Nyenglisk is a language purely based on that of English with some scandanavian extracts. There are some new sounds which will be shown below but nearly 99.9% of words are adapted from english. There are cases such as Dative and Genitive and the definite and indefinite article are suffixes. Has an icelandic/Faroese look. Word order is SVO. The language is complete, as it's vocabulary is mainly drawn from english, however there has been significant sound changes which makes it sound nothing like english. Easy to learn and to write in.
Example > The man is walking down the street > Manið valke dún strýtiðum.
- The woman is taking her baby to the pool = Vomanið take hona babý til púliðs
- I want to go to the cinema tomorrow = Jæ vile að gora til cinemaiðs
- I could sing but I am bad at it = Jæ kunað singa men jæ er bad at það.
- I love writing examples = Jæ luve að ræta egsamplea.
- You should learn New english = þú skalað lerna nyenglisk :).
There are three cases - Nominative, Dative and Genitive.
The Dative case is only used after prepositions and some verbs. In the dative case nouns end in "að" for singular and "u" in the plural. The suffix for "a" in the dative case is "inað" and the suffix for "the" is iðum for singular and iðu in the plural. All prepositions except til (to) and vegna (because of) take dative.
The Genitive case is used much less than the Dative. No verbs take the genitive after them and only two prepositions take the genitive. The Genitive endings for nouns are "s" for singular and "ur" for plural. The suffix for "a" becomes ins in the Genitive and the suffix for "the" becomes iðs for the singular and iður for the plural. Til (to) and Vegna (because of) also take the genitive. The Genitive can also be used the exact same way as in english - My mum's book > Mín mums búk - although there is no need for an apostrophe.
- Dative - I am against independence = Jæ er eje índependenceað
- Genitive - I am going to America = Jæ gore til Amerikas
æ = eye
á = aw
í = ee
ó = ow
ú = oo
ý = ee (NB: í and ý can be interchangeable, it is up to the person preference)
ð = eth (never at beginning of words)
þ = th (never at the end of words)
tj = ch
je / ji = y
ngje = like the "nge" in change
j = j (y when followed by e/i)
ej = ay
sj = sh
It was decided that there would be no accusative case. Therefore one says "I have I" instead of "I have me" - Jæ haðe jæ. No prepositions take accusative, and all accusative associated prepositions became governed by the Dative case.
All verbs end in a > að vera/giva/skala
All verbs are preceeded by að (meaning to) however að is only used with verbs and not as a normal preposition.
Verbs only conjugate once. The "a" is turned "e" and the verb remains the same for all persons > Jæ er, teir er.
In the past tense, haða is always used as the auxilluarly and ð is added to the stem of the verb > Jæ haðe komað = I have come.
The imperfect is formed by taking the past participle and using that as the verb > Jæ komað = I came
The Future is formed by taking the verb "Skala" and using that as the auxilluarly and then adding the infinitive > Jæ skale koma = I will come.
The conditional is formed by taking the past participle of "skala" and then adding the infinitve > Jæ skalað koma = I would come.
The past Conditional is formed by taking the past participle of "skala" and then adding the past participle of the verb > Jæ skalað komað = I would have come.
Definite and Indefinite Article with Adjectives
When adjectives are used with the definite article, the definite articles stands on its own and is also added to the end of the noun.
#The nice woman = De næs vomanið. #A nice woman = Et næs vomanin #To the nice woman = Til de næs vomaniðs*
- As shown above, when a case is used the dependent form for "a" and "the" are not inflicted. Only the endings are.