A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the front of the tongue against the upper teeth. They are a subtype of coronal consonants, and are typically laminal, especially is contrasting with another type of coronal consonant.
In IPA dentals are denoted, if necessary, by appending the diacritic ◌̪ (U+032A COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW) to the coronal basic symbols, but this is frequently omitted if dentality isn't contrastive. Also, the non-sibilant fricatives have separate signs: [θ], [ð].
Some basic dental consonants:
- voiceless dental stop [t̪]; voiced dental stop [d̪]
- dental nasal [n̪]
- voiceless dental fricative [θ]; voiced dental fricative [ð]
- dental approximant [ð̞] or [ɹ̪]
- dental lateral approximant [l̪]
- dental flap [ɾ̪]
- dental trill [r̪]