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Spoken in: Njetoluhi, by the Sea Elves
Timeline/Universe: unknown
Total speakers: ~3 000, distributed in clans of about 20 people.
Genealogical classification: Njetoluhi
Sea Races
Eastern Coast
Created by:
Eosp 2006


The vowels [a], [e], [i], [o], and [u] are pronounced /{/, /e/, /i/, /2/, and /y/, respectively. [i] is pronounced /I/ if directly preceded by the letter [j].

The consonants are [c], [f], [h], [j], [l], [m], [n], [s], [t]. All of these are pronounced like their lower-case X-SAMPA counterparts, except for the following:

  • [c] = /s/
  • [h] = /C/
  • [s] = /S/
  • [t] = /T/

All of the consonants except [j] and [s] can be followed by [j] to make a cluster. Example: [lju] is pronounced /'ljy/.

The syllable structure is <CV>. C is a consonant (or cluster) and V is a vowel.

Emphasis starts high and declines towards the end of the word, but then rises about halfway on the last syllable.

A small pause is placed between grammatical inflections and roots. This is optional but helps when dealing with large words. No such pause is needed between words, because the tone helps clarify this.



  • Nominative: indicates the subject of the sentence.
  • Accusative: indicates the object of the sentence.
  • Temporal: indicates the time an event took place.
  • Facilitative: indicates a noun that helps the event take place. In the case of a three-noun sentence (such as I gave a letter to John), letter would be in the nominative and I would be in the facilitative. (this sentence would probably be closer to With my help, a letter gave itself to John.)
  • Obstructive: indicates a noun that prevents or hinders an event.
  • Result: Indicates the result of a sentence.

Syntax and Rules

  • The basic order is Subject-Object-Verb, although any order is valid. The item appearing first is given the emphasis. Example: joe.NOM mary.ACC like indicates that Joe likes Mary, as opposed to Bill liking Mary. If we were to say that Joe likes Mary, as opposed to Joe liking Felicia, we would say mary.ACC joe.NOM like instead.
  • Three numbers exist: singular, few (undefined, but usually for numbers less than five or six), and many (anything larger than few).
  • Adjectives must agree with their noun in number (singular, few, or many) and case.
  • Subclauses are simply sentences with a [na] particle on each end. The equivalents to prepositions (but, therefore) are marking the ending [na] particle with the proper case. Example: I would go skiing, but I had a concussion would be I would go skiing na I had a concussion na.OBSTRUCTIVE.
  • There are no definite or indefinite articles.
  • Any number of cases may be added to a word to express an added meaning. Example: in a reflexive action, the noun would have both the nominative and accusative.
  • The temporal case does not have plural endings.
  • There is no future tense, you use the "I plan to verb" construction. This is a cultural consideration, since the Elves firmly believe that the future cannot be predicted and can always change.
  • Possession with pronouns (I, you, he, as opposed to Bob) is indicated using the inflections in the table below. Possession for other nouns (Bob, or the tree) is indicated using subclauses and auxiliary verbs, as in: (george.NOM possess.PRESENTINDICATIVE.3PSINGULAR tent.ACC).NOM has-property.PRESENTINDICATIVE.3PSINGULAR green.ACC, which means George's tent is green.
  • Verbs are inflected for their pronoun in the table below and the tense, also in one of the below tables.

Grammatical Markers

Case Table

Case Singular Few Plural Notes
Nominative (none) -hi -hitja
Accusative -he -ne (remove previous vowel)-etja
Temporal -ju (N/A) (N/A) Only used in the singular.
Facilitative -homja -homjita -homitja
Obstructive -hoho -huho -huho No inflection for "plural".
Result -mji -mjuli -mjitja

Verb Tenses

Mode Past Present Conditional Notes
Indicative -lolahi -ninahi -fjofahi Only used when talking factually.
Subjunctive -lunalju -minamju -ninanju Used in storytelling, lies, possible truths, etc.
Imperative -nitu -ljatu -fehija Command form.

Verb Inflections to Serve as Pronouns

Person Singular Few Plural Notes
First -ji -je -je
Second -li -le -lja
Third -hi -he -hja Not inflected for gender.

Possessive Noun Inflections

These are added to the noun they modify. Plurality is based on the noun, not the pronoun. Gender is optional and is based on the gender of the person.

Person Singular Few Plural Male Female
First -ni -ne -nja -nu -nju
Second -li -le -lja -lu -lju
Third -hi -he -hja (N/A) (N/A)


  • Ce /'ce/. Mother or inspirer, to create, inspiring. Swadesh #42.
  • Colji /'co.ljI/. Love, to love, loving.
  • Meli /'me.li/. Servant, child, descendant, to serve or descend from, subservient. First person pronoun. Swadesh #1, #4.
  • Mutja /'my.Tj&/. To believe or follow. Believer or follower (in a religious sense), devout.
  • Njetoluhi /'nje.T2.ly.xi/. World, to exist or live, in existence or living.
  • Naha /'n&.x&/. Master, to rule, dominant. Second person pronoun. Swadesh #2, #5.
  • Noji /'n2.ji/. Language, to speak, spoken.
  • Sama /'S&.m&/. Generous, to give.
  • Salite /'S&.li.Te/. Verb used to assign adjectives to nouns.
  • Tuseji /'Ty.Se.jI/. Monolith or giant, to enlarge, large, overall. Swadesh #27.
  • Tana /'T&.n&/. Genitive verb.
  • Tunja /*Ty.nj&/. "Therefore" particle.
  • Tosu /'T2.Sy/. Feet or legs, to walk or move, moving.

Example Sentences

  • Melihi cenojihe nojijeninahi. We speak Cenoji.
  • Na meli ceninuhe tanajeninahi na na tuseji tananinahi nojihjahe nahe nojihilunalju. My mother speaks the language of the giants.
  • Na meli njetoluhiheni tanajiminamju na nahahe salitefjofahihi. That which might be my world might be chief in its class.


  • For this is the way God loved the world: He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life. -- John 3:16 Na naha njetoluhihe coljihilolahi na tunja na melihe samahilolahi nahe tunja na mutjahitja njetoluhihjafjofahi nahehe. -- Janu 3:16