Senjecas dict. n

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Pronunciation table

p b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ š i e a ǫ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /sʷ/ /sʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Alphabets

lat grk cyr arm geo dev gla run tng heb arb kat hir han
n ν н ն נ ں ㅥ/ㅇ
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Notes

  1. affx = affix, either a prefix or a suffix, e.g., -n-, adj. suffix used to indicate similarity, likeness or resemblance to what is named in the noun base, -ish, e.g., na̋a̋ȝe, dog; na̋a̋ini, doggish.
  2. comp = compound, a word composed of two or more roots, e.g., neeþrĕm̃ı̋so, snake venom < ne̋e̋þre, snake + m̃ı̋so, poison.
  3. derv = derivative, a word derived from a root, e.g., ne̋vri, adj. nebulous < ne̋vo, cloud.
  4. poly = a word having a meaning similar to that of the original lemma, e.g., ne̋ƣo, film < ne̋ƣo, membrane.
  5. These words are not numbered, as only lemmata are numbered.
  6. Words in red indicate an object or concept that did not exist in Sefdaania.
  7. Abbreviations in orange denote the specific area of specialization, e.g., [Tele.], television.
  8. There are 112 root words (lemmata) of which 72 are verbs and ten are adjectives which can be treated as stative verbs. Thus 73 percent of the vocabulary is verbs.


Dictionary

  • affx -n-, adj. suffix used to indicate similarity, likeness or resemblance to what is named in the noun base, -ish, e.g., na̋a̋ȝe, dog; na̋a̋ini, doggish, resembling a dog [> Etruscan -(i/e)na, suffix of pertinence].
  • n001 na̋a̋, intrj. no [> Aleut naangaa, no].
  • n002 na̋a̋|a, 1. t.v. fear, be afraid of, have an aversion to. 2. i.v. stand in fear, fear, be afraid [> Hittite nah(h)-, fear]. -, intrj. cry of fright. -i, adj. afraid, scared. -ra, fear. -ri, adj. fearful, timorous, trepid.
  • n003 na̋a̋|do, fragrance [> Tamil ñār_u, emit a smell]. -da, i.v. smell good, be fragrant, exhale fragrance, cense. -di, adj. fragrant. -dı̋d̨a, t.v. perfume, cense. -ðde̋e̋ƣlo, sachet. -ðt̬i, perfume.
  • derv na̋a̋|ȝa, t.v. dog, hound [< na̋a̋ȝe, dog]. -im̃i, adj. doggish, canine, pertaining to dogs. -ini, adj. doggish, resembling a dog. ȝo, dog hunt.
  • n004 na̋a̋l, adj. four [> Tamil nāl, four]. -a̋ha, quarter day. -dı̋l=a, quadrennium. =mi, adj. four years old. =m̃i, adj. quadrennial. -ga̋a̋mi, adj. fourfold, quadruple, quadruplicate. -kı̋a, t.v. quadruplicate. -naal, adv. four by four, four at a time. -o, quartet, tetrad, quadruplet. -pe̋de, quadruped. -s, adv. four times. -ta, quarter. -ti, adj. fourth.
  • n005 na̋a̋l|o, land [as opposed to water] [> Korean nara, country]. -a i.v. land. -ı̋d̨a, t.v. land.
  • n006 na̋a̋ɫ|a, 1. t.v. moderate, temper, bate. 2. i.v. observe moderation, keep within-, -limits, -bounds [> Armenian nawthi, sober]. -i, adj. moderate, temperate, sober. -ta, moderation, temperance.
  • comp naam̃|ős éna, adv. aboard, on board. -om (do), adv. all aboard!
  • n007 na̋a̋n|a, 1. t.v. turn-, set-, -back [the clock]. 2. i.v. return, go-, turn-, -back; get back [to, o] > Turkish jine, again]. -e̋b=a, i.v. recur. =i, adj. recurrent, periodic. -i, adj. reflexive. -ra, return. -u, adv. again, anew, afresh.
  • n008 na̋a̋|ra, i.v. strive, strain, struggle [> Lithuanian nṓra-s, will]. -ri, adj. assiduous, industrious, zealous. -r̈a, struggle, zeal. -rta, zealousness, industriousness.
  • n009 na̋a̋þ|a, t.v. fix, plant, erect, settle [argument], put-, set-, -up; compose [music] [> Tamil naṭu, set up]. -lu, composer. -ra, erection.
  • n010 na̋a̋u|ta, t.v. endanger, imperil. -ti, adj. dangerous, perilous, hazardous. -to, emergency, peril, danger, hazard, jeopardy. -þne̋uo, distress signal.
  • n011 na̋a̋ż|a, i.v. be midday [> Korean nat, day]. -a, midday, noon. -e̋d=a, i.v. eat lunch. =o, lunch.
  • n012 na̋b|a, 1. t.v. burst, explode, blow-, -out, -up, detonate, blast, erupt. 2. i.v. burst, explode, blow-, -out, -up, go off, detonate, blast, erupt. -o, burst, explosion, blow out, eruption.
  • n013 na̋ð|a, t.v. cut into, incise; operate [> German Schnate, twig]. -i, adj. surgical. -o, incision, -otomy. -ra, surgery.
  • n014 naı̋, intrj. surely [> Tocharian B nai, intensifying ptc.].
  • n015 na̋|ȝa, 1. t.v. envy. 2. i.v. envy [> Japanese netam, envy]. -ira, envy, jealousy. -ȝi, adj. envious, jealous.
  • n016 na̋|ka, 1. t.v. see, behold. 2. i.v. see [> Finnish näh-dä, see]. -ka̋a̋ra, field of vision. -kaþo, sight, scene. -k̨i, adj. visible, perceptible. -xde̋mno, blindfold. -xlo, -scope. -xra, seeing, (eye)sight, vision. -xve̋=do, eyeglasses, spectacles. =ðȝőflu, one who wears glasses.
  • n017 na̋la, 1. t.v. squeeze. 2. i.v. squish [> Konda nalŋi, squeeze].
  • n018 na̋|l̨a, 1. t.v. make fun of. 2. i.v. jest, joke [> Finnish u>nalj</u>a, joke]. -lĭlu, comedian. -l̨i, adj. funny, comic. -l̨o, jest, joke, pleasantry, fun, raillery, chaff.
  • n019 na̋|ma, 1. t.v. believe (in), think, assume, imagine, deem, hold (to be), consider; mean, intend. 2. i.v. be of the-, express an-, -opinion, think, presume, imagine, deem; mean [> Telugu nammu, believe]. -mi, adj. presumable, presumptive, probable, likely. -mĭvi, adv. presumably. -mra, opinion, view, belief, credence, presumption, assumption; spirit. -mta, probability, likelihood. -mvi, adv. probably, likely. -m̨i, adj. presumable.
  • n020 na̋m̃|a, t.v. force, enforce, constrain, coerce, compel. -i, adj. compulsory, coercive, compelling. -lu, enforcer. -őp=a, t.v. draft. =a, draft. -pő=tu, dictator, despot. =ti, adj. dictatorial, despotic. =þta, dictatorship, despotism. -ra, force, constraint, coercion, compulsion, duress, geas.
  • n021 na̋|no, flower, blossom; bouquet [of wine]; head [on beer] [> Telugu nana, flower]. -na, i.v. flower, bloom, blossom (forth), open, effloresce. -nda̋ro, hairy side of leather. -nðőőm̃=a, t.v. garland, engarland. =o, garland. -nf̨a̋ga, flower-blooming month (Apr 21-May 19). -nfa̋a̋rlu, florist. -nko, floweret. -nkőlo, calyx. -nmelı̋to, nectar. -nmi, adj. in bloom, blooming; florid, flowered, flowery. -nmőlno, pollen. -nm̃i, adj. floral. -n̈i, adj. flowery, resembling a flower. -nra, flower, efflorescence. -nta, bloom; pe̋e̋la ~a̋s éna, in full bloom.
  • n022 na̋o, piece of wood.
  • n023 na̋p|a, i.v. carry a burden on the back [> Udmurt ni̮p, burden]. -o, burden on the back, backpack, rucksack, knapsack, haversack, packsack.
  • n024 naƣűr|o, ill omen [> Greenlandic nāsāq, ill omen]. -i, adj. ominous, foreboding, foreboding.
  • n025 na̋sk|a, repugnance, antipathy, aversion, disgust [> Gipuzkoan nas/zka, disgust]. -i, adj. repugnant, antipathetic, disgusting.
  • n026 na̋|ṡa, 1. t.v. tease. 2. i.v. tease [> Tamil naccu, tease]. -slu, teaser.
  • n027 na̋ta, t.v. nettle, irritate, sting [> English nettle].
  • n028 na̋ud|a, i.v. doze, nap [> Greek νϋστάζω, doze]. -o, nap.
  • n029 na̋v|a, 1. t.v. turn down, refuse, deny, decline, reject, rebuff, disavow, gainsay, recant, retract, abjure, renounce, negate, renounce, forswear; fail. 2. i.v. refuse, decline, recant, retract, renounce [> Tamil namai, vex]. -i, adj. negative. -lu, renunciate. -ra, denial, refusal, disavowal, retraction, renunciation, negation.
  • n030 ne̋e̋|ȝa, t.v. lead a community [> Sanskrit náyati, he leads]. -ilu, leader, head.
  • comp neerdőőo, Neer's gift, i.e., cattails (Typha latifolia).
  • n031 ne̋e̋|ra, t.v. think up, concoct, invent; coin, come up with, make up [> Tamil nēr, learn]. -ri, adj. resourceful, ingenious. -rlu, inventor. -ro, invention. -r̈a, invention. -rta, resourcefulness, ingenuity.
  • n032 ne̋e̋t|a, t.v. thread. -i, adj. fibrous, filaceous. -ı̋ȝo, harl. -o, thread, fiber.
  • n033 ne̋e̋þ|a, 1. t.v. seek, look-, -for, -up [a person], search-, (-for). 2. i.v. seek, search [> Tamil nēṭu, seek]. -ra, search.
  • comp neeþrĕ|m̃ı̋to, uraeus. -m̃ı̋so, snake venom.
  • derv ne̋e̋þrĕ|mi, adj. viperine. -ni, adj. viperine.
  • n034 n|e, neg. ptc. not; ~ sólvi... est' étu, cnj. not only..but also [> English no]. -eááru, adv. for no reason. -eálu, adv. nowise. -ea̋ni, adj. no-, none-, -other. -eánu, adv. never. -eár=þi, adv. nowhere. -de, adv. not even. =þim, adv. from nowhere. =þis, adv. to nowhere. -e̋i, adj. no, not-, -a, -one, none, null. -eı̋mo, adj. no kind. -ek̬e, cnj. and not, neither. ~..~, neither..nor. -ém̃ite̋ru, no-, -longer, -more. -ém̃o, cnj. or not, nor. -éo, nothing. -eőto, no amount. -éstu, adv. not yet. -éu, pron. no one, nobody. -óvlu, adv. no-, -more, -longer.
  • n035 ne̋|bi, adj. recent; nĭ~, last [> Japanese i-, new]. -v̈i, adv. recently, lately.
  • n036 ne̋d|a, 1. t.v. knot, tie in a knot. 2. i.v. knot [> English nodal]. -i, adj. knotty. -o, knot.
  • n037 ne̋ð|a, i.v. walk [> Sanskrit ádhvan-, road]. -antes, the walking ones [the fifth order of living beings].
  • n038 ne̋i|da, t.v. belittle, detract, disparage. -ðlu, belittler, detractor. -ðra, detraction, disparagement.
  • n039 ne̋|ȝi, adj. even [> Mongolian neji-gen, equal]. -ilűki, adj. even-numbered.
  • n040 ne̋|ka, 1. t.v. reach, attain, get to, gain. 2. i.v. reach [> English enough]. -k̨i, adj. attainable, accessible. -xra, reach, attainment, gain.
  • n041 ne̋|la, t.v. prefer, better, would rather. -lmi, adj. preferential. -lra, preference. -l̨i, adj. preferable.
  • n042 ne̋m|a, 1. t.v. divide; share (out), deal (out), distribute, partake of. 2. i.v. divide; share, graduate, go around [> English nim]. -lu, divider, sharer, dealer, distributor. -o, portion, share, component, element; interest; dividend; constituent. -ra, division, separation; distribution.
  • n043 ne̋nþu, maid, maiden.
  • poly ne̋ƣo, film [< ne̋ƣo, membrane].
  • n044 ne̋r|i, adj. under, sub-, inferior, lower, below, beneath; sub- [Tax.] [> English north]. -a, postp. behind, below, beneath, under(neath). -ðe̋e̋a, t.v. subject. -ðűűo, extension [Tele.]. -e̋so, substance. -ȝőba, motif. -ma̋ri, adj. submarine. -vi, adv. below, beneath, under(neath).
  • n045 ne̋s|a, t.v. secure, insure, mind; safeguard, check [baggage], save, belay; ȝűmu ii-re̋e̋ƣum nese̋ȝa, God save the queen! 2. i.v. insure, belay [> Old Greek νέομαι, go]. -i, adj. undamaged, uninjured, intact, safe, secure. -lu, savior. -ra, security, safety, certainty; salvation. -że̋e̋no, seal.
  • n046 ne̋sk|u, girl. -i, adj. girlish.
  • n047 ne̋|ṡa, i.v. die (of, ha); die-, fade-, -away [> English necro-]. -si, adj. deathly, lethal, fatal, mortal. -sma̋=ża, t.v. embalm. =zlu, embalmer. -sm̃e̋ƣo, hearse. -sm̃=i, adj. mortal [pertaining to death]. =ĕta, mortality. -sni, adj. cadaverous. -sra, death. ṡ=a̋iða, t.v. cremate. =aiðde̋mo, crematory. =aið̤e̋e̋o, cremation site. =a̋iðra, cremation. =i, adj. dead, deceased. =őőro, shroud. =o, corpse, cadaver. =u, the dead. -ṡ̨i, adj. mortal [able to die].
  • n048 ne̋u|o, sign, signal [> English nutation]. -a̋a̋þe, signal fire. -a, i.v. sign, beckon, signal. -ı̋d̨a, t.v. sign, beckon, signal. -le̋uxno, semaphore.
  • n049 ne̋u|da, 1. t.v. use, make use of, avail, utilize, vail. 2. i.v. be of use, avail, vail [> English neat]. -dĭta, availability. -do, use, function. -d̨i, adj. usable, available, functional. -ðlo, utensil. -ðm̃i, adj. ancillary. -ðra, utilization, exploitation, employment. -ðri, adj. useful, utile.
  • n050 ne̋u|ka, 1. t.v. blur. 2. i.v. blur. -ki, adj. blurry, indistinct, hazy. -xta, blurriness, indistinctness, haziness.
  • n051 ne̋u|va, t.v. woo, court [> English nubile]. -vlu, wooer, suitor. -vra, wooing, courtship. -v̨i, adj. nubile, marriageable. -v̨u, marriageable person.
  • comp nev|műxaþi, adj. cloudwrapped [< ne̋vo, cloud; műxa, t.v. veil, wrap].
  • poly ne̋vo, flaw [gems] [< ne̋vo, cloud].
  • derv ne̋vri, adj. nebulous [< ne̋vo, cloud].
  • n052 ne̋|xa, 1. t.v. bear, carry, convey, bring. 2. i.v. bear, carry [> Lithuanian nèsuti, bring]. -xf̨őþlo, flashlight. -xlu, bearer, porter. -x̨i, adj. portable.
  • n053 nı̋ı̋g|u, pron. each (one) [> Tamil , separate]. -gálu, adv. each way. -gáru, adv. for each reason. -gi, adj. each. -gı̋mo, each kind. -go, each thing. -gőtu, each amount. -gum, adv. each time. -ƣnáru, adv. each place.
  • n054 nı̋ı̋ka, t.v. dash-, run-, -at, pounce upon.
  • n055 nı̋ı̋l|a, 1. t.v. conceive. 2. i.v. conceive. -ra, conception.
  • derv nı̋ı̋mi, adj. -headed, -cephalous [< nı̋ı̋mo, head].
  • comp niim̈űta, t.v. behead, decapitate [< nı̋ı̋mo, head; műta, t.v. cut off].
  • n056 nı̋ı̋|ti, adj. passionate, vehement, enthusiastic. -þta, passion, vehemence, enthusiasm.
  • n057 nı̋ı̋v|a, t.v. stroke, touch gently; spread [bread]; apply [paint, etc.]; strike [a match]; strike [a flag] [> Tamil nīvu, stroke]. -i, adj. grained [of wood]. -o, stroke, dash, lash; grain [of wood]. -xe̋rdo, match.
  • n058 nı̋ı̋x|a, 1. t.v. serve, work for, wait on, bestead. 2. i.v. serve, be of service; xáálu (~e̋ȝa), how (may I serve)? [response to being called] [> Mongolian nekun, servant]. -de̋lto, serving tray. -lu, servant, waiter. -ra, service. -se̋ro, counter, buffet.
  • n059 nı̋ı̋z|o, shadow [> Tamil niẓal, shadow]. -a, i.v. cast a shadow. -i, adj. shadowy. -ı̋d̨a, t.v. shadow. -u, shade [a sundered minister].
  • n060 nı̋ð|a, t.v. handle, hand-, -on, -down, manage [> Finnish nysi, handle]. -aþo, tradition. -lo, handle, holder; fig. occasion, pretext. -lu, handler, manager.
  • n061 nı̋g|a, i.v. glitter, glisten, sparkle [> Tamil nikar, shine]. -i, adj. glittery. -o, glitter, glisten, sparkle.
  • n062 niȝűro, ember, gleed; ~ős éna vűűa, be very uneasy [> Kurukh niyū̃r, ember].
  • n063 nı̋|ka, 1. t.v. attend, come to. 2. i.v. be present [> Estonian nȯȯd, now]. -ki, adj. present, current, now existing, actual, modern, up-to-date. -ku, adv. at present. -xra, present.
  • n064 nı̋ɫ|a, t.v. polish, glaze, burnish, sleek; flatter, wheedle (out of, ápo; into, éna) [> Korean īl-, rinse]. -i, adj. polished, sleek; flattering. -lo, luster. -lu, polisher, burnisher; flatterer. -ra, polish, luster; flattery. -ta, sleekness. -t̬i, polish.
  • n065 nı̋m|a, 1. t.v. visit, call on. 2. i.v. visit, pay a call [> Korean nīm, host]. -lu, visitor. -o, visit.
  • n066 nı̋m̃|a, t.v. depilate [> Finnish nivo-, depilate]. -t̬i, depilatory.
  • n067 nı̋n|a, 1. t.v. wave, undulate. 2. i.v. wave, undulate [> Etruscan nina, wave]. -i, adj. wavy, undulating, undulatory. -o, wave. -ra, undulation.
  • n068 ninm̃e̋l|u, adolescent. -i, adj. adolescent.
  • n069 nı̋sta, i.v. blow the nose [> Finnish niistäi, blow the nose].
  • n070 nı̋|ta, t.v. pertain-, appertain-, belong-, -to. [> Sanskrit nítya-, innate]. -þra, pertinence. -ta, postp. pertaining to. -ti, adj. pertinent, relevant, relative. -to, appurtenance.
  • n071 nite̋r|i, adj. low, nether. -o, foot [of a structure]. -ta, lowness.
  • n072 nı̋þ|i, adj. weak, faint, feeble, prostrate [> Manchu nitan, weak]. -a, i.v. fail [health]. -e, weak e [the epenthetic vowel used to avoid disallowed consonant clusters]. -i, weak i, ĭ [the vocalization of a palatal consonant before another consonant]. -ı̋d̨a, t.v. weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, enervate, prostrate; impair. -sűð=i, adj. faint-hearted, pusillanimous, cowardly, caitiff, craven. =ta, faint-heartedness, pusillanimity, cowardice. =u, coward, caitiff. -ta, weakness, feebleness, debility, faintness; foible, fling. -te̋e̋ra, t.v. tint, tinge, tone. -u, weakling. -u, weak u, ŭ [the vocalization of a labial consonant before another consonant].
  • n073 nı̋va, 1. t.v. stretch (out). 2. i.v. stretch [> Kannada nimir, to be stretched].
  • n074 nı̋x|i, adj. ripe [> Japanese ik-, ripen]. -a, i.v. ripen.
  • n075 nőő|a i.v. look-, -at, -upon, -out for, view, gaze upon. [> Tamil nōḍ-, look at]. -ra, view, aspect.
  • n076 nőődi, adj. lovely [of things] [> Japanese natsukashí-, lovely].
  • n077 nőől|a, 1. t.v. size. 2. i.v. size [> Korean nɨl-, extend]. -i, cnj. to the extent that, insofar as, inasmuch as, in that. -ra, postp. by, to the extent of. -ta, size, extent, dimension, magnitude, gauge. -ti, adj. -sized. -vi, adv. as...as, e.g., feð~ e-ma̋a̋ƣa, as hard as he could.
  • n078 nőőri, adj. noble [things].
  • n079 nőla, i.v. crawl [> Saami ńoalla-, crawl].
  • n080 nőɫ|a, 1. t.v. bail (out). 2. i.v. bail [> Tamil noḷ, bail out]. -lo, bucket.
  • n081 nőm|o, home [> Lithuanian >u>nam</u>as, home]. -a, i.v. go-, return-, arrive-, -home. -a, postp. at the home of. -rus, household. -t̬e̋e̋u, homemaker. -þi, adv. at home. -þim, adv. homeward. -þis, adv. from home. -va̋go, homework.
  • comp noƣfı̋ı̋xlo, nailfile [noƣo, nail; fı̋ı̋xa, t.v. file].
  • n082 nűű|ba, 1. t.v. divert, entertain. 2. i.v. entertain [> Manchu jōbo, entertain]. -bi, adj. diverting, entertaining. -bo, entertainment. -vda̋ro, resort. -vlu, entertainer. -vra, diversion, entertainment, recreation, pastime. --vsolmı̋ı̋no, haiku.
  • n083 nűűka, i.v. droop [> Malto nūg̣e, droop].
  • n084 n|u, demon. pron. that one [> English yon]. -áálu, adv. thereby. -ááru, adv. therefore, consequently, hence, so [used with the past tense]. -i, adj. the former. -o, demon. pron. that (thing). -őti, adj. that much.
  • n085 nű|ða, 1. t.v. enter by force, break-, -in, -into, invade. 2. i.v. invade, break in. -ðsi, adj. invasive. -ðlu, invader, intruder. -ðra, invasion, break-in. -ð̨i, adj. forcible.
  • n086 nű|ȝo, well [> Telugu nuyi, well]. -inőɫ=o, well bucket. =d̬ı̋ro, beam lift.
  • poly nűko, spout, nozzle [< nűko, snout].
  • n087 nű|la, t.v. oppress, persecute [> Korean nūrɨ- repress]. -l̤u, oppressor, persecutor. -lra, oppression, persecution.
  • n088 nűm, adj. nine [> English nine]. -dı̋li, adj. nine years old. -ga̋a̋mi, adj. ninefold, nonuple. -num, adv. nine by nine, nine at a time. -o, ennead. -s, adv. nine times. -ti, adj. ninth.
  • n089 nűm|o, sky, heavens, firmament, welkin; ~om néra, outdoors, outside [> Saami Num, sky god]. -m̃i, adj. heavenly, celestial. -m̃űȝo, horizon. -őőna, zenith. -sa̋a̋r=a, astronomy. =a̋a̋gu, astronomer. =i, adj. astronomical. -te̋e̋r=i, adj. sky blue, cerulean. =m̃irmőrǫ, caerulean centaur.
  • n090 nűn|i, adj. fine, elegant [> Tamil, nuṇ-, fine]. -k̬o, finery. -ta, fineness, elegance.
  • n091 nűngo, point of the compass.
  • n092 nű|pa, t.v. clamp, clasp [> Japanese ue, fishtrap]. -flo, clamp, clasp.
  • n093 nűr|a, 1. t.v. growl. 2. i.v. growl. -o, growl.
  • n094 nűs|a, 1. t.v. suspect, speculate, suppose, surmise. 2. i.v. suspect, suppose, surmise. -aþ=i, adj. supposed. =vi, adv. supposedly. -aþu, suspect. -ra, suspicion, speculation, supposition, surmise.
  • n095 nűska, 1. t.v. sniff. 2. i.v. sniff [> Finnish nuuskaa-, sniff].
  • n096 nűv|a, t.v. pin [> Inupik nuvuk, point]. -dı̋go, pinprick. -e̋e̋lo, pinstripe. -lo, pin; striker [of a gun], stylus, needle [of a phonograph].
  • n097 nű|xa, 1. t.v. pass, proceed on. 2. i.v. proceed (with, from, ápa), pass, go ahead [> Japanese nogaré, escape]. -xra, passage. -x̨i, adj. passable, open [ice].
  • n098 n̨a̋a̋bo, natural disaster [> Evenki ńonto, heavy rain].
  • n099 n̨|a, postp. down (through) [> English beneath]. -u, adv. down(ward).
  • n100 n̨a̋b|o, funeral [> Japanese , funeral]. i, adj. funereal, funerary.
  • n101 n̨a̋da, i.v. languish, flag.
  • n102 n̨a̋m|o, curse [> Korean namu-ra, curse]. -ı̋d̨a, t.v. curse.
  • n103 n̨a̋r|u, loquent being; man(kind), humanity, people [> Japanese osu, male]. -i, adj. anthropoid, anthropomorphous. -m̃e̋na, philanthropy. -m̃=i, adj. human; humane. =ĕta, humaneness; humanity. -sa̋a̋r=a, anthropology. =a̋a̋gu, anthropologist. -że̋fu, cannibal.
  • n104 n̨a̋x|a, t.v. defy [> Mongolian niča-, refuse]. -a, postp. despite, in spite of, for, in face of, notwithstanding. -i, adj. defiant. -ra, defiance.
  • comp n̨aża̋ba, 1. t.v. look down on. 2. i.v. look down [< ża̋ba, t.v. look at].
  • n105 n̨e̋|ga, 1. t.v. forbear, forego, refrain from. 2. i.v. abstain, refrain, forbear, help. -gi, adj. forbearing, abstinent. -ƣra, forbearance, abstinence.
  • n106 n̨e̋|tu, enemy, foe [> German Neid, envy]. -ti, adj. hostile, malignant, inimical. -þta, hostility.
  • n107 n̨őől|a, 1. t.v. color pink. 2. i.v. be-, become-, -pink [> Turkish al, red]. -i, adj. pink.
  • n108 n̨őő|po, front; face [mountain] [> Japanese máe, side]. -fse̋=da, 1. t.v. preside, -at, -over, chair. 2. i.v. preside. =ðlu, presider, president. -fþi(m), adv. in (the) front, at the beginning, before, ahead. -pa̋a̋ra, presence. -pa, postp. in front of, before, ahead of, against, in advance of. -pa̋nto, obverse [of a coin]. -pa̋ta, i.v. precede. -pi, adj. front, anterior, fore.
  • n109 n̨őra, t.v. unwrap [> Korean nɨri-, tie round].
  • poly n̨űda, i.v. seethe [< n̨űda, t.v. boil].
  • comp n̨umőőri, adj. prone [< n̨u, adv. down(ward); mőőro, face].
  • n110 n̨űn|a, 1. t.v. nod, bob. 2. i.v. nod [> Turkish jön, direction]. -o, nod, bob.
  • n111 n̨űr|a, t.v. macerate, ret [> Japanese nùre-, get wet]. -i, adj. sodden, soggy.
  • n112 n̨ű|ta, t.v. pestle [> Mongolian nid̬ǧr, pestle]. -þlo, pestle.