Limli: Phonology

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Table of Phonemes

POA
labial
dental alveolar palatal glottal vowels
IPA
/m/
/φ/ /β/ /w/ /n/ /t/ /l/ /s/ /ŋ/ /k/ /ɣ/ /j/ /h/ /ä/ /e/ /o/ /u/ /i/
Latin
m
f v w n t l s ń k ǵ y h a e o u i
Hangul 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Name Mi
Fi
Vi
Wi
Ni
Ti
Li
Si
Ńi
Ki
Ǵi
Yi
Hi
a
e
o
u
i

Notes

  • 1 The jamo Pieup <ㅍ> /pʰ/ is assigned the voiceless bilabial fricative /φ/.
  • 2 The jamo Bieup <ㅂ> /p~pʰ~b/ is assigned the voiced bilabial fricative /β/.
  • 3 The compound vowels are used for <w>, e.g., , wa.
  • 4 The jamo Ssanggiyeok <ㄲ> /k͈/ is assigned the palatal nasal /ŋ/ as the onset.
  • 5 The jamo Giyeok <ㄱ> /g~k~kʰ/ is assigned the voiceless palatal stop /k/.
  • 6 The jamo Kieuk <ㅋ> /g~k~kʰ/ is assigned the voiced palatal fricative /ɣ/.
  • 7 The iotified vowels are used for <y>, e.g., , yo.


Phonology

Consonants

labial dental alveolar palatal glottal
Nasals voiceless
voiced m /m/
n /n/
ń /ŋ/
Stops voiceless t /t/
k /k/
voiced ǵ /ɣ/
Fricatives voiceless f /φ/
s /s/
voiced v /β/
Sonorants voiceless h /h/
voiced w /w/ l /l/
y /j/

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i /i/
u /u/
Close-mid e /e/
o /o/
Open a /ä/

Compound Vowels

W Y
a
e
o
u
i


Alphabet

  • The Limli language has 17 phonemes.
  • As the Limlis had no writing when discovered by the space travelers, a written alphabet was created by the anthropologists who were on the voyage. As they were Korean, they used the Hangul.
  • The alphabetic order is the ganada order of 1446. I have transliterated them into the Latin alphabet for this study.
  • The consonants are <k> ㄱ; <ń> ㄲ; <ǵ> ㅋ; <t> ㄷ; <n> ㄴ; <v> ㅂ; <f> ㅍ; <m> ㅁ; <s> ㅅ; <h> ㅎ; <l> ㄹ; <w> and <y>.
  • The vowel inventory consists of <a> ㅏ; <e> ㅔ; <o> ㅗ ; <u> ㅜ and <i> ㅣ.


Limli: Syntax