Senjecas - with

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix REV = reversive VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SBJ = subjunctive


  • 1. þóósa थौ॔स - against
  • He was fighting with his brother.
  • (éȝu) éȝu-ża̋mum þóósa e-ṡa̋ta:
éȝ-u éȝu=ża̋m-um þóósa e=ṡa̋t-a
he-N.s his=brother-A.s against PST=fight-IND


  • 2. súna सु॔न - in the company of
  • He came with his friends.
  • (éȝu) éȝu-vı̋lon súna e-ǧe̋ma:
éȝ-u éȝu=vı̋l-on súna e=ǧe̋m-a
he-N.s his=friend-A.p with PST=come-IND


  • 3. éta ए॔त - in addition to; as an accessory to
  • The cowboy bought the horse (along) with the saddle.
  • ȝunta̋ðlu xirős éta mőrem e-sa̋a:
ȝun-ta̋ð-l-u xir-ős éta mőr-em e=sa̋-a:
cow-herd-AG-N.s saddle-G.s with horse-A.s PST=buy-IND


  • 4. ríza रि॔स़ - in support of
  • We are with you in this task.
  • m̃us i-daarős éna tús ríza e̋sa:
m̃-us i=daar-ős éna t-ús ríza e̋s-a
1p.N this=task-G.s in 2s-G with be-IND


  • 5. xéma क़ो॔म - by means or agency of
  • Cut that with a knife.
  • siimlős xéma nom sı̋ı̋me:
siim-l-ős xéma n-om sı̋ı̋m-e
cut-INS-G.s with that-A.s cut-IMP


  • 6. šéða स्वे॔ध - Having as a possession, attribute or characteristic.
  • My uncle is the man with the beard.
  • mu-gűsu bisarős šéða m̃ı̋ı̋ru e̋sa:
mu=gűs-u bisar-ős šéða m̃ı̋ı̋r-u e̋s-a
my=uncle-N.s beard-G.s with man-N.s be-IND


  • 7. éȝa ए॔त – in the charge or keeping of
  • I will leave this letter with the guard.
  • mu dislűs éȝa i-mı̋þom u-te̋m̃a:
m-u dis-l-űs éȝa i=mı̋þ-om u=te̋m̃-a
1s-N guard-AG-G.s with this=letter-A.s FUT=leave-IND


  • 8. n̨áxa न्यक़ – in spite of
  • With all its strength the horse could not pull the wagon.
  • mőre eȝe-m̃alta̋s n̨áxa m̃e̋ƣom da̋bu e-fe̋e̋a:
mőr-e eȝe=m̃alt-a̋s n̨áxa m̃e̋ƣ-om da̋b-u e=fe̋e̋-a
horse-N.s its=strength-G.s with wagon-A.s pull-SUP PST=be.unable-IND


  • 9. méta मे॔त – at the same time as
  • Let's get up tomorrow morning with the sun.
  • m̃ús ṡum̃aaȝa̋' suule̋s méta e̋e̋ge:
m̃-ús ṡum̃.aaȝ-a̋-' suul-e̋s méta e̋e̋g-e
1p-N tomorrow.morning-G.s-ELIS sun-G.s with arise-IMP


  • 10. ha ह – as a result or a consequence of
  • The women trembled with fear when they saw the bear.
  • ǧe̋nus naaa̋s ha e-ðe̋la—méti ve̋rem e-na̋ka:
ǧe̋n-us naa-a̋s ha e=ðe̋l-a méti ve̋r-em e=na̋k-a
woman-N.p fear-G.s with PST=tremble-IND when bear-A.s PST=see-IND


  • 11. túȝa तु॔य – in relation to
  • The girl had to be satisfied with the last prize.
  • ne̋sku sŭsűpo dinős túȝa sa̋a̋aþu ɪ̋lu e-ke̋la:
ne̋sk-u sŭ~sűpo-Ø din-ős túȝa sa̋a̋-a-þ-u ɪ̋l-u e=ke̋l-a
girl-N.s ELT~last-ABS prize-G.s with satisfy-IND-PP-N.s become-SUP PST=had.to-IND


  • 12. móóda मौ॔द – in a manner characterized by
  • Serve the Lord with gladness.
  • raaðta̋s móóda ȝa̋hm̃um nı̋ı̋xe:
raaðt-a̋s móóda ȝa̋hm̃-um nı̋ı̋x-e
gladness-G.s with Lord-A.s serve-IMP


Senjecas - ahead