbank] [> Mongolian denǯi, terrace].
  • 011 ða̋ilo, watershed [> English, deal].
  • pol ða̋n|o, ledge [< ða̋no, shelf]. -ta̋a̋ino, sedimentary rock [< ta̋a̋ino, rock].
  • 012 ðı̋sno, dune, sandhill [> Greek θίϛ, heap of sand].
  • pol ðűmbo, crater [< ðűmbo, depression in the earth].
  • 013 ere̋k|o, chasm, ravine, gorge, canyon [> Gipuzkoan erreka, ravine]. -i, adj. chasmal.
  • 014 fa̋a̋k|o, crag, cliff [> Ulch pāqta, precipice]. -i, adj. craggy.
  • pol fı̋s|o, crevice, fissure, gap, rift [< fı̋so, cleft]. -żo, crevasse.
  • cpd fóólżavı̋ȝo, brushwood [< főőla, i.v. fall; ża̋vo, branch; -ı̋ȝo, collective suffix].
  • 015 fűr|o, woodland, woods, forest, hurst, weald [> Japanese mòri, forest]. -i, adj. wooded, woody, forested.
  • 016 ga̋ndo, scree [< Etruscan ganda, scree].
  • cpd gusfűro, temperate forest [< gűsa, i.v. fall [of leaves]; fűro, forest].
  • 017 ǧa̋r|o, mountain [> Slovene Цр̑на̄ Го̀ра, Montenegro]. -fa̋do, rock face, escarpment. -ı̋ȝo, mountain-, -chain, -range. -ma̋nro, alpine tundra. -m̃i, adj. mountainous.
  • 018 he̋go, ridge [> Gipuzkoan egi, ridge].
  • cpd hurðűmbo, watering-, -hole, -place, oasis [< huro, water; ðűmbo, depression in earth].
  • 019 ȝa̋ṡo, pine forest [> Mari jakte, spruce].
  • cpd ȝeƣ|da̋a̋o, glacier [< ȝe̋go, ice; da̋a̋e, river]. -da̋a̋i, adj. glacial. -ǧa̋ro, iceberg [< ǧa̋ro, mountain]. -þőőro, serac [< þőőro, tower].
  • 020 ȝű|ko, waterfall [> Finnish juka, waterfall]. -xżo, cataract.
  • 021 ka̋a̋no, rainforest, jungle [> Malayalam kān(ak)am].
  • cpd kaim̃ǧa̋ro, monadnock, inselberg [< ka̋im̃i, adj. alone; ǧa̋ro, mountain].
  • 022 kana̋vo, defile [> Tamil kaṇavāy, mountain pass].
  • 023 keba̋ro, steppe [> Mongolian keɣere, steppe].
  • 024 kı̋ƣo, talus [> Yupik qiuq, cliff].
  • 025 kirűƣ̒o, aurora borealis, northern lights [> Yupik qiuʁjaq/k, aurora polaris].
  • 026 kősko, rapids [> Estonian kosk, rapids].
  • 027 kǫ̋mo, marsh island [> Khanty χŏmës, bog hill].
  • cpd kuðma̋nro, Arctic tundra [< kűðo, north; ma̋nro, tundra].
  • 028 kűþ|o, bog, fen, marsh, morass [> Evenki kuta, bog]. -i, adj. boggy, marshy.
  • 029 k̬ara̋m|o, abyss. -i, adj. abyssal.
  • 030 k̨ażűro, salt steppe [> Turkish kajır, sandbank].
  • 031 k̨ű|do, beach, shore, coast [> Turkish kıjı, seashore]. -ðle̋mo, surf.
  • 032 la̋a̋m|o, swamp, quagmire [> Latin lāma, swamp]. -i, adj. swampy.
  • 033 le̋ð|o, valley, vale, dale, glen [> English, slade]. -ko, dingle, dell, hollow.
  • cpd lim̤̃a̋a̋sto, desert [< lı̋m̃o, sand; m̃a̋a̋sto, wilderness].
  • 034 lőuko, meadow, field, park [> English lea, ley].
  • 035 ma̋a̋ro, rocky ground [> Turkish bor, earth].
  • 036 ma̋a̋x|o, plain, esplanade, wold, open country [> Swedish mo, heath]. -ra̋ȝo, butte [< rayo, hill].
  • 037 ma̋nro, tundra [> Inupiaq maniʁaq, tundra].
  • cpd mirna̋a̋lo, timberland [< mı̋ro, timber; na̋a̋lo, land].
  • 038 mőőro, wooded hill.
  • 039 mőro, mountain pasture.
  • 040 m̃a̋a̋sto, wasteland [> English vast]. (lim̃)-~, desert.
  • 041 m̃a̋ngo, precipice.
  • 042 m̃e̋żo, mineral spring [> Georgian, veʒ-a mineral spring].
  • 043 nemős|o, bosket, boscage [> Latin, nemus grove]. -ri, adj. bosky.
  • cpd nerzǫ̋do, undergrowth [< ne̋ri, adj. under; zǫ̋da, t.v. grow].
  • 044 n̨a̋mo, mountain side [> Turkish jam, mountain side].
  • cpd oonle̋e̋po, plateau tableland [őőni, adj. high; le̋po, plain].
  • 045 pa̋a̋rto, heath, grassland, prairie, pampas, campo, veldt, moor [> Latin prātum, meadow].
  • 046 pata̋ro, steep slope [> Salazarese patar, steep slope].
  • cpd peðra̋ȝo, foothill [< pe̋do, foot; ra̋ȝo, hill].
  • cpd perkŭfűro, oak forest [< pe̋rk̬i, oak; fűro, forest].
  • drv ƣoore̋to, ridge [mountain] [< ƣőőra, i.v. jut out].
  • cpd ƣoor|na̋a̋lo, promontory, headland [< ƣőőra, i.v. jut out; na̋a̋lo, land]. -ta̋a̋ino, nunatak [< ta̋a̋ino, stone].
  • 047 ra̋|ȝo, hill [> German Rain, ridge]. -ipe̋go, hillside [< pe̋go, side].
  • 048 sa̋ȝo, area covered with stones, stony riverbed [> Japanese , shallow place].
  • cpd salkűþo, salina, salt-, -marsh, -pan [< sa̋lo, salt; kűþo, marsh].
  • 049 sı̋ro, peninsula, cape [> Evenki sirkun, cape].
  • 050 sűmho, grove [> Gipuzkoan zumaldi, grove].
  • 051 ṡa̋rlo, overfall [> Hungarian sellő, overfall].
  • 052 ṡarsa̋a̋k|o, torrent. -i, adj. torrential.
  • 053 ṡı̋mo, peak, summit, pinnacle, top [> Tamil cimai, mountain summit].
  • cpd ṡooƣȝűxżo, pyroclastic flow [< ṡoogo, ash; ȝűko, waterfall; -ż-, augmentative suffix].
  • cpd bǫǫsla̋a̋mo, peat bog [< bǫǫso, peat; la̋a̋mo, swamp].
  • cpd tiina̋a̋lo, isthmus [< tı̋ȝi, adj. narrow; na̋a̋lo, land].
  • pol tűbo, brow [< tűbo, edge].
  • 054 þe̋e̋no, lowland [> Japanese taní, valley].
  • 055 va̋rm̃o, coniferous forest [> Old English bearo, grove].
  • 056 ža̋m̃o, avalanche [> Georgian ზვავი zvavi, avalanche].
  • 057 z̧űngo, floating island [> Evenki suŋnīkēɣ, tussock in a swamp].


Fresh water features – šááðhurzı̋nos

  • drv da̋a̋|e, river [anim.] [< da̋a̋a, i.v. flow]. -m̃i, adj. riverine. -őőso, estuary [< őőso, mouth].
  • 058 ehe̋r|o, lake [> Russian озерo, lake]. -i, adj. lacustrine.
  • 059 ga̋ve, watercourse [Etruscan gava, watercourse].
  • cpd ǧárehe̋ro, tarn [< ǧa̋ro, mountain; ehe̋ro, lake].
  • 060 hı̋be, creek, brook [> Biscayan ibai, river].
  • 061 itűro, spring, source, fountain [> Gipuzkoan iturri, spring]; tiiþ~, hot springs.
  • 062 ȝűrmo, deep pool in river [> Komi jir, deep place in water].
  • cpd komda̋a̋e, tributary [< kóma, postp. next to; da̋a̋e, river].
  • 063 la̋xm̃o, pond [> English, lake].
  • 064 lega̋ne, rivulet, rill.
  • cpd musitűro, geyser [< műso, steam; itűro, fountain].
  • drv m̃a̋a̋ðo, ford [< m̃a̋a̋ða, t.v. ford].
  • 065 m̃a̋ðko, river bend [> Hungarian völgy, valley].
  • 066 m̃e̋żo, mineral spring [> Georgian veʒ-a, mineral spring].
  • 067 nőro, moss on stream bed [> Sami ńō̰ra, moss on stream bed].
  • 068 őrko, river-, -bed, -bottom [> Finnish orko, wet valley].
  • 069 ƣe̋mo, gully, arroyo, wadi, wash [> Mingrelian xabo, ravine].
  • 070 ṡa̋a̋ȝo, sandbar [> Turkish čaj, small river].
  • drv ṡuṡűmo, whirlpool eddy [< ṡűṡa, t.v. whirl].
  • 071 vőge, stream [> English beck].


Marine water features – márhurzı̋nos

  • 072 ana̋lo, drift ice [> Greenlandic Inupiaq anaʁɫuk, dirty piece of calved ice].
  • 073 de̋lṡa, t.v. make rough [sea].
  • cpd gaƣkűűmo, tsunami, tidal wave [< ga̋gi, adj. gigantic; kűűmo, wave].
  • cpd ȝeƣma̋re, polar sea [< ȝe̋go, ice; ma̋re, sea].
  • cpd ȝuma̋re, inland sea [< ȝűi, adj. inside; ma̋re, sea].
  • 074 kaȝe̋mƣo, shore ice [> Greenlandic Inupiaq qāŋŋuq, ice edge].
  • 075 kűűm|o, wave, billow, surge [> English cumulus]. -biska̋ro, wave crest [< biska̋ro, crest]. -ka̋m̃ko, wave trough [< ka̋m̃ko, trough]. -le̋mo, surf [< le̋ma, i.v. break up].
  • cpd lemkűűmo, breaker [< le̋ma, break up; kűűmo, wave].
  • 076 ma̋r|e [anim.] sea [> English marine]. -k̨űdo, sea-, -shore, -coast [< k̨űdo, shore]. -tı̋ȝo, strait, narrows, channel, sound [< tı̋ȝi, adj. narrow].
  • cpd (már)taainbűko, reef [< mare, sea; ta̋a̋ino, stone; buko, chain].
  • 077 m̨űűlo, ice floe [> Turkish buz, ice].
  • cpd puskűro, pack ice .
  • 078 tena̋go, shoal, shallows [> Greek τένᾰγος, shoal].
  • 079 tı̋ı̋rt|e [anim.]. ocean. -ĕm̃i, adj. oceanic, pelagic.
  • cpd tiixe̋bo, fjord [< tı̋ȝi, adj. narrow; xe̋bo], bay].
  • 080 tűűfo, bottom of the sea.
  • 081 þőől|o, spring-, high-, -tide [> Mongolian tülkige(n), rising tide]. -a, i.v. flood [of the tide].
  • 082 űnto, tide [> Japanese úzu, whirlpool]; aat~, tidal wave, bore, eagre; ȝőb~, flood tide; loȝ~, ebb tide. -i, adj. tidal.
  • 083 xa̋r|o, neap-, low-, -tide [> Japanese kata, ebb tide].
  • 084 xe̋|bo, bay, gulf [> Korean kä, estuary]. -vko, cove.


Senjecas transportation