- 1 Basic Grammatical Structures
- 2 =
- 2.1 Conjugating to the negative state-of-being
- 2.2 Conjugating to the past state-of-being
- 2.3 Introduction to Particles
- 2.4 Adjectives
- 2.5 Verb Basics
- 2.6 Negative Verbs
- 2.7 Past Tense
- 2.8 Particles used with verbs
- 2.9 Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
- 2.10 Relative Clauses and Sentence Order
- 2.11 Noun-related Particles
- 2.12 Adverbs and Sentence-ending particles
- 3 See also
Basic Grammatical Structures
This section primarily covers all the parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs. It will also describe how to integrate the various parts of speech into a coherent sentence by using particles. By the end of this section, you should have an understanding of how basic sentences are constructed.
===Declaring something is so and so using 르
- oro; 人
- hoksang; 学生
- ongki; 健기
There is no verb for the state-of-being like the verb "to be" in English. You can, however, declare what something is by attaching 르
to a noun or adjective only. (We will learn about adjectives in the section on adjectives later.)
Conjugating to the negative state-of-being
- eke; 友
In Rangyan, negative, past and future tenses are all expressed by conjugation. We can conjugate 르
to either its negative, past or future tense to say A is not B; A was B; or A will be B. This may be a bit hard to grasp at first but all these state-of-being conjugations are regular.
Is not student.
Is not friend.
Is not well.
Conjugating to the past state-of-being
We will now learn the past tense of the state-of-being. To say something was something, attach 루웨
to the noun or adjective.
In order to say the negative past (was not), conjugate 르
to the negative past tense 로무웨