Fudasi: Phonology

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Introduction

  • The Fudasi are divided into two nations, one north of the jungle and one south of the jungle. They speak the same language but there are some differences in their pronunciations. The following tables set out the these two different pronunciations.

North Fudasi Phonology

Table of Phonemes

POA labial dental alveolar velar glottal vowels
IPA
m
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /n/ /t/ /d/ /l/ /s/ /z/ /k/ /ŋ/ /h/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /o/ /ɯ/
Latin m p b f v n t d l s z k ǹ h i e a o u
Devanagari स़
Fudasi Π Γ F Ш Y Ұ Η T Ŧ Λ L

Notes

  • The alphabet is ordered according to the position of the letters on this table, first the labials, then the dentals, etc.
  • 1 These jamos doubled are not used as final in a syllable. The single jamo with <ㅡ> as a neutral vowel is used.
  • 3 <ㅍ> does not occur as a double jamo, so <프> is used for the voiced jamo.
  • 3 For simplicity ㅓ/ʌ/ is used instead of ㅔ /e/.


Table of Consonants

  Labial Dental Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal Voiced <m> /m/ <n> /n/ <ǹ> /ŋ/
Stops Voiceless <p> /p/ <t> /t/ <k> /k/
Voiced <b> /b/ <d> /d/
Sibilant Fricative Voiceless <s> /s/
Voiced <z> /z/
Non-sibilant Fricative Voiceless <f> /ɸ/ <h> /h/
Voiced <v> /β/
Lateral Approximant Voiced <l> /l/


Table of Vowels

  Front Central Back
Close <i> /i/
<u> /ɯ/
Close-mid <e> /e/
Open-mid <o> /o/
Open <a> /a/


South Fudasi Phonology

Table of Phonemes

POA labial dental velar glottal vowels
IPA
m
/p/ /b/ /ɸ/ /β/ /n/ /t/ /d/ /θ/ /ð/ /l/ /ŋ/ /h/ /ʔ/ /i/ /e/ /ä/ /o/ /u/
Latin m p b f v n t d þ ð l ǹ h i e a o u
Arabic م ٮ 1 ب 2 ڡ 3 ڢ 4 ن ط د ذ 5 ر ݢ ح 6 ء ي
طي
ه
طه
ا
طا
وٛ
طوٛ
وٚ
طوٚ

Notes

  • The alphabet is ordered according to the position of the letters on this table, first the labials, then the dentals, etc.
  • 1 Dotless Beh <ٮ> is assigned the value /p/.
  • 2 The dotted letter is the voiced member of the pair.
  • 3 Dotless Feh <ڡ> is assigned the value /φ/.
  • 4 Feh with dot below <ڢ> is assigned the value /β/.
  • 5 <ذ> /ð/ is taken from the Comorian alphabet [1].
  • 6 <ح> /h/ is taken from the Azeri alphabet [2].


Table of Consonants

  Labial Dental Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal Voiced <m> /m/ <n> /n/ <ǹ> /ŋ/
Stops Voiceless <p> /p/ <t> /t/ <‘> /ʔ/
Voiced <b> /b/ <d> /d/
Non-sibilant Fricative Voiceless <f> /ɸ/ <þ> /θ/ <r> /ʁ/ <h> /h/
Voiced <v> /β/ <ð> /ð/


Table of Vowels

  Front Central Back
Close <i> /i/
<u> /u/
Close-mid <e> /e/
Open-mid <o> /o/
Open <a> /a/