Senjecas - ahead

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Pronunciation table

पेमु॓को
peműko
(labial)
रीसु॓कॊ
riisűko
(dental)
मुइतु॓को
muitűko
(alveolar)
भइनु॓को
vainűko
(palatal)
च्युस्वे॓नोस्
ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(vowels with प)
नि॓थो च्युस्वे॓नोस्
nı̋þo ṡ̨uuše̋nos
(weak vowels)
p
b f v m t d þ ð ɫ l ż s z r n k g x ƣ h ȝ i e a ɔ o u ĭ ĕ ŭ
म़ ल़ स़ क़ ग़ त्व त्य इ ई

पि पी
ए एै

पे पै
अ आ

प पा
ऒ ॵ

पॊ पॏ
ओ औ

पो पौ
उ ऊ

पु पू
तं तऺ तॅ
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /m̥/ /m/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l̥/ /l/ /ʦ/ /ʣ/ /s/ /z/ /ɾ̥/ /n/ /k/ /g/ /ç/ /ʝ/ /j̊/ /j/ /tʷ/ /tʲ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /ɒ/ /o/ /u/ /ɪ/ /ɛ/ /ʊ/


Glossing abbreviations

1s/p = 1st person singular/plural ABL = ablative suffix COL = collective F = feminine INT = intensive prefix PRV = privative prefix SUP = supine
2s/p = 2nd person singular/plural ABS = absolutive (an unmarked modifying adjective) DES = desiderative FRQ = frequentative LAT = lative suffix PST = past TRZ = transitivizer
3 = 3rd person ADV = adverb DIM = diminutive FUT = future LOC = locative suffix REV = reversive VOC = vocative particle
A(.s/p) = accusative (singular/plural) AG = agent ELIS = elision IMP = imperative M = masculine Q = interrogative particle
G(.s/p) = genitive (singular/plural) AP = agent (active) participle ELT = elative INC = inchoative OCC = occupation suffix QUOT = direct quotation
N(.s/p) = nominative (singular/plural) AUG = augmentative EP = epenthesis IND = indicative PP = patient (past) participle RPR = recent perfective
V(.s/p) = vocative (singular/plural) CAUS = causative EQU = equative degree INS = instrument PRF = perfect SBJ = subjunctive


Adverb

  • 1. réiþim रे॔इथिम् - beyond the head of the ship, toward the prow
  • Full steam ahead!
  • őra m̃a̋ka rééiþ̈im:
őra-Ø m̃a̋k-a rééit=þim
all-ABS power-N.s prow=LAT


  • 2. n̨óófþi न्यौ॔फ्थि - in or to the front; in advance; ahead
  • The island lies just ahead.
  • dı̋mo ṡa n̨óófþi ðe̋e̋a:
dı̋m-o ṡa n̨óóf=þi ðe̋e̋-a
island-N.s just before-LOC lie-IND


  • 3. n̨óófþi न्यौ॔फ्थि - in the direction one is facing or moving
  • Just ahead you can see the cliffs.
  • tu ṡa n̨óófþi fa̋a̋kon na̋ku ma̋ƣa:
t-u ṡa n̨óóf=þi fa̋a̋k-on na̋k-u ma̋ƣ-a
2s-N just before=LOC cliff-A.p see-SUP be.able-IND


  • 4. pósu पो॔सु - in the future, preceding, afterwards
  • There will be hard times ahead.
  • ka̋la ke̋e̋sas pós' u-vűűla:
ka̋la-Ø ke̋e̋s-as pós-' u=vűűl-a
hard-ABS time-N.p afterwards-ELIS FUT=there.be-IND


  • 5. mĭme̋m̃aþu मंमे॓मथु - having progressed more.
  • He is ahead of his class in math.
  • eȝu-dokű' sóma luxsaar̈a̋s túȝa mĭme̋m̃aþu vűűa:
eȝu=dok-ű-' sóma luxsaar̈-a̋s túȝa mĭ ~me̋m̃-a-þ-u vűű-a
his=class-G.s-ELIS than math-G.s with.respect.to ELT~advance-IND-PP-N.s be-IND


Postposition

  • 6. n̨óópa न्यौ॔प - in front of, before
  • A hill loomed ahead of them.
  • ra̋ȝo eȝúm n̨óópa šínvi e-ðe̋e̋a:
ra̋ȝ-o eȝ-úm n̨óópa šín-vi e=ðe̋e̋-a
hill-N.s 3-G.p ahead.of threatening-ADV PST=lie-IND


  • 7. n̨óópa न्यौ॔प - in advance of
  • He travelled in advance of his master, making the necessary arrangements
  • ı̋ı̋ƣa b̨őlan b̨őlantu. eȝu-ve̋e̋l̤um n̨óópa e-ta̋ƣa:
ı̋ı̋ƣa-Ø b̨ől-an b̨ől-a-ntu-Ø ve̋e̋l-l-um n̨óópa e=ta̋ƣ-a
necessary-ABS arrangement-A.p arrange-IND-AP-ABS-AG-A.s be.in.charge-AG-A.s in.advance.of PST=travel-IND


  • 8. n̨óópa न्यौ॔प - preceding; before
  • You have a long trip ahead of you.
  • tús n̨óópa pı̋ðo ta̋ƣom ƣe̋va:
t-ús n̨óópa pı̋ðo-Ø ta̋ƣ-om ƣe̋v-a
2s-G ahead.of long-ABS trip-A.s have-IND

Senjecas - as