Senjecas - last

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) CONV = conversive F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle SBJ = subjunctive


Verb

  • 1. še̋da स्वे॓द - endure, continue over time
  • The children seem happy now, but that won't last long.
  • ṡı̋ṡus ímu ka̋itus ka̋ȝa. ésti no dóm̃' u-še̋da ne:
ṡı̋ṡ-us ímu ka̋it-us ka̋ȝ-a ésti n-o dóm̃-' u=še̋d-a ne
child-N.p now happy-N.p seem-IND but that-N.s long FUT=continue-IND not


  • 2. t̬ı̋ɫa त्वि॓ल़ - hold out, continue undefeated
  • The army won't last without reinforcements
  • őmu m̃ooƣṡaþm̃ű' sána u-t̬ı̋ɫa ne:
őm-u m̃ooƣ-ṡaþm̃-ű-' sána u=t̬ı̋ɫ-a ne
army-N.s additional-troops-G.s-ELIS without FUT=last-IND not


  • 3. lűűsa लू॓स - shape shoes
  • The cobbler lasts the shoes that he makes.
  • þaav̈a̋a̋nlu þa̋a̋von—táon va̋a̋na—lűűsa:
þaav-va̋a̋n-l-u þa̋a̋v-on tá-on va̋a̋n-a lűűs-a
shoe-make-AG-N.s shoe-A.p which-A.p make-IND last-IND


Adjective

  • 4. műgi मु॓गि - final, ultimate
  • That was the last time his wife saw him.
  • na műga ke̋e̋sa e-e̋sa—ȝa eȝu-kőzu éȝum e-na̋ka:
n-a műga-Ø ke̋e̋s-a e=e̋s-a ȝa eȝu=kőz-u éȝ-um e=na̋k-a
that-N.s last-ABS time-N.s PST=be-IND that his=wife-N.s 3-A.s PST=see-IND


  • 5. nĭne̋bi नंने॓बि - most recent, latest
  • The last time I saw him he had a beard.
  • bisa̋ro nĭne̋ba keesa̋s—ȝa mu éȝum e-na̋ka—eȝús o e-e̋sa:
bisa̋r-o nĭ~ne̋ba-Ø kees-a̋s ȝa m-u éȝ-um e=na̋k-a eȝ-ús o e=e̋s-a
beard-N.s ELT~last-ABS time-G.s that 1s.N 3-A.s PST=see-IND 3-G.s to PST=be-IND


  • 6. lĭlísu na̋mi लंलि॓सु न॓मि - most unlikely, least preferable
  • éȝu lĭlísu na̋mu hőmu—táum mu nuse̋ȝa—e̋sa:
  • He is the last person I would suspect.
éȝ-u lĭlísu na̋mu-Ø hőm-u tá-um m-u nus-e̋ȝa e̋s-a
3-N.s least likely-ABS person-N.s who-A.s 1s-N suspect-SBJ be-IND


  • 7. műgi मु॓गि - only one of its class
  • The hunters killed the last wolf in the valley.
  • ve̋e̋ðlus műge leðős éna m̃a̋ilem e-ka̋a̋da:
ve̋e̋ð-l-us műge-Ø leð-ős éna m̃a̋il-em e=ka̋a̋d-a
hunter-AG-N.p last-A.s valley-G.p in wolf-A.s PST=kill-IND


  • 8. sŭsűpi सॅसु॓पि - lowest in rank or degree
  • ne̋sku sŭsűpo dinős túȝa sa̋a̋aþu vűűu e-ke̋la:
  • The girl had to be satisfied with the last prize.
ne̋sk-u sŭ~sűpo-Ø din-ős túȝa sa̋a̋-a-þ-u vűű-u e=ke̋l-a
girl-N.s ELT~low-ABS prize-G.s with satisfy-IND-PP-N.s be-SUP PST=had.to-IND


  • 9. hes- हेस्- - immediately before the present
  • Last night the moon was full.
  • b̨a̋a̋ge hesȝita̋s e-e̋sa:
b̨a̋a̋g-e hes=ȝit-a̋s e=e̋s-a
full.moon-N.s yester=evening-G.s PST=be-IND


  • 10. fe̋si फे॓सि – closest to a week ago
  • It's Wednesday, and the party was last Tuesday
  • tárona̋ha e̋sa da sa̋rno fe̋sa neeraha̋s e-e̋sa:
tárona̋h-a e̋s-a da sa̋rn-o fe̋sa-Ø neerah-a̋s e=e̋s-a
Wednesday-N.s be-IND and feast-N.s last-ABS Tuesday-G.s PST=be-IND


Adverb

  • 11. nĭnév̈i नंने॔भ्भि- most recently
  • He insulted me when last we met.
  • éȝu mum e-poőra—méti m̃us nĭnév̈i e-pa̋na:
éȝ-u m-um e=poőr-a méti m̃-us nĭ~név=vi e=pa̋n-a
3-N.s 1s-A PST=insult-IND when 1p-N ELT~recent=ADV PST=meet-IND


  • 12. múƣvi मु॔ग़्भि - after everything else, finally
  • He entered the race, but came in last.
  • éȝu bőnom e-aðne̋e̋ma—ésti múƣvi e-þűka:
éȝ-u bőn-om e=aðne̋e̋m-a ésti múƣ=vi e=þűka
3.N.s race-A.s PST=enter but last=ADV PST=complete


Senjecas - over