Senjecas - sound

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix REV = reversive VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SBJ = subjunctive

Verb

  • 1. ðűűpa धू॓प - said of a whale diving
  • Look out! The whale is sounding.
  • ze̋e̋me: aƣne̋ƣe ðűűpa:
ze̋e̋m-e aƣne̋ƣ-e ðűűp-a
beware-IMP whale-N.s dive-IND


  • 2. sa̋pa स॓प - ascertain, examine, try, test, probe
  • When I sounded him (out), he was in favor of the sale.
  • múm éȝum e-sapantűm—éȝu fa̋a̋ram e-me̋e̋ƣa:
m-úm éȝ-um e=sap-a-nt-űm éȝ-u fa̋a̋r-am e=me̋e̋ƣ-a
1s-G 3-A.s PST-test-IND-AP-G.s 3-N.s sale-A.s PST=favor-IND


  • 3. me̋a मे॓अ - ascertain the depth of water with a device
  • Mariners would sound the depth of the water with a weighted rope.
  • na̋a̋m̃lus te̋laþo ðuuős xéma hurős ṡa̋ltam e-me̋a:
na̋a̋m̃-l-us te̋l-a-þo-Ø ðuu-ős xéma hur-ős ṡa̋lt-am e=me̋-a
sail-AG-N.s weigh-IND-PP-ABS rope-G.s with water-G.s depth=A.s PST=measure-IND


Noun

  • 4. še̋no स्वे॓नो - sensation perceived by the ear
  • I hear a pleasant sound coming from the house.
  • mu m̃e̋e̋som úúda ǧe̋manto la̋ro še̋nom ve̋na:
m-u m̃e̋e̋s-om úúda ǧe̋m-a-nto-Ø la̋ro-Ø še̋n-om ve̋n-a
1s-N house-A.s out.of come-IND-AP-ABS pleasant-ABS sound-A.s hear-IND


  • 5. martı̋ȝo मर्ति॓यो - a long, narrow body of water between two land masses, inlet, strait
  • We will cross the sound at the first light of dawn.
  • m̃us vaiƣa̋s þűnta f̨oþa̋s martı̋ȝom u-ta̋ra:
m̃-us vaiƣ-a̋s þűnta-Ø f̨oþ-a̋s martı̋ȝ-om u=ta̋r-a
1p-N dawn-G.s first-ABS light-G.s sound-A.s FUT=cross-IND


Adjective

  • 6. sa̋a̋ni सा॓नि - healthy
  • He bought a sound horse for plowing.
  • éȝu bűzu tááda sa̋a̋ne mőrem e-sa̋a:
éȝ-u bűz-u tááda sa̋a̋ne-Ø mőr-em e=sa̋-a
3-N.s plow-SUP in.order healthy-ABS horse-A.s PST=buy-IND


  • 7. ka̋ili क॓इलि – safe and sound
  • He came home safe and sound.
  • éȝu ka̋ilu e-nőma:
éȝ-u ka̋il-u e=nőm-a
3-N.s unhurt-N.s PST-come.home-IND


  • 8. ṡe̋ti चे॓ति - complete, solid, secure
  • He fell through because the floorboards were not sound.
  • éȝu šóóðvi e-főőla—hi šiirfa̋los ṡe̋tos e-vűűa ne:
éȝ-u šóóð-vi e=főől-a hi šiir-fa̋l-os ṡe̋t-os e=vűű-a ne
3-N.s through-ADV PST=fall-IND because floor-board-N.p solid-N.p PST=be-IND not


  • 9. ƣoše̋pa ग़ोस्वे॓प - quiet and deep of sleep
  • The baby slept soundly through the night.
  • ba̋a̋lu la̋a̋tam e-ƣoše̋pa:
ba̋a̋l-u la̋a̋t-am e=ƣo=še̋p-a
baby-N.s night-A.s PST=INT=sleep-IND


  • 10. fe̋di फे॓दि - heavy, laid on with force
  • The champion gave his adversary a sound beating.
  • ša̋inu þooslűs o fe̋do ƣotűűgom e-tűűga:
ša̋in-u þoos-l-űs o fe̋do-Ø ƣo=tűűg-om e=tűűg-a
champion-N.s oppose-AG-G.s to heavy-ABS INT=hit-A.s PST=hit-IND


  • 11. þe̋e̋xi थै॓क़ि - founded in law, legal, valid
  • The farmer has a sound title to the land.
  • zǫ̋ðlu naalős túȝa þe̋e̋xo ȝőm̃om ƣe̋va:
zǫ̋ð-l-u naal-ős túȝa þe̋e̋xo-Ø ȝőm̃-om ƣe̋v-a]]
farm-AG-N.s land-G.s with.respect.to founded-ABS law-A.s possess-IND


Senjecas - still