Body Parts in Your Conlangs/Helleran

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A list of body parts in Helleran. It was created in 2006 by Izo for the Body Parts in Your Conlangs template.

Body parts in Helleran

Body tol, estou 

Blood guès 
Blood vessel cabinyol guesetz “blood vessel” 
Artery maxarva 
Vein ôued 

Bone tot 
Cartilage martel•let 
Skeleton gargamol, gaugamol 

Skin fiu 
Muscle rambe 
Fat (corporal) lhud 
Tendon tirant 

Head pot, tuc, tuys, syet, arsyet (m), tuche, tutze (f) 
Hair togès 
Hair (a fiber) bli 
Skull golag (m/f) 
cranium raz 
Neck lleg, nyoc 

Ear onze, osye, oge 
Earhole bosit na s’onze “hole of the ear” 
Earlobe lhob na s’onze “lobe of the ear” 

Eye oc, oig, uoc 
Iris gavi 
Pupil chelandé 
Sclera bel na s’oc “white of the eye”; cýncolis (neolog) 
Eyebrow tirse 
Eyelid pedillou 
Eyelash goume 
Eye socket bou na s’oc “socket of the eye” 
Tear gland dragole 

Nose per 
Nostril bosit nas per “hole of the nose” 

Mouth tamà 
Cheek guys 
Jaw radagame (sg) or radagames (pl) 
Maxilla (upper jaw) berosti 
Mandible (lower jaw) carmazzi 
Tooth gam 
Incisor cartalh, gartalh “central incisor”; cartalet, gortalet “lateral incisor” 
Eyetooth or Canine tooth anhac 
Molar cheral “molar, second molar”; cheraló “first molar” 
Tongue lheme. But "language, idiom" is lhambe 
Lip jami 

Trunk bros 
Chest tor 
Abdomen mablada 
Belly beli 
Lower abdomen naig beli “lower belly”; sabel 

Heart lhò 
Lung beloi 
Stomach mansaghe 
Liver sagé 
Spleen vèdem 
Intestines ganyalons (pl.) 

Extremity, limb estighiu; espadelhe 

Waist caradanç 
Pelvis cadanche or tot nas caradanç “bone of the waist” 
Buttock dabons (pl.) / dabó, bono and guys nas sat “cheek of the butt” 
Bum, arse, butt sat 
Hip bemuc 
Leg (from hip to ankle) gambe 
Thigh (upper leg, from hip to knee) gamays 
Knee golde 
Kneecap, patella gavanhol 
Shank (lower leg, from knee to ankle) garme 
Shin astanye 
Calf tonsim na s’astanye “doughy part of the shin” 
Ankle poghet 
Foot pedh, madà 
Heel garou 
Sole mad 

Shoulder espambelh (traditional), espemble (neolog) 
Arm (from shoulder to wrist) ram 
Arm (from shoulder to elbow) ramec 
Elbow ajoc 
Arm (from elbow to wrist) ramell 
Wrist arbou 
Hand badh 
Palm pançou 

Digit gartembi, cartempe (neolog) 
Finger, toe ghez (traditional) 
Toe (foot digit) ghez nas pedh “finger of the foot” 
Finger (hand digit) ghez nas badh “finger of the hand” 
Ball tonsim nas ghez “doughy part of the finger” 
Thumb tigarembi, tigampó, garampó 
Index finger ghez casarteu “managing/governative/guiding finger” 
Middle finger ghez perís “middle finger” 
Ring finger ghez nigançant “dependent finger” 
Little finger ghez polzuc “small finger” 

Genitalia zinyaroncs 
Vagina begane 
Womb gameu 
Penis gozzi (traditional); felghe (neolog) 
Testicle galló 
Anus guada 
Urethral meatus dragavàrie 

Additional Responses

  • Does Helleran use any of these terms, or reduced forms of them, as affixes?

Helleran has affixes for different bodyparts or body materials/substances to create neologisms (although I must work on them).

  • Or as verbs or adjectives or prepositions or conjunctions or pronouns?

Some verbs are derived from the words for heart, skin, ear, etc. Many bodypart names have adjectival forms.

  • What bodypart does the Megadelanian civilization think is the seat of life?

Not a bodypart but a microscopic life-form present in all cells.

  • What bodypart does the Megadelanian civilization think is the seat of emotion?

The heart, the diafragma, the skin and the stomach. But it really depends on the emotion. From the point of view of the Megadelanian civilisation all four bodyparts play some role in any emotion, although only one has a main role; it is said that that one is the leading organ.

  • What bodypart does the Megadelanian civilization think is the seat of consciousness?

The soul. From the point of view of the Megadelanian civilization it isn’t a bodypart but the essence of the living body.