Irregular Verbs in Héhà

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Héhà has only three irregular verbs: sá (to have, to hold, and to contain), u (to be), and àrì (to go, to come, to return, to move).

Hà is unique among these three verbs in that it does not incorporate information such as person or number into its conjugation. In this respect it is much more regular. In fact, the only way in which this verb is irregular is that it has (similarly to the French verb aller) combined two verbal conjugations into one.

For the perfective, the form used is sy. For the imperfective, ky.

Héhà ì sy vadó.
man yesterday have_PERF basket
The man had a basket yesterday
Héhà ín ky vadó.
man now have_IMPERF basket
The man is holding a basket.


U has incorporated the various pronouns, which are now required in its conjugation in the imperfective.

The first person singular and first person plural/dual exclusive form of u is tu.

Tu héhà.
1P_EXC héhà
We/I am héhà.

The first person dual inclusive form is krù. The first person plural inclusive form is kxù.

Krù héhà.
1P_INC_D héhà.
You (singular) and I are héhà.
Kxù héhà.
1P_INC_P héhà.
You (plural) and I are héhà.

The second person formal conjugation is sù. The second person informal conjugation is tzù. Note that both of these forms do not denoted number.

Tzù héhà.
2P_INF héhà.
You (informal) are héhà.
Sù héhà.
2P_FOR héhà.
You (formal) are héhà.

The third person inanimate singular is tus. The third person animate singular is tsus. The third person human singular is tzus.

Tus tlú.
3P_INANI_S berry
It's a berry.
Tsus pra.
3P_ANI_S bird
It's a bird.
Tzus héhà.
3P_HU_S héhà.
He/She is a héhà.

The third person duals are tug, tsug, and tzug respectively.

Tug tlú.
3P_INANI_D berry.
Those two things are berries.
Tsug pra.
3P_ANI_D bird
Those two animals are birds.
Tzug héhà.
3P_HU_D héhà
Those two people are héhà.

The third person plural has only one form: tù.

Tù tlú.
3P_P berry
They're berries.
Tù pra.
3P_P bird
They're birds.
Tù héhà.
3P_P héhà.
They're héhà.

The sole perfective form is u, identical to the infinitive.

U tlú.
PERF berry
It/They was/were (a) berry/berries.
U kíkà tlú.
They were berries.
U ta.
PERF woman
I/You/We/She/They was/were (a) woman/women.


Àri has also incorporated pronouns, which are also now a part of its conjugation. It is notably less complex than u, however.

The first person exclusive is kàrì in the imperfective, and kàré in the perfective.

Ín kàrì i ta.
I / I and people other than you are coming from the woman.
Èl kàré i ta.
FUT 1P_EXCL.move.PRF VEN woman
I / I and people other than you will have come from the woman.

The first person inclusive is kxàrì in the imperfective, and kxàré in the perfective.

Ín kxàrì ta.
PROG 1P_INCL.move.IMPRF woman
You and I are going (to) the woman.
Íúl kxàré ta.
a-while-ago 1P_INCL.move.PERF woman
You and I went (to) the woman a while ago.

The second person informal is sàrè in the impefective, and sàré in the perfective.

Èl sàrè kíkà pra.
You will be going (to) the birds.
Ì sàré ta.
yesterday 2P_INF.move.PRF woman
Yesterday, you went (to) the woman.

The second person formal is sarè in the imperfective, and sarí in the perfective.

Ín sarè i héhà.
You are coming (from) the héhà (man).
Íúl sarí héhà.
a-while-ago 2P_FOR_move.PRF héhà
You had gone (to) the héha (man) a while ago.

The third person has human imperfective tzaré, human perfective tzarí, animate imperfective tsaré, animate imperfective tsarí, inanimate imperfective tar, and inanimate perfective tarùp.

Ín tzaré i ta.
PROG 3P_HU.move.IMPRF VEN woman
(S)He is coming (from) the woman.
Èl tzarí.
FUT 3P_HU.move.PRF
(S)He will have come/gone.
Pra ín tsaré i kíkà tlú.
bird PROG 3P_ANI.move.IMPRF VEN PLUR berry
The bird is coming (to) the berries.
Pra íúl tsarí rú.
bird a-while-ago 3P_ANI.move.PRF place
The bird left a while ago.
Vi tar i bé.
rain 3P_INANI.move_IMPRF VEN sky.
Rain comes from the sky.
Íúl tarùp kíkà tlú i rú.
a-while-ago 3P_INANI.move.PRF PLUR berry VEN place
(The) berries came from over there.