Senjecas - so

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) CONV = conversive F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle SBJ = subjunctive


Conjunction

  • 1. táádi ता॔दि - In order that
  • Do your homework so (that) you can go out and play.
  • tu-nomva̋gom þűke—táádi bu a̋tuke̬ le̋iduke̬ ma̋ƣa:
tu=nom-va̋g-om þűk-e táádi bu a̋t-u=ke̬ le̋id-u=ke̬ ma̋ƣ-a
your=home-assignment-A.s finish-IMP so out go-SUP=and play-SUP=and be.able-IND


  • 2a. nááru ना॔रु (with past tense) – With the result that; for that reason, therefore
  • I was still hungry, so I asked for more food.
  • mu ódu gősu e-vűűa—nááru mĭme̋e̋o e̋dom e-ı̋ga:
m-u ódu gős-u e=vűű-a nááru mĭ~me̋e̋o-Ø e̋d-om e=ı̋g-a
1s-N still hungry-N.s PST=be.IND so ELT~more-ABS food-A.s PST=ask.for-IND


  • 2b. sááru सा॔रु (with present and future tenses) – With the result that; for that reason, therefore
  • I'm still hungry, so I'll ask for more food.
  • mu ódu gősu vűűa—sááru mĭme̋e̋o e̋dom u-ı̋ga:
m-u ódu gős-u vűű-a sááru mĭ~me̋e̋o-Ø e̋d-om u=ı̋g-a
1s-N still hungry-N.s be.IND so ELT~more-ABS food-A.s FUT=ask.for-IND


Adverb

3. kéþu के॓थु - To the (explicitly stated) extent that.

  • The actor was so good (that) they hired him immediately.
  • le̋iðlu kéþu dűbu e-e̋sa. m̨úmi éȝus áv̈i éȝum e-kűűsa:
le̋ið-l-u kéþu dűb-u e=e̋s-a m̨úmi éȝ-us áv-vi éȝ-um e=kűűs-a
act-AG-N.s so good-N.s PST-be-IND (with the result) that 3-N.p immediate-ADV 3-A.s PST=hire-IND


4. ítu इ॔तु – In a particular manner.

  • If you mean that, then say so.
  • ébi tu nom name̋ȝa—toári ítu te̋e̋e:
ébi t-u n-om nam-e̋ȝa toári ítu te̋e̋-e
if 2s-N that-A.s mean-SBJ then so say-IMP


  • 5. épi ए॔पि - In the same manner or to the same extent as aforementioned.
  • (Just) as you have free speech, so have I.
  • sómi tu še̋e̋va ȝe̋kam ƣe̋va— sómi mu ƣe̋va:
sómi t-u še̋e̋va-Ø ȝe̋k-am ƣe̋v-a sómi m-u ƣe̋v-a
as 2s.N free-ABS speech-A.s have-IND so 1s-N have-IND


Adjective

  • 6. m̃e̋e̋ri म़ै॓रि – True, accurate.
  • What you have said is so.
  • no—táom tu tĭte̋e̋a—m̃e̋e̋ro e̋sa:
n-o tá-om t-u tĭ~te̋e̋-i m̃e̋e̋r-o e̋s-a
that-N.s which-A.s 2s-N PRF~say-IND so-N.s be-IND


  • 7. repeat adjective – In that state, with that attribute.
  • Although the house is warm, it will remain so only with the door closed.
  • sáámi m̃e̋e̋so te̋po vűűa—sóólvi pa̋xo ðurős ha te̋po u-še̋da:
sáámi m̃e̋e̋s-o te̋p-o vűű-a sóól-vi pa̋xo-Ø ður-ős ha te̋p-o u=še̋d-a
although house-N.s warm-N.s be-IND only-ADV closed-ABS door-G.s because.of warm-N.s FUT=remain-IND


Senjecas - sound