French Grammar — Verbs

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Regular verbs

Regular french verbs share conjugation patterns in all the tenses and moods.

Français regular -er verbs


  • present tense indicative; active voice:
Person  Ending  parler (stem: parl-)
je      -e      parle
tu      -es     parles
il      -e      parle
nous    -ons    parlons  
vous    -ez     parlez
ils     -ent    parlent


Imperative regular -er verbs (present; active voice)

parler (stem: parl-)
-e: tu parle
-ons: nous parlons
-ez: vous parlez

Passé composé regular -er verbs (indicative; active voice)


The endings for all of these are -é, provided they use avoir as their auxiliary verb.
parler (stem: parl-)
j'ai parlé
tu as parlé
il|elle a parlé
nous avons parlé
vous avez parlé
ils|elles ont parlé

Near future regular -er verbs (indicative; active voice)


These are the present of aller plus the infinitive of the verb being used (-er).

parler (stem: parl-)
je vais parler
tu vas parler
il/elle va parler
nous allons parler
vous allez parler
ils/elles vont parler


Français regular -ir verbs


  • present tense indicative; active voice:
Pronoun  Ending   choisir (stem: chois-)
je       -is      choisis
tu       -is      choisis
il       -it      choisit
nous     -issons  choisissons
vous     -issez   choisissez
ils      -issent  choisissent


Imperative regular -ir verbs (present; active voice)


choisir (stem: chois-)
-is: tu choisis
-issons: nous choisissons
-issez: vous choisissez

Passé composé regular -ir verbs (indicative; active voice)


The endings for all of these are -i, provided they use avoir as their auxiliary verb.

choisir (stem: chois-)
j'ai choisi
tu as choisi
il|elle a choisi
nous avons choisi
vous avez choisi
ils|elles ont choisi

Near future regular -ir verbs (indicative; active voice)


These are the present of aller plus the infinitive of the verb being used (-ir).

choisir (stem: chois-)
je vais choisir
tu vas choisir
il/elle va choisir
nous allons choisir
vous allez choisir
ils/elles vont choisir


Français regular -re verbs


  • present tense indicative; active voice:
Pronoun  Ending  descendre (stem: descend-)
je       -s      descends
tu       -s      descends
il       -       descend
nous     -ons    descendons
vous     -ez     descendez
ils      -ent    descendent


Imperative regular -re verbs (present; active voice)


descendre (stem: descend-)
-s: tu descends
-ons: nous descendons
-ez: vous descendez

Passé composé regular -re verbs (indicative; active voice)


The endings for all of these are -u, provided they use avoir as their auxiliary verb. Descendu only uses avoir as its auxiliary verb (as in these examples) if it is used with a direct object.

descendre (stem: descend-)
j'ai descendu
tu as descendu
il|elle a descendu
nous avons descendu
vous avez descendu
ils|elles ont descendu

Near future regular -re verbs (indicative; active voice)


These are the present of aller plus the infinitive of the verb being used (-re).

descendre (stem: descend-)
je vais descendre
tu vas descendre
il/elle va descendre
nous allons descendre
vous allez descendre
ils/elles vont descendre

Source

This information is compiled based on the requirements specified in the document 'MU High School French Ⅱ First Half Unit Prerequisite Knowledge', a copy of which may be obtained here (as of 13 July 2010). It is quoted a few times throughout this document (identified by quotation marks or HTML <blockquote>◌</blockquote> tags, lacking other source information).