French Grammar — Adjectives

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Basic rule of adjectives

Every adjective must agree in number and gender with the word or words it modifies. Adjectives ending in -e have two forms, singular and plural. Other regular adjectives add -e for feminine singular and -es for feminine plural, -s for masculine plural.

Placement of adjectives

Most adjectives are placed after the modified noun.

BAGS adjectives

The 'BAGS adjectives' ('BAGS' representing 'beauty, age, goodness, and size') are placed before the modified noun.

Irregular adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives

  • ce
  • cet
  • cette
  • ces

Interrogative adjectives

  • quel
  • quels
  • quelle
  • quelles

Possessive adjectives

Singular possessive adjectives

First person singular possessive adjectives
  • mon
  • ma
  • mes
Second person singular possessive adjectives
  • ton
  • ta
  • tes
Third person singular possessive adjectives
  • son
  • sa
  • ses

Plural possessive adjectives

First person plural possessive adjectives
  • notre
  • notre
  • nos
Second person plural possessive adjectives
  • votre
  • votre
  • vos
Third person plural possessive adjectives
  • leur
  • leur
  • leurs

Adjectives that change their masculine singular form in front of a vowel

beau bel belle beaux belles
vieux vieil vieille vieux vieilles
nouveau nouvel nouvelle nouveaux nouvelles


This information is compiled based on the requirements specified in the document 'MU High School French Ⅱ First Half Unit Prerequisite Knowledge', a copy of which may be obtained here (as of 13 July 2010). It is quoted a few times throughout this document (identified by quotation marks or HTML <blockquote>◌</blockquote> tags, lacking other source information).