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Emegi is effectively a modern descendant of a conworld equivalent of Sumerian, which in this case existed around 50BC. This is highly subject to change.


Table of Emegi vowels
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e ə o
Open mid ɛ ɔ
Open a æ

Table of Old Emegi consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Velar Glottal
Plosive p   b t   d k   g ʔ
Nasal m n ŋ
Flap ɾ
Fricative v s   z ʃ x h
Lateral l

Old to Mid-Emegi

Intervocalic lenition.

Merging of rhotics /r/ and /ɾ/.

/s/ and /z/ begin to merge into /z/.

Aspiration of /t/.

/u/s following voiced consonants begin to shift to /o/.

/i/s following voiced consonants begin to shift to /ɨ/.

/e/ and /o/ become /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ after voiced consonants.

/a/s following voiceless consonants begin to shift to /æ/.

Mid to early modern Emegi

Loss of final schwa.

Replacement of liaison /t/ with /ʔ/.

Overaspiration of initial /t/ leads to development into /s/.

Development of /w/ via word-initial l-vocalisation.

/t/ and /d/ velarised before back vowels.

/ɨ/ begins to shift to /ə/

Early modern Emegi

Initial devoicing occurs

Non-initial /t/ and /d/ dentalised

Modern Emegi

/ħ/ replaces /h/ initially in most dialects, including the standard language, under Arabic influence.



Letter IPA
B /b/
D /d/
C /x/
G /g/
H /h/
J /ħ/
K /k/
L /l/
M /m/
N /n/
Ň /ŋ/
P /p/
R /ɾ/
S /s/
Š /ʃ/
T /t/
V /v/
W /w/


Letter IPA
a /a/
aa /æ/
e /ɛ/, /ə/
eu /e/
o /ɔ/
ou /o/
u /u/



Case Ending
Absolutive -/
Ergative -(a)
Genitive/Locative -a(k)
Dative* -r(a)
Ablative/Instrumental -t(â)